Bloomington, Indiana

Bloomington, Indiana

Overview
Bloomington is a city in and the county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 of Monroe County
Monroe County, Indiana
As of the census of 2010, there were 137,974 people, 46,898 households, and 24,715 families residing in the county. The population density was 306 people per square mile . There were 50,846 housing units at an average density of 129 per square mile...

 in the southern region of the U.S. state
U.S. state
A U.S. state is any one of the 50 federated states of the United States of America that share sovereignty with the federal government. Because of this shared sovereignty, an American is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of domicile. Four states use the official title of...

 of Indiana
Indiana
Indiana is a US state, admitted to the United States as the 19th on December 11, 1816. It is located in the Midwestern United States and Great Lakes Region. With 6,483,802 residents, the state is ranked 15th in population and 16th in population density. Indiana is ranked 38th in land area and is...

. The population was 80,405 at the 2010 census.

Bloomington is the home to Indiana University Bloomington
Indiana University Bloomington
Indiana University Bloomington is a public research university located in Bloomington, Indiana, in the United States. IU Bloomington is the flagship campus of the Indiana University system. Being the flagship campus, IU Bloomington is often referred to simply as IU or Indiana...

. Established in 1820, IU Bloomington has approximately 40,000 students and is the original and largest campus of Indiana University
Indiana University
Indiana University is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States. Indiana University has a combined student body of more than 100,000 students, including approximately 42,000 students enrolled at the Indiana University Bloomington campus and approximately 37,000...

. In the 1991 book entitled The Campus as a Work of Art, author Thomas Gaines named the Bloomington campus one of the five most beautiful in America.
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Encyclopedia
Bloomington is a city in and the county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 of Monroe County
Monroe County, Indiana
As of the census of 2010, there were 137,974 people, 46,898 households, and 24,715 families residing in the county. The population density was 306 people per square mile . There were 50,846 housing units at an average density of 129 per square mile...

 in the southern region of the U.S. state
U.S. state
A U.S. state is any one of the 50 federated states of the United States of America that share sovereignty with the federal government. Because of this shared sovereignty, an American is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of domicile. Four states use the official title of...

 of Indiana
Indiana
Indiana is a US state, admitted to the United States as the 19th on December 11, 1816. It is located in the Midwestern United States and Great Lakes Region. With 6,483,802 residents, the state is ranked 15th in population and 16th in population density. Indiana is ranked 38th in land area and is...

. The population was 80,405 at the 2010 census.

Bloomington is the home to Indiana University Bloomington
Indiana University Bloomington
Indiana University Bloomington is a public research university located in Bloomington, Indiana, in the United States. IU Bloomington is the flagship campus of the Indiana University system. Being the flagship campus, IU Bloomington is often referred to simply as IU or Indiana...

. Established in 1820, IU Bloomington has approximately 40,000 students and is the original and largest campus of Indiana University
Indiana University
Indiana University is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States. Indiana University has a combined student body of more than 100,000 students, including approximately 42,000 students enrolled at the Indiana University Bloomington campus and approximately 37,000...

. In the 1991 book entitled The Campus as a Work of Art, author Thomas Gaines named the Bloomington campus one of the five most beautiful in America. Most of the campus buildings are built of Indiana limestone
Indiana Limestone
Indiana Limestone, also known as Bedford Limestone is a common regional term for Salem limestone, a geological formation primarily quarried in south central Indiana between Bloomington and Bedford....

.

Bloomington is also the home of the Indiana University School of Public and Environmental Affairs
Indiana University School of Public and Environmental Affairs
The Indiana University School of Public and Environmental Affairs is one of the undergraduate and graduate schools of Indiana University, and is the largest public policy and environmental studies school of its kind in the United States...

, Indiana University Maurer School of Law
Indiana University Maurer School of Law
The Indiana University Maurer School of Law is located on the flagship campus of Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana. The law school is one of two law schools operated by the Indiana University system, the other being the Indiana University McKinney School of Law...

, the Jacobs School of Music
Jacobs School of Music
The Jacobs School of Music of Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana, is a music conservatory established in 1921. Until 2005, it was known as the Indiana University School of Music...

, the Kelley School of Business
Kelley School of Business
The Kelley School of Business is a top-ranked American business school operated by Indiana University. As of 2009, approximately 5,500 full-time students are enrolled on its Bloomington campus, as well as 1,750 students at the Indianapolis campus...

, the Kinsey Institute, the Indiana University School of Optometry, and the Midwest Proton Radiotherapy Institute
Midwest Proton Radiotherapy Institute
The organization formerly known as Midwest Proton Radiotherapy Institute now the Indiana University Health Proton Therapy Center. The Center offers proton therapy in Bloomington, Indiana, United States, affiliated with the Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center of Indiana University. MPRI began...

.

Bloomington has been named a Tree City
Tree City USA
Tree City USA is a tree planting and tree care program sponsored by the National Arbor Day Foundation for cities and towns in the United States.- Requirements :...

 for more than 20 years. The city was the site of the Academy Award
Academy Awards
An Academy Award, also known as an Oscar, is an accolade bestowed by the American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to recognize excellence of professionals in the film industry, including directors, actors, and writers...

-winning movie Breaking Away
Breaking Away
Breaking Away is a 1979 American film. A coming of age story, it follows a group of four male teenagers in Bloomington, Indiana, who have recently graduated from high school. It stars Dennis Christopher, Dennis Quaid, Daniel Stern , Jackie Earle Haley, Barbara Barrie and Paul Dooley...

, featuring a reenactment of Indiana University's annual Little 500
Little 500
The Little 500 , is a bicycle race held annually at Bill Armstrong Stadium on the campus of Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana...

 bicycle race; Bloomington's rock quarries
Quarries
Quarries - The "Royal Quarries" — not found in Scripture — is the namegiven to the vast caverns stretching far underneath the northern hill, Bezetha, on which Jerusalem is built. Out of these mammoth caverns stones, a hard limestone, have been quarried in ancient times for the buildings in the...

 also figure in the movie.

