Tripoli is the capital and largest city in Libya
Libya is an African country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west....

. It is also known as Western Tripoli , to distinguish it from Tripoli, Lebanon
Tripoli, Lebanon
Tripoli is the largest city in northern Lebanon and the second-largest city in Lebanon. Situated 85 km north of the capital Beirut, Tripoli is the capital of the North Governorate and the Tripoli District. Geographically located on the east of the Mediterranean, the city's history dates back...

. It is affectionately called The Mermaid of the Mediterranean ( ; lit: "bride of the sea"), describing its turquoise waters and its whitewashed buildings. Tripoli (lang) is a Greek name that means "Three Cities", introduced in Western European languages through Italian
Italian language
Italian is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, by minorities in Malta, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, France, Libya, Eritrea, and Somalia, and by immigrant communities in the Americas and Australia...


1801    First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America.

1801    First Barbary War: The American schooner {{USS|Enterprise|1799|6}} captures the Tripolitan polacca ''Tripoli'' in a single-ship action off the coast of modern-day Libya.

1804    Forces sent by Yusuf Karamanli of Tripoli to retake Derne from the Americans attack the city.

1805    First Barbary War: United States Marines and Berbers attack the Tripolitan city of Derna (The "shores of Tripoli" part of the Marines' hymn).

1912    Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.

1943    World War II: Troops of Montgomery's 8th Army capture Tripoli in Libya from the German-Italian Panzer Army.