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V Corps (Ottoman Empire)

V Corps (Ottoman Empire)

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The V Corps of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman EmpireIt was usually referred to as the "Ottoman Empire", the "Turkish Empire", the "Ottoman Caliphate" or more commonly "Turkey" by its contemporaries...

 (Turkish
Turkish language
Turkish is a language spoken as a native language by over 83 million people worldwide, making it the most commonly spoken of the Turkic languages. Its speakers are located predominantly in Turkey and Northern Cyprus with smaller groups in Iraq, Greece, Bulgaria, the Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo,...

: 5 nci Kolordu or Beşinci Kolordu) was one of the corps
Corps
A corps is either a large formation, or an administrative grouping of troops within an armed force with a common function such as Artillery or Signals representing an arm of service...

 of the Ottoman Army. It was formed in the early 20th century during Ottoman military reforms.

Order of Battle, 1911


With further reorganizations of the Ottoman Army, to include the creation of corps level headquarters, by 1911 the V Corps was headquartered in Salonika
Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki , historically also known as Thessalonica, Salonika or Salonica, is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of the region of Central Macedonia as well as the capital of the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace...

. The Corps before the First Balkan War
First Balkan War
The First Balkan War, which lasted from October 1912 to May 1913, pitted the Balkan League against the Ottoman Empire. The combined armies of the Balkan states overcame the numerically inferior and strategically disadvantaged Ottoman armies and achieved rapid success...

 in 1911 was structured as such:
  • V Corps, Salonika
    Thessaloniki
    Thessaloniki , historically also known as Thessalonica, Salonika or Salonica, is the second-largest city in Greece and the capital of the region of Central Macedonia as well as the capital of the Decentralized Administration of Macedonia and Thrace...

    • 13th Infantry Division, Salonika
      • 37th Infantry Regiment, Salonika
      • 38th Infantry Regiment, Salonika
      • 39th Infantry Regiment, Salonika
      • 13th Rifle Battalion, Salonika
      • 13th Field Artillery Regiment, Salonika
      • 13th Division Band, Salonika
    • 14th Infantry Division, Serez
      Serres
      Serres is a city in Greece, seat of the Serres prefecture.Serres may also refer to:Places:* Serres, Germany, a part of Wiernsheim in Baden-WürttembergIn France:* Serres, Aude in the Aude département...

      • 40th Infantry Regiment, Serez
      • 41st Infantry Regiment, Nevrekop
        Gotse Delchev
        Georgi Nikolov Delchev was an important revolutionary figure in Ottoman-ruled Macedonia and Thrace at the turn of the 20th century...

      • 42nd Infantry Regiment, Cuma-i Bala
        Blagoevgrad
        Blagoevgrad is а city in southwestern Bulgaria, the administrative centre of Blagoevgrad Province, with a population of about 74,302 . It lies on the banks of the Blagoevgradska Bistritsa River....

      • 14th Rifle Battalion, Yemen
        Yemen
        The Republic of Yemen , commonly known as Yemen , is a country located in the Middle East, occupying the southwestern to southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, and Oman to the east....

      • 14th Field Artillery Regiment, Serez
      • 14th Division Band, Serez
    • 15th Infantry Division, Usturmaca
      Strumica
      Strumica is the largest city in eastern Macedonia, near the Novo Selo-Petrich border crossing with Bulgaria. About 100,000 people live in the region surrounding the city. The city is named after the Strumica River which runs through it...

      • 43rd Infantry Regiment, Usturmaca
      • 44th Infantry Regiment, Petriç
        Petrich
        Petrich is a town in Blagoevgrad Province in southwestern Bulgaria, located at the foot of the Belasica Mountains in the Strumeshnitsa Valley. , the town has 29920 inhabitants.Petrich is located close to the borders with Greece and the Republic of Macedonia...

