Hollywood Sign

Hollywood Sign

Overview
The Hollywood Sign is a landmark
Landmark
This is a list of landmarks around the world.Landmarks may be split into two categories - natural phenomena and man-made features, like buildings, bridges, statues, public squares and so forth...

 and American
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 cultural icon
Cultural icon
A cultural icon can be a symbol, logo, picture, name, face, person, building or other image that is readily recognized and generally represents an object or concept with great cultural significance to a wide cultural group...

 in the Hollywood Hills
Hollywood Hills
The Hollywood Hills is an affluent and exclusive neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, in the southeastern Santa Monica Mountains. It is bound by Laurel Canyon Boulevard to the west, Vermont Avenue to the east, Mulholland Drive to the north, and Sunset Boulevard to the south.-Hollywood Hills...

 area of Mount Lee
Mount Lee
Mount Lee is a peak in the Santa Monica Mountains, in Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California, USA. The famous Hollywood Sign is located on its southern slope. The sign is visible north of the Mulholland Highway. A good view of it can be had by driving north up Gower Street from Hollywood...

, Santa Monica Mountains
Santa Monica Mountains
The Santa Monica Mountains are a Transverse Range in Southern California, along the coast of the Pacific Ocean in the United States.-Geography:...

, in Los Angeles, California. The sign spells out the name of the area in 45 feet (13.7 m) and 350 feet (106.7 m) white letters. It was created as an advertisement in 1923, but garnered increasing recognition after the sign was left up. The sign was a frequent target of pranks and vandalism but has since undergone restoration, including a security system to deter vandalism.
Discussion
Ask a question about 'Hollywood Sign'
Start a new discussion about 'Hollywood Sign'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Unanswered Questions
Encyclopedia
The Hollywood Sign is a landmark
Landmark
This is a list of landmarks around the world.Landmarks may be split into two categories - natural phenomena and man-made features, like buildings, bridges, statues, public squares and so forth...

 and American
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 cultural icon
Cultural icon
A cultural icon can be a symbol, logo, picture, name, face, person, building or other image that is readily recognized and generally represents an object or concept with great cultural significance to a wide cultural group...

 in the Hollywood Hills
Hollywood Hills
The Hollywood Hills is an affluent and exclusive neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, in the southeastern Santa Monica Mountains. It is bound by Laurel Canyon Boulevard to the west, Vermont Avenue to the east, Mulholland Drive to the north, and Sunset Boulevard to the south.-Hollywood Hills...

 area of Mount Lee
Mount Lee
Mount Lee is a peak in the Santa Monica Mountains, in Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California, USA. The famous Hollywood Sign is located on its southern slope. The sign is visible north of the Mulholland Highway. A good view of it can be had by driving north up Gower Street from Hollywood...

, Santa Monica Mountains
Santa Monica Mountains
The Santa Monica Mountains are a Transverse Range in Southern California, along the coast of the Pacific Ocean in the United States.-Geography:...

, in Los Angeles, California. The sign spells out the name of the area in 45 feet (13.7 m) and 350 feet (106.7 m) white letters. It was created as an advertisement in 1923, but garnered increasing recognition after the sign was left up. The sign was a frequent target of pranks and vandalism but has since undergone restoration, including a security system to deter vandalism. The sign is protected and promoted by the Hollywood Sign Trust, a nonprofit organization.

From the ground, the contours of the hills give the sign its "wavy" appearance, as reflected in the Hollywood Video logo, for example. When observed at a comparable altitude, as in the photo shown here, the letters appear nearly level.

The sign makes frequent appearances in popular culture, particularly in establishing shots for films and television programs set in or around Hollywood, furnished the title for the film The Hollywood Sign
The Hollywood Sign (film)
The Hollywood Sign is a 2001 comedy/suspense drama film directed by Sönke Wortmann and written by Leon de Winter. It stars Tom Beringer, Rod Steiger, Burt Reynolds and Jacqueline Kim as three washed-up actors risking their lives to make a comeback.-Plot:...

, and appears in the background of the current CGI fanfare logo of 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation — also known as 20th Century Fox, or simply 20th or Fox — is one of the six major American film studios...

. Signs of similar style, but spelling different words, are frequently seen as parodies.

History


The sign was first erected in 1923 and originally read "HOLLYWOODLAND". Its purpose was to advertise the name of a new housing development in the hills above the Hollywood district of Los Angeles. H.J. Whitley
Hobart Johnstone Whitley
Hobart Johnstone Whitley , also known as H.J. Whitley is the "Father of Hollywood", was a real estate developer who helped create the Hollywood subdivision in Los Angeles, Southern California. He and his wife, Margaret Virginia Whitley named the town while on their honeymoon in 1886...

 had already used a sign to advertise his development Whitley Heights, which was located between Highland Avenue and Vine Avenue. He suggested to his friend Harry Chandler
Harry Chandler
Harry Chandler was an American newspaper publisher and investor who became owner of the largest real estate empire in the U.S.-Biography:...

, the owner of the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper published in Los Angeles, California, since 1881. It was the second-largest metropolitan newspaper in circulation in the United States in 2008 and the fourth most widely distributed newspaper in the country....

newspaper, that the land syndicate in which he was involved make a similar sign to advertise their land. Real estate developers Woodruff and Shoults called their development "Hollywoodland" and advertised it as a "superb environment without excessive cost on the Hollywood side of the hills".

They contracted the Crescent Sign Company to erect thirteen letters on the hillside, each facing south. The sign company owner, Thomas Fisk Goff (1890–1984) designed the sign. Each letter of the sign was 30 feet (9.1 m) wide and 50 feet (15.2 m) high, and the whole sign was studded with some 4,000 light bulbs. The sign was officially dedicated on July 13, 1923. It was not intended to be permanent. Restoration company Bay Cal Painting says on its website that the expected life was to be about a year and a half, but after the rise of the American cinema in Los Angeles it became an internationally recognized symbol, and was left there.

In September 1932 the body of Broadway actress Peg Entwistle
Peg Entwistle
Peg Entwistle was an English stage and screen actress who gained notoriety after her suicide at the age of 24 by leaping off of the Hollywood Sign.-Early life:...

 was found in a ravine below the sign. She had been living at her uncle's house in Beachwood Canyon. A suicide note was found in a purse anonymously dropped off at the Hollywood police station. Police surmised Entwistle jumped to her death from the letter H.

