State Council of the People's Republic of China

State Council of the People's Republic of China

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The State Council of the People's Republic of China , which is largely synonymous with the Central People's Government
Central People's Government
The Central People's Government is the central government of the People's Republic of China in Beijing. According to the 1982 Constitution, "Central People's Government" is synonymous with the State Council.-History:...

  after 1954, is the chief administrative authority
Cabinet (government)
A Cabinet is a body of high ranking government officials, typically representing the executive branch. It can also sometimes be referred to as the Council of Ministers, an Executive Council, or an Executive Committee.- Overview :...

 of the People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
China , officially the People's Republic of China , is the most populous country in the world, with over 1.3 billion citizens. Located in East Asia, the country covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometres...

. It is chaired by the Premier
Premier of the People's Republic of China
The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China , sometimes also referred to as the "Prime Minister" informally, is the Leader of the State Council of the People's Republic of China , who is the head of government and holds the highest-ranking of the Civil service of the...

 and includes the heads of each governmental department and agency. In recent times, the council has had 35 members: the premier, four vice-premiers, five standing committee members (of which two are also ministers), and 25 additional ministers. In the politics of the People's Republic of China
Politics of the People's Republic of China
The politics of the People's Republic of China take place in a framework of a single-party socialist republic. The leadership of the Communist Party is stated in the Constitution of the People's Republic of China...

, the Central People's Government forms one of three interlocking branches of power, the others being the Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
The Communist Party of China , also known as the Chinese Communist Party , is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China...

 and the People's Liberation Army
People's Liberation Army
The People's Liberation Army is the unified military organization of all land, sea, strategic missile and air forces of the People's Republic of China. The PLA was established on August 1, 1927 — celebrated annually as "PLA Day" — as the military arm of the Communist Party of China...

. The State Council directly oversees the various subordinate People's Governments in the provinces, and in practice maintains an interlocking membership with the top levels of the Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
The Communist Party of China , also known as the Chinese Communist Party , is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China...

 creating a fused center of power.

Organization


The State Council meets once every six months. Between meetings it is guided by a standing committee which meets weekly. The standing committee includes the premier, four vice premiers, and five other state councilors (one of whom serves as Secretary General of the State Council
Secretary General of the State Council
Secretary General of the State Council is a executive position within the State Council of the People's Republic of China. It subordinates below the Premier and above the Ministers of various ministries and departments....

, and two of whom concurrently serve as ministers).

The vice-premiers and state councilors are nominated by the premier, and appointed by the president with National People's Congress
National People's Congress
The National People's Congress , abbreviated NPC , is the highest state body and the only legislative house in the People's Republic of China. The National People's Congress is held in the Great Hall of the People, Beijing, capital of the People's Republic of China; with 2,987 members, it is the...

' (NPC) approval. The premier is nominated and appointed by the president with NPC approval. Incumbents may serve two successive five-year terms.

Each vice premier oversees certain areas of administration. Each State Councilor performs duties as designated by the Premier. The secretary-general heads the General Office which handles the day-to-day work of the State Council. The secretary-general has relatively little power and should not be confused with the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China
General Secretary of the Communist Party of China
The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China , officially General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, is the highest ranking official within the Communist Party of China, a standing member of the Politburo and head of the Secretariat...

.

Each ministry supervises one sector. Commissions outrank ministries and set policies for and coordinate the related activities of different administrative organs. Offices deal with matters of ongoing concern. Bureaus and administrations rank below ministries.

In addition to the 27 ministries, there are 38 centrally administered government organizations that report directly to the state council. The heads of these organizations attend full meetings of the state committee on an irregular basis.

Although the State Council is formally responsible to the NPC and its Standing Committee
Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
The Standing Committee of the National People's Congress is a committee of about 150 members of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China , which is convened between plenary sessions of the NPC. It has the constitutional authority to modify legislation within limits set by...

 in conducting a wide range of government functions both at the national and at the local levels, in practice the NPC's authority is rather limited, although it not completely non-existent. The State Council acts according by virtue of the authority of the NPC, and there has been at least one case where the NPC has outright rejected an initiative of the State Council and a few cases where the State Council has withdrawn or greatly modified a proposal in response to NPC opposition.

