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Wildcat strike action

Wildcat strike action

Overview
A wildcat strike action, often referred to as a wildcat strike, is a strike action
Strike action
Strike action, also called labour strike, on strike, greve , or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work. A strike usually takes place in response to employee grievances. Strikes became important during the industrial revolution, when mass labour became...

 taken by workers without the authorization of their trade union
Trade union
A trade union, trades union or labor union is an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates labour contracts with...

 officials. This is sometimes termed unofficial industrial action. Wildcat strikes were the key fighting strategy during the events of May 1968 in France.

Since 1935, wildcat strike action has been considered illegal in the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

.

The U.S.
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Quotations

Do you understand, gentlemen, that all the horror is in just this—that there is no horror!

Aleksandr Kuprin|Aleksandr Kuprin, The Pit, translation by Bernard G. Guerney.

I can enjoy her while she's kind;But when she dances in the wind,And shakes the wings and will not stay,I puff the prostitute away: The little or the much she gave is quietly resign'd: Content with poverty, my soul I arm; And virtue, though in rags, will keep me warm.

John Dryden, Imitation of Horace (1685), "On Fortune", Book III, Ode 29, l. 81 - 87.

[in Kenya]...any woman who is single and has multiple male sex partners is considered to be a prostitute, whether or not money changes hands.

New Internationalist, Issue 252 - February 1994.

[in India] Any sexual intercourse outside socially acceptable unions is likely to be regarded as prostitution.

New Internationalist, Issue 252 - February 1994.

[In Iran] Under mut'a, it is possible to be 'married' for as little as half an hour.

New Internationalist, Issue 252 - February 1994.

Egyptian law states that a man who is caught with a prostitute is not imprisoned; instead, his testimony is used to convict and imprison the prostitute.

New Internationalist, Issue 252 - February 1994.

Prostitutes are the inevitable product of a society that places ultimate importance on money, possessions, and competition.

Jane Fonda, in Thomas Kiernan, Jane: An Intimate Biography of Jane Fonda (1970).

Prostitution is organized rape.

Christine Stark
Encyclopedia
A wildcat strike action, often referred to as a wildcat strike, is a strike action
Strike action
Strike action, also called labour strike, on strike, greve , or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work. A strike usually takes place in response to employee grievances. Strikes became important during the industrial revolution, when mass labour became...

 taken by workers without the authorization of their trade union
Trade union
A trade union, trades union or labor union is an organization of workers that have banded together to achieve common goals such as better working conditions. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates labour contracts with...

 officials. This is sometimes termed unofficial industrial action. Wildcat strikes were the key fighting strategy during the events of May 1968 in France.

United States of America


Since 1935, wildcat strike action has been considered illegal in the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

.

The U.S. 1932 Norris-La Guardia Act held that clauses in labor contracts barring employees from joining unions were not enforceable, thus granting employees the right to unionize regardless of their workplace situation. Unions have the power to bargain collectively on behalf of their members and to call for strikes demanding concessions from employers. Under the 1935 National Labor Relations Act
National Labor Relations Act
The National Labor Relations Act or Wagner Act , is a 1935 United States federal law that limits the means with which employers may react to workers in the private sector who create labor unions , engage in collective bargaining, and take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in...

 (NLRA), federal courts have held that wildcat strikes are illegal and that employers may fire workers participating in them.

Nevertheless, workers can formally request that the National Labor Relations Board
National Labor Relations Board
The National Labor Relations Board is an independent agency of the United States government charged with conducting elections for labor union representation and with investigating and remedying unfair labor practices. Unfair labor practices may involve union-related situations or instances of...

 end their association with their labor union if they feel that the union is not sufficiently supportive of them. At this point, any strike action taken by the workers may be termed a wildcat strike, but there is no illegality involved as there is no longer a conflict between sections 7 and 9(a) of the NLRA
National Labor Relations Act
The National Labor Relations Act or Wagner Act , is a 1935 United States federal law that limits the means with which employers may react to workers in the private sector who create labor unions , engage in collective bargaining, and take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in...

.

Vietnam


In Vietnam, all workers are required to join a union connected to the Vietnam General Conference of Labor, a government-controlled entity. Due to workers' distrust of this agency, nearly all strikes in the country are wildcat strikes.

Notable wildcat strikes


  • Pullman Strike (Illinois, 1894)
    Pullman Strike
    The Pullman Strike was a nationwide conflict between labor unions and railroads that occurred in the United States in 1894. The conflict began in the town of Pullman, Illinois on May 11 when approximately 3,000 employees of the Pullman Palace Car Company began a wildcat strike in response to recent...

  • Victorian Police strike (Australia, 1923)
    1923 Victorian Police strike
    The 1923 Victorian Police strike occurred in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. On the eve of the Melbourne Spring Racing Carnival in November 1923, half the police force in Melbourne went on strike over the operation of a supervisory system using labour spies...

  • Chrysler wildcat strike (Michigan, 1968)
    Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement
    The Dodge Revolutionary Union Movement was an organization of African-American workers formed in May 1968 in the Chrysler Corporation's Hamtramck Assembly plant, formerly Dodge Main, Detroit, Michigan....

  • US postal strike (U.S., 1970)
    U.S. postal strike of 1970
    The U.S. postal strike of 1970 was a groundbreaking two-week strike by federal postal workers in March 1970. President Richard Nixon called out the United States armed forces and the National Guard in an attempt to distribute the mail and break the strike....

  • General Motors wildcat strike (Connecticut, Election Day 1976)
  • Winter of Discontent (U.K., 1978-1979)
    Winter of Discontent
    The "Winter of Discontent" is an expression, popularised by the British media, referring to the winter of 1978–79 in the United Kingdom, during which there were widespread strikes by local authority trade unions demanding larger pay rises for their members, because the Labour government of...

  • Jeffboat wildcat strike (Indiana, 2001)
    Jeffboat
    Jeffboat is the largest inland shipbuilder in the United States, located in Jeffersonville, Indiana. It is the second-largest builder of barges...

  • Dhaka strikes (Bangladesh, 2006)
    2006 Dhaka strikes
    From May 20 to June 6, nearly 1.8 million garment workers of Bangladesh concentrated in industrial areas in and around the capital Dhaka engaged in a series of simultaneous massive wildcat strikes. During this period, especially from May 20 to May 24 when garment workers’ revolt was at its peak,...

  • Toronto Transit Commission wildcat strike (Canada, 2006)
  • Freightliner wildcat strike (North Carolina, 2007)
  • 2009 Lindsey Oil Refinery strikes
    2009 Lindsey Oil Refinery strikes
    The 2009 Lindsey Oil Refinery strikes were a series of wildcat strikes that affected the energy industry in the United Kingdom in 2009. The action involved workers at around a dozen energy sites across the UK who walked out in support of other British workers at the Total's Lindsey Oil Refinery...

  • 2010 Spanish Air Controllers Strike (Spain, 2010)

See also


  • Black cat (anarchist symbol), also known as the "wild cat"

External links