Deterioration



Over the course of more than half a century, the sign, designed to stand only 18 months, sustained a wide array of damage and deterioration.

During the early 1940s, Albert Kothe (the sign's official caretaker) caused an accident that destroyed the letter H, as seen in many historical pictures. Kothe, driving while inebriated, was nearing the top of Mount Lee when he lost control of his vehicle and drove off the cliff behind the H. While Kothe was not injured, the 1928 Ford Model A was destroyed, as was the letter.

In 1949 the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce began a contract with the City of Los Angeles Parks Department to repair and rebuild the sign. The contract stipulated that "LAND" be removed to spell "Hollywood" and reflect the district, not the "Hollywoodland" housing development. The Parks Department dictated that all subsequent illumination would be at the cost of the Chamber, so the Chamber opted not to replace the light bulbs. The 1949 effort gave it new life, but the sign's unprotected wood and sheet metal structure continued to deteriorate. Eventually the first O splintered and broke, resembling a lowercase u, and the third O fell down completely, leaving the severely dilapidated sign reading "HuLLYWO D".

Restoration



In 1978, in large part because of the public campaign to restore the landmark by shock rock
Shock rock
Shock rock is an umbrella term for artists who combine rock music with elements of theatrical shock value in live performances.-History:Screamin' Jay Hawkins was arguably the first shock rocker...

er Alice Cooper
Alice Cooper
Alice Cooper is an American rock singer, songwriter and musician whose career spans more than four decades...

 (who donated the missing O), the Chamber set out to replace the intensely deteriorated sign with a more permanent structure. Nine donors gave US$27,700 each (totaling US$249,300) to sponsor replacement letters made of steel, guaranteed to last for many years (see Donors section below).

The new letters were 45 feet (13.7 m) tall and ranged from 31 to 39 ft (9.4 to 11.9 m) wide. The new version of the sign was unveiled on Hollywood's 75th anniversary, November 14, 1978, before a live television audience of 60 million people.

Refurbishment, donated by Bay Cal Commercial Painting, began again in November 2005, as workers stripped the letters back to their metal base and repainted them white. Also in 2005, the original 1923 sign was put up for sale on eBay by producer/entrepreneur Dan Bliss. Bliss sold the sign to artist Bill Mack
Bill Mack (sculptor)
Bill Mack is a contemporary American sculptor born in Minneapolis, Minnesota.He has developed a technique to create light-weight framed artworks which encompass a combination of various levels of reliefs and have the appearance of being cast in solid bronze....

.

Donors



Following the 1978 public campaign to restore the sign, the following nine donors gave $27,777 each (which totaled $250,000):
  • H – Terrence Donnelly
    Terrence Donnelly
    Terrence Donnelly is an American musician. He was previously the lead vocalist for the band Ice Nine Kills, and currently the Lead Guitarist for the band .-Ice Nine Kills :...

     – publisher of the Hollywood Independent Newspaper
  • O – Giovanni Mazza – Italian movie producer
  • L – Les Kelley – originator of the Kelley Blue Book
    Kelley Blue Book
    Kelley Blue Book, headquartered in Irvine, California, is the United States' largest automotive vehicle valuation company. The company's website is a source for new and used vehicle pricing and information...

  • L – Gene Autry
    Gene Autry
    Orvon Grover Autry , better known as Gene Autry, was an American performer who gained fame as The Singing Cowboy on the radio, in movies and on television for more than three decades beginning in the 1930s...

     – singer, actor and businessman
  • Y – Hugh Hefner
    Hugh Hefner
    Hugh Marston "Hef" Hefner is an American magazine publisher, founder and Chief Creative Officer of Playboy Enterprises.-Early life:...

     – founder of Playboy
    Playboy
    Playboy is an American men's magazine that features photographs of nude women as well as journalism and fiction. It was founded in Chicago in 1953 by Hugh Hefner and his associates, and funded in part by a $1,000 loan from Hefner's mother. The magazine has grown into Playboy Enterprises, Inc., with...

     magazine
  • W – Andy Williams
    Andy Williams
    Howard Andrew "Andy" Williams is an American singer who has recorded 18 Gold- and three Platinum-certified albums. He hosted The Andy Williams Show, a TV variety show, from 1962 to 1971, as well as numerous television specials, and owns his own theater, the Moon River Theatre in Branson, Missouri,...

     – singer
  • O – Warner Bros. Records
    Warner Bros. Records
    Warner Bros. Records Inc. is an American record label. It was the foundation label of the present-day Warner Music Group, and now operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of that corporation. It maintains a close relationship with its former parent, Warner Bros. Pictures, although the two companies...

  • O – Alice Cooper
    Alice Cooper
    Alice Cooper is an American rock singer, songwriter and musician whose career spans more than four decades...

     – singer, who donated in memory of comedian Groucho Marx
    Groucho Marx
    Julius Henry "Groucho" Marx was an American comedian and film star famed as a master of wit. His rapid-fire delivery of innuendo-laden patter earned him many admirers. He made 13 feature films with his siblings the Marx Brothers, of whom he was the third-born...

  • D – Thomas Pooley
    Thomas Pooley
    Thomas Pooley was a Cornishman who moved to London to seek his fortune. Having amassed sufficient wealth, he settled in Kingston-upon-Thames, where he operated several malthouses....

     - donated in the name of Michael Williams
    Michael Williams
    Michael Leonard Williams was an English actor who played both classical and comedic roles, and was the husband of Dame Judi Dench.- Early life and career :Born in Liverpool, he attended St...


Location



The sign is located on the southern side of Mount Lee
Mount Lee
Mount Lee is a peak in the Santa Monica Mountains, in Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California, USA. The famous Hollywood Sign is located on its southern slope. The sign is visible north of the Mulholland Highway. A good view of it can be had by driving north up Gower Street from Hollywood...

 in Griffith Park
Griffith Park
Griffith Park is a large municipal park at the eastern end of the Santa Monica Mountains in the Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. The park covers of land, making it one of the largest urban parks in North America...

