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Enzootic

Enzootic

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Encyclopedia
Enzootic is the non-human equivalent of endemic and means, in a broad sense, "belonging to" or "native to", "characteristic of", or "prevalent in" a particular geography
Geography
Geography is the science that studies the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of Earth. A literal translation would be "to describe or write about the Earth". The first person to use the word "geography" was Eratosthenes...

, race, field, area, or environment
Natural environment
The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally on Earth or some region thereof. It is an environment that encompasses the interaction of all living species....

; native to an area or scope.

It also has two specific meanings:
  • an organism being "enzootic" means native to a place or a specific fauna
  • in epizoology
    Epizoology
    Epizoology, or veterinary epidemiology, is the study of disease patterns within animal populations. See epidemiology....

    , an infection is said to be "enzootic" in a population when the infection is maintained in the population without the need for external inputs (cf Endemic
    Endemic (epidemiology)
    In epidemiology, an infection is said to be endemic in a population when that infection is maintained in the population without the need for external inputs. For example, chickenpox is endemic in the UK, but malaria is not...

    ).