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Treaty of Paris (1920)

Treaty of Paris (1920)

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The 1920 Treaty of Paris was an act signed by Romania
Romania
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea...

 and the principal Allied Powers of the time (France, United Kingdom, Italy and Japan) whose purpose was the recognition of Romania
Romania
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeastern Europe, on the Lower Danube, within and outside the Carpathian arch, bordering on the Black Sea...

n sovereignty over Bessarabia
Bessarabia
Bessarabia is a historical term for the geographic region in Eastern Europe bounded by the Dniester River on the east and the Prut River on the west....

. The treaty, however, never came into force because Japan failed to ratify it.

On April 9, 1918 (old style March 27, 1918), during the chaos of the Russian Civil War
Russian Civil War
The Russian Civil War was a multi-party war that occurred within the former Russian Empire after the Russian provisional government collapsed to the Soviets, under the domination of the Bolshevik party. Soviet forces first assumed power in Petrograd The Russian Civil War (1917–1923) was a...

, the Bessarabian legislature (Sfatul Ţării
Sfatul Tarii
Sfatul Țării was, in 1917-1918, the National Assembly of the Governorate of Bessarabia of the disintegrating Russian Empire, which proclaimed the independent Moldavian Democratic Republic in December 1917, and then union with Romania in April 1918.-Russian participation in World War I:In August...

) voted in favor of unification with Romania with 86 votes in favor, three against, and 36 abstentions, an act regarded by the Russians as a Romanian invasion.

As with the Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The other Central Powers on the German side of...

, the 1920 treaty contained the Covenant of the League of Nations
League of Nations
The League of Nations was an intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War. It was the first permanent international organization whose principal mission was to maintain world peace...

, and, as a result, it was not ratified by the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

. The United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 refused initially to sign the Treaty on the grounds that Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

was not represented at the treaty conference.

The Paris Peace Treaty of October 28, 1920, formally recognized the union of Bessarabia with Romania. The Soviet Union and Japan never recognized this Union.

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