Home      Discussion      Topics      Dictionary      Almanac
Signup       Login
United States Department of Transportation

United States Department of Transportation

Overview
The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT or DOT) is a federal Cabinet
United States Cabinet
The Cabinet of the United States is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States, which are generally the heads of the federal executive departments...

 department of the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 government concerned with transport
Transport
Transport or transportation is the movement of people, cattle, animals and goods from one location to another. Modes of transport include air, rail, road, water, cable, pipeline, and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles, and operations...

ation. It was established by an act of Congress
United States Congress
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Congress meets in the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C....

 on October 15, 1966, and began operation on April 1, 1967. It is administered by the United States Secretary of Transportation
United States Secretary of Transportation
The United States Secretary of Transportation is the head of the United States Department of Transportation, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fourteenth in the Presidential line of succession. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Transportation on October 15, 1966,...

.

Its mission is to "Serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible, and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future."

Prior to the Department of Transportation, the Under Secretary of Commerce for Transportation administered the functions now associated with the DOT.
Discussion
Ask a question about 'United States Department of Transportation'
Start a new discussion about 'United States Department of Transportation'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Unanswered Questions
Encyclopedia
The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT or DOT) is a federal Cabinet
United States Cabinet
The Cabinet of the United States is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States, which are generally the heads of the federal executive departments...

 department of the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 government concerned with transport
Transport
Transport or transportation is the movement of people, cattle, animals and goods from one location to another. Modes of transport include air, rail, road, water, cable, pipeline, and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles, and operations...

ation. It was established by an act of Congress
United States Congress
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Congress meets in the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C....

 on October 15, 1966, and began operation on April 1, 1967. It is administered by the United States Secretary of Transportation
United States Secretary of Transportation
The United States Secretary of Transportation is the head of the United States Department of Transportation, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fourteenth in the Presidential line of succession. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Transportation on October 15, 1966,...

.

Its mission is to "Serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible, and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future."

History


Prior to the Department of Transportation, the Under Secretary of Commerce for Transportation administered the functions now associated with the DOT. In 1965, Najeeb Halaby
Najeeb Halaby
Najeeb Elias Halaby Jr. was a US businessman, government official, and the father of Queen Noor of Jordan.-Early life and ancestry:Halaby was born in Dallas, Texas. His father was Najeeb Elias Halaby Sr. a Syrian Christian, who emigrated to the United States from Syria in 1891...

, administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration
Federal Aviation Administration
The Federal Aviation Administration is the national aviation authority of the United States. An agency of the United States Department of Transportation, it has authority to regulate and oversee all aspects of civil aviation in the U.S...

 (FAA), suggested to President Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson , often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States after his service as the 37th Vice President of the United States...

 that transportation be elevated to a cabinet-level post, and that the FAA be folded into the DOT.

Divisions

  • Federal Aviation Administration
    Federal Aviation Administration
    The Federal Aviation Administration is the national aviation authority of the United States. An agency of the United States Department of Transportation, it has authority to regulate and oversee all aspects of civil aviation in the U.S...

     (FAA)
  • Federal Highway Administration
    Federal Highway Administration
    The Federal Highway Administration is a division of the United States Department of Transportation that specializes in highway transportation. The agency's major activities are grouped into two "programs," the Federal-aid Highway Program and the Federal Lands Highway Program...

     (FHWA)
  • Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
    Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
    The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration , established January 1, 2000, regulates the trucking industry in the United States. FMCSA is headquartered in Washington, DC and employs more than 1,000 people in all 50 States and the District of Columbia...

     (FMCSA)
  • Federal Railroad Administration
    Federal Railroad Administration
    The Federal Railroad Administration is an agency in the United States Department of Transportation. The agency was created by the Department of Transportation Act of 1966...

     (FRA)
  • Federal Transit Administration
    Federal Transit Administration
    The Federal Transit Administration is an agency within the United States Department of Transportation that provides financial and technical assistance to local public transit systems. The FTA is one of ten modal administrations within the DOT...

