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University of Zagreb

University of Zagreb

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The University of Zagreb is the biggest Croatia
Croatia
Croatia , officially the Republic of Croatia , is a unitary democratic parliamentary republic in Europe at the crossroads of the Mitteleuropa, the Balkans, and the Mediterranean. Its capital and largest city is Zagreb. The country is divided into 20 counties and the city of Zagreb. Croatia covers ...

n university
University
A university is an institution of higher education and research, which grants academic degrees in a variety of subjects. A university is an organisation that provides both undergraduate education and postgraduate education...

 and the oldest continuously operating university in the area covering Central Europe south of Vienna
Vienna
Vienna is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Austria and one of the nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primary city, with a population of about 1.723 million , and is by far the largest city in Austria, as well as its cultural, economic, and political centre...

 and all of Southeastern Europe. As of 2011, University of Zagreb is ranked among 500 Best Universities of the world by the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities.

Academy



The beginnings of the later university date back to 23 September 1669 when Emperor and King Leopold I
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
| style="float:right;" | Leopold I was a Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and King of Bohemia. A member of the Habsburg family, he was the second son of Emperor Ferdinand III and his first wife, Maria Anna of Spain. His maternal grandparents were Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria...

 Habsburg issued a decree granting the establishment of the Jesuit Academy of the Royal Free City of Zagreb
Zagreb
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Croatia. It is in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednica mountain. Zagreb lies at an elevation of approximately above sea level. According to the last official census, Zagreb's city...

. According to that document the study of philosophy in Zagreb acquired a formal and legal status as Neoacademia Zagrabiensis and officially became a public institution of higher education.

The academy was run by the Jesuits for more than a century until the order was dissolved by Pope Clement XIV in 1773. Under a new leadership in 1772 the academy enrolled a total of 200 students.

In 1776 Empress and Queen Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa of Austria
Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma...

 issued a decree founding the Royal Academy of Science . It consisted of three studies or faculties of philosophy, theology, and law. The former political-cameral studies became part of the newly established faculty of law, and thus were integrated into the academy. Each of the faculties of the Royal Academy of Sciences had several chairs teaching one or several courses.

The academy in Zagreb remained until 1874, despite numerous organizational changes, the focal institution of higher education in Croatia, educating most of the members of the Croatian intelligentsia.

University


Bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer
Josip Juraj Strossmayer
Josip Juraj Strossmayer was a Croatian politician, Roman Catholic bishop and benefactor.-Early life and rise as a cleric:...

 in 1861 proposed to the Croatian Parliament the founding of a university at Zagreb. During his visit to Zagreb in 1869 the Emperor Franz Joseph signed the decree on the establishment of the University of Zagreb. Five years later the Parliament passed the Act of Founding, which was ratified by the Emperor on 5 January 1874. On 19 October 1874 a ceremony was held in the name of the founding of the University of Zagreb, making it the third university in the Hungarian realm of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

In 1874 the University had four faculties:
  • Law (Pravno-državoslovni fakultet)
  • Theology (Bogoslovni fakultet)
  • Philosophy (Mudroslovni fakultet)
  • Medicine (Liječnički fakultet)


The Faculty of Medicine, however, was not put into function in 1874, it had to wait until 1917. The Faculty of Philosophy served as the general scientific faculty. Since 1876 it had geology, botany, physics, mathematics, and chemistry; since 1877 zoology; since 1882 pharmacy; since 1883 geography.

In 1860, the School of Husbandry and Forestry was originally founded in Križevci. In 1898, the Academy of Forestry (Šumarska akademija) was founded as part of the Faculty of Philosophy, which encompassed all technical studies. In 1919, this school became the Faculty of Husbandry and Forestry.

In 1919, the School of Technology (Tehnička visoka škola) was founded, which was transformed into a University Faculty in 1926. Also in 1919 the School of Veterinary Medicine (Veterinarska visoka škola) was founded, transformed into a University Faculty in 1925.

In the Faculty of Philosophy, major reorganization ensued in the 1920s, as mathematics, pharmacy and other sciences started to split off, first with the creation of separate mathematics and pharmaceutical departments in 1928, when the faculty was renamed into its current name Filozofski fakultet.

