The University of Hamburg
is a university
A university is an institution of higher education and research, which grants academic degrees in a variety of subjects. A university is an organisation that provides both undergraduate education and postgraduate education...
-History:The first historic name for the city was, according to Claudius Ptolemy's reports, Treva.But the city takes its modern name, Hamburg, from the first permanent building on the site, a castle whose construction was ordered by the Emperor Charlemagne in AD 808...
, Germany. It was founded on 28 March 1919 by Wilhelm Stern and others. It grew out of the previous Allgemeines Vorlesungswesen
and the Kolonialinstitut
(Colonial Institute) as well as the Akademisches Gymnasium
. There are around 38,000 students as of the start of 2006. In spite of its relatively short history, 6 Nobel Prize Winners and serials of scholars are affiliated to the University.
The annual recruitment of about 7,000 freshmen contributes to the current total of 38,000 students, of which every year 3,500 graduate and 900 receive doctoral degrees. Students can choose from a 120 different majors which are offered by six faculties.
On April 1, 1919, the city of Hamburg announced the creation of the University of Hamburg. However, even though it was established in 1919, the history of the university dates back to 1613. Low participation levels forced the university to close in 1893. It reorganized in 1895. After the reorganization in 1895, local businessman Edmund Siemers donated the lecture building to the university. The building currently serves as the "Main Building" for the university. There were several other educational institutions in Hamburg prior to the designation of a university. The first faculties created by the university was Law and Political Science, Medicine, Philosophy and Natural Sciences.
During the Weimar Republic
The Weimar Republic is the name given by historians to the parliamentary republic established in 1919 in Germany to replace the imperial form of government...
era, the university quickly acquired international standing in a number of disciplines because of its outstanding scholars. The National Socialist dictatorship destroyed this short and fruitful history, mostly by forcing the firing of around fifty scholars and scientists.
The university grew from 1729 students in 1919 to 12,600 in 1960 to 19,200 in 1970. Currently, almost 40,000 students which includes 2,200 foreign students, are registered.
Since the beginning of the 80s the University of Hamburg has been directing its attention in a variety of ways toward its own history.
The main campus is in the Rotherbaum
Rotherbaum is a quarter of Eimsbüttel, a borough of Hamburg, Germany. In 2006 the population was 16,853.In German, "roter Baum" means red tree. The "th", which in general was abolished in the spelling reform of 1900, was preserved in names...
quarter in the center of Hamburg. Other additional institutes of the University of Hamburg are located in other regions:
- University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (Eppendorf
Eppendorf is one of thirteen quarters in the Hamburg-Nord borough of Hamburg, Germany, and lies north of the Außenalster. In 2007 the population was 23,021.-History:...
- Botanical Garden and the Institute for General Botany (Flottbek)
- Institute of Hydrobiology and Fisheries Science near the harbor and Elbe (Altona
Altona is the westernmost urban borough of the German city state of Hamburg, on the right bank of the Elbe river. From 1640 to 1864 Altona was under the administration of the Danish monarchy. Altona was an independent city until 1937...
- Hamburg Observatory
Hamburger Sternwarte is an astronomical observatory located in the Bergedorf borough of the city of Hamburg in northern Germany. It is owned and operated by the University of Hamburg, Germany since 1968, although it was founded in 1825 by the City of Hamburg and moved to its present location in...
Bergedorf is the largest of the seven boroughs of Hamburg, Germany and a quarter within this borough. In 2006 the population of the borough was 118,942.-History:...
- Physics Institutes where the world-renowned German Electron Synchrotron (DESY
The DESY is the biggest German research center for particle physics, with sites in Hamburg and Zeuthen....
) is located (Bahr Informatikum) since 1991 (Stellingen)
As of 2006, the University of Hamburg supports 6 Collaborative Research Centres (German: Sonderforschungsbereiche
(SFB)), 6 Research Groups, 7 Research Training Groups (all funded by the DFG), 2 Max Planck Inter-national Research Schools, 13 Young Scientist Groups (Emmy-Noether-Programme, BMBF, etc.) as well as numerous large research projects funded by the BMBF, DFG, EU, Volkswagen Foundation and other grant-awarding institutions.
