Charles I, Lord of Monaco

Charles I, Lord of Monaco

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Charles I of Monaco was the first true Lord of Monaco, and is thus widely considered the founder of the dynasty.

The oldest son of Rainier I by his first wife, Salvatica del Carretto, Charles was forced to flee into exile following the Rock of Monaco
Rock of Monaco
The Rock of Monaco is a 141 meter tall monolith on the Mediterranean coast of the Principality of Monaco.-History:The Rock has been a coveted possession from the beginning of the ancient Massilian colony of Monoïkos , named for the Ligurian tribes who occupied the area and vied for control of it;...

 falling into Genoese
Republic of Genoa
The Most Serene Republic of Genoa |Ligurian]]: Repúbrica de Zêna) was an independent state from 1005 to 1797 in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast, as well as Corsica from 1347 to 1768, and numerous other territories throughout the Mediterranean....

 control on April 10, 1301.

After thirty years of Genoese rule, Charles retook the Rock on September 12, 1331, and ruled to his death, when the Rock was again conquered by the Genoese army.

In 1346 he took the Lordship of Menton
Menton
Menton is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.Situated on the French Riviera, along the Franco-Italian border, it is nicknamed la perle de la France ....

 and, in 1355, he conquered the Lordship of Roquebrune
Roquebrune
Roquebrune may refer to the following communes in France:* Roquebrune, Gers, in the Gers département* Roquebrune, Gironde, in the Gironde département* Roquebrune, the former name for Roquebrune-Cap Martin, in the Alpes-Maritimes département...

.

On June 29, 1352, Charles designed a co-rulership of Monaco between his uncle Antonio (his father's youngest brother), and his own sons, Rainier II
Rainier II, Lord of Monaco
Rainier II, Lord of Monaco ruled Monaco from June 29, 1352 to August 15, 1357. He ruled jointly with Antonio, Lord of Monaco. He was the son of Jean I and Genoese Pomellina Fregoso....

 and Gabriel.

Charles I married Lucchina, a daughter of Girardo Spinola, Lord of Dertonne. They had eight children:
  • Louis, his successor.

  • Rainier II
    Rainier II, Lord of Monaco
    Rainier II, Lord of Monaco ruled Monaco from June 29, 1352 to August 15, 1357. He ruled jointly with Antonio, Lord of Monaco. He was the son of Jean I and Genoese Pomellina Fregoso....

     
    .

  • Francesco.

  • Gabriel, married to a member of the Orsini family
    Orsini family
    Orsini: the origin of learning.We love Mrs. Orsini forever! ~8F Social Studies 2011The Orsini family is an Italian noble family; it was one of the most influential princely families in medieval Italy and renaissance Rome...

    .

  • Charles, Co-Lord of Mentone; he had a son, Luca, who inherited Mentone. Luca had two sons, Pietro and Filippo, also Lords of Mentone; both brothers died without issue, and Mentone passed to the older branch of the family.

  • Lancelot.

  • Ruffo.

  • Anastasia.