, north of the Mulholland Highway
Mulholland Highway
Mulholland Highway is a scenic road in Los Angeles County, Southern California that runs approximately 50 miles through the western Santa Monica Mountains from the near U.S...

.

The sign is located on rough, steep terrain, and is encompassed by barriers to prevent unauthorized access. In 2000, the Los Angeles Police Department
Los Angeles Police Department
The Los Angeles Police Department is the police department of the city of Los Angeles, California. With just under 10,000 officers and more than 3,000 civilian staff, covering an area of with a population of more than 4.1 million people, it is the third largest local law enforcement agency in...

 installed a security system featuring motion detection and closed-circuit cameras. Any movement in the marked restricted areas triggers an alarm that notifies the police.
  • Elevation 1578 feet (481 m)

Surrounding land


Land in the vicinity of the sign was purchased by Howard Hughes
Howard Hughes
Howard Robard Hughes, Jr. was an American business magnate, investor, aviator, engineer, film producer, director, and philanthropist. He was one of the wealthiest people in the world...

 in 1940, who had planned to build a hilltop mansion at Cahuenga Peak
Cahuenga Peak
Cahuenga Peak is the 12th highest named peak in the Santa Monica Mountains and is located just west of the Hollywood Sign. It provides a spectacular 360-degree panorama of the Los Angeles Basin and the San Fernando Valley for those hikers willing to climb the road-less peak.-History:Howard Hughes...

 for actress Ginger Rogers
Ginger Rogers
Ginger Rogers was an American actress, dancer, and singer who appeared in film, and on stage, radio, and television throughout much of the 20th century....

. Before long Rogers broke up their engagement and the lot remained empty. Hughes Estate sold the property which lies to the left and above the sign for $1.7 million in 2002 to Fox River Financial Resources, a Chicago developer, who were interested in building luxury mansions along the ridgeline. They put the property on the market in 2008 for $22 million. As a result, the City of Los Angeles considered buying it, possibly by raising money from celebrities as was done for the 1978 restoration.
Environmentalists and preservationists were concerned about the possibility of real estate development in the area. In April 2009 The Trust for Public Land
The Trust for Public Land
The Trust for Public Land is a land conservation nonprofit founded in 1972 by Huey Johnson and based in San Francisco, California in the United States. TPL works throughout the United States to conserve land for people as parks, gardens, and other natural places.- TPL Conservation Initiatives :TPL...

 (TPL) signed an option to buy the 138 acre (0.55846668 km²) property for a discounted price of $12.5 million. On February 11, 2010, as part of a campaign to help raise money the organization, with the full blessing of both the city and the Hollywood Sign Trust, covered the sign with a large banner reading "SAVE THE PEAK". By April 26, The Trust for Public Land announced it had raised enough money, with Playboy
Playboy
Playboy is an American men's magazine that features photographs of nude women as well as journalism and fiction. It was founded in Chicago in 1953 by Hugh Hefner and his associates, and funded in part by a $1,000 loan from Hefner's mother. The magazine has grown into Playboy Enterprises, Inc., with...

 magazine founder Hugh Hefner
Hugh Hefner
Hugh Marston "Hef" Hefner is an American magazine publisher, founder and Chief Creative Officer of Playboy Enterprises.-Early life:...

 stepping forward to donate the final $900,000. Hefner later gave an additional $100,000 donation. After the purchase the parcel became part of the nearby Griffith Park
Griffith Park
Griffith Park is a large municipal park at the eastern end of the Santa Monica Mountains in the Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. The park covers of land, making it one of the largest urban parks in North America...

 as an extension.

Alterations


It is illegal to make unauthorized physical alterations to the sign. Although the city has occasionally allowed it in the past for commercial purposes, current policy does not permit changes to be made. This is largely due to neighborhood opposition and to past accidents. However, the sign has been unofficially altered a number of times, often eliciting a great deal of attention. Among the more famous modifications:
  • HOLLYWeeD – January 1976, following the passage of a state law decriminalizing marijuana.
  • HOLYWOOD – April 1977, for Easter sunrise service, viewable from the Hollywood Bowl.
  • HOL YWOOD – 1978 the second L was covered for Pope John Paul II when he visited.
  • "GO NAVY" December 1983, when a group of Midshipmen, with permission, covered the sign for the ARMY-NAVY football game's first and only West Coast appearance (D. Weiss, USNA'85/instigator & PM) .
  • FOX
    Fox Broadcasting Company
    Fox Broadcasting Company, commonly referred to as Fox Network or simply Fox , is an American commercial broadcasting television network owned by Fox Entertainment Group, part of Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation. Launched on October 9, 1986, Fox was the highest-rated broadcast network in the...

     – April 1987, for the promotion of the network.
  • CALTECH – May 1987, on Hollywood's centennial (of its incorporation as a municipality), also one of Caltech's many senior pranks
  • OLLY
    Oliver North
    Oliver Laurence North is a retired U.S. Marine Corps officer, political commentator, host of War Stories with Oliver North on Fox News Channel, a military historian, and a New York Times best-selling author....

    WOOD – July 1987, during the Iran-Contra
    Iran-Contra Affair
    The Iran–Contra affair , also referred to as Irangate, Contragate or Iran-Contra-Gate, was a political scandal in the United States that came to light in November 1986. During the Reagan administration, senior Reagan administration officials and President Reagan secretly facilitated the sale of...

     hearings.
  • April 1991 in celebration of the end of the Gulf War a Yellow Ribbon was tied around the sign. This act was also a supporting player to the Hollywood Salutes Gulf Veterans Celebrations (D. Weiss, USNA'85/instigator & PM)
  • As part of a promotion for the 1992 film Cool World
    Cool World
    Cool World is a 1992 American live-action/animated film directed by Ralph Bakshi, and starring Kim Basinger, Gabriel Byrne, and Brad Pitt. It tells the story of a cartoonist who finds himself in the animated world he created, and is seduced by one of his characters, a comic strip vamp who wants to...

    , a 75 feet (22.9 m)-tall cutout of Holli Would was installed, appearing to sit on the sign. The alteration angered local residents, who picketed the unveiling of the altered sign.
  • OIL WAR – 1991, for the Gulf War
    Gulf War
    The Persian Gulf War , commonly referred to as simply the Gulf War, was a war waged by a U.N.-authorized coalition force from 34 nations led by the United States, against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.The war is also known under other names, such as the First Gulf...

