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– literally a "lease holder" . The term derives from "Arenda" , a Latin term referring to the lease of fixed assets, such as land, mills, inns, breweries, distilleries, or of special rights, such as the right to collect customs duties etc. Trusted individuals were often given such rights to collect rent
Renting is an agreement where a payment is made for the temporary use of a good, service or property owned by another. A gross lease is when the tenant pays a flat rental amount and the landlord pays for all property charges regularly incurred by the ownership from landowners...
In business, revenue is income that a company receives from its normal business activities, usually from the sale of goods and services to customers. In many countries, such as the United Kingdom, revenue is referred to as turnover....
and were allowed to keep a portion of the money in exchange for this service, sometimes as a reward for other services to the state. Many estates of absentee landlord
Absentee landlord is an economic term for a person who owns and rents out a profit-earning property, but does not live within the property's local economic region. This practice is problematic for that region because absentee landlords drain local wealth into their home country, particularly that...
s in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth was a dualistic state of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch. It was the largest and one of the most populous countries of 16th- and 17th‑century Europe with some and a multi-ethnic population of 11 million at its peak in the early 17th century...
during the 16–18th centuries were managed by arendators. This extremely lucrative fiscal practice was also common in tax collecting in medieval Spain and France, and invariably led to corruption. The practice continued in the Russian Empire until the late 19th century.