is a city in and the capital of Varamin County
Varamin County is a county in Tehran Province in Iran. The capital of the county is Varamin. At the 2006 census, the county's population was 540,442, in 134,538 families; excluding those portions, the population was 470,447, in 117,250 families...
, Tehran Province
Tehran Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It covers on area of 18,909 square kilometers and is located to the north of the central plateau of Iran....
Iran , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran , is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran" has been in use natively since the Sassanian era and came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia...
. At the 2006 census, its population was 208,569, in 53,639 families.
Varamin has an extensive history. The raiding of Ray
Rey or Ray , also known as Rhages and formerly as Arsacia, is the capital of Rey County, Tehran Province, Iran, and is the oldest existing city in the province....
by the invading Mongols and Timurid
The Timurids , self-designated Gurkānī , were a Persianate, Central Asian Sunni Muslim dynasty of Turko-Mongol descent whose empire included the whole of Iran, modern Afghanistan, and modern Uzbekistan, as well as large parts of contemporary Pakistan, North India, Mesopotamia, Anatolia and the...
s, generated a flux of migrations to this area.
Included amongst the significant antiquities of Varamin are the mausoleum
A mausoleum is an external free-standing building constructed as a monument enclosing the interment space or burial chamber of a deceased person or persons. A monument without the interment is a cenotaph. A mausoleum may be considered a type of tomb or the tomb may be considered to be within the...
of Imamzadeh Yahya
built in the 14th century, and the Congregation (Jame') Mosque, from the era of the Ilkhanid Abu Saeed
Abu Sa'id also Abusaid Bahador Khan, Abu Sayed Behauder , was the ninth ruler of the Ilkhanate state in Iran ....
- Visibility : Varamin rugs and carpets have geometric patterns with repeated medallions, especially on runners. They are made by tribal people who either live in or pass by Varamin.
- Size & Shapes : Varamin carpets and rugs come in different sizes, but the majority of them are mid-size (4 x 6 to 8 x 10 feet).
- Color : Dark brown and dark red on khaki or dark blue backgrounds are the main colors used in Varamin rugs and carpets.
- Texture: Soft wool; thin, tight pile.
- Foundation : Warps and wefts are mostly cotton.
- Knots : The village and workshop weavers mainly use the asymmetrical (Persian) knot, while the nomads, depending on their ethnicity, use either the asymmetrical or the symmetrical (Turkish) knot.
- Photographs of monuments in a near Varāmin (these photographs are available on flickr):
- — Part of the exterior of Masjed-e Jāme'eh Varāmin: (1).
- — The interior of Masjed-e Jāme'eh Varāmin: (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6).
- — Mil Hill (Tappe-ye Mil) near Varāmin: (1), (2).
- — The exterior of the Shah-Abbasi
Shāh ‘Abbās the Great was Shah of Iran, and generally considered the greatest ruler of the Safavid dynasty. He was the third son of Shah Mohammad....
A caravanserai, or khan, also known as caravansary, caravansera, or caravansara in English was a roadside inn where travelers could rest and recover from the day's journey...
, South on Varāmin: (1)-(5).
- — The interiour of the Shah-Abbasi Caravanserai: (1).
- — Views of a traditional abandoned house in Varāmin: (1), (2), (3), (4).