In 1926, the University was composed of seven faculties:
  • Theology (Bogoslovni fakultet)
  • Law (Pravnički fakultet)
  • Medicine (Liječnički fakultet)
  • Philosophy (Mudroslovni fakultet)
    • Philosophy dept. (Filozofski odjel)
    • Pharmacy dept. (Farmaceutski odjel)
  • Husbandry and Forestry (Gospodarsko-šumarski fakultet)
  • Veterinary Medicine (Veterinarski fakultet)
  • Technology (Tehnički fakultet)
    • Construction dept. (Građevni odsjek)
    • Engineering dept. (Strojarski odsjek)
    • Chemical dept. (Kemijski odsjek)


During the Independent State of Croatia
Independent State of Croatia
The Independent State of Croatia was a World War II puppet state of Nazi Germany, established on a part of Axis-occupied Yugoslavia. The NDH was founded on 10 April 1941, after the invasion of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers. All of Bosnia and Herzegovina was annexed to NDH, together with some parts...

 (1941–1945), the university was known as the Croatian University (Hrvatsko sveučilište).

The individual departments of the Faculty of Philosophy became separate faculties in 1942, 1946 when the Faculty of Sciences was formed, and finally in 1963.

In 1956, the Faculty of Technology was divided into four separate faculties:
  • Architecture-Construction-Geodesy (Arhitektonsko-građevinsko-geodetski fakultet)
  • Electrical engineering (Elektrotehnički fakultet)
  • Mechanical engineering-Shipbuilding (Strojarsko-brodograđevni fakultet)
  • Chemistry-Food technology-Mining (Kemijsko-prehrambeno-rudarski fakultet)

These eventually split up into the current layout.

Faculties


Natural science
Natural science
The natural sciences are branches of science that seek to elucidate the rules that govern the natural world by using empirical and scientific methods...

s
  • Faculty of Science


Engineering
Engineering
Engineering is the discipline, art, skill and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes that safely realize improvements to the lives of...

  • Faculty of Architecture
  • Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology
  • Faculty of Civil Engineering
  • Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing
    Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, University of Zagreb
    The Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing is one of the top faculties of University of Zagreb. The faculty is regarded as "the largest technical faculty and the leading educational as well as research-and-development institution in the fields of electrical engineering and computing in...

  • Faculty of Geodesy
  • Faculty of Geotechnics (in Varaždin
    Varaždin
    Varaždin is a city in north Croatia, north of Zagreb on the highway A4. The total population is 47,055, with 38,746 on of the city settlement itself . The centre of Varaždin county is located near the Drava river, at...

    )
  • Faculty of Graphic Arts
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture
  • Faculty of Metallurgy (in Sisak
    Sisak
    Sisak is a city in central Croatia. The city's population in 2011 was 33,049, with a total of 49,699 in the administrative region and it is also the administrative centre of the Sisak-Moslavina county...

    )
  • Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering
  • Faculty of Textile Technology
  • Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering


Biomedical sciences
  • Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry
  • Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
  • School of Dental Medicine
  • School of Medicine
    School of Medicine, University of Zagreb
    The School of Medicine in Zagreb is a Croatian medical school affiliated with the University of Zagreb. It is the oldest and biggest of the four medical schools in Croatia , having been established in 1917 and with 1,775 students enrolled as of 2008.-History:The School of Medicine in Zagreb was...


Biotechnology
Biotechnology
Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bioproducts. Biotechnology also utilizes these products for manufacturing purpose...

  • Faculty of Agriculture
  • Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology
  • Faculty of Forestry


Social sciences
Social sciences
Social science is the field of study concerned with society. "Social science" is commonly used as an umbrella term to refer to a plurality of fields outside of the natural sciences usually exclusive of the administrative or managerial sciences...

  • Faculty of Economics and Business
    Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb
    The Faculty of Economics and Business is one of the top faculties of University of Zagreb.Since a facility upgrade in 1987, the Faculty has a notable educational building where the total area of multi-purpose rooms in the building is .-Faculty magazines:...