The State Council and the Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
The Communist Party of China , also known as the Chinese Communist Party , is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China...

 are also tightly interlocked. Most of the members of the State Council are high level party members. Although, as party members, they are supposed to follow party instructions, because they tend to be senior members of the party they also have large amounts of influence over what those instructions are. This results in a system which is unlike the Soviet practice in which the Party effectively controlled the state. Rather the party and state are fused at this level of government. The members of the State Council derive their authority from being members of the state, while as members of the Party they coordinate their activities and determine key decisions such as the naming of personnel.

Although there were attempts to separate the party and state in the late 1980s under Zhao Ziyang
Zhao Ziyang
Zhao Ziyang was a high-ranking politician in the People's Republic of China . He was the third Premier of the People's Republic of China from 1980 to 1987, and General Secretary of the Communist Party of China from 1987 to 1989....

 and have the Party in charge of formulating policy and the State Council executing policy, these efforts were largely abandoned in the early 1990s.

As the chief administrative organ of government, its main functions are to formulate administrative measures, issue decisions and orders, and monitor their implementation; draft legislative bills for submission to the NPC or its Standing Committee; and prepare the economic plan and the state budget for deliberation and approval by the NPC. The State Council is the functional center of state power and clearinghouse for government initiatives at all levels. With the government's emphasis on economic modernization, the State Council clearly acquired additional importance and influence.

The State Council controls the Ministry for National Defense
Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China
The Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China is a ministry under the State Council. It is headed by the Minister of National Defense. The MND was set up according to a decision adopted by the 1st Session of the 1st National People's Congress in 1954...

 but does not control the People's Liberation Army
People's Liberation Army
The People's Liberation Army is the unified military organization of all land, sea, strategic missile and air forces of the People's Republic of China. The PLA was established on August 1, 1927 — celebrated annually as "PLA Day" — as the military arm of the Communist Party of China...

, which is instead controlled by the Central Military Commission.

Principal officers


Wen I and II Cabinet
Office Head Tenure
Premier
Premier of the People's Republic of China
The Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China , sometimes also referred to as the "Prime Minister" informally, is the Leader of the State Council of the People's Republic of China , who is the head of government and holds the highest-ranking of the Civil service of the...

Wen Jiabao
Wen Jiabao
Wen Jiabao is the sixth and current Premier and Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, serving as China's head of government and leading its cabinet. In his capacity as Premier, Wen is regarded as the leading figure behind China's economic policy...

2003–
First Vice Premier
Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China
The Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China is a high-ranking executive assistant to the Premier. There is a First-ranking Vice Premier , sometimes called Executive Vice Premier wrongly by the non-official media. It is an informal title and takes over duties of the...

 (Financial Affairs)
Huang Ju
Huang Ju
Huang Ju was the Executive Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China. He joined the Communist Party of China in March 1966. He was ranked 6th out of 9, and was one of the least popular and most partisan members of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Party...

 
Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang is the First-ranking Vice-Premier and deputy Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, the seventh ranked member of the Politburo Standing Committee, the People's Republic of China's de facto highest decision-making body...

2003–2007
2008–
Vice Premier
Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China
The Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China is a high-ranking executive assistant to the Premier. There is a First-ranking Vice Premier , sometimes called Executive Vice Premier wrongly by the non-official media. It is an informal title and takes over duties of the...

 (Foreign Affairs and Commerce)
Wu Yi
Wu Yi
Wu Yi was one of four Vice Premiers of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, overseeing the country's economy until March 2008. Known as the "iron lady", Wu is one of the toughest negotiators in China's government.-Biography:...

 
Wang Qishan
Wang Qishan
Wang Qishan is a politician in the People's Republic of China who currently serves as the Vice-Premier in charge of economic, energy and financial affairs under premier Wen Jiabao. Previously Wang served in regional positions in Hainan and Beijing...

2003–2008
2008–
Vice Premier
Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China
The Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China is a high-ranking executive assistant to the Premier. There is a First-ranking Vice Premier , sometimes called Executive Vice Premier wrongly by the non-official media. It is an informal title and takes over duties of the...

 (Economy)
Zeng Peiyan
Zeng Peiyan
Zeng Peiyan is a Chinese politician. He was a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 2002 to 2007 and was a Vice-premier from 2003 to 2008.-Early life and career:...

