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The Trésor public
is the national administration of the Treasury
A treasury is either*A government department related to finance and taxation.*A place where currency or precious items is/are kept....
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...
. It is headed by the general direction of public accountancy (Direction générale de la comptabilité publique
) in the Ministry of the Economy, Finance and Industry
The Minister for the Economy, Industry and Employment , or Minister of Finance for short, is one of the most prominent positions in the cabinet of France after the Prime Minister....
The Trésor Public
is responsible for:
- the accountancy of the state;
- the control and help in the accountancy of public administrations and local governments;
- the perception of direct tax
To tax is to impose a financial charge or other levy upon a taxpayer by a state or the functional equivalent of a state such that failure to pay is punishable by law. Taxes are also imposed by many subnational entities...
es such as the income tax
An income tax is a tax levied on the income of individuals or businesses . Various income tax systems exist, with varying degrees of tax incidence. Income taxation can be progressive, proportional, or regressive. When the tax is levied on the income of companies, it is often called a corporate...
(the computation of those taxes is vested in a separate administration);
In each département
, the Treasury is headed by the Treasurer-Paymaster General (Trésorier-Payeur Général
), a high-ranking official. In Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...
, the function used to be divided into the Paymaster General of the Treasury (Payeur Général du Trésor
), and the Receiver General of the Finances (Receveur Général des Finances
). Each région
has its Treasurer-Paymaster General, the one for the département
of the région préfecture
A prefecture in France can refer to :*the Chef-lieu de département, the town in which the administration of a department is located;*the Chef-lieu de région, the town in which the administration of a region is located;...