The Toyota HiAce
is a motor vehicle
An automobile, autocar, motor car or car is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transporting passengers, which also carries its own engine or motor...
produced by the Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...
ese manufacturer Toyota. First launched in 1967, the HiAce has since been available in a wide range of configurations, including minivan (MPV)
Minivan is a type of van designed for personal use. Minivans are typically either two-box or one box designs for maximum interior volume – and are taller than a sedan, hatchback, or a station wagon....
A minibus or minicoach is a passenger carrying motor vehicle that is designed to carry more people than a multi-purpose vehicle or minivan, but fewer people than a full-size bus. In the United Kingdom, the word "minibus" is used to describe any full-sized passenger carrying van. Minibuses have a...
A van is a kind of vehicle used for transporting goods or groups of people.In British English usage, it can be either specially designed or based on a saloon or sedan car, the latter type often including derivatives with open backs...
A pickup truck is a light motor vehicle with an open-top rear cargo area .-Definition:...
A taxicab, also taxi or cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver, used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride. A taxicab conveys passengers between locations of their choice...
, and ambulance
An ambulance is a vehicle for transportation of sick or injured people to, from or between places of treatment for an illness or injury, and in some instances will also provide out of hospital medical care to the patient...
First generation (H10; 1967–1977)
Introduced in 1967, the Hiace was offered as cab-over pick-up, delivery van, and commuter vehicle. It was also called the Hiace Commercial
in camper van configuration.
This type of Hiace is a rare model these days mostly because of weather wear and rust. Hiace vans originally sold on the European market have largely been exported to Africa where they are used as public transport vehicles.
This type is known in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is a country off the southern coast of the Indian subcontinent. Known until 1972 as Ceylon , Sri Lanka is an island surrounded by the Indian Ocean, the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait, and lies in the vicinity of India and the...
as the 'Rukmani Model' because the singer and actress Rukmani Devi
Rukmani Devi was a Sri Lankan singer and actress, who was often acclaimed as "The Nightingale of Sri Lanka". She made it to the silver screen via the stage and had acted in close to 100 films, at the time of her death...
was travelling in one when it met with the accident that killed her.
Second generation (H20, H30, H40; 1977–1982)
The new Hiace of 1977 featured a more streamlined cab with single headlights. In addition to the petrol engine
A petrol engine is an internal combustion engine with spark-ignition, designed to run on petrol and similar volatile fuels....
, a 2.2 litre diesel engine
A diesel engine is an internal combustion engine that uses the heat of compression to initiate ignition to burn the fuel, which is injected into the combustion chamber...
was offered in certain markets. New for the "20-40 series" Hiace was a double-cab pick-up, super-long-wheelbase van, and a high-roof Commuter.
After the third generation was released in 1982, certain variants of the second generation continued to be manufactured for several years. Like the first generation, this type is also very rare.
Third generation (H50; 1982–1989)
A new Hiace van was launched in 1982, with the Hiace pickup truck coming later. The cab design was common to the bigger Toyoace light truck, though it had different frontal styling.
The van's model number contains various wheelbase specification information: 50 series vans have short wheelbases, 60 series have long, and 70 series have super long. The pick-up trucks are 80 and 90-series. The Toyota Mobile Lounge, displayed at the 1987 Tokyo Motor Show
The is a biennial auto show held in October-November at the Makuhari Messe, Chiba City, Japan for cars, motorcycles and commercial vehicles. Hosted by the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association , it is a recognized international show by the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs...
, is based on the Hiace high-roof Commuter. While the van and Commuter were redesigned in 1989, the pick-up lasted until mid-1990s. This was the last Hiace pick-up.
Fourth generation (H100; 1989–2004)
The fourth generation model appeared in 1989 and was available in standard wheelbase and long wheelbase variants; a Grand Cabin
; standard wheelbase and long wheelbase van; long wheelbase and super long wheelbase high roof van. The latter shares a body design with the Commuter, which is a 15 seat minibus.
A range of engines were available in the 4th generation vehicles, ranging from 2 litre petrol engines to 3 litre turbo diesel engines. Most versions are rear-wheel drive, but part time or full time four-wheel drive
Four-wheel drive, 4WD, or 4×4 is a four-wheeled vehicle with a drivetrain that allows all four wheels to receive torque from the engine simultaneously...
versions were sold depending on specification level and market. The base model is typically the DX. Upmarket versions included CD, GL, and super GL models.