 
Zhang Dejiang
Zhang Dejiang
Zhang Dejiang is a current Vice-Premier and a prominent leader of the Communist Party of China, a member of its Politburo.-Biography:Zhang, a native of Tai'an, Liaoning, attended Yanbian University, where he studied the Korean language. Beginning in August 1978 Zhang attended Kim Il-sung...

2002–2008
2008–
Vice Premier
Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China
The Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China is a high-ranking executive assistant to the Premier. There is a First-ranking Vice Premier , sometimes called Executive Vice Premier wrongly by the non-official media. It is an informal title and takes over duties of the...

 (Agriculture)
Hui Liangyu 2003–
Secretary General
Secretary General of the State Council
Secretary General of the State Council is a executive position within the State Council of the People's Republic of China. It subordinates below the Premier and above the Ministers of various ministries and departments....

Hua Jianmin
Hua Jianmin
Hua Jianmin currently serves as one of the vice chairmen of the standing committee of the 11th National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China...

 
Ma Kai
Ma Kai
Ma Kai is a State Councilor and Secretary General of the State Council of the People's Republic of China.-Biography:Ma Kai was born in Jinshan, Shanghai in 1946. He received his Master's degree from Renmin University of China in 1982....

2003–2008
2008–
Finance Minister Jin Renqing
Jin Renqing
Jin Renqing was a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party in the People's Republic of China, serving as deputy chief of the Development Research Center of the State Council and most recently Finance Minister.-Biography:...

 
Xie Xuren
Xie Xuren
Xie Xuren , is the current Minister of Finance of People's Republic of China, and former Director-General of the State Administration of Taxation. He's also a member of the 17th CPC Central Committee.-Biography:...

2003–2007
2007–
Foreign Minister
Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China
The Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China is the head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China and one of the country's most important cabinet posts...

Li Zhaoxing
Li Zhaoxing
Li Zhaoxing is a former foreign minister of the People's Republic of China. He held that office from 2003 to 2007.He graduated from Peking University in 1964...

 
Yang Jiechi
2003–2007
2007–
Defense Minister
Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China
The Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China is a ministry under the State Council. It is headed by the Minister of National Defense. The MND was set up according to a decision adopted by the 1st Session of the 1st National People's Congress in 1954...

Cao Gangchuan
Cao Gangchuan
Cao Gangchuan was vice chairman of Central Military Commission and former Minister of National Defense of the People's Republic of China. He was also state councilor and director of the PLA General Armament Department.-Biography:...

 
Liang Guanglie
Liang Guanglie
Liang Guanglie is the current Minister for National Defense in the People's Republic of China and serves as a general in the People's Liberation Army of China.-Biography:...

2003–2007
2007–
Minister of Education
Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China
The Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China , formerly Ministry of Education, Central People's Government from 1949 to 1954, State Education Commission from 1985 to 1998, is headquartered in Beijing. It is the agency of the State Council which regulates all aspects of the...

Zhou Ji
Zhou Ji
Zhou Ji is a Chinese politician. He served as the Minister of Education of the People's Republic of China between 2003 and 2009. He was educated in the United States and served briefly as the Mayor of Wuhan earlier in his career...


Yuan Guiren
Yuan Guiren
Yuan Guiren is a Chinese academic and the current Minister of Education in the People's Republic of China.Yuan is a native of Guzhen County in Anhui. He is a Beijing Normal University alumni and a former president of the same institution. He is also currently a member of the 17th CPC Central...

2003–2009
2009
Minister of Commerce Bo Xilai
Bo Xilai
Bo Xilai is the Communist Party of China Chongqing Committee Secretary, first-in-charge of the Western interior municipality and a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China...

 
Chen Deming
Chen Deming
Chen Deming is the Minister of the Chinese Ministry of Commerce. He was appointed to the post at the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on December 29, 2007.-Biography:...

2004–2007
2007–
Health Minister Zhang Wenkang
Zhang Wenkang
Zhang Wenkang was the health minister of China during the SARS outbreak who was sacked for mishandling the matter.Zhang was a supporter of former President Jiang Zemin. After he was fired, he was placed in various ceremonial positions.-References:...

 
Wu Yi
Wu Yi
Wu Yi was one of four Vice Premiers of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, overseeing the country's economy until March 2008. Known as the "iron lady", Wu is one of the toughest negotiators in China's government.-Biography:...

