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is an historical county in southeastern Quebec
Quebec or is a province in east-central Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level....
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, and northward into the Arctic Ocean...
on the western flanks of the Appalachian Mountains
The Appalachian Mountains #Whether the stressed vowel is or ,#Whether the "ch" is pronounced as a fricative or an affricate , and#Whether the final vowel is the monophthong or the diphthong .), often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America. The Appalachians...
on the US-Canadian border. It is in the Estrie (Eastern Townships) region of the province and was named in 1793 after a town in Surrey, England by British officers who were convinced of the agricultural potential of the area. The county seat is Cookshire. Mount Megantic (altitude 1111 m) has an observatory
The Observatoire du Mont-Mégantic is an astronomical observatory owned and operated jointly by the Université de Montréal, the Université Laval and the McGill University...
operated by the Université de Montréal
The Université de Montréal is a public francophone research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It comprises thirteen faculties, more than sixty departments and two affiliated schools: the École Polytechnique and HEC Montréal...
at its peak, which is accessible only from an adjacent county. In the early 1980s the County was dissolved, most of it becoming part of the
MRC de Le Haut-Saint-François
for the southern portion which went to MRC de Coaticook
Coaticook is a regional county municipality in southeastern Quebec, Canada. The regional county municipality seat is Coaticook.-History:On September 3, 1783, as a result of the signing of the Treaty of Paris the American Revolutionary War ended with Great Britain...