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Entreprise de recherches et d'activités pétrolières
is a French petroleum
Petroleum or crude oil is a naturally occurring, flammable liquid consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and other liquid organic compounds, that are found in geologic formations beneath the Earth's surface. Petroleum is recovered mostly through oil drilling...
company created in 1965 by the merger of RAP (Regie Autonome des Petroles) and BRP (Bureau de Recherche des Petroles). In 1976 ERAP merged with the oil company Société Nationale des Pétroles d’Aquitaine (SNPA) giving birth to Société Nationale Elf Aquitaine (SNEA). This latter company is best known as Elf Aquitaine
Elf Aquitaine was a French oil company which merged with TotalFina to form TotalFinaElf. The new company changed its name to Total in 2003...
. Later this company merged with TotalFina
, which later changed its name to Total
Total S.A. is a French multinational oil company and one of the six "Supermajor" oil companies in the world.Its businesses cover the entire oil and gas chain, from crude oil and natural gas exploration and production to power generation, transportation, refining, petroleum product marketing, and...
Today ERAP is a state-owned company (Établissement public à caractère industriel et commercial), making investments in sectors of energy, pharmacy and telecommunication.