The South Carolina Department of Corrections
(SCDC) is the agency responsible for corrections
In criminal justice, particularly in North America, correction, corrections, and correctional, are umbrella terms describing a variety of functions typically carried out by government agencies and involving the punishment, treatment, and supervision of persons who have been convicted of crimes....
in the U.S. state of South Carolina
South Carolina is a state in the Deep South of the United States that borders Georgia to the south, North Carolina to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. Originally part of the Province of Carolina, the Province of South Carolina was one of the 13 colonies that declared independence...
. It currently has about 6,000 employees and 23,000 inmates, in 28 institutions. The agency has its headquarters in Columbia
Columbia is the state capital and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina. The population was 129,272 according to the 2010 census. Columbia is the county seat of Richland County, but a portion of the city extends into neighboring Lexington County. The city is the center of a metropolitan...
The South Carolina penal system was essentially founded in 1866, when the first state penitentiary was constructed. The SCDC was created in 1960, when the state governor decided to end abuses in the previous system (particularly the use of convict labor on private property as a form of political reward). The new SCDC removed chains and stripes from inmates' uniforms, and it established inmate education programs.
The numbers of inmates since the SCDC creation are as follows: 2,073 (1960); 2,705 (1970); 7,869 (1980); 16,149 (1990); 22,053 (2000).
The Palmetto Unified School District (PUSD), established in 1981, provides educational services to inmates in the system. The district board of trustee meetings are held at the William D. Leeke Administration Building.
The state's death row for men is located at Lieber Correctional Institution. The state's death row for women is located at the Camille Griffin Graham Correctional Institution
Camille Griffin Graham Correctional Institution is a South Carolina Department of Corrections state prison for women in Columbia, South Carolina. The Women’s Reception and Evaluation Center, which processes all females entering SCDC, is in the prison....
. Executions occur at the Broad River Correctional Institution
Broad River Correctional Institution is a South Carolina Department of Corrections state prison for men located in Columbia, South Carolina. The State of South Carolina execution chamber is located in Broad River....
From 1912 to January 1990 male death row inmates were housed in the Central Correctional Institution (CCI). BRCI held male death row inmates from January 1990 to April 12, 1997, when male death row inmates were moved to Lieber. From 1912 to 1986 executions were carried out at CCI. From 1990 onwards executions occur at BRCI.
Since the establishment of the South Carolina Department of Corrections, 2 officers have died in the line of duty.