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Francis Daniels Moore
was an American
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
In medicine, a surgeon is a specialist in surgery. Surgery is a broad category of invasive medical treatment that involves the cutting of a body, whether human or animal, for a specific reason such as the removal of diseased tissue or to repair a tear or breakage...
who was a pioneer in numerous experimental surgical treatments. Among his many achievements, he refined burn
A burn is a type of injury to flesh caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, light, radiation or friction. Most burns affect only the skin . Rarely, deeper tissues, such as muscle, bone, and blood vessels can also be injured...
-treatment techniques, helped perform the world's first successful organ transplant (which involved a kidney
The kidneys, organs with several functions, serve essential regulatory roles in most animals, including vertebrates and some invertebrates. They are essential in the urinary system and also serve homeostatic functions such as the regulation of electrolytes, maintenance of acid–base balance, and...
), and accurately determined the volume of water
Water is a chemical substance with the chemical formula H2O. A water molecule contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms connected by covalent bonds. Water is a liquid at ambient conditions, but it often co-exists on Earth with its solid state, ice, and gaseous state . Water also exists in a...
and other nutrients in the human body using radioactive isotopes of those substances.
He was awarded the 1978 Lister Medal
for his contributions to surgical science. The corresponding Lister Oration, given at the Royal College of Surgeons of England
The Royal College of Surgeons of England is an independent professional body and registered charity committed to promoting and advancing the highest standards of surgical care for patients, regulating surgery, including dentistry, in England and Wales...
, was delivered on 23 May 1979, and was titled 'Science and service'.