Takhar Province

Takhar Province

Overview
Takhār is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan
Provinces of Afghanistan
The provinces of Afghanistan are the primary administrative divisions of Afghanistan. As of 2004, there are thirty-four provinces in the country. Each province is further divided into smaller districts....

. It was established in 1964 when Qataghan Province
Qataghan Province
Qataghan Province, also spelled Kataghan Province, was a province of Afghanistan which became defunct in 1964, when it was divided into the current Baghlan Province, Kunduz Province, and Takhar Province....

 was divided into three provinces: Baghlan, Kunduz and Takhar. It is in the north-east of the country. Its capital is Taloqan
Taloqan
Tāloqān is the capital of Takhar Province, in northern Afghanistan. It is located in the Taluqan District. The population was estimated as 196,400 in 2006.-History:The old city to the west on the riverside was described by Marco Polo in 1275 CE as:...

. Its salt mines are one of Afghanistan's major mineral resources. General Mohammed Daud Daud
Mohammed Daud Daud
General H.E. Mohammed Daud Daud , also known as General Daud Daud, was the police chief in northern Afghanistan and the commander of the elite 303 Pamir Corps. He was considered one of the most effective and important opponents of the Afghan Taliban.Gen. Daud studied engineering in college...

, the Deputy Minister of the Interior for Counter Narcotics in Afghanistan before he was killed, was a former governor of the Takhar province.
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Encyclopedia
Takhār is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan
Provinces of Afghanistan
The provinces of Afghanistan are the primary administrative divisions of Afghanistan. As of 2004, there are thirty-four provinces in the country. Each province is further divided into smaller districts....

. It was established in 1964 when Qataghan Province
Qataghan Province
Qataghan Province, also spelled Kataghan Province, was a province of Afghanistan which became defunct in 1964, when it was divided into the current Baghlan Province, Kunduz Province, and Takhar Province....

 was divided into three provinces: Baghlan, Kunduz and Takhar. It is in the north-east of the country. Its capital is Taloqan
Taloqan
Tāloqān is the capital of Takhar Province, in northern Afghanistan. It is located in the Taluqan District. The population was estimated as 196,400 in 2006.-History:The old city to the west on the riverside was described by Marco Polo in 1275 CE as:...

. Its salt mines are one of Afghanistan's major mineral resources. General Mohammed Daud Daud
Mohammed Daud Daud
General H.E. Mohammed Daud Daud , also known as General Daud Daud, was the police chief in northern Afghanistan and the commander of the elite 303 Pamir Corps. He was considered one of the most effective and important opponents of the Afghan Taliban.Gen. Daud studied engineering in college...

, the Deputy Minister of the Interior for Counter Narcotics in Afghanistan before he was killed, was a former governor of the Takhar province. The current governor is Abdul Jabbar Taqwa
Abdul Jabbar Taqwa
Abdul Jabbar Taqwa is a former governor of Parwan Province. He was born in Kabul in 1954, and was educated in Afghanistan before attending University of Peshawar in Peshawar, Pakistan....

.

Takhar also holds notoriety as the location where Afghan mujahideen
Mujahideen
Mujahideen are Muslims who struggle in the path of God. The word is from the same Arabic triliteral as jihad .Mujahideen is also transliterated from Arabic as mujahedin, mujahedeen, mudžahedin, mudžahidin, mujahidīn, mujaheddīn and more.-Origin of the concept:The beginnings of Jihad are traced...

 leader Ahmad Shah Massoud was assassinated on September 9, 2001 by suspected al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda is a global broad-based militant Islamist terrorist organization founded by Osama bin Laden sometime between August 1988 and late 1989. It operates as a network comprising both a multinational, stateless army and a radical Sunni Muslim movement calling for global Jihad...

 agents.

The major ethnic groups in the province are Tajiks who form majority there, followed by Uzbeks
Uzbeks
The Uzbeks are a Turkic ethnic group in Central Asia. They comprise the majority population of Uzbekistan, and large populations can also be found in Afghanistan, Tajikstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Pakistan, Mongolia and the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China...

 and a minority Pashtun
Pashtun people
Pashtuns or Pathans , also known as ethnic Afghans , are an Eastern Iranic ethnic group with populations primarily between the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and the Indus River in Pakistan...

 population. Since the people of Takhar take revange on Pashtuns for the crimes the Taliban (mainly Pashtuns) did to non-Pashtuns, the number of Pashtuns decreases like in some other districts and provinces of northern Afghanistan.


