Yekaterinoslav Governorate

Yekaterinoslav Governorate

Discussion
Ask a question about 'Yekaterinoslav Governorate'
Start a new discussion about 'Yekaterinoslav Governorate'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Encyclopedia
The '''Yekaterinoslav Governorate''' ({{lang-ru|Екатеринославская губернiя}}; [[Romanization of Russian|translit.]]: ''Yekaterinoslavskaya guberniya'') or '''Government of Yekaterinoslav''' was a [[guberniya|governorate]] in the [[Russian Empire]]. Its capital was the city of Yekaterinoslav (modern [[Dnipropetrovsk]]). ==Administrative divisions== [[Image:Ekaterinoslav.PNG|250px|right|An old postcard depicting [[Dnipropetrovsk|Yekaterinoslav (''Dnipropetrovsk'')]], the governorate's capital at the time.]] The governorate was created in place of Novorossiysk Governorate in 1802 and encompassed a huge area of the southern Ukraine. Officially the new governorate was created as Yekaterinoslav Governorate in 1802 and subdivided into the following [[uyezd]]s: # [[Yekaterinoslav]] (Екатеринославъ, Катеринослав) # [[Verkhnodniprovsk|Verkhnodneprovsk]] (Верходнѣпровскъ, Верхніодніпровськ) # [[Bakhmut]] (Бахмутъ, Бахмут) # [[Novomoskovsk, Ukraine|Novomoskovsk]] (Новомосковскъ, Новомосковськ) # [[Zaporizhia|Aleksandrovsk]] (Александровскъ, Олександрівськ) # [[Pavlohrad|Pavlograd]] (Павлоградъ, Павлоград) # [[Slavyanoserbsk]] (Славяносербскъ, Слав'яносербськ) # [[Taganrog]] (Таганрог) ===Changes=== * 1874, the [[Mariupol]] (Марiуполь) [[uyezd]] was split off the Aleksanrovsk uyezd. * 1887, Rostov-na-Donu city as well as Taganrog city with its uyezd were transferred back to the [[Don Voisko Province|Oblast of the Don Host]]. * 1918, Taganrog uyezd was transferred once again, but without the Taganrog city and later again returned to the [[Don Voisko Province]]. The [[Ukrainian People's Republic]] passed the law for the reformation of the Ukrainian administrative division dividing the governorate into five new lands. The law has failed to be implemented and was canceled due to the nationalist-conservative [[coup d'état]] of [[Pavlo Skoropadsky]] and establishment of the [[Ukrainian State]]. Thus the territory of the governorate was left unchanged and sustained without any major changes until 1919. * 1919 Krivyi Rih uyezd was created partially out of the newly annexed lands of the [[Kherson Governorate]]. * 1920 Governorate yielded few territories in favor of the newly created [[Zaporizhia Governorate|Olexandrivsk Governorate]] and [[Donetsk Governorate]] * 1922 [[Zaporizhia Governorate]] was canceled and its territories returned under the subordination of Yekaterinoslav Governorate together with some of [[Kremenchuk Governorate]]. * 1923 All Governorates uyezds were reformed into seven [[okrug]]s with two of them (Berdiansk and Oleksandriysk okrugs) liquidated on June 3, 1925. * On August 1, 1925 the Yekaterinoslav Governorate administration was discontinued. ===Okrugs=== List of okrugs upon the disolvement of Governorate: # Yekaterinoslav # Zaporizhia # Kryvyi Rih # Melitopol # Pavlohrad ==Demographics== The governorate's population, a majority of peasants, was 662,000 in 1811, 902,400 in 1851, 1,204,800 in 1863, and 1,792,800 in 1885. From the second half of the 19th century, the governorate was the coal-mining and metallurgical center of the then ''Ukraine'', incorporating the Dnieper Industrial Region and the [[Donets Basin|Donbass (''Donets Basin'')]]. Its population increased to 2,113,674 by 1897. The nationalities within the governorate were: [[Russians]] (then divided into archaic categorisation of [[Little Russia]]n (i.e. [[Ukrainian language|Ukrainian]]) speakers - ''68.9 %'' and [[Great Russia]]n speakers - ''17.3 %''), [[Jew]]s (''4.7 %''), [[Germans]] (''3.8 %''), [[Greeks]] (''2.3 %''), and [[Tatars]] (''0.8 %''). In 1924, the governorate had 3,424,100 (''13.6 % urban'') inhabitants, living in 5,165 settlements, 36 of them being cities and [[urban-type settlement]]s. The largest social class was that of workers (''about 25 %''). {{See also|Jewish agricultural colonies in the Russian Empire}} ===Principal cities=== The data is taken from demoscope.ru. Here