In the Philippines, the Hiace was first sold in 1995 with a diesel engine, getting revamped in 1997 as it went from business status to family van status. In 1999, the Hiace Grandia and 2.0 GL gasoline Hiace variants were launched, as well as the Hiace Commuter, a Hiace meant for business, and the Hiace was facelifted again in that year. In early 2001, the top-of-the-line 3.0 diesel Hiace Super Grandia was launched. All came with a standard 5-speed manual transmission. These variants were all sold until early 2005, with the next generation being launched in June of that same year. A special edition Hiace Super Grandia J (Japan edition) was also sold together with the RAV4 J and Revo J from 2002–2003.
This generation Hiace also remains popular in China, where it is still produced by at least three companies. These are exported to several markets, including Chile, and are also assembled in both Egypt (by Bavarian Auto Group
The Bavarian Auto Group is an Egyptian enterprise for manufacturing and selling BMW vehicles on the local market. It was founded by BMW in March 2003 as a competitor to the MB joint-venture Egyptian German Automotive Company within a joint-venture between the minister Ali El-Saiedi and the BMW...
) and Sri Lanka (as the Micro Car MPV J
Launched for Japanese market only in 1995, the Granvia
The Toyota Granvia is a large MPV produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota. Available with seven- and eight-seater configurations, it is based on the Hi Ace Powervan. Sales of the Granvia started in Japan in 1995.It has been sold in Europe and Australia and at different destinations in Asia...
is a semi-bonneted van, with the front wheels positioned in front of the front seats for better safety. The engine for Granvia is either a 2.4 L or 3.0 L diesel, or 3.4 L petrol. The Granvia spawned into the upmarket multi-purpose vehicles the Hiace Regius
, the Grand Hiace
and the Touring Hiace
. The Granvia, Grand Hiace, and Touring Hiace are upmarket passenger vans only.
In Australia, the Granvia was sold as the Hiace SBV
, alongside the fourth generation Hiace, and both were replaced by the new fifth generation model. The Hiace SBV sold in Australia (from 1999 to 2005) was designated RCH12R (short wheelbase) and RCH22R (long wheelbase) and was available only with 2.4 litre 2RZ-E
petrol engine developing 88 kW @ 4800 rpm and 200 newton metre @ 3600 rpm and five-speed manual transmission. The smaller SBV Townace was powered by a 1.8 litre petrol engine.
The Grand HiAce was based on the HiAce Powervan. Sales of the Grand HiAce started in Japan in 1999. Engines available were a 3.4-liter petrol and a 3.0-liter turbo diesel. This type was sold in Japan only until 2002.
Fifth generation (H200; 2004–present)
The fifth-generation Hiace appeared in 2005 as a wide long-wheelbase wagon, wide super-long-wheelbase high-roof "Grand Cabin", long-wheelbase van, long-wheelbase high-roof van and a wide super-long-wheelbase high-roof van. In this generation the gear stick has been moved to the dash-board to enable easier movement in the cabin. Five-speed manual and four-speed automatic transmissions are available.
All of the models use a four-cylinder DOHC engine, in a variety of forms, a 1TR-FE 2000 cc or 2TR-FE 2700 cc petrol engine or a 2KD-FTV 2500 cc or 1KD-FTV 3000 cc D-4D turbo diesel engine.
Two of these engines are available in Malaysia
, the 2.5 L turbo diesel, offered in a choice of panel van or window van; and the 2.7 L petrol, that comes only in the window van option.
The fifth-generation Hiace was launched in the Philippines on June 13, 2005, with D-4D variants, 2.5 diesel and GL Grandia, both with manual transmission. In 2006, the new top-of-the-line Hiace Super Grandia was launched, being the first ever Hiace in the Philippines with a standard automatic transmission.
The 2.5 and 3.0-litre turbo diesel engines have a maximum output of 75 kW at 3600 rpm and 80 kW at 3000 rpm respectively and maximum torque of 260 Nm at 1600–2400 rpm and 286 Nm at 1200–1600 rpm respectively. The 2.7 L petrol engine has a maximum output of 111 kW at 4800 rpm and a maximum torque of 241 Nm at 3800 rpm.
On Japan's list of the most commonly stolen vehicles the Hiace currently resides at #1. Because of a lack of a theft immobilizer, it is fairly easy to steal a Hiace, as opposed to much more valuable SUVs and sports cars, which have very technical theft deterrent systems.
Hiaces are also popular forms of transportation used by members of the entertainment business in Hong Kong
Hong Kong is one of two Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China , the other being Macau. A city-state situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour...