Ask a question about 'Cincinnati riots of 1829'
Start a new discussion about 'Cincinnati riots of 1829'
Answer questions from other users
The Cincinnati Riots of 1829
were triggered by competition between Irish immigrants and the African American community for employment opportunities in Cincinnati, Ohio
Cincinnati is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio. Cincinnati is the county seat of Hamilton County. Settled in 1788, the city is located to north of the Ohio River at the Ohio-Kentucky border, near Indiana. The population within city limits is 296,943 according to the 2010 census, making it Ohio's...
As a result, many African Americans left Cincinnati to found the Wilberforce Colony
Wilberforce Colony was a colony established by free American Black citizens, founded at the end of the second decade of the 19th century north of present day London, Ontario, Canada. This was one of several movements initially growing from or sympathetic to the American Colonization Society,...
in Ontario, Canada.
Between 1820 and 1829, migrants and fugitive slaves caused the black population in Cincinnati to grow from 433 to 2,258. On 30 June 1829 the township trustees issued a notice that told blacks they had to post bonds or they would be expelled from the town and from Ohio.
During the month of July, whites started to attack blacks and destroy their property.
Some moved, but others organized to defend themselves.
Violence continued until late August, by which time almost 1,000 blacks had left the city.
The town officials did little to defend the blacks until 24 August. On that day the Mayor, Jacob Burnet, dismissed charges against ten blacks who had been arrested and imposed fines on eight whites.