Abdul Hameed Dogar

Abdul Hameed Dogar

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Abdul Hameed Dogar is a former justice of Sindh High Court
Sindh High Court
The High Court of Sindh is the highest judicial institution of Sindh province. Established in 1906, it is situated at provincial capital Karachi. Apart from being the highest Court of Appeal for Sindh in civil and criminal matters, the Court was the District Court and the Court of Session in...

 and a former Chief Justice of Pakistan.

Following the Proclamation of Emergency
2007 Pakistani state of emergency
A state of emergency was declared by Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf on November 3, 2007, and lasted until December 15, 2007,during which time the constitution of Pakistan was suspended....

 by General Pervez Musharraf
Pervez Musharraf
Pervez Musharraf , is a retired four-star general who served as the 13th Chief of Army Staff and tenth President of Pakistan as well as tenth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee. Musharraf headed and led an administrative military government from October 1999 till August 2007. He ruled...

 as Chief of Army Staff, on November 3, 2007., Justice Dogar took oath on Provisional Constitutional Order
Provisional Constitutional Order
A Provisional Constitutional Order, or PCO, is an extra-constitutional order that suspends either wholly or partially the Constitution of Pakistan...

 (PCO) and was administered the oath of office of Chief Justice of Pakistan. On July 31, 2009, the Supreme Court of Pakistan, in delivering a decision on Constitution Petitions No. 08 and 09 of 2009, declared that the taking oath on PCO was not legal and held that Justice Dogar was never a Constitutional Chief Justice of Pakistan as the office of the Chief Justice of Pakistan was never vacant by the de jure Chief Justice, hence treated him the de facto Chief Justice of Pakistan by protecting his all administrative, financial acts and any oath made before him in the ordinary course of affairs of the office of the Chief Justice of Pakistan, except the recommendations made by him in respect of appointments and reappointments for the offices of the superior judges.

Life


Dogar was born in the village of Gaarhi Mori, in Khairpur
Khairpur District
Khairpur District is a district in the Sindh province of Pakistan. The district has an area of 15,910 square kilometres and is headquartered at the city of Khairpur.-Location:...

 district, Sindh province.

He passed LL.B. from Law College, Punjab University in 1969. He enrolled as Advocate in 1970 and practiced law for 25 years before elevation to judiciary.

He also attended Third Lawyers Courses/Lectures in Shariah (Islamic Law Course) in 1991 in International Islamic University Islamabad, Al-Azhar University (Cairo) Egypt, Macca and Madina University, Saudi Arabia.

Posts held in Bar

  • Secretary District Bar Association Khairpur 1973-1974.

  • Joint Secretary, High Court Bar Association, Sukkur Bench 1984-85.

  • President District Bar Association Khairpur 1987-88, 1989–90; 1991–92, 1993–94 and 1994-95.

Posts held in other fields

  • Elected Vice Chairman, District Council, Khairpur 1979-1983.

  • Member Sindh Madresah Board, Karachi 1980-1983.

  • Member, Board of Governors of Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education, Sukkur 1988-1990.

  • Honorary Secretary District Red Crescent Society Khairpur 1980-1985.

  • Member, Syndicate, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur from 1996 to April 2000.

  • Chairman Board of Governors IBA from 7 March to 27 April 2000.

  • Nominated as Member Board of Governors National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad in March 2003.

  • Nominated as Judge-in-Charge/Chairman of Supreme Court Employees Cooperative Housing Society, Islamabad in April 2004.

  • nominated as Member Board of Governors National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad in March 2003.

  • Nominated as Acting Chief Election Commissioner from 10 July 2004 to 3 August 2004, from 30 November 2004 to 6 December 2004 and 15 February 2005 to 16 March 2006.

Judicial career


Mr Dogar joined the judicial service on April 10, 1995 with an appointment to the Sindh High Court
High Courts of Pakistan
There are five High Courts of Pakistan, each of four based in the capital city of one of the four provinces. The government has proposed a fifth high court to cover the Islamabad Capital Territory. This proposal was blocked by the Lahore High Court but that decision was overturned by the Supreme...

.

He was elevated to the Supreme Court on April 28, 2000.

Following the Proclamation of Emergency
2007 Pakistani state of emergency
A state of emergency was declared by Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf on November 3, 2007, and lasted until December 15, 2007,during which time the constitution of Pakistan was suspended....

 by Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Musharraf
Pervez Musharraf
Pervez Musharraf , is a retired four-star general who served as the 13th Chief of Army Staff and tenth President of Pakistan as well as tenth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee. Musharraf headed and led an administrative military government from October 1999 till August 2007. He ruled...

, Dogar was appointed as Chief Justice of Pakistan. He took oath on Provisional Constitutional Order
Provisional Constitutional Order
A Provisional Constitutional Order, or PCO, is an extra-constitutional order that suspends either wholly or partially the Constitution of Pakistan...

 (PCO) on November 3, 2007. Earlier a 7-member bench of the Supreme Court had overturned the PCO. Dogar was one of the only four sitting judges in Supreme Court
Supreme Court of Pakistan
The Supreme Court is the apex court in Pakistan's judicial hierarchy, the final arbiter of legal and constitutional disputes. The Supreme Court has a permanent seat in Islamabad. It has number of Branch Registries where cases are heard. It has a number of de jure powers which are outlined in the...

 who immediately took oath under the PCO 2007 on November 3, 2007, when the majority of Supreme Court judges refused to take oath under the PCO. The others judges who took the PCO oath with him were Muhammad Nawaz Abbasi
Muhammad Nawaz Abbasi
Mohammad Nawaz Abbasi is former justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan and a former justice of Lahore High Court.-Life:Mohammad Nawaz Abbasi was born in Murree on June 7, 1943....