is also the most common language composition. * [[Dnipropetrovsk|Yekaterinoslav]] - 112,839 (1897), (Russian - 47,140, Jewish - 39,979, Ukrainian - 17,787) * [[Mariupol]] - 31,116 (Russian - 19,670, Jewish - 4,710, Ukrainian - 3,125) * [[Luhansk|Lugansk]] - 20,404 (Russian - 13,907, Ukrainian - 3,902, Jewish - 1,449) * [[Artemovsk|Bakhmut]] - 19,316 (Ukrainian - 11,928, Russian - 3,659, Jewish - 3,223) * [[Zaporizhia|Aleksandrovsk]] - 18,849 (Ukrainian - 8,101, Jewish - 5,248, Russian - 4,667) * [[Pavlohrad|Pavlograd]] 15,775 (Russian - 5,421, Ukrainian - 5,273, Jewish - 4,353) * [[Novomoskovsk, Ukraine|Novomoskovsk]] - 12,883 (Ukrainian - 9,956, Jewish - 1,436, Russian - 1,237) * [[Verkhnodniprovsk|Verkhnedneprovsk]] - 6,501 (Ukrainian - 3,752, Jewish - 2,061, Russian - 739) * [[Slavianoserbsk]] - 3,122 (Russian - 1,607, Ukrainian - 1,342, Jewish - 143) From the turn of the 19th century until 1897 city of Rostov-na-Donu and all the Taganrog uyezd were part of the governorate, but before the census of 1897 took place they were transferred to the [[Don oblast]]. Note that the biggest city of the [[guberniya]] was the city of Rostov-na-Donu while Taganrog wasnot much smaller and the third in size. Here is the data on them: * [[Rostov-na-Donu]] - 119,476 (Russian - 94,673, Jewish - 11,183, Ukrainian - 5,612) * [[Taganrog]] - 51,437 (Russian - 40,899, Ukrainian - 4,676, Jewish - 2,685) ==Language== *By the Imperial census of 1897. In '''bold''' are languages with more speakers than the state language. {| align="center" class="wikitable plainlinks TablePager" |+ ! |Language ! |Number ! |percentage (%) ! |males ! |females |----- |'''[[Ukrainian language|Ukrainian]]''' |1 456 369 |68.90 | | |----- |[[Russian language|Russian]] |364 974 |17.27 | | |----- |[[Yiddish language|Yiddish]] |99 152 |4.69 | | |----- |[[German language|German]] |80 979 |3.83 | | |----- |[[Greek language|Greek]] |48 740 |2.31 | | |----- |[[Tatar language|Tatar]] |17 253 |0.82 | | |----- |[[Belorussian language|Belorussian]] |14 052 |0.66 | | |----- |[[Polish language|Polish]] |12 365 |0.59 | | |----- |[[Romanian language|Romanian]] |9 175 |0.43 | | |----- |[[Turkish language|Turkish]] |5 555 |0.26 | | |----- |[[Roma language|Roma]] |1 293 |0.06 | | |----- |Other |3626 |0.17 | | |----- |Persons,
that did not identified
their native language |56 |<0.01 | | |+ |} ==Religion== *By the Imperial census of 1897. {| align="center" class="wikitable plainlinks TablePager" |+ ! |Religion ! |Number ! |percentage (%) ! |males ! |females |----- |[[Eastern Orthodox]] |1 903 264 |90.05 | | |----- |[[Judaism]] |101 088 |4.78 | | |----- |[[Lutherans]] |39 530 |1.87 | | |----- |[[Roman Catholics]] |32 154 |1.52 | | |----- |[[Menonites]] |23 922 |1.13 | | |----- |Other |13 716 |0.65 | | |+ |} ==Governors before Communist Coup== General-Governors * 1823 - 1844 [[Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov|Mikhail Vorontsov]] Governors * 1802 - 1803 [[Sergei Bekleshov]] * 1803 - 1809 [[Pyotr Berg]] * 1809 - 1817 [[Kirill Gladkiy]] * 1817 - 1820 [[Ivan Kalageorgiy]] * 1820 - 1823 [[Viktor Shemiot]] * 1823 - 1824 [[Trofim Tsalaban]] * 1824 - 1828 [[Alexei Svyechin]] * 1828 - 1831 [[Dmitriy Zakhorzhevskiy]] * 1831 - 1832 [[Otto Frank (Yekaterinoslav Governor)|Otto Frank]] * 1832 - 1836 [[Nikanor Longinov]] * 1836 - 1837 [[Dmitriy Safonov]] (vice-governor) ==Chairmen of Governorate== Revkoms * October 26, 1917 - ? [[Emmanuil Kviring]] * November 1919 - 1920 [[Sergei Minin]] Ispolkom * February 1919 - 1920 [[Vasiliy Averin]] * 1920 - 1921 [[Ivan Klymenko]] * 1921 [[Stepan Vlasenko]] * ? - 1923 [[Yakov Kuznetsov]] * 1923 - 1924 Samokhvalov * February 1925 - August 1925 [[Ivan Gavrilov]] ==Chekists== Cheka * 1919 [[Vasyl Valiavko]] (transferred to Volyn Cheka) * 1919 - 1920 [[Aleksandr Alpov]] (transferred to Mykolaiv Cheka) Gub-department of GPU * May 24, 1922 - February 16, 1923 [[Izrail Leplevskiy]] (transferred to Podolia Cheka) * 1923 P.Onishchenko * September 1, 1924 - September 1, 1925 [[Semen Dukelsky]] ==External links== {{Ukrainian historical regions}} {{coord missing|Russia}} {{Subdivisions of the Russian Empire}}