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Elizabeth Coleman White
(October 5, 1871 – November 11, 1954) was a New Jersey agricultural specialist who collaborated with Frank Coville
Frederick Vernon Coville was an American botanist who careered in the United States Department of Agriculture , where he became Chief Botanist, and was the first director of the United States National Arboretum...
to develop and commercialize a cultivated blueberry.
She was the daughter of Mary Fenwick and Joseph J. White, and the granddaughter of Barclay White
Barclay White was Superintendent of Indian Affairs during the administration of American president Ulysses S...
She grew up on her father's cranberry
Cranberries are a group of evergreen dwarf shrubs or trailing vines in the subgenus Oxycoccus of the genus Vaccinium. In some methods of classification, Oxycoccus is regarded as a genus in its own right...
farm in the Pine Barrens (Pemberton Township,New Jersey) and developed an interest in commercial agriculture. In 1911, she became interested in blueberry propagation and, using her father's farm in Whitesbog, New Jersey
New Jersey is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States. , its population was 8,791,894. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York, on the southeast and south by the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Pennsylvania and on the southwest by Delaware...
, she collaborated with Coville to develop a commercial blueberry based on the wild varieties. They developed a commercial variety in 1916. In 1927, she helped to start the New Jersey Cooperative Blueberry Association.
Whitesbog Preservation Trust