    .
  • PerotWood-1992, to support Ross Perot
    Ross Perot
    Henry Ross Perot is a U.S. businessman best known for running for President of the United States in 1992 and 1996. Perot founded Electronic Data Systems in 1962, sold the company to General Motors in 1984, and founded Perot Systems in 1988...

     and his presidential campaign.
  • GO UCLA – 1993, for the annual UCLA-USC football game. Twenty members of UCLA's Theta Chi
    Theta Chi
    Theta Chi Fraternity is an international college fraternity. It was founded on April 10, 1856 as the Theta Chi Society, at Norwich University, Norwich, Vermont, U.S., and was the 21st of the 71 North-American Interfraternity Conference men's fraternities.-Founding and early years at Norwich:Theta...

     fraternity achieved the prank, and were subsequently charged with trespassing. This incident prompted the 1994 installation of a $100,000 security system featuring video surveillance and motion detection.
  • SAVE THE PEAK – February 11, 2010, the original letters were covered with a large banner reading "SAVE THE PEAK", part of a campaign by The Trust for Public Land
    The Trust for Public Land
    The Trust for Public Land is a land conservation nonprofit founded in 1972 by Huey Johnson and based in San Francisco, California in the United States. TPL works throughout the United States to conserve land for people as parks, gardens, and other natural places.- TPL Conservation Initiatives :TPL...

     to protect the land around the Hollywood Sign from real estate development (see above). As setup progressed, other variations such as "SALLYWOOD" and "SAVETHEPOOD" gained some notoriety.
  • JOLLYGOOD for an airline and RAFFEYSOD for an obscure rock band – 1990 and 2000.

Imitations






Other areas

  • In May 2008, the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce licensed exclusive rights to Plymouth Rock Studios
    Plymouth Rock Studios
    Plymouth Rock Studios was a proposed film and television production studio in Massachusetts. The studio had held a now-expired option to buy Waverly Oaks Golf Club in Plymouth as the site for the $650 million, development originally slated to be complete in 2010. The proposal included fourteen...

     of Massachusetts
    Massachusetts
    The Commonwealth of Massachusetts is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States of America. It is bordered by Rhode Island and Connecticut to the south, New York to the west, and Vermont and New Hampshire to the north; at its east lies the Atlantic Ocean. As of the 2010...

     to merge “Hollywood” with “East”, creating Hollywood East
    Hollywood East
    Hollywood East is a term originally used by local press in Orlando, Florida after the opening of the Disney-MGM Studios in 1989 and Universal Studios Florida in 1990 in order to attract more filmmaking business to the region...

    , a new industry trademark that represents the growing film industry in New England. The studio plans to find a site in Plymouth, Massachusetts for the permanent installation of the sign.


Other cities have imitated the sign in some way.
  • Macduff, in the North east of Scotland has a sign and a Facebook page

  • A "Hollinwood" sign was erected in Hollinwood, which is near Manchester
    Manchester
    Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. According to the Office for National Statistics, the 2010 mid-year population estimate for Manchester was 498,800. Manchester lies within one of the UK's largest metropolitan areas, the metropolitan county of Greater...

     in the United Kingdom, to celebrate the city's twinning with Los Angeles. The sign was erected during the night and then taken down by the Highways Agency
    Highways Agency
    The Highways Agency is an executive agency, part of the Department for Transport in England. It has responsibility for managing the core road network in England...

    , as the sign was considered a distraction.

  • In March 2010, it was announced that the Wellington Airport in New Zealand would erect a WELLYWOOD
    Wellywood
    Wellywood is an informal name for the city of Wellington, New Zealand. The name - a conflation of Wellington and Hollywood - is a reference to the film production business established in the city by The Lord of the Rings film director Sir Peter Jackson, and Wellington-based special effects...

     sign on the hillside of the Miramar Peninsula
    Miramar Peninsula
    The Miramar Peninsula is a peninsula at the southeastern end of the city of Wellington, New Zealand.The peninsula is 800 hectares and contains the suburbs of Miramar, Maupuia, Strathmore and Seatoun...

    . This was to reflect the film-making community in Wellington
    Wellington
    Wellington is the capital city and third most populous urban area of New Zealand, although it is likely to have surpassed Christchurch due to the exodus following the Canterbury Earthquake. It is at the southwestern tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Rimutaka Range...

    , notably Weta Digital
    Weta Digital
    Weta Digital is a digital visual effects company based in Wellington, New Zealand. It was founded by Peter Jackson, Richard Taylor, and Jamie Selkirk in 1993 to produce the digital special effects for Heavenly Creatures. In 2007 Weta Digital’s Senior Visual Effects Supervisor, Joe Letteri, was...

     which produced effects for Lord of the Rings, King Kong and Avatar. Wellington mayor Kerry Prendergast
    Kerry Prendergast
    Kerry Leigh Prendergast, CNZM was the 33rd Mayor of Wellington . She was the second woman to serve as Mayor of Wellington, succeeding Mark Blumsky.-Before politics:...

     felt confident in proceeding with the production of the sign, having been given the blessing of Weta's Sir Peter Jackson and Richard Taylor, but the proposed sign's widespread unpopularity with local residents has persuaded the airport staff to consider alternative ideas.

  • Basildon
    Basildon
    Basildon is a town located in the Basildon District of the county of Essex, England.It lies east of Central London and south of the county town of Chelmsford...

    , in Essex
    Essex
    Essex is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in the East region of England, and one of the home counties. It is located to the northeast of Greater London. It borders with Cambridgeshire and Suffolk to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent to the South and London to the south west...

    , England, erected its own 'Hollywood' style sign in March 2010. It is on a hill near the turnoff for Basildon on the A127. It stands at 5 ft (1.5 m) high and is part of a £400,000 project to spruce up the town. The Festival Leisure Park in Basildon is also sometimes referred to as Bas Vegas due to its nightclubs, hotels and restaurants, although there are no casinos.

  • In 2010 Paddy Power
    Paddy Power
    Paddy Power is Ireland’s largest bookmaker. Offline it conducts business through a chain of licensed betting offices and by operating Ireland's largest telephone betting service. Online it offers sports betting, online poker, online bingo, online casino games and spread betting...

