The Whitney Biennial
is a biennale exhibition
Art exhibitions are traditionally the space in which art objects meet an audience. The exhibit is universally understood to be for some temporary period unless, as is rarely true, it is stated to be a "permanent exhibition". In American English, they may be called "exhibit", "exposition" or...
of contemporary American
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...
art, typically by young and lesser known artists, on display at the Whitney Museum of American Art
The Whitney Museum of American Art, often referred to simply as "the Whitney", is an art museum with a focus on 20th- and 21st-century American art. Located at 945 Madison Avenue at 75th Street in New York City, the Whitney's permanent collection contains more than 18,000 works in a wide variety of...
in New York City, USA. The event began as an annual exhibition in 1932, the first biennial was in 1973. The Whitney show is generally regarded as one of the leading shows in the art world, often setting or leading trends in contemporary art
Contemporary art can be defined variously as art produced at this present point in time or art produced since World War II. The definition of the word contemporary would support the first view, but museums of contemporary art commonly define their collections as consisting of art produced...
The fifty-five artists, for 2010, were selected by curator Francesco Bonami and associate curator Gary Carrion-Murayari:
- David Adamo
- Richard Aldrich
- Michael Asher
- Joe Bun Keo
- Tauba Auerbach
- Nina Berman
Nina Berman is an American documentary photographer. Her wedding photo of wounded Iraq War veteran Ty Ziegel and his bride, Renee Kline, won the 2007 World Press Photo competition. She is the author of the book Purple Hearts - Back from Iraq portraits and interviews with 20 veterans, 2004...
- Huma Bhabha
- Josh Brand
- The Bruce High Quality Foundation
The Bruce High Quality Foundation is an arts collective in Brooklyn, New York City, the United States, which was "created to foster an alternative to everything." The collective is made up of five to eight rotating and anonymous members, most or all of whom are Cooper Union graduates...
- James Casebere
James Casebere is an American contemporary artist and photographer living in New York.-Biography:James Casebere, born in Lansing, Michigan, grew up outside of Detroit. He attended Michigan State University and graduated from the Minneapolis College of Art and Design with a BFA in 1976...
- Edgar Cleijne and Ellen Gallagher
- Dawn Clements
- George Condo
George Condo is an American contemporary visual artist.-Life and career:Condo works in the medium of painting and sculpture...
- Sarah Crowner
Suzan Frecon is a contemporary artist who lives and works in New York. She is represented by Lawrence Markey, San Antonio and David Zwirner, New York....
Theaster Gates is an American Installation artist Social Practice artist. He lives and works in Chicago, Illinois. Gates' work has been shown at major museums and galleries internationally and deals with issues of urban planning, religious space, and craft...
Jesse Aron Green
Thomas Houseago is a contemporary visual artist. He currently lives and works in Los Angeles, California.He is a figurative sculptor who uses lo-fi materials such as plaster and plywood...
Jessica Jackson Hutchins
Jessica Jackson Hutchins-Malkmus is an American artist based in Portland, Oregon.She is the wife of Pavement band member, Stephen Malkmus. She is a graduate of Oberlin College...
Martin Kersels is an American contemporary artist born in 1960 in Los Angeles. Who focuses his shows on sculpture, while also incorporating photography and video. He now lives and works in Sierra Madre, CA...
Ari Marcopoulos is an Amsterdam-born photographer and filmmaker, living and working in New York and California. As a photographer, film artist and adventurist, Marcopoulos, who began his career in New York City assisting Andy Warhol, transplants himself into the intimate lives of people living...
Josephine Meckseper is a German artist based in New York.Meckseper studied at Berlin University of the Arts in Berlin from 1986–1990, and completed her MFA at the California Institute of the Arts in 1992....
Charles Ray is a Los Angeles-based sculptor. He is known for his strange and enigmatic sculptures that draw the viewer’s perceptual judgments into question in jarring and unexpected ways...
The Whitney Museum had a long history beginning in 1932 of having a large group exhibition of invited American artists every year called the 'Whitney Annual'. In the late sixties it was decided to alternate between painting and sculpture, although by the 1970s the decision was to combine both together in a biennial. The first Biennial was in 1973.
In 1987 the show was protested by the Guerrilla Girls
Guerrilla Girls are an anonymous group of feminists devoted to fighting against sexism within the visual fine art world internationally. Started in New York City in 1985 to protest gender and racial inequality in the art world, members are known for the gorilla masks they wear to keep their...
for its alleged sexism
Sexism, also known as gender discrimination or sex discrimination, is the application of the belief or attitude that there are characteristics implicit to one's gender that indirectly affect one's abilities in unrelated areas...
Racism is the belief that inherent different traits in human racial groups justify discrimination. In the modern English language, the term "racism" is used predominantly as a pejorative epithet. It is applied especially to the practice or advocacy of racial discrimination of a pernicious nature...
Since 2000, the Bucksbaum Award
The Bucksbaum Award was established in 2000 by the Bucksbaum Family Foundation and the Whitney Museum of American Art. It is awarded biannually "to honor an artist, living and working in the United States, whose work demonstrates a singular combination of talent and imagination." The $100,000...
has been awarded to an artist exhibiting at the Biennial.
The 2008 Biennial
opened on March 6, curated by Henriette Huldisch and Shamim M. Momin
Shamim M. Momin is an American art director and curator of contemporary art. Momin is head of the Los Angeles Nomadic Division, a non-profit art organization in Los Angeles, California. She is also an Adjunct Curator for the Whitney Museum of American Art where she co-curated the 2008 and 2004...
. That year brought big changes to the Biennial. The exhibition took over the Park Avenue Armory as a space for performance and installation art.