Districts

align=center style="background:#BFD7FF"| Districts of Takhar Province
District Capital Population Area Notes
Baharak
Baharak District, Takhar
Baharak District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. District was split-off from Taluqan District.- External links :* in Baharak District, 2009...

 
Created in 2005 within Taluqan District
Taluqan District
Taluqan District is a district of Takhar Province, northern Afghanistan. It contains the capital, Taloqan....

Bangi
Bangi District
Bangi District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan....

 
Chah Ab
Chah Ab District
Chah Ab District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan.-Location:Chah Ab is the fourth largest district of Takhar province and is located in the northeast of Afghanistan.-Demographics:...

 
Chal
Chal District
Chal District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan....

 
Darqad
Darqad District
Darqad District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan....

 
Dashti Qala
Dashti Qala District
Dashte Qala District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. District was split-off from Khwaja Ghar District. this district is one of the best of Takhar that has best location and vurdured district,and this district is so closed to Tajikistan also it has an ancient place and most popular in...

 
Created in 2005 within Khwaja Ghar District
Khwaja Ghar District
Khwaja Ghar District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan....

Farkhar
Farkhar District
Farkhar District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan.It is located in southern east of Taloqan city the center of Takhar province. It is a scenic valley surrounded with high mountains. The Khanabad River flows inside this valley. People from all around Afghanistan come to this valley for...

 
Hazar Sumuch
Hazar Sumuch District
Hazar Sumuch District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. District was split-off from Taluqan District....

 
Created in 2005 within Taluqan District
Taluqan District
Taluqan District is a district of Takhar Province, northern Afghanistan. It contains the capital, Taloqan....

Ishkamish
Ishkamish District
Ishkamish District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan....

 
Kalafgan
Kalafgan District
Kalafgan District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan....

 
Khwaja Baha Wuddin
Khwaja Baha Wuddin District
Khwaja Baha Wuddin District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. District was split-off from Yangi Qala District....

 
Created in 2005 within Yangi Qala District
Yangi Qala District
Yangi Qala District is one of the biggest districts in Takhar Province, Afghanistan. Economically the population of this district is involve in agriculture and some other small business. The field crop is rice and wheat, mostly the surplus rice is exporting to the neighboring district and...

Khwaja Ghar
Khwaja Ghar District
Khwaja Ghar District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan....

 
Sub-divided in 2005
Namak Ab
Namak Ab District
Namak Ab District is a district of Takhar Province, Afghanistan. District was split-off from Taluqan District....

 
Created in 2005 within Taluqan District
Taluqan District
Taluqan District is a district of Takhar Province, northern Afghanistan. It contains the capital, Taloqan....

Rustaq
Rustaq District
Rustaq District is a district of Takhar Province, northern Afghanistan. The district capital is the town of Rustaq....

 
Taluqan
Taluqan District
Taluqan District is a district of Takhar Province, northern Afghanistan. It contains the capital, Taloqan....

 
Sub-divided in 2005
Warsaj
Warsaj District
Warsaj District is a district of Takhar Province, northern Afghanistan....

 
Yangi Qala
Yangi Qala District
Yangi Qala District is one of the biggest districts in Takhar Province, Afghanistan. Economically the population of this district is involve in agriculture and some other small business. The field crop is rice and wheat, mostly the surplus rice is exporting to the neighboring district and...

 
Sub-divided in 2005


Taliban insurgency


In a small incident in July 2008, the Afghans police killed Taliban militia commander Mullah Usman when several armed militants under his command raided a police checkpoint in the Kalafgan district. This was the first time since the fall of Taliban regime in 2001 that the Taliban engaged police in this thusfar relatively peaceful province. Mullah Usman was the most senior Taliban commander in the northeast region of Afghanistan, according to the Afghan Interior Ministry.

In May 2009, Taliban insurgents fighting Afghan government attacked the Baharak district in Takhar province.

A suicide bombing on May 28, 2011, killed Mohammed Daud Daud
Mohammed Daud Daud
General H.E. Mohammed Daud Daud , also known as General Daud Daud, was the police chief in northern Afghanistan and the commander of the elite 303 Pamir Corps. He was considered one of the most effective and important opponents of the Afghan Taliban.Gen. Daud studied engineering in college...

 and injured Governor Taqwa. Several German soldiers and Afghans were also killed.

External links


  • Dupree, Nancy Hatch (1977): An Historical Guide to Afghanistan. 1st Edition: 1970. 2nd Edition. Revised and Enlarged. Afghan Tourist Organization. http://www.zharov.com/dupree/index.html
  • http://www.trekearth.com/gallery/Asia/Afghanistan/East/Takhar/ (A beautiful gallery of pictures of Takhar province)