    , a large Irish betting company, erected a 270 ft (82.3 m) wide and 50 ft (15.2 m) high 'Hollywood' style sign reading "Paddy Power" on Cleeve Hill, in the regency town of Cheltenham
    Cheltenham
    Cheltenham , also known as Cheltenham Spa, is a large spa town and borough in Gloucestershire, on the edge of the Cotswolds in the South-West region of England. It is the home of the flagship race of British steeplechase horse racing, the Gold Cup, the main event of the Cheltenham Festival held...

    , as part of a publicity campaign for Cheltenham Festival
    Cheltenham Festival
    The Cheltenham Festival is one of the most prestigious meetings in the National Hunt racing calendar in the United Kingdom, and has race prize money second only to the Grand National...

    . It became the world's largest free-standing sign of its kind.

  • The town of Bowen
    Bowen, Queensland
    Bowen is a town on the eastern coast of Queensland, Australia. At the 2006 census, Bowen had a population of 7,484.-Geography:Bowen is located on the north-east coast of Australia, at exactly twenty degrees south of the equator. In fact, the twentieth parallel crosses the main street...

     in Queensland, Australia, erected a Bowenwood sign on a hill near the centre of the town. This was to celebrate the town's being a major filming location for the film Australia
    Australia (2008 film)
    Australia is a 2008 epic historical romance film directed by Baz Luhrmann and starring Nicole Kidman and Hugh Jackman. It is the second-highest grossing Australian film of all time, behind Crocodile Dundee. The screenplay was written by Luhrmann and screenwriter Stuart Beattie, with Ronald Harwood...

    (2008), directed by Baz Luhrmann
    Baz Luhrmann
    Mark Anthony "Baz" Luhrmann is an Australian film director, screenwriter, and producer best known for The Red Curtain Trilogy, which includes his films Strictly Ballroom, William Shakespeare's Romeo + Juliet and Moulin Rouge!...

    .

  • The neighborhood of Caurimare, in southeast Caracas
    Caracas
    Caracas , officially Santiago de León de Caracas, is the capital and largest city of Venezuela; natives or residents are known as Caraquenians in English . It is located in the northern part of the country, following the contours of the narrow Caracas Valley on the Venezuelan coastal mountain range...

    , has a Caurimare sign.

  • In September 2010 The Faraya village in Lebanon known for its Ski slopes and ecological summer activities attracts tourists year round erected a sign spelling FARAYA on a mountain. The sign took its inspiration from the Hollywood sign and was made by the actual Faraya villagers as a tribute to their village.

  • Students of the Tampere University of Technology (Tampere
    Tampere
    Tampere is a city in southern Finland. It is the most populous inland city in any of the Nordic countries. The city has a population of , growing to approximately 300,000 people in the conurbation and over 340,000 in the metropolitan area. Tampere is the third most-populous municipality in...

    , Finland
    Finland
    Finland , officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland.Around 5.4 million people reside...

    ) temporarily erected a large "Herwood" sign atop a cliff in the suburb of Hervanta
    Hervanta
    Hervanta is a large suburb, or satellite city, of Tampere in Finland, located next to Hallila some 10 km south of the city centre.Home to a population of over 26,000, Hervanta is best known for its prefabricated blocks of flats. The total number of apartments is about 11,000...

     (nicknamed Herwood among locals, albeit after the Sherwood Forest
    Sherwood Forest
    Sherwood Forest is a Royal Forest in Nottinghamshire, England, that is famous through its historical association with the legend of Robin Hood. Continuously forested since the end of the Ice Age, Sherwood Forest National Nature Reserve today encompasses 423 hectares surrounding the village of...

     in England and not Hollywood) as a part of their annual May Day pranks in 1996.

  • In the locality of Hammarstrand
    Hammarstrand
    Hammarstrand is a locality and the seat of Ragunda Municipality in Jämtland County, Sweden with 1,061 inhabitants in 2005. The town is host to a bobsleigh and luge track...

     in northern Sweden
    Sweden
    Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

     there is a Hammarstrand sign, erected in 2007 as part of a television show.

  • The Paris Métro
    Paris Métro
    The Paris Métro or Métropolitain is the rapid transit metro system in Paris, France. It has become a symbol of the city, noted for its density within the city limits and its uniform architecture influenced by Art Nouveau. The network's sixteen lines are mostly underground and run to 214 km ...

    's Bonne Nouvelle
    Bonne Nouvelle (Paris Metro)
    Bonne Nouvelle is a station on lines 8 and 9 of the Paris Métro. The section of lines 8 and 9 from just east of Richelieu - Drouot to west of République was built under the Grand Boulevards, which replaced the Louis XIII wall and is in soft ground, which was once the course of the Seine. The lines...

     station features signage fashioned similar to the Hollywood Sign, in tribute to the neighborhood's contribution to the cinematic and theatrical arts.

  • Entertainer Dolly Parton
    Dolly Parton
    Dolly Rebecca Parton is an American singer-songwriter, author, multi-instrumentalist, actress and philanthropist, best known for her work in country music. Dolly Parton has appeared in movies like 9 to 5, The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas, Steel Magnolias and Straight Talk...

     has many times cited the Hollywood Sign as the impetus behind her own Dollywood
    Dollywood
    Dollywood is a theme park owned by entertainer Dolly Parton and the Herschend Family Entertainment Corporation. It is located in Pigeon Forge, Tennessee. Dollywood has 3,000 people on its payroll, making it the largest employer in that community....

     theme park, telling Spin Magazine in 1986, "When I first saw the Hollywood sign, I thought, how wonderful would it be if I could change the 'H' to a 'D' for the day."

  • Montego Bay
    Montego Bay
    Montego Bay is the capital of St. James Parish and the second largest city in Jamaica by area and the fourth by population .It is a tourist destination with duty free shopping, cruise line terminal and the beaches...

