is a town
A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. The size a settlement must be in order to be called a "town" varies considerably in different parts of the world, so that, for example, many American "small towns" seem to British people to be no more than villages, while...
in Saratoga County
Saratoga County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 219,607. It is part of the Albany-Schenectady-Troy Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county seat is Ballston Spa...
, New York
New York is a state in the Northeastern region of the United States. It is the nation's third most populous state. New York is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south, and by Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont to the east...
, United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
. The population was 12,511 at the 2000 census.
The Town of Wilton
is in the northeastern part of the county, northeast of Saratoga Springs
Saratoga Springs, also known as simply Saratoga, is a city in Saratoga County, New York, United States. The population was 26,586 at the 2010 census. The name reflects the presence of mineral springs in the area. While the word "Saratoga" is known to be a corruption of a Native American name, ...
, which it borders.
The region, once called "Palmertown," was first settled around 1764. The Town of Wilton was created in 1818 from the Town of Northumberland
Northumberland is a town in Saratoga County, New York, United States. The population was 4,603 at the 2000 census. The name comes from a location in Great Britain....
The Grant Cottage State Historic Site
Grant Cottage State Historic Site, on the slope of Mount McGregor in Wilton, New York is an Adirondack mountain cottage first owned by banker Joseph W. Drexel. It was the site where Ulysses S. Grant died in 1885, and is a New York State Historic Site....
is located in Wilton, in an area known as Mount McGregor, which is the highest peak of the Palmertown Range, mostly north of Wilton. This site is the place where Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant was the 18th President of the United States as well as military commander during the Civil War and post-war Reconstruction periods. Under Grant's command, the Union Army defeated the Confederate military and ended the Confederate States of America...
died in 1885 of cancer just after completing his memoirs.
A narrow-gauge railway built in 1882, the Saratoga, Mount McGregor and Lake George Railroad
The Saratoga, Mount McGregor and Lake George Railroad was a narrow gauge railroad leading from North Broadway in Saratoga Springs, New York, USA. Construction was begun on March 17, 1882, and was completed on July 17 of the same year, for the purpose of conveying building materials and later...
, ran through Wilton.
- Henry D. Barron
Henry Danforth Barron was a United States politician in Wisconsin. Born in Wilton, New York, he came west to Wisconsin. He first served as a judge in the Wisconsin Circuit Court. Then he served in the Wisconsin State Assembly and was speaker...
, Wisconsin jurist and legislator
- Officer R. J. & L. L. Henry, USN/USNR VET, PA/FA Cardio-Thoracic Surgery ECU Teachers Union
- Dottie Pepper, Women's Professional Golfer
According to the United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...
, the town has a total area of 36 square miles (93.2 km²). 35.9 square miles (93 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square mile (0.258998811 km²) of it (0.25%) is water.
US Route 9 and the Adirondack Northway (Interstate 87
Interstate 87 is a Interstate Highway located entirely within New York State in the United States of America. I-87 is the longest intrastate Interstate highway in the Interstate Highway System. Its southern end is at the Bronx approaches of the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge in New York City...
) are parallel north-south highways. New York State Route 50
New York State Route 50 is a state highway in the Capital District of New York in the United States. The southern terminus of the route is at an intersection with NY 5 in Scotia...
is a north-south highway in the eastern part of Wilton.
As of the census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...
of 2000, there were 12,511 people, 4,550 households, and 3,494 families residing in the town. The population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...
was 348.7 inhabitants per square mile (134.6/km²). There were 4,785 housing units at an average density of 133.4 per square mile (51.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.05% White, 0.96% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...
, and 1.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population.
There were 4,550 households out of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...
living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.2% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the town the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $53,971, and the median income for a family was $61,056. Males had a median income of $42,451 versus $29,609 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...
for the town was $22,391. About 3.4% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Wilton
- Ballard Corners – A hamlet
A hamlet is usually a rural settlement which is too small to be considered a village, though sometimes the word is used for a different sort of community. Historically, when a hamlet became large enough to justify building a church, it was then classified as a village...
by the east town line on NY-50 at the junction of County Road 33.
- Barnes Corners – A location in the southeast part of the town on NY-50.
- Dimmick Corners – A location in the northeast part of the town on County Road 32.
- Gurn Spring – A hamlet southeast of Wilton village on County Road 33.
- Kings Station – A hamlet south of Wilton village on US-9.
- Loughberry Lake – A small lake in the southwest part of Wilton.
- Mt. McGregor Correctional Facility
Mt. McGregor Correctional Facility is a medium security prison for male inmates in Saratoga County, New York, USA. Before updating security, was called "Camp Walkaway" due to the number of breakouts....
– A New York state medium security prison at the north town line. On its grounds lies the Grant Cottage.
- Travers Corners – A hamlet south of Wilton village.
- Wilton – The hamlet of Wilton in located on US-9 at the junction with County Roads 101, 32, 33, and 34, in the north part of the town.