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The Scripps Research Institute

The Scripps Research Institute

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{{About|the medical research institution|the oceanographic research institution|Scripps Institution of Oceanography|the undergraduate college|Scripps College}} '''The Scripps Research Institute''' ('''TSRI''') is an [[United States|American]] [[medical research]] facility that focuses on research in the basic [[biomedical science]]s. Headquartered in [[La Jolla, California]], with a sister facility in [[Jupiter, Florida]], the institute is home to 3,000 scientists, technicians, graduate students, and administrative and other staff, making it among the largest private, non-profit biomedical research organizations in the world. ==History== TSRI's roots can be traced to the Scripps Metabolic Clinic, founded near the current site in 1924 by the [[philanthropist]] [[Ellen Browning Scripps]]. In 1946 it evolved into the Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation. Initially focusing on the study of [[immunology|immune disorders]] under the leadership of [[Frank J. Dixon]], over the following 25 years the faculty grew and diversified its research interests, precipitating another name change in 1977, to The Research Institute of Scripps Clinic. In 1991 the Scripps Clinic and research division became separate [[corporations]] and The Scripps Research Institute was founded. In 1989 TSRI started a graduate program. == Structure == The California campus is located on {{convert|35|acre|m2}} of land between the [[Torrey Pines State Reserve]] and the [[University of California, San Diego]] in [[La Jolla]]. In Florida, Scripps occupies {{convert|30|acre|m2}} adjacent to the John D. MacArthur campus of [[Florida Atlantic University]] in [[Palm Beach County, Florida]]. TSRI has departments of [[cancer]] biology, [[cell biology]], [[chemistry]], [[genetics]], immunology and microbial science, [[infectology]], [[molecular biology]], [[molecular]] and experimental [[medicine]], molecular therapeutics, chemical physiology, [[neurobiology]], molecular and integrative [[neurosciences]], neurobiology of addictive disorders, aging and [[metabolism]], and translational research. In addition, it incorporates: *The [[Skaggs family|Skaggs]] Institute for [[Chemical biology]] *The Pearson Center for [[Alcoholism]] and Addiction Research *The Dorris Neuroscience Center *The Center for Integrative Molecular Biosciences *The [[Kellogg School of Science and Technology]] *The Worm Institute for Research and Medicine *The Center for Regenerative Medicine *The Scripps Energy & Materials Center *The [[Translational Research]] Institute The current president and chief executive officer of TSRI is [[Richard Lerner]]. He will step down in 2012, having led the Institute for 25 years, and will be replaced by [[Michael Marletta]]. Among the 265 members of [[Faculty (university)|faculty]] are notable chemists and biologists, including [[Kyriacos Costa Nicolaou]], [[William R. Roush]], [[Ian Wilson (biologist)|Ian Wilson]], [[Dale L. Boger]], [[Charles Weissmann]], [[Peter G. Schultz]], [[John R. Yates]], [[Benjamin Cravatt III]], [[Raymond C. Stevens]] and [[Peter Wright (scientist)|Peter Wright]] as well as [[List of Nobel laureates|Nobel Laureates]] [[Gerald Edelman]], [[Paul Schimmel]], [[Kurt Wüthrich]], [[K. Barry Sharpless]] and [[Bruce Beutler]]. The Scripps Research Institute was noted as a standout in the Science Watch survey of "high-impact" papers in chemistry published between 1997 and 2008, ranked number one worldwide by citations per paper. Another measure of productivity, the [[Hirsch_Index]] (which has been published by Chemistry World), placed seven Scripps Research scientists—[[Kurt Wüthrich]], [[K.C. Nicolaou]], [[K. Barry Sharpless]], [[Richard Lerner]], [[John R. Yates]], [[Peter Schultz]], and [[Chi-Huey Wong]]—in the top 100 of 2,000 chemists rated. Recently Science Watch placed [[K. Barry Sharpless]] and [[Valery V. Fokin]] within Top 10 list of its "Top 100 Chemists 2000-2010" based on citations impact, other faculty in the list were Carlos F. Barbas, M. G. Finn and [[John R. Yates]]. The [[Scripps Institution of Oceanography]] is often incorrectly associated with TSRI; it is in fact a nearby research facility that is part of [[UCSD]]. TSRI is a private institute not directly associated with UCSD. Confusingly, the Scripps Institution of Oceanography was once called the Scripps Institution for Biological Research. ==Kellogg School of Science and Technology== The graduate program at TSRI started in 1989 as the Macromolecular and Cellular Structure and Chemistry (MCSC) Program. The Chemistry Program at Scripps followed three years after the establishment of the MCSC Program. In 2002, TSRI named its graduate program the Kellogg School of Science and Technology in honor of philanthropists Janet R. Kellogg and W. Keith Kellogg II. 2003 saw a redefinition of the Kellogg School curriculum which allowed students to sculpt course loads in myriad interdisciplinary manners. In 2005 TSRI's graduate program expanded to encompass the Jupiter, Florida campus. In addition to its Ph.D. programs, TSRI offers a Master’s Degree in the discipline of Clinical and Translational Investigation (MCTI) for physician-scientists. The institute also administers the Skaggs-Oxford Scholarship program, which allows students to pursue a joint Ph.D./D.Phil. with the [[University of Oxford]]. The most recent graduate school rankings by US News and World Resort places TSRI's program as 7th in chemistry (3rd in Organic Chemistry) and 7th in biological sciences. ==Scripps Florida== The Florida campus of TSRI operates a {{convert|350000|sqft|m2|sing=on}} state-or-the-art biomedical research facility focusing on neuroscience, cancer biology, medicinal chemistry, [[drug discovery]], biotechnology, and alternative energy development. Approximately 430 faculty, staff and students occupy TSRI's Florida campus. The grand opening of the new facility took place on February 26, 2009, five years after Scripps Florida started operating, with a public ceremony that drew many dignitaries including Florida Gov. [[Charlie Crist]]. ==Medical schools== TSRI and the [[Scripps Health]] hospital network planned to jointly start the Scripps School of Medicine, with its first students entering in 2013. It was to be located on the TSRI San Diego campus and will be [[San Diego County|the area's]]'s second medical school alongside [[University of California, San Diego School of Medicine|UCSD]]'s. The school would have offered a curriculum lasting five years focusing on both clinical care and laboratory research. TSRI needed to raise $150 million to start the school. However, the plan has been cancelled. Separately, Florida Atlantic University will start a new medical school in association with Scripps Florida, ending its relationship with the [[Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine|University of Miami's medical school]]. The first students will enter the new program in fall 2011. ==External links== *[http://www.scripps.edu The Scripps Research Institute] *[http://www.scripps.edu/florida/e_index.html Scripps Florida] *[http://www.scripps.edu/intro/glance/ Scripps introductory video] *[http://www.scripps.edu/periana/semc/ Scripps Energy & Materials Center] {{coord missing|California}}