     (FTA)
  • Maritime Administration (MARAD)
  • National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
    National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
    The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is an agency of the Executive Branch of the U.S. government, part of the Department of Transportation...

     (NHTSA)
  • Office of Inspector General
    Office of Inspector General for the Department of Transportation
    The Office of Inspector General for the Department of Transportation is one of the Inspector General offices created by the Inspector General Act of 1978...

     (OIG)
  • Office of the Secretary of Transportation
    United States Secretary of Transportation
    The United States Secretary of Transportation is the head of the United States Department of Transportation, a member of the President's Cabinet, and fourteenth in the Presidential line of succession. The post was created with the formation of the Department of Transportation on October 15, 1966,...

     (OST)
  • Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
    Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
    The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration was created under the Norman Y. Mineta Research and Special Programs Improvement Act of 2004. United States president George W. Bush signed the legislation into law on November 30, 2004...

     (PHMSA)
  • Research and Innovative Technology Administration
    Research and Innovative Technology Administration
    The Research and Innovative Technology Administration is a unit of the United States Department of Transportation . It was created in 2005 to advance transportation science, technology, and analysis, and to improve the coordination of transportation research within the Department and throughout...

     (RITA)
  • Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation
    Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation
    The Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation is an agency of the United States Department of Transportation. The SLSDC is responsible for the safe and efficient movement of marine traffic through the U.S.-owned and operated facilities of the Saint Lawrence Seaway, which consists of 2 of the...

     (SLSDC)
  • Surface Transportation Board
    Surface Transportation Board
    The Surface Transportation Board of the United States is a bipartisan, decisionally-independent adjudicatory body organizationally housed within the U.S. Department of Transportation. The STB was established in 1996 to assume some of the regulatory functions that had been administered by the...

     (STB)

Former divisions


  • Transportation Security Administration
    Transportation Security Administration
    The Transportation Security Administration is an agency of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security that exercises authority over the safety and security of the traveling public in the United States....

     – transferred to Department of Homeland Security
    United States Department of Homeland Security
    The United States Department of Homeland Security is a cabinet department of the United States federal government, created in response to the September 11 attacks, and with the primary responsibilities of protecting the territory of the United States and protectorates from and responding to...

     in 2003
  • United States Coast Guard
    United States Coast Guard
    The United States Coast Guard is a branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven U.S. uniformed services. The Coast Guard is a maritime, military, multi-mission service unique among the military branches for having a maritime law enforcement mission and a federal regulatory agency...

     – transferred to Department of Homeland Security in 2003

Related legislation

  • 1806 – Cumberland Road
  • 1862 – Pacific Railway Act
  • 1887 – Interstate Commerce Act
  • 1916 – Adamson Railway Labor Act
  • 1935 – Motor Carrier Act
  • 1946 – Federal Airport Act PL 79-377
  • 1950 – Federal Aid to Highway PL 81-769
  • 1954 – Saint Lawrence Seaway
    Saint Lawrence Seaway
    The Saint Lawrence Seaway , , is the common name for a system of locks, canals and channels that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the North American Great Lakes, as far as Lake Superior. Legally it extends from Montreal to Lake Erie, including the Welland Canal...

     Act
  • 1956 – Federal-Aid to Highway/Interstate Highway Act PL 84-627
  • 1957 – Airways Modernization Act PL 85-133
  • 1958 – Transportation Act
    Transportation Act of 1958
    The Transportation Act of 1958 attempted to reinvigorate the commercial railroads of the United States by granting the Interstate Commerce Commission money to loan to railroads and power to fix prices. Despite this, railroads were still having a difficult time remaining profitable, and asked to...

     PL 85-625
  • 1958 – Federal Aviation Act PL 85-726
  • 1959 – Airport Construction Act PL 86-72
  • 1964 – Urban Mass Transportation Act
    Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964
    The Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964 provided $375 million for large-scale urban public or private rail projects in the form of matching funds to cities and states. The Urban Mass Transportation Administration was created...

