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Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx

Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx

Encyclopedia


Woodlawn Cemetery is one of the largest cemeteries
Cemetery
A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried. The term "cemetery" implies that the land is specifically designated as a burying ground. Cemeteries in the Western world are where the final ceremonies of death are observed...

 in New York City
New York City
New York is the most populous city in the United States and the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. New York exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and...

 and is a designated National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
A National Historic Landmark is a building, site, structure, object, or district, that is officially recognized by the United States government for its historical significance...

.

A rural cemetery
Rural cemetery
The rural cemetery or garden cemetery is a style of burial ground that uses landscaping in a park-like setting.As early as 1711 the architect Sir Christopher Wren had advocated the creation of burial grounds on the outskirts of town, "inclosed with a strong Brick Wall, and having a walk round, and...

 located in the Bronx, it opened in 1863, in what was then southern Westchester County
Westchester County, New York
Westchester County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. Westchester covers an area of and has a population of 949,113 according to the 2010 Census, residing in 45 municipalities...

, in an area that was annexed to New York City in 1874.

The cemetery covers more than 400 acres (161.9 ha) and is the resting place for more than 300,000 people. There is a memorial to the victims of the 1912 RMS Titanic disaster, called The Annie Bliss Titanic Victims Memorial. Built on rolling hills, its tree-lined roads lead to some unique memorials, some designed by McKim Mead & White, John Russell Pope
John Russell Pope
John Russell Pope was an architect most known for his designs of the National Archives and Records Administration building , the Jefferson Memorial and the West Building of the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC.-Biography:Pope was born in New York in 1874, the son of a successful...

, James Gamble Rogers
James Gamble Rogers
James Gamble Rogers was an American architect best known for his academic commissions at Yale University, Columbia University, Northwestern University, and elsewhere....

, Cass Gilbert
Cass Gilbert
- Historical impact :Gilbert is considered a skyscraper pioneer; when designing the Woolworth Building he moved into unproven ground — though he certainly was aware of the ground-breaking work done by Chicago architects on skyscrapers and once discussed merging firms with the legendary Daniel...

, Carrère and Hastings
Carrère and Hastings
Carrère and Hastings, the firm of John Merven Carrère and Thomas Hastings , located in New York City, was one of the outstanding Beaux-Arts architecture firms in the United States. The partnership operated from 1885 until 1911, when Carrère was killed in an automobile accident...

, Sir Edwin Lutyens, Beatrix Jones Farrand, and John LaFarge
John LaFarge
John La Farge was an American painter, muralist, stained glass window maker, decorator, and writer.-Biography:...

. As of 2007, plot prices at Woodlawn were reported as $200 per square foot, $4,800 for a gravesite for two, and up to $1.5 million for land to build a family mausoleum.

In 2011, Woodlawn Cemetery was designated a National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
A National Historic Landmark is a building, site, structure, object, or district, that is officially recognized by the United States government for its historical significance...

, since it shows the transition from the rural cemetery popular at the time of its establishment to the more orderly 20th-century cemetery style.

Burials moved to Woodlawn


Woodlawn was the destination for many human remains disinterred from cemeteries in more densely populated parts of New York City:
  • The Dyckman-Nagle Burying Ground, West 212th Street/9th Avenue Manhattan
    Manhattan
    Manhattan is the oldest and the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City. Located primarily on the island of Manhattan at the mouth of the Hudson River, the boundaries of the borough are identical to those of New York County, an original county of the state of New York...

    , was established in 1677 and originally contained 417 plots. In 1905 the remains, with the exception of Staats Long Morris
    Staats Long Morris
    Staats Long Morris was an American colonist who served as a major-general in the British army during the American Revolution...

     and his family, were removed. By 1927 the Morris graves were moved to Woodlawn Cemetery. The former cemetery is now a subway train yard.
  • West Farms Dutch Reformed Church at Boone Avenue and 172nd Street in the Bronx had most of its graves moved to Woodlawn Cemetery.
  • Bensonia Cemetery, aka Morrisania Cemetery, was originally a Native American Burial Ground. The graves were moved to Woodlawn Cemetery. PS138, in the Bronx, is now on the site.
  • Rutgers Street church graves were moved to Woodlawn Cemetery.

A

  • Anthony Allaire
    Anthony Allaire
    Anthony J. Allaire was an American firefighter, drillmaster, military and law enforcement officer. A longtime police inspector for the New York City Police Department, he was responsible for the breakup of numerous street gangs, most notably the Slaughter House Gang and the Dutch Mob, as well as...

  • Vivian Beaumont Allen
    Vivian Beaumont Allen
    Vivian Beaumont Allen , patroness of theatre in New York City, funded construction of the Vivian Beaumont Theatre at Lincoln Center, which was completed after her death. Her father, J.E. Beaumont, founded the May Company department stores to which she was heiress.-External links:*...

  • Vincent Alo
    Vincent Alo
    Vincent "Jimmy Blue Eyes" Alo was a New York mobster and member of the Genovese crime family who set up casino operations with mob associate Meyer Lansky in Florida and Cuba.-Early years:...

  • John Murray Anderson
    John Murray Anderson
    John Murray Anderson was a theatre director and producer, songwriter, actor, screenwriter, and lighting designer. He worked almost every genre of show business, including vaudeville, Broadway, and film....

  • Alexander Archipenko
    Alexander Archipenko
    Alexander Porfyrovych Archipenko was a Ukrainian avant-garde artist, sculptor, and graphic artist.-Biography:...

  • Hugh D. Auchincloss
    Hugh D. Auchincloss
    Hugh Dudley Auchincloss, Jr. was an American stockbroker and lawyer who became the second husband of Janet Lee Bouvier, the mother of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis.-Biography:...

  • James C. Auchincloss
    James C. Auchincloss
    James Coats Auchincloss was an American businessman and Republican Party politician who represented in the United States House of Representatives from 1943–1965....

  • Ambrosio Jose Gonzales
    Ambrosio José Gonzales
    Colonel Ambrosio José Gonzales was a Cuban revolutionary who became a Colonel in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Gonzales, as a revolutionary, wanted the United States to annex Cuba...