Geography



Bloomington is located at 39.162147°N 86.529045°W.

According to the United States Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

, the city has a total area of 19.9 square miles (51.5 km²), of which 19.7 square miles (51 km²) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.517997622 km²) (1.00%) is water.

Bloomington is an area of irregular limestone terrain
KARST
Kilometer-square Area Radio Synthesis Telescope is a Chinese telescope project to which FAST is a forerunner. KARST is a set of large spherical reflectors on karst landforms, which are bowlshaped limestone sinkholes named after the Kras region in Slovenia and Northern Italy. It will consist of...

 characterized by sinks, ravines, fissures, underground streams, sinking streams, springs and caves. It is situated in the rolling hills of southern Indiana, resting on the intersection of the Norman Uplands and the Mitchell Plain. The relatively varied topography of the city provides a sharp contrast to the flatter terrain more typical of other portions of Indiana.

Just 50 miles (80.5 km) south of Indiana’s state capital, Indianapolis, lies the city of Bloomington, also known as “B-Town”. With a population of over 80,000 residents, squeezed into just 19.9 square miles (51.5 km²), Bloomington is the sixth largest city in Indiana

Climate


Bloomington has an unusual amount of humidity throughout the year, even in the winter. Southern Indiana receives an abundance of rain, with a yearly average of 44 inches.

Demographics



Bloomington is the principal city of the Bloomington Metropolitan Statistical Area, a metropolitan area
United States metropolitan area
In the United States a metropolitan statistical area is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area. Such regions are not legally incorporated as a city or town would be, nor are they legal administrative divisions like...

 that covers Greene
Greene County, Indiana
Greene County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1930. As of 2010, the population was 33,165. The county seat is Bloomfield....

, Monroe, and Owen
Owen County, Indiana
Owen County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1920. As of 2010, the population was 21,575...

 counties and had a combined population of 175,506 at the 2000 census
United States Census, 2000
The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 persons enumerated during the 1990 Census...

.

As of the census of 2000, there were 69,291 people, 26,468 households, and 10,454 families residing in the city. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 3,511.1 people per square mile (1,356.0/km²). There were 28,400 housing units at an average density of 1,439.1 per square mile (555.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.03% White, 4.24% African American, 0.29% Native American, 5.26% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, and 2.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.49% of the population. 22.9% were of German
Germans
The Germans are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe. The English term Germans has referred to the German-speaking population of the Holy Roman Empire since the Late Middle Ages....

, 10.2% Irish, 9.1% English and 8.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 89.3% spoke English, 2.9% Spanish, 1.3% Korean
Korean language
Korean is the official language of the country Korea, in both South and North. It is also one of the two official languages in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in People's Republic of China. There are about 78 million Korean speakers worldwide. In the 15th century, a national writing...

, 1.1% German and 1.0% Chinese
Standard Mandarin
Standard Chinese or Modern Standard Chinese, also known as Mandarin or Putonghua, is the official language of the People's Republic of China and Republic of China , and is one of the four official languages of Singapore....

 or Mandarin
Standard Mandarin
Standard Chinese or Modern Standard Chinese, also known as Mandarin or Putonghua, is the official language of the People's Republic of China and Republic of China , and is one of the four official languages of Singapore....

 as their first language.

There were 26,468 households out of which 17.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.2% were married couples
Marriage
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 60.5% were non-families. 39.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the city the population was spread out with 12.7% under the age of 18, 42.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 12.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,377, and the median income for a family was $50,054. Males had a median income of $32,470 compared to $26,100 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the city was $16,481. About 10.3% of families and 29.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.

Politics


The Democratic Party
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. The party's socially liberal and progressive platform is largely considered center-left in the U.S. political spectrum. The party has the lengthiest record of continuous...

 in recent years has dominated city politics and has retained the mayor's office since 1972. The current mayor of the city is Mark Kruzan
Mark Kruzan (Indiana politician)
Mark Kruzan is the current mayor of Bloomington, Indiana, serving since his election in November, 2003.Kruzan was elected as State Representative for Bloomington in 1986. In 1994, he was appointed to be the House Minority Whip...

 and the Democrats control the city council 9-0. Bloomington's liberal outlook has been influenced by the younger population which dominates much of the city, as well as the presence of Indiana University
Indiana University
Indiana University is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States. Indiana University has a combined student body of more than 100,000 students, including approximately 42,000 students enrolled at the Indiana University Bloomington campus and approximately 37,000...

 which has a reputation of having a large liberal student body.
Bloomington was the first city in the state of Indiana to ban smoking in all public and private businesses, including private clubs.

Major employers

  • Indiana University Bloomington
    Indiana University Bloomington
    Indiana University Bloomington is a public research university located in Bloomington, Indiana, in the United States. IU Bloomington is the flagship campus of the Indiana University system. Being the flagship campus, IU Bloomington is often referred to simply as IU or Indiana...

  • IU Health Bloomington Hospital http://www.iuhealthbloomington.org/Default.asp
  • Boston Scientific
    Boston Scientific
    The Boston Scientific Corporation , is a worldwide developer, manufacturer and marketer of medical devices whose products are used in a range of interventional medical specialties, including interventional cardiology, peripheral interventions, neuromodulation, neurovascular intervention,...

  • Cook Group Incorporated
    Cook Group
    Cook Group Incorporated is an American privately held company based in Bloomington, Indiana, and primarily involved in manufacturing of medical devices. It was ranked #324 in Forbes' 2008 America's Largest Private Companies. It has three main divisions: Cook Medical, Allied Manufacturing, and...

  • General Electric
    General Electric
    General Electric Company , or GE, is an American multinational conglomerate corporation incorporated in Schenectady, New York and headquartered in Fairfield, Connecticut, United States...

  • Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division
    Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division
    Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division is the principal tenant command located at Naval Support Activity Crane. NSA Crane is a United States Navy installation located approximately southwest of Bloomington, Indiana and predominantly located in Martin County, but small parts also extend into...

  • Otis Elevator

Arts and culture


Bloomington has a rich and diverse performance arts culture that is home to several professional and amateur theater companies, among the most notable are: the Indiana University
Indiana University
Indiana University is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States. Indiana University has a combined student body of more than 100,000 students, including approximately 42,000 students enrolled at the Indiana University Bloomington campus and approximately 37,000...

 Dept. of Theatre & Drama, Cardinal Stage Company, the Bloomington Playwrights Project
Bloomington Playwrights Project
The Bloomington Playwrights Project is a not-for-profit arts organization in Bloomington, Indiana. The BPP's mission states that it is "dedicated to the furthering of new original plays and theatre." The BPP only produces original work...

, and Theatre of the People. Bloomington is also home to the Indiana University Auditorium, which is a 3,000-seat performing arts venue which brings in national tours of musicals, plays and other live entertainment.

Bloomington is also home to the Buskirk-Chumley Theater, which is a renovated 616 seat vaudeville
Vaudeville
Vaudeville was a theatrical genre of variety entertainment in the United States and Canada from the early 1880s until the early 1930s. Each performance was made up of a series of separate, unrelated acts grouped together on a common bill...

 and movie house built in 1922. Known locally as the "Indiana Theater" or the "Bus-Chum", it was operated until 1995 as a movie theater. In 1995, the building was donated to the community for use as a performing arts center. In 2006, the theater played host to more than 260 public performances, making it one of the busiest community theaters in the United States. Bloomington also offers artists and entertainers performance space at the Ivy Tech Waldron Arts Center, a unique and valued community arts center that has hosted hundreds of performances throughout the last two decades.

Bloomington is also home to a large folk punk
Folk punk
Folk punk , is a fusion of folk music and punk rock. It was pioneered in the late 1970s and early 1980s by The Pogues in Britain and Violent Femmes in America. Folk punk achieved some mainstream success in that decade...

 music scene. The town is mentioned by name in many songs by Ghost Mice
Ghost Mice
Ghost Mice is a two-piece folk-punk band from Bloomington, Indiana. Both members, Chris Johnston and Hannah Jones, have been in a handful of pop-punk bands together: namely Disarm, The Devil is Electric and Operation: Cliff Clavin...

, and other such DIY punk bands. Bloomington is currently the home-base of Plan-It-X Records, and is home to the adventurous record labels Eradicator Records, Secretly Canadian
Secretly Canadian
Secretly Canadian is an American independent record label based in Bloomington, Indiana. It was started in 1996 by Chris and Ben Swanson, Eric Weddle, and Jonathan Cargill. Their first release was a re-issue of an album by June Panic...

, Jagjaguwar
Jagjaguwar
Jagjaguwar is an indie rock record label based in Bloomington, Indiana.-History:In 1996, in Charlottesville, Virginia, friends of Darius Van Arman who performed in a band under the moniker The Curious Digit had just recorded a new album, but they were signed to no label...

 and BlueSanct. The Grammy Nominated band The Fray
The Fray
-Literature:*Fray, a phenomenon in Terry Pratchett's The Carpet People*Fray , a comic book series by Joss Whedon**Melaka Fray, titular character of the comic book series-Music:*"Fray", a song from the album 14 Shades of Grey by Staind...

 recorded their Triple Platinum debut album How to Save a Life
How to Save a Life
How to Save a Life is the debut album by The Fray. Released on September 13, 2005 through Epic Records, the record charted in the top 15 on the Billboard 200 and was a top ten hit in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New Zealand and the UK...

 at Echo Park Studios in Bloomington. The "Zine" publishing company, Microcosm Publishing, is also located in Bloomington, as is the renowned Lotus Festival of World Music, which occurs each fall.

Much of Bloomington's wealth of music originates in the Jacobs School of Music at Indiana University, which has for decades been among the nation's largest and most highly ranked schools of music, highlighted by its Opera Theater and public performances numbering more than a thousand each year.

Traditional music is popular in Bloomington due in large part to the presence of the Archives of Traditional Music and Department of Folklore and Ethnomusicology at Indiana University. Bloomington has been home to a large number of musicians and "scholars" over the years, including Stawberry McCloud, Lotus Dickey, Miles Krassen, Anthony Seeger, Bob Lucas, Caroline Peyton, Mark Bingham, Willy Schwartz, Jessica Radcliffe, Hawk Hubbard, Linda Higginbotham, Brad Leftwich
Brad Leftwich
Brad Leftwich is a prominent American old-time fiddle and banjo player and teacher. He is originally from Oklahoma.Leftwich was a founding member of the Plank Road String Band in the mid-1970s...

, Ruthie Allen, Grey Larsen, Cindy Kallet
Cindy Kallet
Cindy Kallet is an American folk singer/songwriter from New England. She currently performs solo, with Grey Larsen, and as part of the trio of Kallet, Epstein & Cicone...

, Bruce Anderson, Pete Sutherland, Malcolm Daglish, Sam Bartlett
Sam Bartlett
Sam Bartlett is an American performer, and author.- Life:Bartlett was born in Shelburne, Vermont, where he stayed until after university. He taught himself to play the banjo as a teenager and got a university degree in geography to become a full-time musician.Bartlett came up with tricks and wrote...

, Jamie Ganz, Ken Perlman, and numerous backporch pickers who support the active contra dance, Irish, and bluegrass music scenes.

Downtown Bloomington, located at Kirkwood and Walnut, offers buildings and shops filled with unique apparel as well as restaurants that introduce diverse tastes and cuisines from many cultures.