    , Jamaica
    Jamaica
    Jamaica is an island nation of the Greater Antilles, in length, up to in width and 10,990 square kilometres in area. It is situated in the Caribbean Sea, about south of Cuba, and west of Hispaniola, the island harbouring the nation-states Haiti and the Dominican Republic...

     has a large Red Stripe
    Red Stripe
    Red Stripe is a Jamaican lager beer whose logo is a bold, diagonal red stripe. It is brewed by Desnoes & Geddes Limited, originally a soft drink manufacturer incorporated on July 31, 1918, by Kingston, Jamaica natives Eugene Peter Desnoes and Thomas Hargreaves Geddes...

     sign in the hills, similar to the Hollywood sign.

Use in popular culture


The Hollywood Chamber of Commerce claims trademark rights over the sign's image and demands license fees for commercial use. In several films and television shows, the Hollywood Sign is seen getting damaged or destroyed from the events of a particular scene. It is an example of national landmarks being destroyed, a common feature seen in many disaster movies to increase the drama and excitement. Examples include:
  • In System of a Down's
    System of a Down
    System of a Down, also known by the acronym SOAD and often shortened to System, is a rock band from Southern California. The band was formed in 1994. It consists of Serj Tankian , Daron Malakian , Shavo Odadjian and John Dolmayan...

     2001 album Toxicity
    Toxicity (album)
    Toxicity is the second album by American heavy metal band System of a Down. Produced by Rick Rubin, Toxicity was released on September 4, 2001 by American Recordings, debuting at #1 on both the United States, with 220,000 copies, and #1 on the Canadian charts...

    , the album art shows the band name imitating the sign.
  • In Heroes
    Heroes (TV series)
    Heroes is an American science fiction television drama series created by Tim Kring that appeared on NBC for four seasons from September 25, 2006 through February 8, 2010. The series tells the stories of ordinary people who discover superhuman abilities, and how these abilities take effect in the...

    , Claire Bennett jumps off the famous sign in an attempt to showcase her power to boyfriend West.
  • In Shrek 2
    Shrek 2
    Shrek 2 is a 2004 American computer-animated fantasy comedy film, produced by DreamWorks Animation and directed by Andrew Adamson, Kelly Asbury and Conrad Vernon. It is the second installment in the Shrek film series and the sequel to 2001's Shrek...

    , Shrek the Third
    Shrek the Third
    Shrek the Third is a 2007 American animated film, and the third film in the Shrek series. It was produced by Jeffrey Katzenberg for DreamWorks Animation, and is distributed by Paramount Pictures. It was released in U.S. theaters on May 18, 2007...

    , and Shrek Forever After
    Shrek Forever After
    Shrek Forever After, taglined as The Final Chapter, is a 2010 animated fantasy-comedy film, and the fourth and final installment in the Shrek film series, produced by DreamWorks Animation. The film was released by Paramount Pictures in cinemas on May 20, 2010 in Russia, and on May 21 in the United...

    a parody version of the Hollywood sign is used in scenes showing the sign saying Far Far Away due to the fact the story takes place in a kingdom namesake after the sign, Far Far Away.
  • On the 20th Century Fox
    20th Century Fox
    Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation — also known as 20th Century Fox, or simply 20th or Fox — is one of the six major American film studios...

     1994 ident, the Hollywood sign can be seen in the background.
  • In advertisements for Kathy Griffin: My Life on the D-List
    Kathy Griffin: My Life on the D-List
    Kathy Griffin: My Life on the D-List is a reality show starring Kathy Griffin. The series aired on Bravo. It debuted in August 2005, and was cancelled in November 2010....

    and the Season 1 DVD cover, Griffin is shown hanging off the D of the sign.
  • In Earthquake
    Earthquake (film)
    Earthquake is a 1974 American disaster film that achieved huge box-office success, continuing the disaster film genre of the 1970s where recognizable all-star casts attempt to survive life or death situations...

    , a landslide causes the sign to topple down letter-by-letter during a megathrust earthquake
    Megathrust earthquake
    Megathrust earthquakes occur at subduction zones at destructive plate boundaries , where one tectonic plate is forced under another. Due to the shallow dip of the plate boundary, which causes large sections to get stuck, these earthquakes are among the world's largest, with moment magnitudes ...

    .
  • In The Day After Tomorrow
    The Day After Tomorrow
    The Day After Tomorrow is a 2004 American science-fiction disaster film that depicts the catastrophic effects of global warming in a series of extreme weather events that usher in global cooling which leads to a new ice age. The film did well at the box office, grossing $542,771,772 internationally...

    film, a tornado is seen destroying the sign
  • In 10.5: Apocalypse
    10.5: Apocalypse
    10.5: Apocalypse is a 2006 television miniseries written and directed by John Lafia. A sequel to 2004's 10.5, the film follows a series of catastrophic seismic disasters .-Plot:...

    , the sign is seen collapsing in the 10.5 earthquake.
  • In 1941
    1941 (film)
    1941 is a 1979 period comedy film directed by Steven Spielberg, written by Robert Zemeckis and Bob Gale, and featuring an ensemble cast including John Belushi, Ned Beatty, John Candy, Toshiro Mifune, Christopher Lee and Dan Aykroyd...

    , a Japanese submarine attempting to attack Los Angeles after Pearl Harbor
    Attack on Pearl Harbor
    The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941...

     spots the sign, to the delight of the crew, who then use it as a navigation aid to target the city.
  • In Austin Powers: Goldmember, Dr. Evil
    Dr. Evil
    Dr. Evil is a fictional character, played by Mike Myers in the Austin Powers film series. He is the antagonist of the movies, and Austin Powers' nemesis. He is a parody of James Bond villains, primarily Donald Pleasence's Ernst Stavro Blofeld . Dr...

    's lair is behind the Hollywood Sign.
  • In The Rocketeer
    The Rocketeer (film)
    The Rocketeer is a 1991 period superhero adventure film produced by Walt Disney Pictures and based on the character of the same name created by comic book writer/artist Dave Stevens. Directed by Joe Johnston, the film stars Billy Campbell, Jennifer Connelly, Alan Arkin, Timothy Dalton, Paul Sorvino...