B

  • Benjamin Babbitt
  • Jules Bache
    Jules Bache
    Jules Semon Bache was a German-born American banker, art collector and philanthropist.-Biography:Born in Germany, as a young boy his family emigrated to the United States, settling in New York City. In 1881, he started work as a cashier at Leopold Cahn & Co., a stockbrokerage firm founded by his...

  • Diana Barrymore
    Diana Barrymore
    Diana Barrymore was an American film and stage actress.-Early life:Born Diana Blanche Barrymore Blythe in New York City, New York, she was the daughter of renowned actor John Barrymore and his second wife, poet Blanche Oelrichs...

  • Nora Bayes
    Nora Bayes
    Nora Bayes was a popular American singer, comedienne and actress of the early 20th century.-Early life and career:...

  • Charles Becker
    Charles Becker
    Charles Becker was a New York City police officer in the 1890s-1910s and who was tried, convicted and executed for ordering the murder of a Manhattan gambler, Herman Rosenthal in the Becker-Rosenthal trial. Becker was the first American police officer to receive the death penalty for murder...

  • Alva Belmont
    Alva Belmont
    Alva Erskine Belmont , née Alva Erskine Smith, also called Alva Vanderbilt from 1875 to 1896, was a prominent multi-millionaire American socialite and a major figure in the women's suffrage movement...

  • Oliver Belmont
    Oliver Belmont
    Oliver Hazard Perry Belmont was an American socialite and United States Representative from New York.- Biography :...

  • Irving Berlin
    Irving Berlin
    Irving Berlin was an American composer and lyricist of Jewish heritage, widely considered one of the greatest songwriters in American history.His first hit song, "Alexander's Ragtime Band", became world famous...

  • Amelia Bingham
    Amelia Bingham
    Amelia Swilley Kingham' was an Australian dancer from Hicksville, Ohio. Her Broadway career extended from ....

  • Cornelius Bliss
  • George Boldt
    George Boldt
    George Charles Boldt was a Prussian-born American hotelier. A self-made millionaire, he influenced the development of the urban hotel as a civic social center and luxury destination.-Philadelphia:...

  • Emma Booth
    Emma Booth (The Salvation Army)
    Emma Moss Booth known as 'The Consul', was the fourth child and second daughter of Catherine and William Booth, the Founder of The Salvation Army....

  • Gail Borden
    Gail Borden
    Gail Borden, Jr. was a 19th century U.S. inventor, surveyor, and publisher, and was the inventor of condensed milk in 1853.- Early years :...

  • Bostwick family
    Bostwick family
    The Bostwick's are decendants of Robert De Brostick, born in 1522 in EnglandA branch of the New York Bostwick family rose to prominence when Jabez Abel Bostwick made a fortune in business and was a founding partner and first Treasurer of the Standard Oil Company....

  • Herbert Brenon
  • Bricktop
  • Benjamin Bristow
    Benjamin Bristow
    Benjamin Helm Bristow was an American lawyer and Republican Party politician who served as the first Solicitor General of the United States and as a U.S. Treasury Secretary. Fighting for the Union, Bristow served in the army during the American Civil War and was promoted to Colonel...

  • Addison Brown
    Addison Brown
    Addison Brown was a United States federal judge.Brown was born in West Newbury, Massachusetts, and was educated at Amherst College. He received an A.B. from Harvard University in 1852, and an LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1854...

  • Henry Bruckner
    Henry Bruckner
    Henry Bruckner was a United States Representative from New York. Born in New York City, he attended the common and high schools in New York and became engaged in the manufacture of mineral waters in 1892...

  • Nellie Bly
    Nellie Bly
    Nellie Bly was the pen name of American pioneer female journalist Elizabeth Jane Cochran. She remains notable for two feats: a record-breaking trip around the world in emulation of Jules Verne's character Phileas Fogg, and an exposé in which she faked insanity to study a mental institution from...

  • Bulova
    Bulova
    Bulova is a corporation making luxury watches and clocks. It has its headquarters in Woodside, Queens, New York City.Bulova was founded and incorporated as the J. Bulova Company in 1875 by Joseph Bulova , an immigrant from Bohemia...

  • Ralph Bunche
    Ralph Bunche
    Ralph Johnson Bunche or 1904December 9, 1971) was an American political scientist and diplomat who received the 1950 Nobel Peace Prize for his late 1940s mediation in Palestine. He was the first person of color to be so honored in the history of the Prize...

  • Richard Busteed
    Richard Busteed
    Richard Busteed was an attorney and soldier who served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He was a lawyer before and after the war, and also served as the U.S. District Judge of Alabama from 1863 – 1874. He became highly controversial in that position, and resigned to avoid...

  • Benjamin Franklin Butler
    Benjamin Franklin Butler (lawyer)
    Benjamin Franklin Butler was a lawyer, legislator and Attorney General of the United States.-Early life:...

  • Charles Butler
    Charles Butler (NYU)
    Charles Butler was an American lawyer and philanthropist. He was born at Kinderhook Landing, Columbia Co., N.Y.; studied law in the office of Martin Van Buren at Albany, N. Y.; and was admitted to the bar in 1824. He became wealthy by accumulating land at the site of Chicago, Illinois and...


C

  • Harry Carey
  • Vernon and Irene Castle
    Vernon and Irene Castle
    Vernon and Irene Castle were a husband-and-wife team of ballroom dancers of the early 20th century. They are credited with invigorating the popularity of modern dancing. Vernon Castle was born William Vernon Blyth in Norwich, Norfolk, England...

  • Carrie Chapman Catt
    Carrie Chapman Catt
    Carrie Chapman Catt was a women's suffrage leader who campaigned for the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution which gave U.S. women the right to vote in 1920...

  • Alfred Chapin
  • Horace Clark
  • Huguette Clark
    Huguette M. Clark
    Huguette Marcelle Clark , was the youngest daughter of former U.S. Senator and industrialist William A. Clark. She lived a reclusive life after 1930 and her activities were virtually unknown to the public. Upon her death in 2011, Clark left behind a vast fortune, most of which was donated to charity...

  • William A. Clark
  • Henry Clews
    Henry Clews
    -Biography:He was born in 1836 in Staffordshire, England, and emigrated to the United States around 1850. His first job was at an import business, working as a junior clerk. In 1859 he co-founded Livermore, Clews, and Company, what was then the second largest marketer of federal bonds during the...

  • George M. Cohan
    George M. Cohan
    George Michael Cohan , known professionally as George M. Cohan, was a major American entertainer, playwright, composer, lyricist, actor, singer, dancer, and producer....

  • Barron Collier
    Barron Collier
    Barron Gift Collier was an American advertising entrepreneur, who became the largest landowner and developer in the U.S. state of Florida, as well as, the owner of a chain of hotels, bus lines, several banks, and newspapers. He also owned a telephone company and a steamship line.Collier was born...

  • Edward Knight Collins
    Edward Knight Collins
    Edward Knight Collins I was an American shipping magnate.-Biography:He was born on August 5, 1802 in Truro, Massachusetts to Israel Gross Collins and Mary Ann Knight . His mother was a neice of Sir Edward Knight and she died shortly afterEdward was born. He was then raised by his aunts...

  • Ida Conquest
    Ida Conquest
    Ida Conquest was a leading lady of Broadway in the late 19th century and early 20th century.-Appearance & family:...

  • Austin Corbin
    Austin Corbin
    Austin Corbin was a 19th-century American railroad executive and robber baron. He consolidated the rail lines on Long Island bringing them under the profitable umbrella of the Long Island Rail Road....

  • Ricardo Cortez
    Ricardo Cortez
    Jacob Krantz , known by his stage name Ricardo Cortez, was an American film actor who began his career during the silent era.-Life and career:...

  • Lotta Crabtree
    Lotta Crabtree
    Lotta Mignon Crabtree was an American actress, entertainer and comedian. She was also a significant philanthropist....

  • William Nelson Cromwell
    William Nelson Cromwell
    William Nelson Cromwell was an American attorney active in promotion of the Panama Canal and other major ventures.He was born in Brooklyn, New York, and raised there by his mother, Sarah M. Brokaw, a Civil War widow...

  • Celia Cruz
    Celia Cruz
    Celia Cruz was a Cuban-American salsa singer, and was one of the most successful Salsa performers of the 20th century, having earned twenty-three gold albums...

  • Countee Cullen
    Countee Cullen
    Countee Cullen was an American poet who was popular during the Harlem Renaissance.- Biography :Cullen was an American poet and a leading figure with Langston Hughes in the Harlem Renaissance. This 1920s artistic movement produced the first large body of work in the United States written by African...

  • Frederick Kingsbury Curtis
    Frederick Kingsbury Curtis
    Frederick Kingsbury Curtis I was a director of the Ann Arbor Railroad and was Secretary and Treasurer and a member of the Board of Directors of the United States & Porto Rico Navigation company from 1903 to 1906.-Biography:...


D

  • Leopold Damrosch
    Leopold Damrosch
    Leopold Damrosch was a German American orchestral conductor.- Biography :Damrosch was born in Posen , Kingdom of Prussia, and began his musical education at the age of nine, learning the violin against the wishes of his parents, who wanted him to become a doctor...

  • Miles Davis
    Miles Davis
    Miles Dewey Davis III was an American jazz musician, trumpeter, bandleader, and composer. Widely considered one of the most influential musicians of the 20th century, Miles Davis was, with his musical groups, at the forefront of several major developments in jazz music, including bebop, cool jazz,...

  • Clarence Day
    Clarence Day
    Clarence Shepard Day, Jr. was an American author. Born in New York City, he attended St. Paul's School and graduated from Yale University in 1896. The following year, he joined the New York Stock Exchange, and became a partner in his father's Wall Street brokerage firm...

  • Zachariah Deas
  • Cornelius H. DeLamater
    Cornelius H. DeLamater
    Cornelius Henry DeLamater was an industrialist who owned DeLamater Iron Works in New York City. The steam boilers and machinery for the ironclad was built in DeLamater's foundry during the Civil War. Swedish marine engineer and inventor John Ericsson considered DeLamater his closest, most...

  • George Washington De Long 
  • Alexander P. de Seversky
  • Sidney Dillon
    Sidney Dillon
    Sidney Dillon , an America railroad executive and one the nations premier railroad builders.-Biography:Dillon was born in Northampton, Fulton County, New York...

  • William E. Dodge
    William E. Dodge
    William Earle Dodge, Sr. was a New York businessman, referred to as one of the "Merchant Princes" of Wall Street in the years leading up to the American Civil War. Dodge was also a noted abolitionist, and Native American rights activist and served as the president of the National Temperance...

  • Paul du Chaillu
    Paul du Chaillu
    Paul Belloni du Chaillu was a French-American traveler and anthropologist. He became famous in the 1860s as the first modern outsider to confirm the existence of gorillas and the Pygmy people of central Africa. He later researched the prehistory of Scandinavia.-Early life:His date and place of...

  • Finley Peter Dunne
    Finley Peter Dunne
    Finley Peter Dunne was a Chicago-based U.S. author, writer and humorist. He published Mr. Dooley in Peace and War, a collection of his nationally syndicated Mr. Dooley sketches, in 1898. The fictional Mr...

  • William C. Durant
    William C. Durant
    William Crapo "Billy" Durant was a leading pioneer of the United States automobile industry, the founder of General Motors and Chevrolet who created the system of multi-brand holding companies with different lines of cars....



F

  • David Farragut
    David Farragut
    David Glasgow Farragut was a flag officer of the United States Navy during the American Civil War. He was the first rear admiral, vice admiral, and admiral in the United States Navy. He is remembered in popular culture for his order at the Battle of Mobile Bay, usually paraphrased: "Damn the...

  • Bud Fisher
    Bud Fisher
    Harry Conway "Bud" Fisher was an American cartoonist who created Mutt and Jeff, the first successful daily comic strip in the United States....