When walking downtown, splashes of colored murals catch the eye, many were painted by the youth at Rhinos Youth Center. Rhino’s, established in 1992 by students at Harmony Education School, has a mission to support community’s youth with engaging entertainment, in a drug free environment. Another community service based organization, Habitat for Humanity, provides opportunities to help build hope in families, while Mother Hubbard's Cupboard provides free food to families in need.

Bloomington, Indiana is also host to Infinity Pro Wrestling, a premier professional wrestling league. Events are held throughout the year at the Bloomington, Indiana National Guard Armory.

Festivals


Shopping



  • College Mall
    College Mall
    College Mall is a regional shopping mall located in Bloomington, Indiana. This is home to Indiana University's flagship campus.College Mall opened in 1965. This makes the mall one of the older malls in the central/southern part of Indiana...

  • Fountain Square Mall


Locally, the Bloomington Community Farmers' Market operates at city hall on Saturday mornings, April through October. The market gives the city a chance to buy, sell, and trade goods. Another place to pick up unique items is Fountain Square Mall. This mini mall is a historical landmark because it still has bricks from the original building structure. The Square also consists of Buskirk Chumley Theater, the Monroe County Court House, and several churches.
  • Kirkwood Avenue

Post-Secondary Education

  • Indiana University
    Indiana University Bloomington
    Indiana University Bloomington is a public research university located in Bloomington, Indiana, in the United States. IU Bloomington is the flagship campus of the Indiana University system. Being the flagship campus, IU Bloomington is often referred to simply as IU or Indiana...

  • Ivy Tech Community College

Outside of the Monroe County school district, Bloomington is home to the prestigious Indiana University, which educates over 40,000 students.

Elementary schools

  • Arlington Heights Elementary School
  • Bloomington Montessori School
  • Childs Elementary School
  • Clear Creek Elementary School
  • Fairview Elementary School
  • Grandview Elementary School
  • Harmony School
  • Highland Park Elementary School
  • Lakeview Elementary School
  • Lighthouse Christian Academy
  • Marlin Elementary School
  • Rogers-Binford Elementary School
  • St. Charles Catholic School
  • Summit Elementary Schools
  • Templeton Elementary School
  • Unionville Elementary School
  • University Elementary School

Middle schools

  • Batchelor Middle School
  • Harmony School
  • Jackson Creek Middle School
  • Lighthouse Christian Academy
  • St. Charles Catholic School
  • Tri-North Middle School

High schools

  • Bloomington High School North
    Bloomington High School North
    Bloomington High School North is a comprehensive four-year public high school located in the northern part of Bloomington, Indiana, United States and is accredited by the Indiana State Department of Public Instruction and the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools...

  • Bloomington High School South
    Bloomington High School South
    Bloomington High School South is a high school in Bloomington, Indiana. The school currently uses a schedule consisting of three 12-week trimesters. Each class period is 65 minutes, with a 45-minute SRT period on Mondays, 45-minute Panther Plus Periods on Tuesday, Thursday, and Friday...

  • Aurora High School http://www.aurora.mccsc.edu/ (shut down)
  • Bloomington New Tech High School
    Bloomington New Tech High School
    Bloomington New Tech High School is a high school in Bloomington, Indiana, United States. Opened in fall 2008 with a class size of 96 students, the school will serve students in 9th-12th grades, adding a class each year, with up to 100 students per grade. As of May 2009, the class of 2012 has 50-65...

  • Harmony School http://www.harmonyschool.org/
  • Hoosier Hills Career Center
  • Indiana University High School
    Indiana University High School
    Indiana University High School is an accredited, distance high school with its offices on the campus of Indiana University Bloomington. It serves students around the globe. Classes are online and/or through-the-mail. IUHS provides both individual courses and diploma programs...

     (distance education)
  • Lighthouse Christian Academy http://lighthouse-christian.com/CMS/index.php

Others


Radio stations

  • WBWB
    WBWB
    WBWB is a radio station broadcasting a Top 40 format. The station serves the Bloomington, Indiana area. The station is currently owned by Artistic Media Partners. During the 1980s, the station branded itself as "97WB."...

  • WCLS
  • WFHB
    WFHB
    WFHB 91.3 FM is a community radio FM station in Bloomington, Indiana, United States. The station has three translators serving southern Indiana: 98.1 in Bloomington, 100.7 in Nashville and 106.3 in Ellettsville....

  • WFIU
    WFIU
    WFIU is a public radio FM station broadcasting from Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana. The station is a member station of NPR, Public Radio International and American Public Media. Its program schedule consists of classical music, jazz, and news and information, with specialty programming...

  • WGCL
    WGCL (AM)
    WGCL is a radio station broadcasting a News Talk Information format to the Bloomington, Indiana, USA area. The station is owned by Sarkes Tarzian, Inc and features programming from ABC Radio, Premiere Radio Networks and Westwood One....

  • WHCC
    WHCC
    WHCC is a radio station broadcasting a country music format. Licensed to Ellettsville, Indiana, USA, the station serves Bloomington, Indiana area. The station is currently owned by Artistic Media Partners.-External links:*...

  • WIUX
    WIUX
    WIUX-LP is a student-operated low power FM college radio station in Bloomington, Indiana, in southern Indiana. The station licensee, Indiana University Student Broadcasting is authorized by the Federal Communications Commission.-Operation:...

  • WTTS
    WTTS
    WTTS is an FM radio station serving Indianapolis and Bloomington, Indiana, in the United States, broadcasting at 92.3 FM. The station's format is classified as Adult Album Alternative or "Triple A." WTTS uses the slogan "World Class Rock" to describe its music mix...

  • WVNI
    WVNI
    WVNI is a radio station licensed to Nashville, Indiana and serving the Bloomington, Indiana area. The station is owned by Mid America Radio Group Inc. It airs a Christian contemporary music format...


Airports

  • Monroe County Airport
    Monroe County Airport (Indiana)
    Monroe County Airport is a county-owned public-use airport located four nautical miles southwest of the central business district of Bloomington, a city in Monroe County, Indiana, United States...