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Education, Psychology, and Human Movement
- Faculty of Humanities
- Faculty of Mathematics, Informatics, and Natural Sciences
- ZBH Center for Bioinformatics
With almost 850 professors engaged in teaching and research, the University of Hamburg is the largest in Hamburg. There are 1,800 academic staff members and 6,650 administrative staff members spread throughout 270 buildings in Hamburg.
List of institutes
- Archaeological Institute
- Biozentrum Grindel und Zoologisches Museum
- Joint MBA with Fudan University
- Regionales Rechenzentrum der Universität Hamburg
- Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Carl von Ossietsky
- University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf
- Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine
Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine; is a medical institution based in Hamburg, Germany which is dedicated to research, treatment, training and therapy of tropical and infectious diseases....
- University of Hamburg is one of the two founding member of the China-EU School of Law in China University of Political Science in China, which contains 16 member institutions for providing mid-career training, master degree and joint doctoral research in China-European Law.
- Gerd Bucerius
Gerd Bucerius was a German politician and journalist, one of the founding members of Die Zeit. He is the namesake of the Bucerius Law School in Hamburg and of the Bucerius Kunst Forum, an art gallery....
- Politician, the namesake of the Bucerius Law School
Bucerius Law School is a small, non-state university affiliated private law school located in Hamburg, Germany. The school is the first private law school in Germany and is often ranked as the best law school in the country. It admits 100 bachelor students per year, who achieve very high results in...
- Azriel Carlebach
Dr. Ezriel Carlebach was a journalist and editorial writer during the period of Jewish settlement in Palestine and during the early days of the state of Israel...
(1909–56), Israeli journalist and editorial writer
- Shiing-Shen Chern
Shiing-Shen Chern was a Chinese American mathematician, one of the leaders in differential geometry of the twentieth century.-Early years in China:...
- Winner of Wolf Prize in mathematics in 1984
- Jürgen Ehlers
Jürgen Ehlers was a German physicist who made notable contributions to the current understanding of Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity...
- Winner of Max Planck Medal in 2002
- Rainer Froese
Rainer Froese, born 25 August 1950, is a senior scientist at the Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences in Kiel and a Pew Fellow in Marine Conservation. He obtained an MSc in Biology in 1985 at the University of Kiel and a PhD in Biology in 1990 from the University of Hamburg...
– Developer of FishBase
FishBase is a comprehensive database of information about fish species . It is the largest and most extensively accessed online database on adult finfish on the web...
- Harald zur Hausen
Harald zur Hausen is a German virologist and professor emeritus. He has done research on cancer of the cervix, where he discovered the role of papilloma viruses, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2008.-Biography:Zur Hausen was born in Gelsenkirchen, Germany, went to...
- Winner of Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2008
- Wolfgang Hoffmann-Riem
Wolfgang Hoffmann-Riem is a German legal scholar and a former judge of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany.-Career:...
- Legal scholar and a former judge of the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany
- J. Hans D. Jensen
Johannes Hans Daniel Jensen was a German nuclear physicist. During World War II, he worked on the German nuclear energy project, known as the Uranium Club, in which he made contributions to the separation of uranium isotopes. After the war Jensen was a professor at the University of Heidelberg...
- Winner of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1963
- Hein Kötz
Hein Kötz is a German jurist, former Director of the Max-Planck-Institute for foreign and international private law , the Bucerius Law School and Vice President of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft .-Biography:...
- Director of the Max-Planck-Institute for foreign and international private law (MPI-PRIV), the Bucerius Law School and Vice President of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.
- Hans Adolf Krebs
Sir Hans Adolf Krebs was a German-born British physician and biochemist. Krebs is best known for his identification of two important metabolic cycles: the urea cycle and the citric acid cycle...
- Winner of Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1953
- Jens Marklof
Jens Marklof is a German mathematician working in the areas of quantum chaos, dynamical systems, equidistribution, modular forms and number theory...
– Mathematician and physicist. Winner of the Whitehead Prize
The Whitehead Prize is awarded yearly by the London Mathematical Society to a mathematician working in the United Kingdom who is at an early stage of their career. The prize is named in memory of homotopy theory pioneer J. H. C...
- Paul Nevermann
Paul Nevermann was a German politician, member of the Social Democratic Party and First Mayor of Hamburg ....
