, officially the Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence
is one of NATO
Centres of Excellence, located in Tallinn
Tallinn is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It occupies an area of with a population of 414,940. It is situated on the northern coast of the country, on the banks of the Gulf of Finland, south of Helsinki, east of Stockholm and west of Saint Petersburg. Tallinn's Old Town is in the list...
Estonia , officially the Republic of Estonia , is a state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia , and to the east by Lake Peipsi and the Russian Federation . Across the Baltic Sea lies...
The CCDCOE was established in the wake of the 2007 cyberattacks on Estonia
Cyberattacks on Estonia refers to a series of cyber attacks that began April 27, 2007 and swamped websites of Estonian organizations, including Estonian parliament, banks, ministries, newspapers and broadcasters, amid the country's row with Russia about the relocation of the Bronze Soldier of...
and the Bronze Night
The Bronze Night , also known as the April Unrest and April Events refer to the controversy and riots in Estonia surrounding the 2007 relocation of the Bronze Soldier of Tallinn, the Soviet World War II memorial in Tallinn....
In 2003, prior to the country’s official accession to NATO, Estonia proposed the creation of a “cyber excellence center”. The 2006 Riga summit
The 2006 Riga summit or the 19th NATO Summit was a NATO summit held in Riga, Latvia from November 28 until November 29, 2006. The most important topics discussed were the War in Afghanistan and the future role and borders of the alliance. Further, the summit focused on the alliance's continued...
listed possible cyber attacks among the asymmetric threats to the common security and acknowledged the need for programs to protect information systems over the long term. The cyber attacks on Estonia in 2007 highlighted for the first time the potential vulnerability of any NATO countries, their institutions and societies, and even NATO itself to disruption or penetration of their information and communications systems.
Estonia’s proposals for a NATO cyber excellence center received strong support from the alliance’s Secretary-General “Jaap” de Hoop Scheffer. NATO completed an assessment of the situation, partly in light of Estonia’s experience, in October 2007, and approved a NATO policy on cyber defense in January 2008. NATO’s summit communiqué in Bucharest in April announced NATO’s readiness to “provide a capability to assist allied nations, upon request, to counter a cyber attack”.
The Cyber Defense Center in Tallinn is one of 15 accredited Centres of Excellence (COEs), for training on technically sophisticated aspects of NATO operations. It is being funded nationally and multi-nationally as these centers are closely linked with Allied Command Transformation
Allied Command Transformation is a NATO military command, which was formed in 2003 after North Atlantic Treaty Organisation restructuring....
and promote the alliance-approved transformation goals.
The main agenda of the facility is to:
- improve cyber defence interoperability within the NATO Network Enabled Capability (NNEC) environment,
- design the doctrine and concept development and their validation,
- enhance information security and cyber defence education, awareness, and training,
- provide cyber defence support for experimentation (including on-site) for experimentation,
- analyzing the legal aspects of cyber defence.
The centre has also other responsibilities which include:
- contribution to development of Cyber Defense Center practices and standards with NATO, PfP
Partnership for Peace is a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation program aimed at creating trust between NATO and other states in Europe and the former Soviet Union; 22 States are members...
, NATO candidates
Enlargement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is the process of including new member states in NATO. NATO is a military alliance of states in Europe and North America whose organization constitutes a system of collective defence. The process of joining the alliance is governed by Article...
and non-NATO nations,
- contribution to development of NATO security policies related to cyber defence its definition of scope and responsibility of military in cyber defence,
- conduction of the cyber defence focused training, awareness campaigns, workshops, and courses,
- developing and conducting cyber defence focused exercises and its ability to provide CD exercise support,
- providing cyber defence SMEs to NATO and its ability in cyber defence testing and validating.
As Founding Nations, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia and Spain came together to establish the Centre in 2008.
The Centre received full accreditation by NATO and attained the status of International Military Organisation on the 28th of October, 2008.
The CCD COE is open to all NATO nations. In addition, CCD COE can establish cooperative relations with non-NATO nations, universities, research institutions, and businesses as Contributing Participants.
The Centre conducts research and training on cyber security and includes a staff of approximately 30 persons.
There are currently 10 countries involved within the centre :
Estonia has also shown interest in Iceland joining the Cyber Defence Centre.
Turkey has announced its intent to join in the near future.
- NATO Centres of Excellence
Cyberwarfare refers to politically motivated hacking to conduct sabotage and espionage. It is a form of information warfare sometimes seen as analogous to conventional warfare although this analogy is controversial for both its accuracy and its political motivation.Government security expert...
- Electronic warfare
Electronic warfare refers to any action involving the use of the electromagnetic spectrum or directed energy to control the spectrum, attack an enemy, or impede enemy assaults via the spectrum. The purpose of electronic warfare is to deny the opponent the advantage of, and ensure friendly...
- Proactive Cyber Defence
Proactive Cyber Defence means acting in anticipation to oppose an attack against computers and networks. Proactive cyber defence will most often require additional security from internet service providers....
The Baltic Naval Squadron was inaugurated in 1998. The main responsibility of BALTRON is to improve the co-operation between the Baltic states in the areas of naval defence and security...
- National Cyberdefence Centre
The National Cyberdefence Centre is a German government agency established to respond to attacks on government computers in Germany.The interior ministry's spokesman announced in December 2010 that the agency would be established; the German government reports that in the first 9 months of 2010,...