is the Italian
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...
system of land registration
Land registration generally describes systems by which matters concerning ownership, possession or other rights in land can be recorded to provide evidence of title, facilitate transactions and to prevent unlawful disposal...
. The word gives rise to the English cadastre
A cadastre , using a cadastral survey or cadastral map, is a comprehensive register of the metes-and-bounds real property of a country...
The register itself is maintained at a local level by the individual councils or Comuni
. The data held in the Catasto
is the basis for the ICI council property tax
To tax is to impose a financial charge or other levy upon a taxpayer by a state or the functional equivalent of a state such that failure to pay is punishable by law. Taxes are also imposed by many subnational entities...
(Imposta Comunale sugli Immobili
There are several companies which offer easy search facilities to draw data
The term data refers to qualitative or quantitative attributes of a variable or set of variables. Data are typically the results of measurements and can be the basis of graphs, images, or observations of a set of variables. Data are often viewed as the lowest level of abstraction from which...
from the various Italian local councils. This information can be used to understand the property holdings of individuals or companies and the charges (e.g.
mortgages) which might be held over their ownership.
Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with approximately 370,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1.5 million in the metropolitan area....
Catasto of 1427 provided an important source of raw historical data for historians of the Renaissance
The Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe. The term is also used more loosely to refer to the historical era, but since the changes of the Renaissance were not...
. The extensive surveys conducted by Florentine officials reveal changing forms of social organization over the period that records were collected. David Herlihy
David Herlihy was an American historian who wrote on medieval and renaissance life. Particular topics include domestic life, especially the roles of women, and the changing structure of the family...
and Christiane Klapisch-Zuber's work on these records, Tuscans and Their Families
is one of the first historical works to make use of computer-assisted statistical analysis.