      • 45th Infantry Regiment, Petriç
      • 15th Rifle Battalion, Gevgili
        Gevgelija
        Gevgelija is a town with a population of 15,685 located in the very southeast of the Republic of Macedonia along the banks of the Vardar River, situated at the country's main border with Greece , the point which links the motorway from Skopje and three other former Yugoslav capitals with...

      • 15th Field Artillery Regiment, Salonika
      • 15th Division Band, Usturmaca

  • Units of V Corps
  • 5th Rifle Regiment, Salonika
  • 6th Cavalry Brigade, Gevgili
    • 14th Cavalry Regiment, Gevgili
    • 25th Cavalry Regiment, Serez
    • 26th Cavalry Regiment, Salonika
  • 5th Mountain Artillery Battalion, Katerin
    Katerini
    Katerini is a town in Central Macedonia, Greece, the capital of Pieria regional unit. It lies on the Pierian plain, between Mt. Olympus and the Thermaikos Gulf, at an altitude of 14 m. The town, which is one of the newest in Greece, has a population of 83,764...

  • 6th Mountain Artillery Battalion, Katerin
  • 4th Field Howitzer Battalion, Demir Hisar
    Demir Hisar (town)
    Demir Hisar is a town in Republic of Macedonia. It is the seat of Demir Hisar Municipality. This small settlement has an absolute Macedonian ethnic majority...

  • 5th Engineer Battalion, Gevgili
  • 5th Transport Battalion, Salonika
  • Salonika Port Command, Salonika
    • Heavy Artillery Battalion, Salonika
    • Torpedo Detachment, Salonika
    • Searchlight Detachment, Salonika
  • Border Detachment

Order of Battle, October 19, 1912


On October 19, 1912, the corps was structured as follows:
  • V Corps (Serbian Front, under the command of the Vardar Army
    Vardar Army
    The Vardar Army of the Ottoman Empire was one of the field armies under the command of the Western Army. It was formed during the mobilization phase of the First Balkan War.- Order of Battle, October 19, 1912 :...

     of the Western Army)
    • 13th Division, 15th Division, 16th Division
    • Iştip Redif Division

Order of Battle, November 12, 1912


On November 12, 1912, the corps was structured as follows:
  • V Corps (under the command of the Northern Group of the Vardar Army
    Vardar Army
    The Vardar Army of the Ottoman Empire was one of the field armies under the command of the Western Army. It was formed during the mobilization phase of the First Balkan War.- Order of Battle, October 19, 1912 :...

    )
    • 13th Division, 15th Division
    • 5th Rifle Regiment, 26th Cavalry Regiment, 19th Artillery Regiment

Order of Battle, November 16, 1912


On November 16, 1912, the corps was structured as follows:
  • V Corps (under the command of Right Flank Defensive Corps of the Vardar Army
    Vardar Army
    The Vardar Army of the Ottoman Empire was one of the field armies under the command of the Western Army. It was formed during the mobilization phase of the First Balkan War.- Order of Battle, October 19, 1912 :...

    )
    • 13th Division, 15th Division, 18th Division

Order of Battle, August 1914


In August 1914, the corps was structured as follows:
  • V Corps (Anatolia)
    • 13th Division, 14th Division, 15th Division

Order of Battle, November 1914, Late April 1915


In November 1914, Late April 1915, the corps was structured as follows:
  • V Corps (Thrace)
    • 13th Division, 14th Division, 15th Division

Order of Battle, Late Summer 1915, January 1916


In Late Summer 1915, January 1916, the corps was structured as follows:
  • V Corps (Gallipoli)
    • 13th Division, 14th Division, 15th Division

Order of Battle, August 1916


In August 1916, the corps was structured as follows:
  • V Corps (Caucasus)
    • 9th Division, 10th Division, 13th Division

Order of Battle, December 1916, August 1917


In December 1916, August 1917, the corps was structured as follows:
  • V Corps (Caucasus)
    • Coastal Detachments

Sources