  • Clara Fisher
    Clara Fisher
    Clara Fisher was a British prodigy who, at age six, began performing on the London stage in 1817. Ten years later she made her New York debut in 1827. Her acting career lasted for 72 years and in her later life she was commonly called "the oldest living actress".-The British stage:Clara Fisher was...

  • Rudolph Fisher
    Rudolph Fisher
    Rudolph Fisher was an African-American physician, radiologist, novelist, short story writer, dramatist, musician, and orator. Fisher's parents were John Wesley Fisher, a clergyman, and Glendora Williamson. Fisher had three children.His first published work, "City of Refuge", appeared in the...

  • Clyde Fitch
    Clyde Fitch
    Clyde Fitch was an American dramatist.-Biography:Born William Clyde Fitch at Elmira, New York, he wrote over 60 plays, 36 of them original, which varied from social comedies and farces to melodrama and historical dramas.As the only child to live to adulthood, his father, Captain William G...

  • Geraldine Fitzgerald
    Geraldine Fitzgerald
    Geraldine Fitzgerald, Lady Lindsay-Hogg was an Irish-American actress and a member of the American Theatre Hall of Fame.-Early life:...

  • James Montgomery Flagg
    James Montgomery Flagg
    James Montgomery Flagg was an American artist and illustrator. He worked in media ranging from fine art painting to cartooning, but is best remembered for his political posters....

  • Frankie Frisch
    Frankie Frisch
    Francis “Frankie” Frisch , nicknamed the "Fordham Flash" or "The Old Flash", was a German American Major League Baseball player of the early twentieth century....

  • Antoinette Perry Frueauff
    Antoinette Perry
    Antoinette Perry was an actress, director and co-founder of the American Theatre Wing. The Tony Awards are her namesake....

  • Frank Leslie
    Frank Leslie
    Frank Leslie was an English-born American engraver, illustrator, and publisher of family periodicals.-English origins:...


G

  • Tommy Gagliano
    Tommy Gagliano
    Gaetano "Tommy" Gagliano was an American gangster who founded the Lucchese crime family, one of the powerful "Five Families" of New York City, and served as its low-profile Boss for over two decades...

  • Lindley Miller Garrison
  • Francis Patrick Garvan
  • John Warne Gates
    John Warne Gates
    John Warne Gates , also known as "Bet-a-Million" Gates, was a pioneer promoter of barbed wire who became a Gilded Age industrialist.-Biography:...

  • Charles Sidney Gilpin
    Charles Sidney Gilpin
    Charles Sidney Gilpin became one of the most highly regarded actors of the 1920s. He played in critical debuts in New York: in the 1919 premier of John Drinkwater’s Abraham Lincoln and played the lead role of Brutus Jones in the 1920 premier of Eugene O'Neill's The Emperor Jones, also touring...

  • Thomas F. Gilroy
    Thomas F. Gilroy
    Thomas Francis Gilroy , born in Ireland, was mayor of New York 1893-94 and Commissioner of Public works 1889-93. He was also a member of Tammany Hall. He had a daughter, Frances E. Gilroy, who married Edward A. Maher, Jr...

  • Ambrosio José Gonzales
    Ambrosio José Gonzales
    Colonel Ambrosio José Gonzales was a Cuban revolutionary who became a Colonel in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Gonzales, as a revolutionary, wanted the United States to annex Cuba...

  • Jay Gould
    Jay Gould
    Jason "Jay" Gould was a leading American railroad developer and speculator. He has long been vilified as an archetypal robber baron, whose successes made him the ninth richest American in history. Condé Nast Portfolio ranked Gould as the 8th worst American CEO of all time...

  • Archibald Gracie III
    Archibald Gracie III
    Archibald Gracie III was a career United States Army officer, businessman, and a graduate of West Point. He is well known for being a Confederate brigadier general during the American Civil War and for his death during the Siege of Petersburg.-Early life and career:Archibald was born into a...

  • Archibald Gracie
    Archibald Gracie (merchant)
    Archibald Gracie was a Scottish-born shipping magnate and early American businessman and merchant in New York City and Virginia whose spacious home, Gracie Mansion, now serves as the residency of the Mayor of New York City.-Early years:Gracie was the son of a weaver named William Gracie, of...

  • George Bird Grinnell
    George Bird Grinnell
    George Bird Grinnell was an American anthropologist, historian, naturalist, and writer. Grinnell was born in Brooklyn, New York, and graduated from Yale University with a B.A. in 1870 and a Ph.D. in 1880. Originally specializing in zoology, he became a prominent early conservationist and student...

  • Lawrence Grossmith
    Lawrence Grossmith
    Lawrence Grossmith was a British actor, the son of Gilbert and Sullivan performer George Grossmith and the brother of actor George Grossmith, Jr.-Life and career:...

  • Simon Guggenheim
    Simon Guggenheim
    Simon Guggenheim was an American businessman, politician, and philanthropist.-Life:He was the son of Meyer Guggenheim and Barbara Guggenheim, and was the younger brother of Daniel Guggenheim and Solomon R...


H

  • Oscar Hammerstein, Sr.
  • Lionel Hampton
    Lionel Hampton
    Lionel Leo Hampton was an American jazz vibraphonist, pianist, percussionist, bandleader and actor. Like Red Norvo, he was one of the first jazz vibraphone players. Hampton ranks among the great names in jazz history, having worked with a who's who of jazz musicians, from Benny Goodman and Buddy...

  • W.C. Handy
  • Edward Harkness
    Edward Harkness
    Edward Stephen Harkness was an American philanthropist. He was born in Cleveland, Ohio, one of four sons to Stephen V. Harkness, a harness-maker who invested in the forerunner of Standard Oil, John D. Rockefeller's oil company. Harkness inherited a fortune from his father...

  • Lamon V. Harkness
    Lamon V. Harkness
    Lamon Vanderburgh Harkness was an American businessman and a partner in Standard Oil who was one of the company's largest stockholders. Lamon V. Harkness became involved with Standard Oil through his father Stephen V...