     (No Commercial flights)
  • Indianapolis International Airport
    Indianapolis International Airport
    Indianapolis International Airport is a public airport located seven miles southwest of the central business district of Indianapolis, a city in Marion County, Indiana, United States. It is owned and operated by the Indianapolis Airport Authority...

     (Nearest commercial airport 50 miles (80.5 km) away)

Highways


Bloomington is one of the largest cities without an Interstate or Freeway Expressway. However, State Road 37
Indiana State Road 37
State Road 37 in the U.S. State of Indiana is a major route in Indiana, running as a 4-lane divided highway for 110 miles of its course....

 (SR 37) is currently a four-lane expressway between Indianapolis and Bloomington. In Bloomington itself SR 37 is nearly up to Freeway standards with four interchanges and only one traffic light within the city limits.

Interstate access to Bloomington is not too far off as the Interstate 69
Interstate 69 in Indiana
Interstate 69 presently exists in two discontinuous segments in Indiana. The original highway, completed in November 1971, runs northeast from the state capital of Indianapolis, to the city of Fort Wayne, and then proceeds north to the state of Michigan...

 (I-69) expansion between Indianapolis and Evansville will run directly through Bloomington with SR 37 becoming I-69. The part between Evansville and Bloomington is set for completion in 2014. The upgrading of SR 37 to I-69 does not have a firm date but it is estimated to be complete between 2016 and 2020.

In terms of State Road 45
Indiana State Road 45
State Road 45 is a state route from Bean Blossom, Indiana to Scotland, Indiana in the southern half of the state.-Route description:From Bean Blossom and through Brown County, State Road 45 is a narrow, shoulderless two-lane road that passes between the Morgan-Monroe State Forest and the Yellowwood...

 (SR 45) and State Road 46
Indiana State Road 46
State Road 46 in the U.S. State of Indiana is an east–west state highway in the southern half of Indiana.-Route description:The western terminus of SR 46 is at U.S. Route 40 in central Vigo County, just east of Terre Haute...

 (SR 46) they currently run as one road through Bloomington as a two-lane highway. However, a major 3.1 mile construction project (with the first 1.8 miles already complete) is in its middle stages that will upgrade the road to a 4-6 lane highway through Bloomington and the center of the Indiana University Campus. This project has a tentative completion date of December 2012.

A few miles of State Road 48
Indiana State Road 48
State Road 48 in the U.S. State of Indiana is an east–west state highway running through southern Indiana. It has three distinct and separate sections. The western terminus of SR 48 is at State Road 63 and the eastern terminus at U.S. Route 50.- Western section :The western section...

 (SR 48) were also recently upgraded to a four-lane highway just west of Bloomington.

Bus service

  • Bloomington Transit
    Bloomington Transit
    Bloomington Transit is the provider of mass transportation in Bloomington, Indiana. 13 route are provided, with many connected to Indiana University.-Route list:There are 13 regularly scheduled bus routes.*Route 1 North - Fee Lane / BHS North...

     provides mass transportation in Bloomington. 13 route are provided, with many connected to Indiana University
    Indiana University
    Indiana University is a multi-campus public university system in the state of Indiana, United States. Indiana University has a combined student body of more than 100,000 students, including approximately 42,000 students enrolled at the Indiana University Bloomington campus and approximately 37,000...

    .
  • IU Campus Bus Service operates A, B, D, E, X route within IU Bloomington campus.
  • GO Express Travel, formerly Bloomington Shuttle Service, provides bi-hourly service to the Indianapolis International Airport. The shuttle picks passengers up at various hotels in the city as well as Indiana University's Memorial Union.
  • Star of America provides bi-hourly service to the Indianapolis International Airport. The shuttle picks passengers up at various hotels in the city as well as Indiana University's Memorial Union. Also provides services from Indianapolis International Airport to Muncie/Anderson, Lafayette, and from Bloomington to Chicago, Circle Center Mall and Vincennes University(Not on a daily basis).
  • Rural Transit Express buses in the westside of Bloomington, focus on Ivy Tech. Operates four Routes in Monroe County, and has routes and sweeps to Owen and Lawrence County.
  • Catch-A-Train provides regular service to Union Station in downtown Indianapolis and to other Amtrak stations for trains to Chicago. The shuttle picks passengers up at various hotels in the city as well as Indiana University's Memorial Union
  • Catch A Ride Provides express bus service from Indiana University to Chicago, Merrillville, South Bend, Ft. Wayne for key holidays, semester breaks, and select weekend trips.
  • Miller Trailways Hoosier Ride provides daily round trip bus service between Indianapolis and Evansville with a stop in Bloomington.

Sister cities


Bloomington has four sister-city
Town twinning
Twin towns and sister cities are two of many terms used to describe the cooperative agreements between towns, cities, and even counties in geographically and politically distinct areas to promote cultural and commercial ties.- Terminology :...

 relationships. Posoltega, Nicaragua
Posoltega, Nicaragua
Posoltega is a municipality in the Chinandega department of Nicaragua. The town and surrounding area suffered severe damage from Hurricane Mitch in 1998. Posoltega is a sister city of Bloomington, Indiana, USA....

 Santa Clara, Cuba
Santa Clara, Cuba
Santa Clara is the capital city of the Cuban province of Villa Clara. It is located in the most central region of the province and almost in the most central region of the country.- History :Santa Clara was founded by 175 people on July 15th, 1689...

 Luchou Township, Taiwan Jiaxing
Jiaxing
Jiaxing is a prefecture-level city in northern Zhejiang province of Eastern China. Lying on the Grand Canal of China, Jiaxing borders Hangzhou to the southwest, Huzhou to the west, Shanghai to the northeast, and the province of Jiangsu to the north....