    , the villain crashes the rocket pack into the "LAND" part of the sign, changing it to "HOLLYWOOD".
  • In Beyond the Valley of the Dolls
    Beyond the Valley of the Dolls
    Beyond the Valley of the Dolls is a 1970 American schlock melodrama film starring Dolly Read, Cynthia Myers, Marcia McBroom, John LaZar, Michael Blodgett and David Gurian...

    there is a quick showing of a dirty Hollywood sign during a Hollywood montage.
  • In Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief
    Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief
    Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief is a 2010 fantasy-adventure film directed by Chris Columbus. The film is loosely based on The Lightning Thief, the first novel in the Percy Jackson & The Olympians series by Rick Riordan...

    , the entrance to the underworld is behind the Hollywood sign.
  • In Chaplin, Charlie Chaplin and Douglas Fairbanks talk behind the Hollywoodland sign.
  • In Demolition Man
    Demolition Man (film)
    Demolition Man is a 1993 American, science fiction action film directed by Marco Brambilla, and starring Sylvester Stallone and Wesley Snipes. Sandra Bullock, Nigel Hawthorne, and Denis Leary co-star....

    , an aerial shot during the opening sequence shows the Hollywood Sign in flames.
  • In The Couch Trip
    The Couch Trip
    The Couch Trip is a 1988 comedy film directed by Michael Ritchie. It stars Dan Aykroyd, Walter Matthau, Charles Grodin and Donna Dixon.-Plot:...

    , Walter Matthau, playing a suicidal panhandler, climbs to the top of the Hollywood sign.
  • In Career Opportunities
    Career Opportunities (film)
    Career Opportunities is a 1991 American romantic comedy film starring Frank Whaley in his first lead role and co-starred Jennifer Connelly in one of her first. It was written and produced by John Hughes and directed by Bryan Gordon.-Plot:...

    , at the end of the film, Jim Dodge (played by Frank Whaley
    Frank Whaley
    Frank Joseph Whaley is an American film and television actor known for his roles in independent films.-Personal life:Whaley was born in Syracuse, New York, the son of Josephine and Robert W. Whaley, Sr. He is half-Irish and half-Sicilian and grew up in Syracuse. He has two sisters and an older...

    ) sees the sign as JIMWOOD in his fantasies.
  • In Tony Hawk's American Wasteland
    Tony Hawk's American Wasteland
    Tony Hawk's American Wasteland, abbreviated to THAW, is a video game that was released for the PS2, Xbox, Xbox 360, Nintendo GameCube and PC on October 18, 2005. Part of the Tony Hawk series, the game was developed by Neversoft and published by Activision.The PC version of the game was ported and...

    , the Hollywood sign reads Wasteland.
  • In Mel Brooks
    Mel Brooks
    Mel Brooks is an American film director, screenwriter, composer, lyricist, comedian, actor and producer. He is best known as a creator of broad film farces and comic parodies. He began his career as a stand-up comic and as a writer for the early TV variety show Your Show of Shows...

    ' Robin Hood: Men in Tights
    Robin Hood: Men in Tights
    Robin Hood: Men in Tights is a 1993 French-American adventure comedy film and a parody of the Robin Hood story. Produced and directed by Mel Brooks, the film stars Cary Elwes, Richard Lewis, and Dave Chappelle in his film debut...

    , a parody of the sign exists that says ENGLAND.
  • In The Hollywood Sign
    The Hollywood Sign (film)
    The Hollywood Sign is a 2001 comedy/suspense drama film directed by Sönke Wortmann and written by Leon de Winter. It stars Tom Beringer, Rod Steiger, Burt Reynolds and Jacqueline Kim as three washed-up actors risking their lives to make a comeback.-Plot:...

    ; three men find the corpse of another man who was murdered and hidden in the grass, right next to the Hollywood sign.
  • In The Simpsons
    The Simpsons
    The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series is a satirical parody of a middle class American lifestyle epitomized by its family of the same name, which consists of Homer, Marge, Bart, Lisa and Maggie...

    , a parody version of the sign exists in Springfield.
  • In Life After People: The Series, in the episode "The Capitol Threat" the sign is seen being damaged by forest fire and later collapsing due to lack of maintenance.
  • In several episodes of the television series Ellen
    Ellen (TV series)
    Ellen is a U.S. television sitcom that ran on the ABC network from March 29, 1994 to July 22, 1998, producing 109 episodes.The theme song, "So Called Friend" is by Scottish band Texas...

    , the character of Ellen Mogan (played by Ellen DeGeneres
    Ellen DeGeneres
    Ellen Lee DeGeneres is an American stand-up comedienne, television host and actress. She hosts the syndicated talk show The Ellen DeGeneres Show, and was also a judge on American Idol for one year, having joined the show in its ninth season....

    ) can be seen sitting in a letter of the Hollywood Sign.
  • In Beverly Hills, 90210
    Beverly Hills, 90210
    Beverly Hills, 90210 is an American drama series that originally aired from October 4, 1990 to May 17, 2000 on Fox and was produced by Spelling Television in the United States, and subsequently on various networks around the world. It is the first series in the Beverly Hills, 90210 franchise...

    , in the episode "Commencement" new graduates cover the sign to say W BEV HI 93, as a lasting legacy of their time.
  • In Starstruck
    Starstruck (2010 film)
    Starstruck is a 2010 Disney Channel Original Movie starring Sterling Knight and Danielle Campbell. The movie was filmed in Los Angeles.-Plot:...

    , Christopher Wilde and Jessica Olson take photos of themselves in front of the sign.
  • In The Runaways
    The Runaways (film)
    The Runaways is a 2010 American biographical film about the 1970s all-girl rock band of the same name. The film was written and directed by Floria Sigismondi, who based the screenplay on the book Neon Angel: A Memoir of a Runaway by the band's original lead vocalist Cherie Currie...

    , Joan
    Joan Jett
    Joan Jett is an American rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, producer and actress.She is best known for her work with Joan Jett & the Blackhearts including their hit cover "I Love Rock 'n' Roll", which was #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 from March 20 to May 1, 1982, as well as for their other popular...

     and Cherie
    Cherie Currie
    Cherie Currie is an American singer, actress and chainsaw artist. Currie was the lead vocalist of The Runaways, a hard rock band from Los Angeles in the mid-to-late 1970s.-Life and career:...

     are seen drinking around the derelict Hollywood sign as it appeared in the mid-1970s.
  • In Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas
    Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas
    Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas is a 2004 open world action video game developed by British games developer Rockstar North and published by Rockstar Games. It is the third 3D game in the Grand Theft Auto video game franchise, the fifth original console release and eighth game overall...