  • Faculty of Kinesiology
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Organization and Informatics (in Varaždin
    Varaždin
    Varaždin is a city in north Croatia, north of Zagreb on the highway A4. The total population is 47,055, with 38,746 on of the city settlement itself . The centre of Varaždin county is located near the Drava river, at...

    )
  • Faculty of Political Science
  • Faculty of Special Education and Rehabilitation
  • Faculty of Teacher Education


Humanities
Humanities
The humanities are academic disciplines that study the human condition, using methods that are primarily analytical, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural sciences....

  • Catholic Faculty of Theology
  • Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
    Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb
    Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences or the Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb is one of the top faculties of the University of Zagreb.-History:...

  • University Centre for Croatian Studies


The arts
The arts
The arts are a vast subdivision of culture, composed of many creative endeavors and disciplines. It is a broader term than "art", which as a description of a field usually means only the visual arts. The arts encompass visual arts, literary arts and the performing arts – music, theatre, dance and...

  • Academy of Dramatic Art
    Academy of Dramatic Art, University of Zagreb
    The Academy of Dramatic Art is a Croatian drama and film school. It is one of the three art academies affiliated with the University of Zagreb, along with the Academy of Fine Arts and Academy of Music...

  • Academy of Fine Arts
    Academy of Fine Arts Zagreb
    The Academy of Fine Arts Zagreb is a Croatian art school affiliated with the University of Zagreb.The Academy was established in June 1907 as the Royal College for Arts and Crafts and initially had three departments, for sculpting, painting and art education...

  • Academy of Music
    Academy of Music, University of Zagreb
    The Academy of Music is a Croatian music school based in Zagreb. It is one of the three art academies affiliated with the University of Zagreb, along with the Academy of Dramatic Art and the Academy of Fine Arts....


Rectors

1. Matija Mesić
Matija Mesić
Matija Mesić was a Croatian historian, university professor, the first rector of the University of Zagreb....

 (1874–1875)
2. Stjepan Spevec
Stjepan Spevec
Stjepan Spevec was a Croatian university professor and rector.He graduated law at the Law Academy in Zagreb. Since Academy didn't have the right to give Ph.Ds, he received his Ph.D. in Vienna in 1868. The same year he started to work in Zagreb court, and teach administrative and canon law at the...

 (1875–1876)
3. Anton Kržan
Anton Kržan
Anton Kržan was a Croatian philosopher, university professor and a rector.Professor Kržan was the third rector magnificus of the University of Zagreb, in the academic year 1876/1877. Since that year, the choice of rector is per turnum . He received his Ph.D...

 (1876–1877)
4. Konstantin Vojnović
Konstantin Vojnović
Konstantin pl. Vojnović was a Serbian-Croatian politician, university professor and rector.Vojnović was born in Herceg Novi into the of Serbian noble family House of Vojnović, who converted from Serbian Ortodoxy to Roman Catholicism by his grandmother.He graduated law at the University of Vienna...

 (1877–1878)
5. Franjo Maixner
Franjo Maixner
Franjo Maixner was a Croatian university professor and rector of the University of Zagreb.He graduated philosophy at the Charles University in Prague...

 (1878–1879)
6. Franjo Iveković
Franjo Iveković
Franjo Iveković was a Croatain linguist and religious writer, university professor and rector of the University of Zagreb....

 (1879–1880)
7. Aleksandar Bresztyenszky
Aleksandar Bresztyenszky
Aleksandar Bresztyenszky was a Croatian law writer and politician, professor and rector of the University of Zagreb....

 (1880–1881)
8. Franjo Marković
Franjo Markovic
Franjo Marković , was a Croatian philosopher and writer.He was an academician, the first professor of philosophy at the renovated University of Zagreb in 1874...

 (1881–1882)
9. Feliks Suk
Feliks Suk
Feliks Suk was Croatian university professor and rector of the University of Zagreb....

 (1882–1883)
10. Blaž Lorković
Blaž Lorkovic
Blaž Lorković was a Croatian economist, lawyer, political and cultural worker, and the founder of Croatian political economy...

 (1883–1884)
11. Đuro Pilar (1884–1885)
12. Gustav Baron
Gustav Baron
Gustav Baron was Croatian theologian, university professor and rector of the University of Zagreb....

 (1885–1886)
13. Franjo Vrbanić (1886–1887)
14. Tadija Smičiklas
Tadija Smiciklas
Tadija Smičiklas was a Croatian historian and politician.Smičiklas finished gymnasium in Zagreb at the Greek Catholic seminary, and went on to study history and geography in the then imperial capital Vienna...

 (1887–1888)
15. Antun Franki (1888–1889)
16. Luka Marjanović (1889–1890)
17. Natko Nodilo
Natko Nodilo
Natko Nodilo was Croatian politician, historian, publicist, university professor and rector of the University of Zagreb....

 (1890–1891)
18. Ivan Bujanović (1891–1892)
19. Josip Pliverić (1892–1893)
20. Vinko Dvořák
Vinko Dvorák
Vinko Dvořák was a Czech-Croatian physicist, professor and academician.He studied mathematics and physics at the Charles University in Prague, and after graduating he became an assistant to professor Ernst Mach...

 (1893–1894)
21. Antun Maurović (1894–1895)
22. Franjo Spevec (1895–1896)
23. Armin Pavić
Armin Pavić
Armin Pavić was Croatian linguist, university professor and rector of the University of Zagreb.He received a degree in Classical philology and Slavic studies in Vienna in 1864...

 (1896–1897)
24. Juraj Dočkal (1897–1898)
25. Josip Šilović (1898–1899)
26. Đuro Arnold (1899–1900)
27. Rudolf Vimer (1900–1901)
28. Franjo Vrbanić (1901–1902)
29. Vjekoslav Klaić
Vjekoslav Klaic
Vjekoslav Klaić was a Croatian historian and writer, most famous for his monumental History of the Croats.Klaić was born in Garčin near Slavonski Brod as the son of a teacher. He was raised in German spirit and language, since his mother was German. Klaić went to school in Varaždin and Zagreb...

 (1902–1903)
30. Ivan Bujanović (1903–1904)
31. Josip Pliverić (1904–1905)
32. Antun Heinz (1905–1906)
33. Antun Bauer (1906–1907)
34. Milivoj-Klement Maurović (1907–1908)
35. Gustav Janeček (1908–1909)
36. Josip Volović (1909–1910)
37. Julije Rorauer (1910–1911)
38. Julije Domac (1911–1912)
39. Josip Pazman (1912–1913)
40. Edo Lovrić (1913–1914)
41. Đuro Korbler (1914–1915)
42. Fran Barac (1915–1916)
43. Ernest Miler (1916–1917)
44. Julije Golik (1917–1918)
45. Ivan Angelo Ruspini (1918–1919)
46. Ladislav Polić (1919–1920)
47. Karlo Radoničić (1920–1921)
48. Vladimir Varićak
Vladimir Varicak
Vladimir Varićak was a Croatian mathematician and theoretical physicist of Serbian descent....

 (1921–1922)
49. Đuro Nenadić (1922–1923)
50. Stjepan Zimmerman (1923–1924)
51. Ladislav Polić (1924–1925)
52. Drago Perović (1925–1926)
53. Ernest Miler (1926–1928)
54. Josip Belobrk (1928–1932)
55. Albert Bazala (1932–1933)
56. Đuro Stipetić (1933–1935)
57. Stanko Hondl (1935–1937)
58. Edo Lovrić (1937–1938)
59. Andrija Živković (1938–1940)
60. Stjepan Ivšić
Stjepan Ivšic
Stjepan Ivšić , Croatian linguist, Slavist and accentologist.After finishing primary school in Orahovica, he attended secondary school in Osijek and Požega. At the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Zagreb he studied Croatian and classical philology, and later specialized at the...

 (1940–1943)
61. Božidar Špišić
Božidar Špišic
Božidar Špišić was a Croatian orthopedist and rector of the University of Zagreb.In 1908, Špišić formed the first orthopedic bureau in Croatia, which is seen as the founding of orthopedics in the country. Špišić formed the orthopedic clinic in Zagreb in 1930. He was the rector of the University of...