  • Stephen V. Harkness
    Stephen V. Harkness
    Stephen Vanderburgh Harkness was an American businessman from Cleveland, Ohio, who invested as a silent partner with oil titan John D. Rockefeller, Sr. in the founding of Standard Oil.-Biography:...

  • Charles K. Harris
    Charles K. Harris
    Charles Kassel Harris was a well regarded American songwriter of popular music. During his long career, he advanced the relatively new genre, publishing more than 300 songs, often deemed by admirers as the "king of the tear jerkers"...

  • William Frederick Havemeyer 
  • Coleman Hawkins
    Coleman Hawkins
    Coleman Randolph Hawkins was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. Hawkins was one of the first prominent jazz musicians on his instrument. As Joachim E. Berendt explained, "there were some tenor players before him, but the instrument was not an acknowledged jazz horn"...

  • Millicent Hearst
    Millicent Hearst
    Millicent Hearst, née Millicent Veronica Willson , was the wife of media tycoon William Randolph Hearst. Willson was a vaudeville performer in New York City whom Hearst admired, and they married in 1903...

  • August Heckscher
    August Heckscher
    -Biography:Born in Hamburg, Germany, Heckscher emigrated to the United States in 1867. He initially worked in his cousin Richard Heckscher's coal mining operation as a laborer, studying English at night. Several years later he formed a partnership with his cousin under the name of Richard Heckscher...

  • John Held, Jr.
    John Held, Jr.
    John Held Jr. was an American cartoonist and illustrator. One of the best known magazine illustrators of the 1920s, Held created cheerful art showing his characters dancing, motoring and engaging in fun-filled activities...

  • Victor Herbert
    Victor Herbert
    Victor August Herbert was an Irish-born, German-raised American composer, cellist and conductor. Although Herbert enjoyed important careers as a cello soloist and conductor, he is best known for composing many successful operettas that premiered on Broadway from the 1890s to World War I...

  • Adelaide Herrmann
    Adelaide Herrmann
    Adelaide Herrmann was a noted female magician and vaudeville performer. She began her magic career as assistant to her husband, magician Alexander Herrmann...

  • Christian Archibald Herter
    Christian Archibald Herter (physician)
    -Further reading:...

  • John D. Hertz
    John D. Hertz
    John Daniel Hertz, Sr. was an American businessman, thoroughbred racehorse owner, and philanthropist.-Biography:...

  • Jim Holdsworth
    Jim Holdsworth
    James "Jim" Holdsworth , nicknamed "Long Jim", was a professional baseball player who played shortstop in Major League Baseball for seven different teams during his nine-season career from to . Holdsworth died in his hometown of New York City, and is interred at Woodlawn Cemetery.-External links:...

  • Charles Evans Hughes
    Charles Evans Hughes
    Charles Evans Hughes, Sr. was an American statesman, lawyer and Republican politician from New York. He served as the 36th Governor of New York , Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States , United States Secretary of State , a judge on the Court of International Justice , and...

  • Collis P. Huntington
    Collis P. Huntington
    Collis Potter Huntington was one of the Big Four of western railroading who built the Central Pacific Railroad as part of the first U.S. transcontinental railroad...

  • Barbara Hutton
    Barbara Hutton
    Barbara Woolworth Hutton was an American socialite dubbed by the media as the "Poor Little Rich Girl" because of her troubled life...

  • Henry Baldwin Hyde
    Henry Baldwin Hyde
    Henry Baldwin Hyde, , founded The Equitable Life Assurance Society of the United States in 1859. It became, by the year of Hyde's death, the largest life insurance company in the world....


J

  • Milt Jackson
    Milt Jackson
    Milton "Bags" Jackson was an American jazz vibraphonist, usually thought of as a bebop player, although he performed in several jazz idioms...

  • Illinois Jacquet
    Illinois Jacquet
    Jean-Baptiste Illinois Jacquet was an American jazz tenor saxophonist, best remembered for his solo on "Flying Home", critically recognized as the first R&B saxophone solo....

  • Fanny Janauschek
    Fanny Janauschek
    Fanny Janauschek aka Madame Fanny Janauschek was a 19th century character actress born in Prague . She came to America in 1867 and first performed at the Academy of Music, New York City, on October 9, 1867 managed by Max Maretzek. She spoke no English, only German and often worked with all...

  • Augustus D. Juilliard

K

  • James R. Keene
    James R. Keene
    James Robert Keene was a Wall Street stock broker and a major thoroughbred race horse owner and breeder.-Biography:He was born in London, England in 1838. He was fourteen years of age when his family emigrated to the United States in 1852...

  • Herman Knapp
  • Pedro Knight
    Pedro Knight
    Pedro Knight Caraballo was an accomplished Cuban-American musician who was better known for being the husband of legendary singer Celia Cruz....

  • Augustus Kountze
    Augustus Kountze
    Augustus Kountze was a pioneer banker, politician, philanthropist and railroad supporter in Omaha, Nebraska, Kountze, Texas and New York City...

  • Fritz Kreisler
    Fritz Kreisler
    Friedrich "Fritz" Kreisler was an Austrian-born violinist and composer. One of the most famous violin masters of his or any other day, he was known for his sweet tone and expressive phrasing. Like many great violinists of his generation, he produced a characteristic sound which was immediately...

  • Samuel Henry Kress
  • Walt Kuhn
    Walt Kuhn
    Walt Kuhn was an American painter and was an organizer of the modern art Armory Show of 1913, which was the first of its genre in America.-Biography:Kuhn was born in Brooklyn, New York City...



L

  • Fiorello La Guardia
  • Daniel S. Lamont
    Daniel S. Lamont
    Daniel Scott Lamont was the United States Secretary of War during Grover Cleveland's second term.Lamont was born on his family’s farm in Cortland County, New York and attended Union College at Schenectady, New York. While attending Union College he joined the Delta Upsilon Fraternity...

  • Canada Lee
    Canada Lee
    Canada Lee was an American actor who pioneered roles for African Americans. A champion of civil rights in the 1930s and 1940s, he died shortly before he was scheduled to appear before the House Un-American Activities Committee. He became an actor after careers as a jockey, boxer, and musician...

