is the 4th municipal District of Vienna
The districts of Vienna are 23 named city sections of Vienna, Austria, which are also numbered for easy reference. For centuries, district boundaries have changed...
Austria , officially the Republic of Austria , is a landlocked country of roughly 8.4 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the...
German is a West Germanic language, related to and classified alongside English and Dutch. With an estimated 90 – 98 million native speakers, German is one of the world's major languages and is the most widely-spoken first language in the European Union....
: 4. Bezirk
). It is near the center of Vienna and was established as a district in 1850, but borders changed later. Wieden is a small region near the city center.
After World War II, Wieden was part of the Soviet sector of Vienna for 10 years.
Wieden was first named in 1137, and is, thus, the oldest Vorstadt
(former municipality within the Linienwall
) of Vienna. The main street (Wiedner Hauptstraße) is certainly even older. Under Ferdinand II
Ferdinand II , a member of the House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor , King of Bohemia , and King of Hungary . His rule coincided with the Thirty Years' War.- Life :...
the royal Summer residence was completed, and afterwards, many times expanded until Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma...
decided not to use it anymore and sold it to the Jesuits.
In the beginning of 18th century, the development of Wieden into a city began. Many palaces and other buildings were built. Two small Vorstädte
in the area of the present fourth district were Hungelbrunn and Schamburgergrund.
These three areas along with a progression of others were incorporated on March 6, 1850. Because of social and economic differences, in 1861, the fifth district Margareten
Margareten is the fifth district of Vienna . It is near the center of Vienna and was established as a district in 1850, but borders changed later. Margareten is a heavily populated urban area with many workers and residential homes.- Description :...
Also the so-called Freihaus
A Freihaus was a house that, although physically within the city walls of a medieval or early modern city, was legally outside it. That is, the residents of a Freihaus legally lived in the surrounding countryside and were outside the jurisdiction of the city Court and were exempt from municipal...
, dated 1700, the largest apartment building/tenement of the time was located in this area, where it deteriorated until 1970. In the occupation years (1945–1955), Wieden was part of the Soviet sector of Vienna.
- Johannes Brahms
Johannes Brahms was a German composer and pianist, and one of the leading musicians of the Romantic period. Born in Hamburg, Brahms spent much of his professional life in Vienna, Austria, where he was a leader of the musical scene...
, lived here
- Christoph Willibald Gluck
Christoph Willibald Ritter von Gluck was an opera composer of the early classical period. After many years at the Habsburg court at Vienna, Gluck brought about the practical reform of opera's dramaturgical practices that many intellectuals had been campaigning for over the years...
, lived here
- Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer (de)
- Karl Kraus
Karl Kraus was an Austrian writer and journalist, known as a satirist, essayist, aphorist, playwright and poet. He is regarded as one of the foremost German-language satirists of the 20th century, especially for his witty criticism of the press, German culture, and German and Austrian...
, lived here
- Rosa Mayreder
Rosa Mayreder was an Austrian freethinker, author, painter, musician and feminist. She was the daughter of Franz Arnold Obermayer, a wealthy restaurant operator and barkeeper, and his second wife Marie.Rosa had 12 brothers and sisters and although her conservative father did not believe in the...
- Emanuel Schikaneder
Emanuel Schikaneder , born Johann Joseph Schickeneder, was a German impresario, dramatist, actor, singer and composer. He was the librettist of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera The Magic Flute and the builder of the Theater an der Wien...
- Johann Strauß II. , lived here
- Cäcilia Cordula Weber, née Stamm
Cäcilia Cordula Stamm was the mother of Constanze Weber, wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.She was born in Mannheim, Germany, the daughter of Johann Otto Stamm, a government secretary and Sophia Elisabeth Wimmer. She married Franz Fridolin Weber on 14 September 1756, and had four daughters:...
, died here
- Josephine Haas (later Haas von Längenfeld-Pfalzheim) (1783, Burglengenfeld
Burglengenfeld is a town in the district of Schwandorf, in Bavaria, Germany. It is situated on the river Naab, 22 km north of Regensburg....
- 1846), a female German-Austrian philanthropist, lived and died here (de)
- Joseph Ulrich Danhauser (1780, Vienna - 1829, Vienna), Austrian furniture maker, father of Josef Danhauser
Josef Danhauser was an Austrian painter, one of the main artists of Biedermeier period, together with Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller, Peter Fendi, among others...
- Josef Feid (1806–1870, Weidling
A Weidling is a flat boat , usually 10 feet long and weighs about 320 kilograms. It is now mostly made of plastic, wood and old versions exist as well as rare metal versions. There is also the nave, which brings it to 15 meters in length and 1,700 kilograms in weight...
), Austrian painter, born here (de)
- Adalbert Nikolaus Fuchs (1814, Wieden - 1886, Kritzendorf), Austrian agricultural scientist, born here (de)
- Karl Lueger
Karl Lueger was an Austrian politician and mayor of Vienna. The populist and anti-Semitic politics of his Christian Social Party are sometimes viewed as a model for Hitler's Nazism.- Career :...
(1844–1910), Viennese mayor, born here
- Johann Matthias Ranftl (1804–1854), Austrian artist, born here (de)
- Johann Heinrich Steudel (1825–1891, Weikersdorf), politician, born here (de)