 
Gao Qiang
Gao Qiang
Gao Qiang is a Chinese politician and the former deputy minister and party secretary of the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China....

 
Chen Zhu
Chen Zhu
Chen Zhu , is a Chinese hematologist, molecular biologist, and current Minister of Health of P.R.China...

1998–2003
2003–2005
2005–2007
2007-
Minister of National Development
and Reform Commission
Ma Kai
Ma Kai
Ma Kai is a State Councilor and Secretary General of the State Council of the People's Republic of China.-Biography:Ma Kai was born in Jinshan, Shanghai in 1946. He received his Master's degree from Renmin University of China in 1982....

 
Zhang Ping
Zhang Ping (politician)
Zhang Ping is the current chairman of the National Development and Reform Commission, a prominent department within the State Council of the People's Republic of China. Prior to his current position, he served as deputy secretary general of the State Council from 2006 to 2008.-Biography:Zhang was...

2003–2008
2008–
Minister of Railways Liu Zhijun
Liu Zhijun
Liu Zhijun is a Chinese politician. He was the Minister of Railways in the People's Republic of China from 2003 to 2011. He was removed from the party chief of the ministry on February 12, 2011, and from office in the 11th NPC Standing Committee's 19th meeting on February 25 because of allegations...

2003–
Minister of Civil Affairs Li Xueju
Li Xueju
Li Xueju is a politician of the People's Republic of China, and the current Minister of Civil Affairs of PRC.Born in Gongzhulin, Jilin Province, Li joined the Communist Party of China in January 1966, and started working in May 1966. In early years, he served in various posts in local commune...

2003–
Minister of Labour Tian Chengping
Tian Chengping
Tian Chengping is a politician in the People's Republic of China.- Biography :Born in Daming County, Hebei Province, Tian joined the Communist Party of China in April 1964, and started working in February 1968...

2005–
Governor of the People's Bank of China
People's Bank of China
The People's Bank of China is the central bank of the People's Republic of China with the power to control monetary policy and regulate financial institutions in mainland China...

Zhou Xiaochuan
Zhou Xiaochuan
Zhou Xiaochuan is a Chinese economist, banker, reformist and bureaucrat. As governor of the People's Bank of China since December 2002, he has been in charge of the monetary policy of the People's Republic of China....

2005–

Ministries and Commissions under the State Council

  1. Ministry of Foreign Affairs
    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China is an executive agency responsible for foreign relations between the People's Republic of China and other countries in the world. The agency is led by the Foreign Minister. The current minister is Yang Jiechi...

  2. Ministry of National Defense
    Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China is a ministry under the State Council. It is headed by the Minister of National Defense. The MND was set up according to a decision adopted by the 1st Session of the 1st National People's Congress in 1954...

  3. National Development and Reform Commission
    National Development and Reform Commission
    The National Development and Reform Commission , formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the Chinese State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the Chinese economy...

  4. Ministry of Education
    Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China , formerly Ministry of Education, Central People's Government from 1949 to 1954, State Education Commission from 1985 to 1998, is headquartered in Beijing. It is the agency of the State Council which regulates all aspects of the...

  5. Ministry of Science and Technology
    Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Science and Technology , formerly as State Science and Technology Commission , is a ministry of the government of the People's Republic of China which coordinates science and technology activities in the country....

  6. State Ethnic Affairs Commission
    State Ethnic Affairs Commission
    The State Ethnic Affairs Commission is responsible for relations between the Central Government and ethnic minorities in China.It is one of several departments or commissions under the State Council of the People's Republic of China.-List of Chairmen:...

  7. Ministry of Public Security
    Ministry of Public Security of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Public Security , is the principal police and security authority of the mainland of the People's Republic of China and the government agency that exercises oversight over and is ultimately responsible for day-to-day law enforcement...

  8. Ministry of State Security
  9. Ministry of Supervision
    Ministry of Supervision of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Supervision of the People's Republic of China is responsible for maintaining an efficient, disciplined, clean and honest government, and educate public servants about their duty and discipline...

  10. Ministry of Civil Affairs
    Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People's Republic of China is a ministry under the jurisdiction of the State Council of the People's Republic of China, responsible for social and administrative affairs. It was founded in May 1978, and the current Minister is Li Xueju...