 (1943–1944)
62. Stjepan Horvat
Stjepan Horvat
Stjepan Horvat was a Croatian patriot, geodesist and professor, dean of the Technical Faculty in Zagreb, head of the University of Zagreb, editor of the journals Geodetski list and Hrvatska državna izmjera, manager of the Department for State Survey in the Croatian Headquarters for Public Affairs,...

 (1944–1945)
63. Andrija Štampar
Andrija Štampar
Andrija Štampar was a distinguished scholar in the field of social medicine from Croatia.-Education:...

 (1945–1946)
64. Grga Novak
Grga Novak
Grga Novak was a distinguished Croatian historian, archaeologist and geographer, President of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts from 1958 to 1978. Born on the island of Hvar, he was Professor of Ancient History in the University of Zagreb, where he was also Rector in 1946-1947...

 (1946–1947)
65. Andro Mohorovičić (1947–1949)
66. Marko Kostrenčić (1949–1950)
67. Antun Barac
Antun Barac
Antun Barac , was a Croatian historian.-Biography:Barac graduated at the Faculty of philosophy at the University of Zagreb in 1917, and received his Ph.D. as a high school professor on Sušak in 1918, with the thesis on Vladimir Nazor's poetry. Since 1930 he is a regular professor at the Faculty of...

 (1950–1951)
68. Fran Bošnjaković
Fran Bošnjakovic
Fran Bošnjaković was a noted Croatian engineer.Bošnjaković was born in Zagreb, where he was initially educated. He continued his education at the Technische Hochschule in Dresden, Germany...

 (1951–1952)
69. Teodor Varićak (1952–1953)
70. Željko Marković (1953–1954)
71. Hrvoje Iveković (1954–1956)
72. Zoran Bujas
Zoran Bujas
Zoran Bujas was a Croatian psychologist.Bujas was born in Split and spent his childhood in Zadar and Dubrovnik, where he graduated from high school in 1928. He graduated psychology from the University of Zagreb in 1932, where he obtained his Ph.D. in 1933...

 (1956–1958)
73. Marijan Horvat (1958–1960)
74. Vladimir Serdar (1960–1963)
75. Slavko Macarol (1963–1966)
76. Jakov Sirotković (1966–1968)
77. Ivan Supek
Ivan Supek
Ivan Supek was a Croatian physicist, philosopher, writer, playwright, peace activist and humanist.-Early years and education:Supek was born on April 8, 1915 in Zagreb, Croatia...

 (1968–1972)
78. Predrag Vranicki
Predrag Vranicki
Predrag Vranicki was a Marxist Humanist and member of the Praxis school in the 1960s in Yugoslavia.-Life:Vranicki was born in 1922, in Benkovac, Croatia. During World War II he fought with the National Liberation Army against the Fascist occupation of Yugoslavia...

 (1972–1976)
79. Drago Grdenić (1976–1978)
80. Ivan Jurković
Ivan Jurkovič
Ivan Jurkovič is a Slovenian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He serves as the Nuncio to Russia and Nuncio to Uzbekistan from 19 February and 22 July 2011 respectively having been appointed by Pope Benedict XVI.-Biography:...

 (1978–1982)
81. Zvonimir Krajina (1982–1986)
82. Vladimir Stipetić
Vladimir Stipetić
Vladimir Stipetić is a Croatian economist, academician, former university professor and rector of the University of Zagreb....

 (1986–1988)
83. Zvonimir Šeparović
Zvonimir Šeparovic
Zvonimir Šeparović is a Croatian legal scholar and politician.Šeparović used to be professor of Criminal Law at the University of Zagreb. He was also known as the pioneer of victimology and very vocal opponent of death penalty....

 (1988–1990)
84. Marijan Šunjić
Marijan Šunjić (physicist)
Marijan Šunjić is a Croatian physicist, university professor, former rector of the University of Zagreb and a diplomat....

 (1990–1998)
85. Branko Jeren (1998–2002)
86. Helena Jasna Mencer (2002–2006)
87. Aleksa Bjeliš (2006–)
Source: List of rectors at the University of Zagreb website

Legacy


Since 1874, more than 200,000 students have received a bachelor's degree, more than 18,000 a master's, and more than 8,000 a doctorate from the University of Zagreb.

See also


External links