  • Henry Lehman
    Henry Lehman
    Henry Lehman was a German-American businessman and the founder of Lehman Brothers financial services, which declared bankruptcy in 2008....

  • J.C. Leyendecker
  • Harold Lockwood
    Harold Lockwood
    Harold A. Lockwood was an American silent film actor and one of the most popular matinee idols of the early film period during the 1910s.-Career:...

  • Frank Belknap Long
    Frank Belknap Long
    Frank Belknap Long was a prolific American writer of horror fiction, fantasy, science fiction, poetry, gothic romance, comic books, and non-fiction. Though his writing career spanned seven decades, he is best known for his horror and science fiction short stories, including early contributions to...

  • Mansfield Lovell
    Mansfield Lovell
    Mansfield Lovell was a major general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was roundly criticized in Southern newspapers for allowing Union forces to capture the city of New Orleans....

  • George Platt Lynes
    George Platt Lynes
    George Platt Lynes was an American fashion and commercial photographer.Born in East Orange, New Jersey to Adelaide and Joseph Russell Lynes he spent his childhood in New Jersey but attended the Berkshire School in Massachusetts. He was sent to Paris in 1925 with the idea of better preparing him...


M

  • Rowland Macy
  • Martha Mansfield
    Martha Mansfield
    Martha Mansfield was an American actress in silent films and vaudeville stage plays.-Early life and career:Born Martha Ehrlich in New York City to Maurice and Harriett Gibson Ehrlich...

  • Frankie Manning
    Frankie Manning
    Frankie Manning was an American dancer, instructor and choreographer. Manning is considered one of the founding fathers of the Lindy Hop.-Early years:...

  • Vito Marcantonio
    Vito Marcantonio
    Vito Anthony Marcantonio was an American lawyer and democratic socialist politician. Originally a member of the Republican Party and a supporter of Fiorello LaGuardia, he switched to the American Labor Party.-Early life:...

  • Dewey Markham
  • Louis Marx
    Louis Marx
    Louis Marx was an American toy maker and businessman whose company, Louis Marx and Company was the largest toy company in the world in the 1950s...

  • Bat Masterson
    Bat Masterson
    William Barclay "Bat" Masterson was a figure of the American Old West known as a buffalo hunter, U.S. Marshal and Army scout, avid fisherman, gambler, frontier lawman, and sports editor and columnist for the New York Morning Telegraph...

  • William McAdoo
    William McAdoo (New Jersey)
    William McAdoo was an American Democratic Party politician who represented New Jersey's 7th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1883 to 1891, and served as New York City Police Commissioner in 1904 and 1905.-Biography:McAdoo was born in Ramelton, County Donegal,...

  • George A. McGuire
  • Jackie McLean
    Jackie McLean
    John Lenwood McLean was an American jazz alto saxophonist, composer, bandleader and educator, born in New York City.-Biography:McLean's father, John Sr., played guitar in Tiny Bradshaw's orchestra...

  • George McManus
    George McManus
    George McManus was an American cartoonist best known as the creator of Irish immigrant Jiggs and his wife Maggie, the central characters in his syndicated comic strip, Bringing Up Father....

  • Marie Mattingly Meloney
    Marie Mattingly Meloney
    Marie Mattingly Meloney , who used Mrs. William B. Meloney as her professional and social name, was "one of the leading woman journalists of the United States," a magazine editor and a socialite who in the 1920s organized a fund drive to buy radium for Marie Curie and began a movement for better...

  • Herman Melville
    Herman Melville
    Herman Melville was an American novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet. He is best known for his novel Moby-Dick and the posthumous novella Billy Budd....

  • William P. Merrill
    William P. Merrill
    William Pierson Merrill was an American Presbyterian clergyman, pacifist, author, and hymn writer. He was acknowledged during his time as one of the most influential ministers in America...

  • Cyrus Miller
  • Gilbert Miller
    Gilbert Miller
    Gilbert Heron Miller was an American theatrical producer.Born in New York City, he was the son of English-born theatrical producer Henry Miller and Bijou Heron, a former child actress. Raised and educated in Europe, he returned home to follow in his father's footsteps and became a highly...

  • Marilyn Miller
    Marilyn Miller
    Marilyn Miller was one of the most popular Broadway musical stars of the 1920s and early 1930s. She was an accomplished tap dancer, singer and actress, but it was the combination of these talents that endeared her to audiences. On stage she usually played rags-to-riches Cinderella characters who...

  • Florence Mills
    Florence Mills
    Florence Mills, born Florence Winfrey , known as the "Queen of Happiness," was an African American cabaret singer, dancer, and comedian known for her effervescent stage presence, delicate voice, and winsome, wide-eyed beauty.-Life and career:A daughter of former enslaved parents, Nellie and John...

  • John Bassett Moore
    John Bassett Moore
    John Bassett Moore was an American authority on international law who was a member of the Hague Tribunal and the first US judge to serve on the Permanent Court of International Justice ....

  • Paul Morton
    Paul Morton
    Paul Morton was a U.S. businessman.- Biography :He served as the Secretary of Navy between 1904 and 1905. Previous to this, he had been vice president of the Santa Fe Railroad...

  • Robert Moses
    Robert Moses
    Robert Moses was the "master builder" of mid-20th century New York City, Long Island, Rockland County, and Westchester County, New York. As the shaper of a modern city, he is sometimes compared to Baron Haussmann of Second Empire Paris, and is one of the most polarizing figures in the history of...


O

  • Chauncey Olcott
    Chancellor Olcott
    Chancellor "Chauncey" Olcott was an American stage actor, songwriter and singer.Born in Buffalo, New York, in the early years of his career Olcott sang in minstrel shows and Lillian Russell played a major role in helping make him a Broadway star...

  • Blanche Oelrichs
    Blanche Oelrichs
    Blanche Oelrichs was an American poet, playwright, and theatre actress known by the pseudonym, "Michael Strange."-Biography:...