  11. Ministry of Justice
    Ministry of Justice of the People's Republic of China
    Ministry of Justice of the People's Republic of China is a ministry of the Chinese central government which is responsible for legal affairs...

  12. Ministry of Finance
  13. Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security
    Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of the People's Republic of China
    Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of the People's Republic of China is a ministry under the State Council which is responsible for national labor polices, standards, regulations and managing the national social security. This includes labor force management, labor relationship...

  14. Ministry of Land and Resources
    Ministry of Land and Resources of the People's Republic of China
    Ministry of Land and Resources of the People's Republic of China is a ministry under the jurisdiction of the State Council of China...

  15. Ministry of Environmental Protection
    Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China , formerly State Environmental Protection Administration , is a cabinet-level ministry in the executive branch of the Chinese Government . It replaced the SEPA during the March 2008 National People's Congress sessions in...

  16. Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Construction
    Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Construction of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development is a ministry of the government of the People's Republic of China which provides housing and regulates the state construction activities in the country...

  17. Ministry of Railways
    Ministry of Railways of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Railways of the People's Republic of China is a member of the State Council of the People's Republic of China...

  18. Ministry of Transport
  19. Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
  20. Ministry of Water Resources
    Ministry of Water Resources of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Water Resources of the People's Republic of China is the executive government agency of the Central People's Government responsible for managing the water resources in China....

  21. Ministry of Agriculture
    Ministry of Agriculture of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Agriculture is an executive state agency within the government of the People's Republic of China. Areas of responsibility includes agriculture and environmental issues relating to agriculture, fishery, consumer affairs, animal husbandry, horticulture, animal welfare, foodstuffs,...

  22. Ministry of Commerce
    Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China , formerly Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation is an executive agency of the State Council of China...

  23. Ministry of Culture
    Ministry of Culture of the People's Republic of China
    The Ministry of Culture is a ministry of the government of the People's Republic of China which is responsible for culture policy and activities in the country, including managing national museums and monuments; Astroturfing and promoting government policies; promoting and protecting the arts The...

  24. Ministry of Health
  25. National Population and Family Planning Commission
    National Population and Family Planning Commission
    National Population and Family Planning Commission is the state agency responsible for population and family planning in the People's Republic of China.-Administration:The agency is managed by a minister and four vice ministers.-List of Chair:...

  26. People's Bank of China
    People's Bank of China
    The People's Bank of China is the central bank of the People's Republic of China with the power to control monetary policy and regulate financial institutions in mainland China...

  27. National Audit Office
    National Audit Office of the People's Republic of China
    The National Audit Office of the People's Republic of China is the supreme audit institution in the People's Republic of China. It was established in 1983 according to the Constitution...


Special Organization directly under the State Council

  • State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC)

Organizations directly under the State Council

  1. General Administration of Customs
    General Administration of Customs
    The General Administration of Customs is an administrative agency within the government of the People's Republic of China...

  2. State Administration of Taxation
    State Administration of Taxation
    The State Administration of Taxation is a ministerial-level department within the government of the People's Republic of China...

  3. State Administration for Industry and Commerce
    State Administration for Industry and Commerce
    The State Administration for Industry and Commerce is the authority in the People's Republic of China responsible for drafting and putting new legislation concerning the administration of industry and commerce in the People's Republic...

  4. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine
    General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine
    The General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine is a ministerial-level department under the State Council of the People's Republic of China that is in charge of national quality, metrology, entry-exit commodity inspection, entry-exit health quarantine, entry-exit...

  5. State Administration of Radio, Film and Television
  6. General Administration of Press and Publication (National Copyright Administration)
    General Administration of Press and Publication
    General Administration of Press and Publication is the administrative agency responsible for regulating and distribution news, print and Internet publications in China. This include granting publication licenses for periodicals and books...

  7. State General Administration of Sports
    State General Administration of Sports
    State General Administration of Sports is the government agency responsible for sports in China. It is subordinate to the State Council. It also administers the All-China Sports Federation and Chinese Olympic Committee. .The agency is led by a director...

