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The general meaning of the Russian and Bulgarian word troika
is three of a kind
, a collection of three
or simply the number three. It may also mean:
- Troika (triumvirate)
Troika is a committee consisting of three members. The origin of "troika" comes from the term in Russian used to describe three-horse harnessed carriage, or more often, horse-drawn sledge.- Communist states :...
of judges or political leaders
- NKVD troika
NKVD troika or Troika, in Soviet Union history, were commissions of three persons who convicted people without trial. These commissions were employed as an instrument of extrajudicial punishment introduced to circumvent the legal system with a means for quick execution or imprisonment...
, a commission of three for express judgment in the Soviet Union during the time of Joseph Stalin
- The tripartite committee led by the European Commission with the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund, that organised the financial rescues of Greece, Ireland and Portugal. See European sovereign debt crisis#Austerity and loan agreement
Music and art
- "Troika", the fourth movement of Suite from Lieutenant Kijé
Lieutenant Kijé is the score composed by Sergei Prokofiev for the 1934 Soviet film Lieutenant Kijé directed by Aleksandr Faintsimmer based on the novel of the same title by Yury Tynyanov.-Suite from Lieutenant Kijé:...
by Sergei Prokofiev
- "Troika", the eleventh movement of The Seasons
The Seasons, Op. 37a is a set of twelve short character pieces for solo piano by the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Each piece is the characteristic of a different month of the year in the northern hemisphere. The work is also sometimes heard in orchestral and other arrangements by...
by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
- "Troika", a painting by Perov.
- The Troika
The Troika is a 1997 science fiction novel by Stepan Chapman. Written in surrealist style, the novel features a highly complex plot mixing fantasy and science fiction. It received the Philip K. Dick Award for 1997.-Plot summary:...
, a 1997 novel by Stepan Chapman
- Troika, a Hugo-Award nominated 2011 novella by Alastair Reynolds
Alastair Preston Reynolds is a British science fiction author. He specialises in dark hard science fiction and space opera. He spent his early years in Cornwall, moved back to Wales before going to Newcastle, where he read physics and astronomy. Afterwards, he earned a PhD from St Andrews, Scotland...
- Troika (driving)
A troika is a traditional Russian harness driving combination, using three horses abreast, usually pulling a sleigh. It differs from most other three-horse combinations in that the horses are harnessed abreast. The middle horse is usually harnessed in a horse collar and shaft bow; the side horses...
, a sled or carriage drawn by three horses harnessed side-by-side
- Troika (dance)
Troika is a Russian folk dance, where a man dances with two women. The Russian word troika means three-horse team/gear. In the Russian dance the dancers imitate the prancing of horses pulling a sled or a carriage....
, a folk dance
- Troika Games
Troika Games was a video game developer created by the key people behind the first of the critically acclaimed Fallout series of games. The company was focused on role-playing video games between 1998 and 2005, best known for Arcanum: Of Steamworks and Magick Obscura and Vampire: The Masquerade –...
, a now defunct computer game developer
- Troika Pottery, a Cornish pottery studio
- Troika (ride)
The Troika is an amusement park ride, designed and manufactured by HUSS Maschinenfabrik in the mid-1970s. The ride is available in both transportable and permanent forms, although due to the total weight and size of the ride , transportable Troikas are unpopular and uncommon...
, a carnival/amusement park thrill ride
- Troika (confection)
Troika is a chocolate-based confection made by Nidar AS of Trondheim, Norway . It consists of three distinct layers, hence the name Troika. The top layer is soft raspberry jelly, the middle layer is truffle, and the bottom one is marzipan. It is also covered with dark chocolate...
, a brand of confection by Nidar AS (Norway)
- The Troika (Kuala Lumpur), a condominium in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia