Worst Genocides of the Twentieth Century
The ten worst genocides of the 20th century listed by dictators responsible; ranked by number of deaths
Mao Zedong      27 - 73 million Chinese deaths (1945 - 1976)
Mao Zedong, also transliterated as Mao Tse-tung , and commonly referred to as Chairman Mao , was a Chinese Communist revolutionary, guerrilla warfare strategist, Marxist political philosopher, and leader of the Chinese Revolution
Joseph Stalin      4 - 60 million polictical purges (1922 - 1953)
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was the Premier of the Soviet Union from 6 May 1941 to 5 March 1953. He was among the Bolshevik revolutionaries who brought about the October Revolution and had held the position of first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953
Adolf Hitler      15 - 50 million civilian deaths by democide and by deaths in concentration camps (1939 - 1945)
Adolf Hitler was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party , commonly referred to as the Nazi Party). He was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and head of state from 1934 to 1945
Hideki Tojo      6 million - 30 million deaths of Chinese civilians during World War II
Hideki Tōjō was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army , the leader of the Taisei Yokusankai, and the 40th Prime Minister of Japan during most of World War II, from 17 October 1941 to 22 July 1944
Pol Pot      2 - 3 million deaths in Cambodia in the 1970s
Saloth Sar , better known as Pol Pot, , was a Cambodian Maoist revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge from 1963 until his death in 1998. From 1976 to 1979, he served as the Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea.
Kim Il-Sung      More than 1.6 million political purges and deaths in concentration camps (1946 - 1994)
Kim Il-sung was a Korean communist politician who led the Democratic People's Republic of Korea from its founding in 1948 until his death in 1994. He held the posts of Prime Minister from 1948 to 1972 and President from 1972 to his death
Mengistu Haile Mariam      1.5 million deaths by democide in Ethiopia in the 1970s
Mengistu Haile Mariam is a politician who was formerly the most prominent officer of the Derg, the Communist military junta that governed Ethiopia from 1974 to 1987, and the President of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia from 1987 to 1991
Ismail Enver      1.2 - 1.5 million deaths of Turkish civilians (1914-1916)
Enver Pasha or Ismail Enver Pasha , title was changed with his military ranks such as Enver Efendi , Enver Bey , Enver Pasha, higher than Mirliva) was an Ottoman military officer and a leader of the Young Turk revolution
Yakubu Gowon      Over 1 million deaths in Nigeria in (1966-1975)
General Yakubu "Jack" Dan-Yumma Gowon was the head of state of Nigeria from 1966 to 1975. He took power after one military coup d'etat and was overthrown in another
Leonid Brezhnev      over 900,000 Armenian deaths (1979 - 1982)
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev  – 10 November 1982) was the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union , presiding over the country from 1964 until his death in 1982. His eighteen-year term as General Secretary was second only to that of Joseph Stalin in length