  • Hermann Oelrichs
    Hermann Oelrichs
    Hermann Oelrichs , was an American businessman, multimillionaire, and owner of Norddeutsche Lloyd shipping. The grandson of a German immigrant, Oelrichs was married in 1890 to Teresa Alice Fair, daughter of United States Senator and Comstock Lode millionaire James Graham Fair...

  • William Butler Ogden
    William Butler Ogden
    William Butler Ogden was the first Mayor of Chicago.Ogden was born in Walton, New York. When still a teenager, his father died and Ogden took over the family real estate business...

  • Joe "King" Oliver

P

  • Augustus G. Paine, Jr.
    Augustus G. Paine, Jr.
    Augustus Gibson Paine, Jr. was an American paper manufacturer and bank official.- Biography :Born in New York City, he was the son of Augustus G. Paine, Sr. and Charlotte M. Bedell Paine . He was educated privately in the United States and Europe...

  • Felix Pappalardi
    Felix Pappalardi
    Felix A. Pappalardi Jr. was an American music producer, songwriter, vocalist, and bass guitarist.- Early life :Pappalardi was born in the Bronx, New York...

  • James Cash Penney
  • George B. Post
    George B. Post
    George Browne Post was an American architect trained in the Beaux-Arts tradition.-Biography:Post was a student of Richard Morris Hunt , but unlike many architects of his generation, he had previously received a degree in civil engineering...

  • Otto Preminger
    Otto Preminger
    Otto Ludwig Preminger was an Austro–Hungarian-American theatre and film director.After moving from the theatre to Hollywood, he directed over 35 feature films in a five-decade career. He rose to prominence for stylish film noir mysteries such as Laura and Fallen Angel...

  • Samuel I. Prime
    Samuel I. Prime
    Samuel Irenæus Prime was an American clergyman, traveler, and writer. He was born at Ballston, N. Y., and graduated from Williams College in 1829. Three years later he entered Princeton Theological Seminary, was licensed to preach in 1833, and in 1835 was installed pastor of the Presbyterian...

  • Joseph Pulitzer
    Joseph Pulitzer
    Joseph Pulitzer April 10, 1847 – October 29, 1911), born Politzer József, was a Hungarian-American newspaper publisher of the St. Louis Post Dispatch and the New York World. Pulitzer introduced the techniques of "new journalism" to the newspapers he acquired in the 1880s and became a leading...

  • Michael Pupin

R

  • Charles Ranhofer
    Charles Ranhofer
    Charles Ranhofer was the chef at the famous Delmonico's Restaurant in New York from 1862 to 1876 and 1879 to 1896...

  • Theodore Reik
  • Grantland Rice
    Grantland Rice
    Grantland Rice was an early 20th century American sportswriter known for his elegant prose. His writing was published in newspapers around the country and broadcast on the radio.-Biography:...

  • Vincent Richards
    Vincent Richards
    Vincent "Vinnie" Richards was a top American tennis player in the early decades of the 20th Century, particularly known as being a superlative volleyer....

  • Tex Rickard
  • Max Roach
    Max Roach
    Maxwell Lemuel "Max" Roach was an American jazz percussionist, drummer, and composer.A pioneer of bebop, Roach went on to work in many other styles of music, and is generally considered alongside the most important drummers in history...

  • Andrew J. Rogers
    Andrew J. Rogers
    Andrew Jackson Rogers was an American lawyer, teacher, clerk, police commissioner and Democratic Party politician who represented in the United States House of Representatives from 1863-1867.-Biography:...

  • Delmar "Barney" Roos
    Delmar "Barney" Roos
    Delmar G. "Barney" Roos was an American automotive engineer who served as Studebaker's head of engineering from 1926 to 1936, specialising in straight-eight engines. He later worked for the British Rootes Group in the design of Humber, Hillman and Sunbeam Talbot cars...

  • Ruth Rowland Nichols
    Ruth Rowland Nichols
    Ruth Rowland Nichols was an aviation pioneer. She was the only woman yet to hold simultaneous world records for speed, altitude, and distance for a female pilot.-Early life:...

  • Damon Runyon
    Damon Runyon
    Alfred Damon Runyon was an American newspaperman and writer.He was best known for his short stories celebrating the world of Broadway in New York City that grew out of the Prohibition era. To New Yorkers of his generation, a "Damon Runyon character" evoked a distinctive social type from the...



S

  • Julio Mario Santo Domingo
    Julio Mario Santo Domingo
    Julio Mario Santo Domingo Pumarejo was a Colombian businessman and patriarch of the wealthy Santo Domingo family. He was the son of Mario Santo Domingo and Beatriz Pumarejo...

  • Frank Scalice
    Frank Scalice
    Francesco "Frank" Scalice also known as Don Cheech and Wacky, was an Italian-American mobster active in New York City, who led the future Gambino crime family from 1930 to 1931, and was underboss from 1951 to 1957.-Boss:Scalice was born in Palermo, Sicily in 1893, and later emigrated to the US,...

  • Sokei-an Shigetsu Sasaki
  • Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman ("Nellie Bly")
    Nellie Bly
    Nellie Bly was the pen name of American pioneer female journalist Elizabeth Jane Cochran. She remains notable for two feats: a record-breaking trip around the world in emulation of Jules Verne's character Phileas Fogg, and an exposé in which she faked insanity to study a mental institution from...

  • Lawrence L. Shenfield
    Lawrence L. Shenfield
    Lawrence Lewis "Larry" Shenfield was an advertising executive who was instrumental in promoting the development of radio broadcasting during its golden age of the 1920's and 1930's. Larry lined up sponsors to help further the popularity of such stars as Orson Welles and Dinah Shore...

  • Louis Sherry
    Louis Sherry
    Louis Sherry was an important American restaurateur, caterer, confectioner and hotelier during the Gilded Age and early 20th century. His name is typically associated with an upscale brand of candy and ice cream, and also the Sherry-Netherland Hotel in New York City.-Early life:Sherry was born in St...

  • Franz Sigel
    Franz Sigel
    Franz Sigel was a German military officer, revolutionist and immigrant to the United States who was a teacher, newspaperman, politician, and served as a Union major general in the American Civil War.-Early life:...

