) (the same pronunciation of the English word "door") is a small agricultural town near the Iraq
Iraq ; officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert....
i town of Tikrit
Tikrit is a town in Iraq, located 140 km northwest of Baghdad on the Tigris river . The town, with an estimated population in 2002 of about 260,000 is the administrative center of the Salah ad Din Governorate.-Ancient times:...
, Saddam Hussein's
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti was the fifth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003...
The town is populated mainly by Arab
Arab people, also known as Arabs , are a panethnicity primarily living in the Arab world, which is located in Western Asia and North Africa. They are identified as such on one or more of genealogical, linguistic, or cultural grounds, with tribal affiliations, and intra-tribal relationships playing...
s. There is a housing complex called Saad 14 which was built by Hyundai Engineering & Constructions
Hyundai Engineering and Construction Co., Ltd. is a major construction company in South Korea which has carried out projects not only in Korea but around the world. The company was founded by Chung Ju-yung in 1947 as the Hyundai Civil Works Company, and was a major component of the Hyundai Group...
Inc. in the 1980s. The most famous modern Arab historian scholars is of this town, Prof. Dr. Abdul Aziz Al-Douri (1918–2010), the chancellor of Baghdad University in the 1960s.
In May 2003, the 4th Battalion 42nd Field Artillery, part of the US Army's 4th Infantry Division, established a Forward Operating Base just south of the town, called FOB Arrow. On May 15, 2003, troops from the U.S. Army
The United States Army is the main branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. It is the largest and oldest established branch of the U.S. military, and is one of seven U.S. uniformed services...
's 4th Infantry Division raided the town, arresting more than 260 suspected Baath Party
The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party was a political party mixing Arab nationalist and Arab socialist interests, opposed to Western imperialism, and calling for the renaissance or resurrection and unification of the Arab world into a single state. Ba'ath is also spelled Ba'th or Baath and means...
The vast majority were soon released but five Iraqi special security forces officers were reported captured, including two Iraqi army generals and a general from Saddam's security forces who had disguised himself as a shepherd.
On 13 August 2003, a soldier was killed near FOB Arrow when his vehicle hit an Anti-Tank mine.
An attack near ad-Dawr killed three American soldiers and injured three on 18 September 2003.
The 4th Infantry Division's 4th Battalion 42nd Field Artillery, along with elements of the 124th Signal Battalion adopted the Nasiba Primary School for Girls in the town and completed its refurbishment in November 2003.
On December 13, 2003, the 4th Infantry Division's 1st Brigade Combat Team conducted Operation Red Dawn
Operation Red Dawn was the U.S. military operation conducted on 13 December 2003 in the town of ad-Dawr, Iraq, near Tikrit, that captured Iraq President Saddam Hussein, ending rumours of his death. The operation was named after the 1984 film Red Dawn. The mission was assigned to the 1st Brigade...
and found Saddam Hussein hiding in a spider hole
A spider hole is U.S. military parlance for a camouflaged one-man foxhole, used for observation. A spider hole is typically a shoulder-deep, protective, round hole, often covered by a camouflaged lid, in which a soldier can stand and fire a weapon...
in front of a hut occupied by a man believed to be his former cook, Qais Namuk.
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