     PL 88-365
  • 1965 – Highway Beautification Act
    Highway Beautification Act
    In the United States, highway beautification is the subject of the Highway Beautification Act, passed in the Senate on September 16, 1965 and in the U.S. House of Representatives on October 8, 1965, and signed by the President on October 22, 1965...

     PL 89-285
  • 1966 – Department of Transportation established PL 89-670
    Uniform Time Act
    Uniform Time Act
    The Uniform Time Act of 1966, , was a United States federal law to "promote the adoption and observance of uniform time within the standard time zones" prescribed by the Standard Time Act of 1918. Its intended effect was to simplify the official pattern of where and when daylight saving time is...

  • 1970 – Urban Mass Transportation Act
    Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1970
    The Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1970 added to the Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964 by authorizing an additional $12 billion of the same type of matching funds....

     PL 91-453
  • 1970 – Rail Passenger Service Act PL 91-518
  • 1970 – Airport and Airway Development Act PL 91-258
  • 1973 – Federal Aid Highway Act PL 93-87
  • 1973 – Amtrak Improvement Act PL 93-146
  • 1973 – Federal Aid Highway Act PL 93-87
  • 1974 – National Mass Transportation Assistance Act
    National Mass Transportation Assistance Act
    The National Mass Transportation Assistance Act of 1974 is a United States federal law that extended the Urban Mass Transportation Act to cover operating costs as well as construction costs...

     PL 93-503
  • 1976 – Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act
    Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act
    The Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976, often called the "4R Act," is a United States federal law that established the basic outlines of regulatory reform in the railroad industry and provided transitional operating funds following the 1970 bankruptcy of Penn Central...

     PL 94-210
  • 1976 – Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act
    Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act
    The Hart–Scott–Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976 is a set of amendments to the antitrust laws of the United States, principally the Clayton Antitrust Act. The HSR Act was signed into law by President Gerald R. Ford on September 30, 1976...

     PL 94-435
  • 1978 – Airline Deregulation Act
    Airline Deregulation Act
    The Airline Deregulation Act is a United States federal law signed into law on October 24, 1978. The main purpose of the act was to remove government control over fares, routes and market entry from commercial aviation...

     PL 95-504
  • 1980 – Motor Carrier Act
    Motor Carrier Act of 1980
    The Motor Carrier Regulatory Reform and Modernization Act, more commonly known as the Motor Carrier Act of 1980 is a United States federal law which deregulated the trucking industry.-Background:...

     PL 96-296
  • 1980 – Staggers Rail Act
    Staggers Rail Act
    The Staggers Rail Act of 1980 is a United States federal law that deregulated the American railroad industry to a significant extent, and replaced the regulatory structure that existed since the 1887 Interstate Commerce Act.-Background:...

     PL 96-448
  • 1982 – Transportation Assistance Act PL 97-424
  • 1982 – Bus Regulatory Reform Act PL 97-261
  • 1987 – Surface Transportation Act PL 100-17
  • 1991 – Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act
    Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act
    The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 is a United States federal law that posed a major change to transportation planning and policy, as the first U.S. federal legislation on the subject in the post-Interstate Highway System era...

     PL 102-240
  • 1998 – Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
    Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
    The Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century was enacted June 9, 1998, as Public Law 105-178. TEA-21 authorized the Federal surface transportation programs for highways, highway safety, and transit for the 6-year period 1998-2003...

     PL 105-178
  • 2000 – Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century
    Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century
    The Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment and Reform Act for the 21st Century is a United States federal law seeking to improve airline safety. It is popularly called "AIR 21," and is also known as Public Law 106-181.-Enactment:...

     PL 106-181
  • 2002 – Homeland Security Act
    Homeland Security Act
    The Homeland Security Act of 2002, , 116 Stat. 2135 was introduced in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks and subsequent mailings of anthrax spores. The HSA was cosponsored by 118 members of Congress. It was signed into law by President George W...