  • Franklin Simon
    Franklin Simon
    Franklin Simon was the owner of Franklin Simon & Co., a department store in Manhattan. The store was founded in February 1902, and his business partner was Herman A. Flurscheim.-Biography:...

  • Charles B.J. Snyder
  • Ruth Snyder
    Ruth Snyder
    Ruth Brown Snyder was an American murderess. Her execution, in the electric chair at Sing Sing Prison, for the murder of her husband, Albert, was captured in a well-known photograph.-The crime:...

  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an American social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early woman's movement...

  • Joseph Stella
    Joseph Stella
    Joseph Stella was an Italian-born, American Futurist painter best known for his depictions of industrial America. He is associated with the American Precisionism movement of the 1910s-1940s....

  • John William Sterling
    John William Sterling
    John William Sterling was a corporate attorney and major benefactor to Yale University.-Biography:John William Sterling was born in Stratford, Connecticut. He graduated from Yale University with a B.A. in 1864 and was a member of Skull and Bones. He was admitted to the bar three years later. He...

  • William H.H. Stowell
    William H.H. Stowell
    William Henry Harrison Stowell was a nineteenth century congressman, merchant and industrialist from Virginia, Vermont, Massachusetts, Wisconsin and Minnesota....

  • Josef Stransky
    Josef Stránský
    Josef Stransky was a Czech conductor, composer, and art collector/dealer who moved to the United States and conducted the New York Philharmonic from 1911 to 1923.-Biography:...

  • Isidor Straus
    Isidor Straus
    Isidor Straus —a German Jewish American—was co-owner of the Macy's department store with his brother Nathan. He also served briefly as a member of the United States House of Representatives...

  • William L. Strong
    William L. Strong
    William Lafayette Strong was the Mayor of New York from 1895 to 1897. He was the last mayor of New York before the Consolidation of the City of New York on January 1, 1898.-Biography:...

  • E.G. Squier
  • Edmund Clarence Stedman
    Edmund Clarence Stedman
    Edmund Clarence Stedman , American poet, critic, and essayist was born at Hartford, Connecticut, United States.-Biography:...

  • James Stillman
    James Stillman
    James Jewett Stillman was an American businessman who invested in land, banking, and railroads in New York, Texas, and Mexico.-Biography:...

  • Swante M. Swenson
    Swante M. Swenson
    Swante M. Swenson was the founder of the SMS Ranches in West Texas. It was through his efforts that Swedish immigration to Texas was begun in 1848.-Biography:...


T

  • Olive Thomas
    Olive Thomas
    Olive Thomas was an American silent film actress and model. She is best remembered for her marriage to Jack Pickford and her death.-Early life:...

  • Lloyd Tilghman
    Lloyd Tilghman
    Lloyd Tilghman was a railroad construction engineer and a Confederate general in the American Civil War, killed at the Battle of Champion Hill...

  • Dan Topping
    Dan Topping
    Daniel Reid Topping was a part owner and president of the New York Yankees baseball team from 1945 to 1964. Daniel Reid Topping was the son of Rhea Reid and Henry J. Topping. Rhea Reid, the daughter of Daniel G. Reid, known as the "Tinplate King" for his vast wealth in the tin industry, was the...

  • Jokichi Takamine
    Jokichi Takamine
    was a Japanese chemist.-Early life and education:Takamine was born in Takaoka, Toyama Prefecture, in November 1854. His father was a doctor; his mother a member of a family of sake brewers. He spent his childhood in Kanazawa, capital of present-day Ishikawa Prefecture in central Honshū, and was...

  • Clarice Taylor
    Clarice Taylor
    Clarice Taylor was an American stage, film and television actress.-Biography:Born in Buckingham County, Virginia, Taylor was best-known for her recurring role on television on The Cosby Show as Dr. Heathcliff "Cliff" Huxtable's mother, Anna Huxtable. She was nominated for an Emmy Award in 1986...


W

  • Madam C. J. Walker
  • James Watson Webb
    James Watson Webb
    General James Watson Webb was a United States diplomat, newspaper publisher and a New York politician in the Whig and Republican parties.-Biography:...

  • William H. Webb
    William H. Webb
    William Henry Webb was a 19th-century New York shipbuilder and philanthropist, who has been called America's first true naval architect....

  • Royal Hurlburt Weller
  • Edward Werner
    Edward Werner
    Dr. Edward Henryk Werner was an economist, judge, industrialist, and politician. He was best known as Vice-Minister of Finance in the Second Polish Republic.- Life :...

  • Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney
    Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney
    Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney was an American sculptor, art patron and collector, and founder in 1931 of the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City...

  • Harry Payne Whitney
    Harry Payne Whitney
    Harry Payne Whitney was an American businessman, thoroughbred horsebreeder, and member of the prominent Whitney family.- Early years :...

  • William Collins Whitney
  • Bert Williams
    Bert Williams
    Egbert Austin "Bert" Williams was one of the preeminent entertainers of the Vaudeville era and one of the most popular comedians for all audiences of his time. He was by far the best-selling black recording artist before 1920...

  • Harry Wills
    Harry Wills
    240px|rightHarry "The Black Panther" Wills was perhaps the most well known victim of the "color line" drawn by white heavyweight champions after the title reign of Jack Johnson...

  • Nat M. Wills
    Nat M. Wills
    Nat M. Wills , was a popular stage star, vaudeville entertainer, and recording artist at the beginning of the 20th century...

  • Edward O. Wolcott
  • William Woodward, Jr.
    William Woodward, Jr.
    William "Billy" Woodward, Jr. was the heir to the Hanover National Bank fortune , the Belair Estate and stud farm and legacy,...

  • Franklin Winfield Woolworth


See also


  • List of National Historic Landmarks in New York City
  • List of United States cemeteries
  • List of mausoleums
  • Rural Cemetery Act
    Rural Cemetery Act
    The Rural Cemetery Act was a law passed by the New York Legislature on April 27, 1847, that authorized commercial burial grounds in rural New York state. The law led to burial of human remains becoming a commercial business for the first time, replacing the traditional practice of burying the dead...


External links