(China)

Notable residents


Note: This list does not include students attending Indiana University. Please see List of Indiana University (Bloomington) people for famous alumni.
  • Kenny Aronoff
    Kenny Aronoff
    Kenny Aronoff is an American drummer. He has played drums for many musicians, including John Mellencamp, Bob Seger, Belinda Carlisle, Elton John, John Fogerty, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Meat Loaf, The BoDeans, Gregg Alexander, The Smashing Pumpkins, Tony Iommi, Jon Bon Jovi, Vasco Rossi, Cinderella and...

    , drummer
  • David Baker, symphonic jazz composer
  • Arija Bareikis
    Arija Bareikis
    - Biography :She starred alongside Rob Schneider as Kate in Deuce Bigalow: Male Gigolo and currently is cast as LAPD police officer Chickie Brown, in the police drama series Southland, which originally aired on NBC before moving to TNT in 2010....

    , actress
  • Joshua Bell
    Joshua Bell
    Joshua David Bell is an American Grammy Award-winning violinist.-Childhood:Bell was born in Bloomington, Indiana, United States, the son of a psychologist and a therapist. Bell's father is the late Alan P...

    , violinist
  • Abraham Benrubi
    Abraham Benrubi
    Abraham Rubin Hercules Benrubi is an American character actor known for his appearances as Jerry Markovic on the long-running U.S...

    , actor
  • Kent Benson
    Kent Benson
    Michael Kent Benson is a retired American collegiate and professional basketball player.-1969-1973:...

    , basketball player
  • Diane Bish
    Diane Bish
    Diane Joyce Bish, born on May 25, 1941, in Kansas, is an organist and composer as well as executive producer of the Joy of Music television series. As a concert organist, she performs frequently at recitals throughout North America and Europe....

    , organist, concert and recording artist, composer and conductor
  • Austin Lucas
    Austin Lucas
    -Early years:Austin grew up in Bloomington, IN the United States, but moved to the Czech Republic in 2003. In 2008, Austin relocated back to the United States. Contrary to some uninformed sources, Austin was never a Czech citizen. He is the son of Bob Lucas who is a producer/songwriter best known...

    , folk-punk singer/songwriter
  • Meg Cabot
    Meg Cabot
    Meg Cabot is anAmerican author of romantic and paranormal fiction for teens and adults and used to write under several pen names, but now writes exclusively under her real name, Meg Cabot...

    , author
  • Dana Carpender
    Dana Carpender
    Dana Carpender is an American food writer, best known for writing about low carbohydrate dieting. Carpender lives with her husband in Bloomington, Indiana. She is also the great-niece of Arthur S...

    , author and columnist
  • Hoagy Carmichael
    Hoagy Carmichael
    Howard Hoagland "Hoagy" Carmichael was an American composer, pianist, singer, actor, and bandleader. He is best known for writing "Stardust", "Georgia On My Mind", "The Nearness of You", and "Heart and Soul", four of the most-recorded American songs of all time.Alec Wilder, in his study of the...

    , singer-songwriter
  • William Cook (entrepreneur), founder of Cook Inc.
  • James Counsilman
    James Counsilman
    James Edward "Doc" Counsilman was an Olympic and hall-of-fame swimming coach from the United States. He is perhaps best known for being the head swimming coach Indiana University from 1957-1990...

    , US Olympic Swimming Coach
  • John Merle Coulter
    John Merle Coulter
    John Merle Coulter, Ph. D. was an American botanist and educator, brother of Stanley Coulter, born at Ningpo, China. He received his education at Hanover College in Indiana. He served in the Rocky Mountains for two years as botanist to the United States Geological Survey...

    , former president of Indiana University
  • Alan Crenshaw, Historic Preservationist, Founding member of Traveling
  • Malcolm Dalglish
    Malcolm Dalglish
    Malcolm Dalglish is an American hammered dulcimer player and builder, composer, and choral director.A virtuoso performer on the hammer dulcimer, he is a former member of the folk/Celtic trio Metamora and has performed frequently with the percussionist Glen Velez...

    , hammered dulcimer
    Hammered dulcimer
    The hammered dulcimer is a stringed musical instrument with the strings stretched over a trapezoidal sounding board. Typically, the hammered dulcimer is set on a stand, at an angle, before the musician, who holds small mallet hammers in each hand to strike the strings...

     player, composer, and choral director
  • John Darnielle
    John Darnielle
    John Darnielle is an American musician, best known as the primary member of the American band The Mountain Goats, for which he is the writer, composer, guitarist, and vocalist.-Places Darnielle has lived:...

    , singer-songwriter
  • Joe Dowell
    Joe Dowell
    Joe Dowell is an American pop singer.-Career:He was born in Bloomington, Indiana, but moved to Bloomington, Illinois, as a child. He first performed at a ninth-grade talent show, and later attended the University of Illinois...

    , singer-songwriter
  • Mick Foley
    Mick Foley
    Michael Francis "Mick" Foley, Sr. is an American semi-retired professional wrestler, author, comedian, actor, voice actor and former color commentator. He has worked for many wrestling promotions, including WWE, WCW, ECW and TNA. He is often referred to as "The Hardcore Legend", a nickname he...

    , a professional wrestler and author — born in Bloomington, but moved to Long Island
    Long Island
    Long Island is an island located in the southeast part of the U.S. state of New York, just east of Manhattan. Stretching northeast into the Atlantic Ocean, Long Island contains four counties, two of which are boroughs of New York City , and two of which are mainly suburban...

     as an infant
  • Karen Joy Fowler
    Karen Joy Fowler
    Karen Joy Fowler is an American author of science fiction, fantasy, and literary fiction. Her work often centers on the nineteenth century, the lives of women, and alienation....

    , author
  • Bobby Helms
    Bobby Helms
    Robert Lee Helms , better known as Bobby Helms, was an American country music singer who enjoyed his peak success in 1957 with his hit, "Jingle Bell Rock". He was mostly known for the Christmas song...

