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The Transportation Equity Act
for the 21st Century (TEA-21
) was enacted June 9, 1998, as Public Law
Public law is a theory of law governing the relationship between individuals and the state. Under this theory, constitutional law, administrative law and criminal law are sub-divisions of public law...
105-178. TEA-21 authorized the Federal surface transportation programs for highways, highway safety, and transit for the 6-year period 1998-2003. Because Congress could not agree on funding levels, the Act – which had continued past 2003 by means of temporary extensions – was allowed to lapse.
The transportation equity act requires that seven planning factors be included in regional transportation plans: the plans must:
- support the economic vitality of the metropolitan planning area;, especially by enabling global competitiveness, productivity and efficiency
- increase the safety and security for the transportation system for motorized and non-motorized users
- increase the accessibility and mobility options available to people and for freight
- protect and enhance the environment promote energy conservation and improve the quality of life,
- enhance the integration of connectivity of the transportation system, across and between modes, for people and freight,
- promote efficient system management and operation,
- emphasize the efficient preservation of existing transportation system.
Factor 4 was expanded by the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act (SAFETEA-LU) in 2005 and now reads: "protect and enhance the environment, promote energy conservation, improve the quality of life, and promote consistency between transportation improvements and State and local planned growth and economic development patterns". See 23 USC 135(d)
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