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The Traduction œcuménique de la Bible TOB
(Oecumenical Translation of the Bible
) is a French
French is a Romance language spoken as a first language in France, the Romandy region in Switzerland, Wallonia and Brussels in Belgium, Monaco, the regions of Quebec and Acadia in Canada, and by various communities elsewhere. Second-language speakers of French are distributed throughout many parts...
Ecumenism or oecumenism mainly refers to initiatives aimed at greater Christian unity or cooperation. It is used predominantly by and with reference to Christian denominations and Christian Churches separated by doctrine, history, and practice...
translation of the Bible, made in 1975-1976 by Catholics and Protestants.
There was some participation by Eastern Orthodox
The term Orthodox Christianity may refer to:* the Eastern Orthodox Church and its various geographical subdivisions...
Christians, but the effect on the final version was limited given that the translation of the Old Testament was based on the Hebrew text rather than on the Septuagint
The project was initiated by Dominican
The Order of Preachers , after the 15th century more commonly known as the Dominican Order or Dominicans, is a Catholic religious order founded by Saint Dominic and approved by Pope Honorius III on 22 December 1216 in France...
s, and took the form of a revision of the Jerusalem Bible
The Jerusalem Bible is a Roman Catholic translation of the Bible which first was introduced to the English-speaking public in 1966 and published by Darton, Longman & Todd...
(Bible de Jérusalem
). The TOB was published by the Éditions du Cerf
Éditions du Cerf is a French publishing house specializing in religious books. It was founded in 1929, and operated by the Dominican Order.The name is a reference to Psalm 42 :...
and United Bible Societies
The United Bible Societies is a worldwide association of Bible societies. In 1946 delegates from 13 countries formed the UBS, as an effort to coordinate the activities of the bible societies. The first headquarters were London and in Geneva...
Unlike the Jerusalem Bible
, the TOB did not receive an imprimatur
An imprimatur is, in the proper sense, a declaration authorizing publication of a book. The term is also applied loosely to any mark of approval or endorsement.-Catholic Church:...