    , there is a VINEWOOD sign prominently featured on the Vinewood Hills, closely mirroring the Hollywood sign. Similarly, in Grand Theft Auto V
    Grand Theft Auto V
    Grand Theft Auto V is an upcoming open world action-adventure video game being developed by British games developer Rockstar North and published by Rockstar Games. The game will be the first major title in the Grand Theft Auto series since Grand Theft Auto IV , which started the fourth "era" in the...

    , there is also a VINEWOOD sign present in the fictional city of Los Santos, based on modern-day Los Angeles
    Los Ángeles
    Los Ángeles is the capital of the province of Biobío, in the commune of the same name, in Region VIII , in the center-south of Chile. It is located between the Laja and Biobío rivers. The population is 123,445 inhabitants...

    .
  • In 90210
    90210 (TV series)
    90210 is an American teen drama television series developed by Rob Thomas, Jeff Judah and Gabe Sachs, and the fourth series in the Beverly Hills, 90210 franchise created by Darren Star. 90210 is the first series produced by CBS Productions under the company's re-launch, but is now produced by CBS...

    , Jasper attempts suicide by jumping off the Hollywood sign in "Sweaty Palms and Weak Knees"
  • In British TV series Hustle
    Hustle (TV series)
    Hustle is a British television drama series made by Kudos Film and Television for BBC One in the United Kingdom. Created by Tony Jordan and first broadcast in 2004, the series follows a group of con artists who specialise in "long cons" – extended deceptions which require greater commitment, but...

    , the team of con artists sell the sign to a crooked businessman for half a million dollars by posing as representatives of the "Hollywood Sign Commission", loosely based on the Sign Trust.
  • In a special USA-themed episode of Screenwipe in 2006, host Charlie Brooker
    Charlie Brooker
    Charlton "Charlie" Brooker is a British journalist, comic writer and broadcaster. His style of humour is savage and profane, with surreal elements and a consistent satirical pessimism...

     made a point to obscure the sign with a hand-held approximation rather than pay the fee to show it on television, noting that it cost nothing to call the copyright owners "a bunch of money-grubbing bastards".
  • In the video game California Games
    California Games
    California Games is a 1987 Epyx sports video game for many home computers and video game consoles. Branching from their popular Summer Games and Winter Games series, this game consisted of some sports purportedly popular in California including skateboarding, freestyle footbag, surfing, roller...

    , the sign is shown in the background during the half-pipe event, and as one of the game's easter egg
    Easter egg (media)
    Image:Carl Oswald Rostosky - Zwei Kaninchen und ein Igel 1861.jpg|250px|thumb|right|Example of Easter egg hidden within imagerect 467 383 539 434 desc none...

    s the letter H sometimes falls down as the result of an earthquake.
  • The album 1234 by Ron Wood
    Ron Wood
    Ronald David "Ronnie" Wood is an English rock guitarist and bassist best known as a former member of The Jeff Beck Group, Faces, and current member of The Rolling Stones. He also plays lap and pedal steel guitar....

     of the Rolling Stones shows Wood riding a camel. The Hollywood sign, or an approximation of it, is in the distance and Wood is blocking part of it so that it simply reads "Wood"
  • Early in the film Xanadu
    Xanadu (film)
    Xanadu is a 1980 romantic musical fantasy film written by Marc Reid Rubel and directed by Robert Greenwald. The title is a reference to the poem "Kubla Khan, or, A Vision in a Dream: A Fragment" by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, which is quoted in the film. Xanadu is the name of the Chinese province...

    , one of the muses is seen running by the sign, illuminating each letter as she passes it, in Vanna White
    Vanna White
    Vanna White is an American television personality and film actress best known as the hostess of Wheel of Fortune since 1982.-Early life:...

     style.
  • In the video game L.A. Noire
    L.A. Noire
    L.A. Noire is a 2011 crime video game developed by Team Bondi and published by Rockstar Games. It was released for PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Microsoft Windows. It was released as a 3-disc game for the Xbox 360 console, which prompts the player to switch to another disc at certain points in the...

    , the sign is shown as "HOLLYWOODLAND", accurately portraying the real sign as it would have been seen in 1947.
  • In the film Friends with Benefits
    Friends With Benefits (Film)
    Friends with Benefits is a 2011 American romantic comedy film directed by Will Gluck and starring Mila Kunis and Justin Timberlake. The film features an ensemble cast which includes Woody Harrelson, Bryan Greenberg, Jenna Elfman, Richard Jenkins, Emma Stone and Patricia Clarkson...

    , stars Justin Timberlake
    Justin Timberlake
    Justin Randall Timberlake is an American pop musician and actor. He achieved early fame when he appeared as a contestant on Star Search, and went on to star in the Disney Channel television series The New Mickey Mouse Club, where he met future bandmate JC Chasez...

     and Mila Kunis
    Mila Kunis
    Milena "Mila" Kunis is an American actress. Her work includes the role of Jackie Burkhart on the TV series That '70s Show and the voice of Meg Griffin on the animated series Family Guy...

     can be seen in and around the sign being chased by police.
  • In 2010, pop singer Kesha
    Kesha
    Kesha village is a small village nestled in the mountains of Yongshun County, northwestern Hunan province, China, located at latitude 29 05' 50", longitude 109 57' 9". The name is pronounced in Standard Chinese. The official language is Manderin Chinese....

     released a hoax video apparently showing her and her friends vandalising the sign to read "KE$HAWOOD".
  • In Wizards of Waverly Place
    Wizards of Waverly Place
    Wizards of Waverly Place is a Disney Channel Original Series that premiered on October 12, 2007. It won "Outstanding Children's Program" at the 61st Primetime Emmy Awards in 2009...

    , the exclusive angel club is hidden inside the 'H' of the Hollywood sign.

See also

  • Hill Figure
    Hill figure
    A hill figure is a large visual representation created by cutting into a steep hillside and revealing the underlying geology. It is a type of geoglyph usually designed to be seen from afar rather than above. In some cases trenches are dug and rubble made from material brighter than the natural...

  • Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in Hollywood


External links