, Faqir Muhammad Khokhar
Faqir Muhammad Khokhar
Faqir Muhammad Khokhar is a former judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan.-Judicial career:He started off as a lawyer after doing his B.A./L.L.B. He was elevated to the High Court on December 10, 1996, and then to the...

 and M. Javed Buttar
Muhammad Javed Buttar
Muhammad Javed Buttar is a former justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, currently he is serving as a member of Board of Directors of National Asset Management Company Limited.-Early life:...

. Later in the evening, in Karachi Saiyed Saeed Ashhad also took oath on PCO on November 3, 2007. name="APP20071104">

Chief Justice Abdul Hameed Dogar took a new oath on 15 December 2007, this time on the constitution
Constitution of Pakistan
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is the supreme law of Pakistan. Known as the Constitution of 1973, it was drafted by the government of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and, following additions by the opposition parties, was approved by the legislative assembly on April 10, 1973...

.

He retired from Supreme Court on March 21, 2009.

On July 31, 2009, in a landmark verdict, the Supreme Court of Pakistan termed as illegal and unconstitutional the appointment of Abdul Hammed Dogar as Chief Justice.

Oath on PCO 1999


On January 26, 2000, the higher judiciary was asked to take fresh oath of office under the PCO
Provisional Constitutional Order
A Provisional Constitutional Order, or PCO, is an extra-constitutional order that suspends either wholly or partially the Constitution of Pakistan...

 1999 by the Chief Executive General Pervez Musharraf
Pervez Musharraf
Pervez Musharraf , is a retired four-star general who served as the 13th Chief of Army Staff and tenth President of Pakistan as well as tenth Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee. Musharraf headed and led an administrative military government from October 1999 till August 2007. He ruled...

. Justice Dogar as the sitting judge of Sindh High Court took oath.
On 31 July 2009 the Supreme court of Pakistan unanimously declared in a judgement that Musharff's act of 3 November 2007 to impose the emergency as a Chief of Army Staff was unconstitunal and unlawfull. Consequently in the absence of consulations made by the Dejure Chief Justice of Pakistan, all the nominations made by the Defacto Chief Justice Abdul Hameed Dogar during his tenure were held to be null and void.

PCO 2007 Oath and Appointment as Chief Justice of Pakistan


On November 3, 2007, the then Chief of the Army Staff Gen. Pervez Musharaf declared emergency
2007 Pakistani state of emergency
A state of emergency was declared by Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf on November 3, 2007, and lasted until December 15, 2007,during which time the constitution of Pakistan was suspended....

 in Pakistan and issued a Provisional Constitutional Order
Provisional Constitutional Order
A Provisional Constitutional Order, or PCO, is an extra-constitutional order that suspends either wholly or partially the Constitution of Pakistan...

 (PCO). A seven bench supreme court bench headed by the Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry
Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry
Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry is the current Chief Justice of Pakistan.He became chief justice of Pakistan's Supreme Court in 2005 and soon became not only a central figure in the nation's political struggles but an icon to the country's legal profession and others campaigning for the rule of law...

 issued an order that declared emergency illegal and ordered that no judge shall take oath on PCO.

Mr. Dogar along with 3 other judges immediately took the oath under PCO. Mr Dogar was appointed as the Chief Justice of this newly constituted Supreme Court
. On November 23, 2007, Mr Dogar and the newly constituted bench consisting of Ijaz-ul-Hassan Khan, Muhammad Qaim Jan Khan, Musa K. Leghari, Ch. Ijaz Yousaf, Muhammad Akhtar Shabbir and Zia Pervez declared that all judges, including the then Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry
Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry
Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry is the current Chief Justice of Pakistan.He became chief justice of Pakistan's Supreme Court in 2005 and soon became not only a central figure in the nation's political struggles but an icon to the country's legal profession and others campaigning for the rule of law...

, who did not take oath on PCO, are deemed to have been removed from the bench
.

In a later development, on December 3, 2007 federal government issued notification of removal of three justices of Supreme Court without any retirement privileges. They were: Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, Justice Rana Bhagwandas and Justice Khalil-ur-Rehman Ramday.

On March 21, 2009 when Mr. Justice Dogar retired from the bench as the Chief Justice of Pakistan, the Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, who was declared to have ceased to hold the office by the bench headed by Chief Justice Abdul Hameed Dogar, was notified as restored to bench as Chief Justice. Since Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry after November 3, 2007 was not re-appointed as Justice and also never re-took oath of office, legality of appointment of Mr Dogar as Chief Justice is questionable and Mr Dogar is considered as a De-facto Chief Justice rather than De-Jure

Bank loan


Mr. Justice Dogar Purchased a house which was already on loan granted to earlier owner. Thus, the same liability was transferred on him. A loan of Rs. 8.93 million from the National Bank of Pakistan has been paid by him and nothing is outstanding anymore

Reassessment of daughter's FSC results


An investigative report by Daily News found out that Justice Dogar's daughter Farah Hameed Dogar examination paper for F.Sc. were reassessed in violation of previous Supreme Court rulings. While the results of 201 candidates were revised only for Farah were the examination papers re-marked and the numbers increased. In the other 200 cases, only errors in adding the total marks were corrected.

External links