     (PL 107-296)
  • 2005 – Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (PL 109-59)

Budget


The DOT will award $742.5 million in funds from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to 11 transit projects. The awardees include light rail
Light rail
Light rail or light rail transit is a form of urban rail public transportation that generally has a lower capacity and lower speed than heavy rail and metro systems, but higher capacity and higher speed than traditional street-running tram systems...

 projects. Other projects include both a commuter rail extension and a subway
New York City Subway
The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, a subsidiary agency of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and also known as MTA New York City Transit...

 project in New York, New York, and a bus rapid transit
Bus rapid transit
Bus rapid transit is a term applied to a variety of public transportation systems using buses to provide faster, more efficient service than an ordinary bus line. Often this is achieved by making improvements to existing infrastructure, vehicles and scheduling...

 system in Springfield, Oregon
Springfield, Oregon
Springfield is a city in Lane County, Oregon, United States. Located in the Southern Willamette Valley, it is within the Eugene-Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area. Separated from Eugene to the west, mainly by Interstate 5, Springfield is the second-most populous city in the metropolitan area...

. The funds subsidize a heavy rail project in northern Virginia
Northern Virginia
Northern Virginia consists of several counties and independent cities in the Commonwealth of Virginia, in a widespread region generally radiating southerly and westward from Washington, D.C...

, completing the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority is a tri-jurisdictional government agency that operates transit service in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, including the Metrorail, Metrobus and MetroAccess...

's Metro
Washington Metro
The Washington Metro, commonly called Metro, and unofficially Metrorail, is the rapid transit system in Washington, D.C., United States, and its surrounding suburbs. It is administered by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority , which also operates Metrobus service under the Metro name...

 Silver Line
Silver Line (Washington Metro)
The Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project, formally dubbed the Silver Line, is an extension of the Washington Metro rapid transit system, currently under construction with the goal of providing rapid transit service to Dulles International Airport and Tysons Corner...

 to connect Washington, D.C., and the Washington Dulles International Airport
Washington Dulles International Airport
Washington Dulles International Airport is a public airport in Dulles, Virginia, 26 miles west of downtown Washington, D.C. The airport serves the Baltimore-Washington-Northern Virginia metropolitan area centered on the District of Columbia. It is named after John Foster Dulles, Secretary of...

. (DOT had previously agreed to subsidize the Silver Line construction to Reston, Virginia
Reston, Virginia
Reston is a census-designated place in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States, within the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. The population was 58,404, at the 2010 Census and 56,407 at the 2000 census...

.)

President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Barack Hussein Obama II is the 44th and current President of the United States. He is the first African American to hold the office. Obama previously served as a United States Senator from Illinois, from January 2005 until he resigned following his victory in the 2008 presidential election.Born in...

's budget request for fiscal year 2010 also includes $1.83 billion in funding for major transit projects, of which more than $600 million will go towards 10 new or expanding transit projects. The proposed budget provides additional funding for all of the projects currently receiving Recovery Act funding, except for the bus rapid transit project. It also continues funding for another 18 transit projects that are either currently under construction or soon will be.

See also


  • National Transportation Safety Board
    National Transportation Safety Board
    The National Transportation Safety Board is an independent U.S. government investigative agency responsible for civil transportation accident investigation. In this role, the NTSB investigates and reports on aviation accidents and incidents, certain types of highway crashes, ship and marine...

  • Passenger vehicles in the United States
    Passenger vehicles in the United States
    Note: this article adopts the U.S. Department of Transportation's definition of a passenger vehicle, to mean a car or truck, used for passengers, excluding buses and trains....

  • Transportation in the United States
    Transportation in the United States
    Transportation in the United States is facilitated by road, air, rail, and water networks. The vast majority of passenger travel occurs by automobile for shorter distances, and airplane for longer distances...

  • United States Federal Maritime Commission
  • United States
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...


External links