    , writer and singer of Jingle Bell Rock
    Jingle Bell Rock
    "Jingle Bell Rock" is the name of a popular Christmas song first released by Bobby Helms in 1957. It has received frequent airplay in the United States during every Christmas time since then. "Jingle Bell Rock" was composed by Joseph Carleton Beal , and James Ross Boothe...

  • Douglas Hofstadter
    Douglas Hofstadter
    Douglas Richard Hofstadter is an American academic whose research focuses on consciousness, analogy-making, artistic creation, literary translation, and discovery in mathematics and physics...

    , cognitive scientist
  • Kathryn Janeway
    Kathryn Janeway
    Kathryn Janeway, played by Kate Mulgrew, is a fictional character in the Star Trek franchise. As the captain of the Starfleet starship USS Voyager, she was the lead character on the television series Star Trek: Voyager, and later, a Starfleet admiral, as seen in the 2002 feature film Star Trek...

    , Fictional Starship Captain from Star Trek Voyager
  • Jared Jeffries
    Jared Jeffries
    Jared Scott Carter Jeffries is an American professional basketball player who last played for the New York Knicks. He was drafted in 2002 by the Washington Wizards as the 11th overall pick...

    , basketball player, New York Knicks
    New York Knicks
    The New York Knickerbockers, prominently known as the Knicks, are a professional basketball team based in New York City. They are part of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference in the National Basketball Association...

  • David Starr Jordan
    David Starr Jordan
    David Starr Jordan, Ph.D., LL.D. was a leading eugenicist, ichthyologist, educator and peace activist. He was president of Indiana University and Stanford University.-Early life and education:...

    , former president of Indiana University and Stanford University
    Stanford University
    The Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly referred to as Stanford University or Stanford, is a private research university on an campus located near Palo Alto, California. It is situated in the northwestern Santa Clara Valley on the San Francisco Peninsula, approximately northwest of San...

  • Kraig Kinser
    Kraig Kinser
    Kraig Kinser is an American race car driver. He was previously a member of the Ginn Racing driver development program....

    , an ARCA driver
  • Steve Kinser
    Steve Kinser
    Steve Kinser , is a professional sprint car racer. He has won 20 championships in the World of Outlaws series, and currently drives the #11 Bass Pro Shops car. Kinser left the World of Outlaws in 2006 to compete with the National Sprint Tour series, but returned to the World of Outlaws for the...

    , race car driver
  • Alfred Kinsey
    Alfred Kinsey
    Alfred Charles Kinsey was an American biologist and professor of entomology and zoology, who in 1947 founded the Institute for Sex Research at Indiana University, now known as the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction, as well as producing the Kinsey Reports and the Kinsey...

    , founder of Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Reproduction
    Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Reproduction
    The Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction is a nonprofit research institute at Indiana University. It was established in Bloomington, Indiana in 1947...

  • Brad Leftwich
    Brad Leftwich
    Brad Leftwich is a prominent American old-time fiddle and banjo player and teacher. He is originally from Oklahoma.Leftwich was a founding member of the Plank Road String Band in the mid-1970s...

    , musician
  • John Mellencamp
    John Mellencamp
    John Mellencamp, previously known by the stage names Johnny Cougar, John Cougar, and John Cougar Mellencamp, is an American rock singer-songwriter, musician, painter and occasional actor known for his catchy, populist brand of heartland rock that eschews synthesizers and other artificial sounds...

    , rock musician
  • Elaine Irwin Mellencamp
    Elaine Irwin Mellencamp
    Elaine Irwin Mellencamp is an American model, and formerly worked as the face of Almay Cosmetics and Ralph Lauren.-Early life and career:...

    , supermodel and former wife of John Mellencamp
  • Denny Miller
    Denny Miller
    Denny Scott Miller is an American actor, perhaps best known for his guest-starring roles on Gilligan's Island and as Tarzan in the late 1950s....

    , actor
  • Thubten Jigme Norbu, brother of Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama
  • Elinor Ostrom
    Elinor Ostrom
    Elinor Ostrom is an American political economist. She was awarded the 2009 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, which she shared with Oliver E. Williamson, for "her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons." She was the first, and to date, the only woman to win the prize in...

    , Nobel-prize-winning political scientist
  • Angelo Pizzo
    Angelo Pizzo
    Angelo Pizzo is an American screen writer and film producer, best known for Hoosiers and Rudy. Pizzo grew up in Bloomington, Indiana, the son of a Sicilian immigrant, and attended Indiana University where he received his bachelor degree in political science. He and his family lived in Ojai,...

    , screenwriter and producer of Hoosiers
    Hoosiers
    Hoosiers is a 1986 sports film about a small-town Indiana high school basketball team that wins the state championship. It is loosely based on the Milan High School team that won the 1954 state championship....

    and Rudy
    Rudy (film)
    Rudy is a 1993 American sports film directed by David Anspaugh. It is an account of the life of Daniel "Rudy" Ruettiger, who harbored dreams of playing football at the University of Notre Dame despite significant obstacles...

  • Scott Rolen
    Scott Rolen
    Scott Bruce Rolen is a Major League Baseball third baseman for the Cincinnati Reds. He is an eight-time Gold Glove winner and seven-time All-Star.-Philadelphia Phillies:...

    , Major League Baseball player
  • David Lee Roth
    David Lee Roth
    David Lee Roth is an American rock vocalist, songwriter, actor, author, and former radio personality. Roth was ranked nineteenth by Hit Parader on their list of the 100 Greatest Heavy Metal Singers of All Time....

    , lead singer of band Van Halen
    Van Halen
    Van Halen is an American hard rock band formed in Pasadena, California, in 1972. The band has enjoyed success since the release of its debut album, Van Halen, . As of 2007 Van Halen has sold 80 million albums worldwide and has had the most #1 hits on the Billboard Mainstream Rock chart...

