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in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a state of the United States of America, is one of four types of municipalities in the state (along with counties, cities, and boroughs
In the U.S. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, a borough is a self-governing municipal entity that is usually smaller than a city. There are 958 boroughs in Pennsylvania. All municipalities in Pennsylvania are classified as either cities, boroughs, or townships...
). Townships (see civil township
A civil township is a widely used unit of local government in the United States, subordinate to, and geographic divisions of, a county. Specific responsibilities and the degree of autonomy vary based on each state. Civil townships are distinct from survey townships, but in states that have both,...
) were established based on convenient geographical boundaries and vary in size from six to forty square miles (15–104 km²). There are two classifications of townships, first class and second class. To become a first class township, townships of the second class must have a population density of 300 PD/sqmi and voters must approve the change of classification in a referendum. However, many townships have chosen to remain second class townships even though they meet the population density requirements to become first class townships. Both first and second class townships may adopt home rule charters.