  8. National Bureau of Statistics
    National Bureau of Statistics of China
    The National Bureau of Statistics is an agency within the State Council of the People's Republic of China charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of the People's Republic of China at national and local levels.-List of Directors:*Xue...

  9. State Forestry Administration
    State Forestry Administration of the People's Republic of China
    The State Forestry Administration of China is an administration of the People's Republic of China, in charge of the national forestry affairs. It was founded in 1949 as Ministry of Forestry and Farming. On November 5, 1951, it changed to Ministry of Forestry, and the farming section was...

  10. State Administration of Work Safety
    State Administration of Work Safety
    The State Administration of Work Safety , reporting to the State Council, is the non-ministerial agency of the Government of the People's Republic of China responsible for the regulation of risks to occupational safety and health in China....

  11. State Intellectual Property Office
    State Intellectual Property Office
    The State Intellectual Property Office of the People's Republic of China , also known as the Chinese Patent Office, is the patent office of the People's Republic of China . It was founded on 1980, as the Patent Office of the People's Republic of China, the predecessor of SIPO...

     (SIPO)
  12. National Tourism Administration
  13. State Administration for Religious Affairs
    State Administration for Religious Affairs
    The State Administration for Religious Affairs , abbreviated SARA , is a functioning department under the State Council which oversees religious affairs and issues for the People's Republic of China...

  14. Counselor's Office of the State Council
  15. Government Offices Administration of the State Council
  16. National Bureau of Corruption Prevention

Administrative Offices under the State Council

  1. Overseas Chinese Affairs Office
    Overseas Chinese Affairs Office
    The Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China is the administrative office responsible for liaising with overseas Chinese residing abroad or returning to China...

  2. Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office
    Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office
    Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office is an administrative agency of the State Council of the People's Republic of China responsible for promoting cooperation and coordination of political, economic and cultural ties between mainland China and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao...

  3. Legislative Affairs Office
    Legislative Affairs Office
    Legislative Affairs Office is an administrative office within the State Council of the People's Republic of China which assists the Premier in providing legal advice and administrative laws to govern the behaviour of government departments...

  4. State Council Research Office
    State Council Research Office
    State Council Research Office is the administrative office within the State Council in charge of formulating policy, conducting research, policy recommendations and consultation on strategic, organizational, services related to the state council. It aims to improve the functions and governance of...


Institutions directly under the State Council

  1. Xinhua News Agency
    Xinhua News Agency
    The Xinhua News Agency is the official press agency of the government of the People's Republic of China and the biggest center for collecting information and press conferences in the PRC. It is the largest news agency in the PRC, ahead of the China News Service...

  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences
    Chinese Academy of Sciences
    The Chinese Academy of Sciences , formerly known as Academia Sinica, is the national academy for the natural sciences of the People's Republic of China. It is an institution of the State Council of China. It is headquartered in Beijing, with institutes all over the People's Republic of China...

  3. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
    Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
    The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences , established in 1977, is the premier and highest academic research organization in the fields of philosophy and social sciences as well as a national center for comprehensive studies in the People's Republic of China. It was described by Foreign Policy...

  4. Chinese Academy of Engineering
    Chinese Academy of Engineering
    The Chinese Academy of Engineering is the national academy of the People's Republic of China for engineering. It was established in 1994 and is an institution of the State Council of China...

  5. Development Research Center
    Development Research Center of the State Council
    Development Research Center of the State Council is a state agency responsible for policy research, strategic review and consulting of issues related to the economic and social development on mainland China.It is an advisory body which recommends policies to CPC Central Committee and the State...

  6. National School of Administration
    National School of Administration
    National School of Administration can refer to:*École nationale d'administration, Strasbourg, France*École nationale d'administration publique, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada*China National School of Administration, Beijing, China...

  7. China Earthquake Administration
    China Earthquake Administration
    The China Earthquake Administration , is mandated by the Law of the People's Republic of China on Protecting Against and Mitigating Earthquake Disasters of PRC to enforce the earthquake administration in the nation under the administration of State Council of the People's Republic of China.Some...

  8. China Meteorological Administration
    China Meteorological Administration
    The China Meteorological Administration , headquartered in Beijing, is the national weather service for the People's Republic of China.-History:...

  9. China Banking Regulatory Commission
    China Banking Regulatory Commission
    The China Banking Regulatory Commission is an agency of the People's Republic of China authorised by the State Council to regulate the banking sector of the PRC except the territories of Hong Kong and Macau, both of which are special administrative regions...

     (CBRC)
  10. China Securities Regulatory Commission
    China Securities Regulatory Commission
    The China Securities Regulatory Commission is an institution of the State Council of the People's Republic of China , with ministry-level rank...

  11. China Insurance Regulatory Commission
    China Insurance Regulatory Commission
    The China Insurance Regulatory Commission is an agency of China authorized by the State Council to regulate the Chinese insurance products and services market and maintain legal and stable operations of insurance industry...

  12. State Electricity Regulatory Commission
    State Electricity Regulatory Commission
    State Electricity Regulatory Commission is a government agency responsible for administration and regulation the electricity and power industry. This includes regulating the development of electricity markets, setting tariffs, transmission, distribution, safety standards, technical standards,...

  13. National Council for Social Security Fund
    National Council for Social Security Fund
    The National Council for Social Security Fund is a supplementary fund of the People's Republic of China which is used for social security.-History:...

  14. National Natural Science Foundation
  15. Taiwan Affairs Office
    Taiwan Affairs Office
    The Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council is an administrative agency under the State Council of the People's Republic of China. It is responsible for setting and implementing guidelines and policies related to Taiwan, as stipulated by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and...

     (CPC institution)
  16. State Council Information Office (CPC institution)
  17. State Archives Administration (CPC institution)

State Administrations and Bureaus under the Ministries and Commissions

  1. State Bureau for Letters and Calls
  2. State Administration of Grain
  3. National Energy Administration
  4. State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence
  5. State Tobacco Monopoly Administration (China National Tobacco Corporation)
  6. State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs
    State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs
    State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs is an administrative agency of the state council of the People's Republic of China responsible for certifying foreign experts to provide expertise on the mainland. China...

  7. State Bureau of Civil Servants
  8. State Oceanic Administration
    State Oceanic Administration
    State Oceanic Administration is an administrative agency subordinate to the Ministry of Land and Resources, responsible for the supervision and management of sea area in the People's Republic of China and coastal environmental protection, protecting national maritime rights and organizing...

  9. Civil Aviation Administration of China
    Civil Aviation Administration of China
    The Civil Aviation Administration of China , formerly the General Administration of Civil Aviation of China , is the aviation authority under the Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China. It oversees civil aviation and investigates aviation accidents and incidents...

     (CAAC)
  10. State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping
  11. State Post Bureau
    State Post Bureau
    The State Post Bureau , which officially State Post Bureau of the People's Republic of China , is the government agency that regulates the national postal industry in the People's Republic of China. The agency used to report to the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology. The agency has...

  12. State Administration of Cultural Heritage
    State Administration of Cultural Heritage
    State Administration of Cultural Heritage is an administrative agency subordinate to the Ministry of Culture. It is responsible for relics and managing museums on mainland China...

  13. State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA)
  14. State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine
    State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine
    State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine of the People's Republic of China is a bureau under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Health, responsible for the regulation of traditional Chinese medicine industry....

  15. State Administration of Foreign Exchange
    State Administration of Foreign Exchange
    The State Administration of Foreign Exchange of the People's Republic of China is an administrative agency tasked with drafting rules and regulations governing foreign exchange market activities, and managing the state foreign exchange reserves, which at the end of July 2011 stood at $3.2 trillion...

  16. State Administration of Coal Mine Safety
  17. National Administration for the Protection of State Secrets
    National Administration for the Protection of State Secrets
    The National Administration for the Protection of State Secrets of the People's Republic of China is an institution of the State Council of the People's Republic of China that is responsible for the protection of classified information...

     (CPC institution)
  18. State Cryptography Administration (CPC institution)
  19. China National Space Administration
    China National Space Administration
    The China National Space Administration is the national space agency of the People's Republic of China responsible for the national space program. It is responsible for planning and development of space activities...

  20. China Atomic Energy Authority
    China Atomic Energy Authority
    China Atomic Energy Authority is the regulatory agency for the nuclear industry in China. It oversees and pioneers the development of nuclear energy within the People's Republic of China...

  21. State Language Commission
  22. National Nuclear Safety Administration

External links