  • Alfred Ryors
    Alfred Ryors
    Alfred Ryors served as the second president of Indiana University and the fifth president of Ohio University.-Education:Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Pennsylvania Alfred Ryors (1812 – 1858) served as the second president of Indiana University and the fifth president of Ohio...

    , former president of Indiana University
  • Jeff Sagarin
    Jeff Sagarin
    Jeff Sagarin is an American sports statistician well-known for his development of a methodology for ranking and rating sports teams in a variety of sports...

    , statistician for sports, contributor to USA Today
    USA Today
    USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. It was founded by Al Neuharth. The newspaper vies with The Wall Street Journal for the position of having the widest circulation of any newspaper in the United States, something it previously held since 2003...

  • Ronnie Schneider
    Ronnie Schneider
    Ronald Schneider is best known for being the business presence at the epicenter of pivotal 1960s events including the Altamont Free Concert, the dissolution of the Beatles and the reorganization of their business arm, Apple Corps...

    , High School Tennis State Champion, #1 16 and under player in the country
  • John Strohm, indie rock singer, guitarist, and lawyer
  • Herman B Wells
    Herman B Wells
    Herman B Wells was the 11th president of Indiana University. He served the university in a variety of capacities, most notably as president and as chancellor. He was pivotal in the development of Indiana University into a world class institution of higher learning.- Early life :Herman B Wells was...

    , former president and chancellor of Indiana University
  • Camilla Williams
    Camilla Williams
    Camilla Ella Williams is an American operatic soprano and the first African American to receive a contract with a major American opera company.-Biography:...

    , opera singer
  • Andrew Wylie, first president of Indiana University
  • Max Zorn, german-born american mathematician

Nearby points of interest

  • The Bloomington Playwrights Project
    Bloomington Playwrights Project
    The Bloomington Playwrights Project is a not-for-profit arts organization in Bloomington, Indiana. The BPP's mission states that it is "dedicated to the furthering of new original plays and theatre." The BPP only produces original work...

     - produces only new plays by American playwrights
  • Bloomington Speedway (Bloomington
    Bloomington
    Bloomington is the name of some places in the United States of America:*Bloomington, California*Bloomington, Idaho*Bloomington, Illinois** the Bloomington meteorite of 1938, which fell in Illinois, United States *Bloomington, Indiana...

    )
  • Brown County
    Brown County, Indiana
    Brown County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population is 15,242. The county seat is Nashville.- History :...

    , Indiana
  • Brown County State Park
  • Buckner Cave
    Buckner Cave
    Buckner Cave is located in the karst topography of the Mitchell Plain in Monroe County, Indiana, just outside of Bloomington. The cave consists of approximately 3 miles of known passage and an unknown amount of unexplored passages....

  • Griffy Lake Nature Preserve
  • Hickory Ridge Fire Tower
    Hickory Ridge Fire Tower
    The Hickory Ridge Fire Tower is a Fire lookout tower located in the Charles C. Deam Wilderness Area. It is an Aermotors type lookout tower.Construction of the tower began in 1936 under the auspices of the Civilian Conservation Corps...

  • Hoosier National Forest
    Hoosier National Forest
    The Hoosier National Forest, in the hills of south central Indiana, is a property managed by the United States Forest Service. Composed of four separate sections, it has a total area of . It is headquartered in Bedford, with a regional office in Tell City...

  • Indiana University Bloomington
    Indiana University Bloomington
    Indiana University Bloomington is a public research university located in Bloomington, Indiana, in the United States. IU Bloomington is the flagship campus of the Indiana University system. Being the flagship campus, IU Bloomington is often referred to simply as IU or Indiana...

  • Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction (Bloomington)
  • Lake Lemon
    Lake Lemon
    Lake Lemon is an reservoir located in southern Indiana approximately 10 miles northeast of Bloomington, Indiana. It is bounded by private and public property in Monroe County and Brown County, with the eastern end of the lake in Brown County. The surface area of the lake is 1,650 acres , making it...

  • Lake Monroe
    Lake Monroe (Indiana)
    Lake Monroe is a reservoir located about 10 miles southeast of Bloomington, Indiana, United States. The lake is the largest in Indiana with of water spread over the counties of Monroe and Brown. It is also home to of protected forest and three recreational areas . Indiana's only federally...

  • McCormick's Creek State Park
    McCormick's Creek State Park
    McCormick's Creek State Park is the oldest state park in Indiana, dedicated as on July 4, 1916, as part of the state's centennial celebration. It is located west of Bloomington, Indiana in Owen County, Indiana.-History:...

  • Monroe County Airport
    Monroe County Airport (Indiana)
    Monroe County Airport is a county-owned public-use airport located four nautical miles southwest of the central business district of Bloomington, a city in Monroe County, Indiana, United States...

  • Morgan-Monroe State Forest
    Morgan-Monroe State Forest
    Morgan-Monroe State Forest is a state forest in Morgan County and Monroe County of Indiana, and is the second largest state forest in Indiana. The comprising this deciduous forest were abandoned farmland, as the previous residents realized that the land's rocky soil was very poor for agricultural...

  • Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division
    Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division
    Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division is the principal tenant command located at Naval Support Activity Crane. NSA Crane is a United States Navy installation located approximately southwest of Bloomington, Indiana and predominantly located in Martin County, but small parts also extend into...

  • Ransburg Scout Reservation
  • Rhino's All Ages Youth Center
  • Upland Brewing Company
    Upland Brewing Company
    Upland Brewing Company, founded in 1997, is a brewery in Bloomington, Monroe County, Indiana. It is currently the second largest brewery in Indiana and is expected to reach approximately 9,000 barrels of production for 2010.-History:...

     - Currently the largest microbrewery
    Microbrewery
    A microbrewery or craft brewer is a brewery which produces a limited amount of beer, and is associated by consumers with innovation and uniqueness....

     in the state of Indiana.

External links