- First Mayor of Hamburg (1961–1965)
- Jože Pučnik
Jože Pučnik was a Slovenian public intellectual, sociologist and politician. During the Communist regime of Josip Broz Tito, Pučnik was one of the most outspoken Slovenian critics of dictatorship and lack of civil liberties in former Yugoslavia. He was imprisoned for a total of 7 years, and later...
- Known as one of the "Fathers of Slovenian independence from Yugoslavia"
- Peter Schlechtriem
Peter Schlechtriem was a German jurisprudential scholar.-Biography:Peter H. Schlechtriem was born March 2, 1933 in Jena and studied law at the University of Hamburg and the Albert-Ludwigs-University of Freiburg...
– Law scholar
- Helmut Schmidt
Helmut Heinrich Waldemar Schmidt is a German Social Democratic politician who served as Chancellor of West Germany from 1974 to 1982. Prior to becoming chancellor, he had served as Minister of Defence and Minister of Finance. He had also served briefly as Minister of Economics and as acting...
- Graduate. Economist, Chancellor of West Germany from 1974 to 1982
- Richard Sorge
Richard Sorge was a German communist and spy who worked for the Soviet Union. He has gained great fame among espionage enthusiasts for his intelligence gathering during World War II. He worked as a journalist in both Germany and Japan, where he was imprisoned for spying and eventually hanged....
– famous spy
- Leo Strauss
Leo Strauss was a political philosopher and classicist who specialized in classical political philosophy. He was born in Germany to Jewish parents and later emigrated to the United States...
– political philosopher well known for US Esotericism.
- Rudolf Fleischmann
Rudolf Fleischmann was a German experimental nuclear physicist from Erlangen, Bavaria. He worked for Walther Bothe at the Physics Institute of the University of Heidelberg and then at the Institute for Physics of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research...
– An experimental nuclear physicist
- Willibald Jentschke
Willibald Jentschke was an Austrian-German experimental nuclear physicist. During World War II, he made contributions to the German nuclear energy project. After World War II, he emigrated to the United States to work at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, in Ohio, for the Air Force Materiel Command...
– An experimental nuclear physicist
- Klaus Koch
– Anxpert in the growth of Biblical Studies
- Arnold Kohlschütter
Ernst Arnold Kohlschütter was a German astronomer and astrophysicist from Halle.In 1908 he was awarded his Ph.D. from the University of Göttingen....
– A well-known astronomer and astrophysicist
- Wolfgang Paul
Wolfgang Paul was a German physicist, who co-developed the non-magnetic quadrupole mass filter which laid the foundation for what we now call an ion trap...
– Winner of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1989, founder of the DESY.
- Wolfgang Pauli
Wolfgang Ernst Pauli was an Austrian theoretical physicist and one of the pioneers of quantum physics. In 1945, after being nominated by Albert Einstein, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his "decisive contribution through his discovery of a new law of Nature, the exclusion principle or...
– Winner of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1945
- Johann Radon
Johann Karl August Radon was an Austrian mathematician. His doctoral dissertation was on calculus of variations .- Life :...
– A mathematician
- Otto Stern
Otto Stern was a German physicist and Nobel laureate in physics.-Biography:Stern was born in Sohrau, now Żory in the German Empire's Kingdom of Prussia and studied at Breslau, now Wrocław in Lower Silesia....
– Winner of Nobel Prize in Physics in 1943
- William Stern – The inventor of the concept of the intelligence quotient
An intelligence quotient, or IQ, is a score derived from one of several different standardized tests designed to assess intelligence. When modern IQ tests are constructed, the mean score within an age group is set to 100 and the standard deviation to 15...
- Alfred Wegener
Alfred Lothar Wegener was a German scientist, geophysicist, and meteorologist.He is most notable for his theory of continental drift , proposed in 1912, which hypothesized that the continents were slowly drifting around the Earth...
- founder of the continental drift theory
- Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker
Carl Friedrich Freiherr von Weizsäcker was a German physicist and philosopher. He was the longest-living member of the research team which performed nuclear research in Germany during the Second World War, under Werner Heisenberg's leadership...
– An nuclear physicist known as the longest-living member of the research team which performed nuclear research in Germany during the Second World War