Solar power in Germany

Solar power in Germany

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[[Image:Juwi PV Field.jpg|thumb|right|A portion of the [[Waldpolenz Solar Park]]]] Germany is one of the world's top [[photovoltaics]] (PV) installers, with a solar PV capacity as of May 2011 of more than 18,000 [[megawatts]] (MW). The German solar PV industry installed 7,400 MW from nearly one-quarter million individual systems in 2010, and solar PV provided 12 TWh (billion kilowatt-hours) of electricity in 2010, about 2% of total electricity. Some market analysts expect this could reach 25 percent by 2050. ==Photovoltaic power stations== {{main|List of photovoltaic power stations}} {| class="wikitable sortable" |+ '''Largest German photovoltaic power stations (20 MW or larger)''' |- ! PV Power station !! Nominal Power
([[Watt-peak|MWp]]) !! Production
(Annual
[[GW·h]]) !! [[Capacity factor|Capacity
factor]] !! Notes |- | [[Finsterwalde Solar Park]] || 80.7 || || || Phase I completed 2009,
phase II and III 2010 |- | [[Senftenberg Solar Park]]|| 78 || || || Phase II and III completed 2011, another 70 MW phase planned |- | [[Strasskirchen Solar Park]] || 54 || 57 || 0.12 || |- | [[Lieberose Photovoltaic Park]] || 53 || 53 || 0.11 || 2009 |- | [[Kothen Solar Park]] || 45 || || || 2009 |- | [[Waldpolenz Solar Park]] || 40 || || 0.11 || 550,000 [[First Solar]] thin-film CdTe modules. Completed December 2008 |- | [[Reckahn Solar Park]] || 36 || || || |- | [[Tutow Solar Park]] || 31 || || || Completed in 2010 |- | [[Helmeringen Solar Park]] || 25.7 || || || Completed in 2010 |- | [[Finow Solar Park]] || 24.5 || || || Completed in 2010 |- | [[Pocking Solar Park]] || 22 || || || |- | [[Mengkofen Solar Park]] || 21.7 || || || |- | [[Rothenburg Solar Park]] || 20 || || || |- |} {| class="wikitable" |+ '''Other notable photovoltaic (PV) power plants''' |- ! DC Peak Power ! Location ! Description ! MW·h/year ! Capacity factor ! Coordinates |- | 12 MW || [[Arnstein]] || 1408 [[Solon SE|SOLON]] mover
(see [[Erlasee Solar Park]]) | 14,000 MW·h || 0.13 || {{coord|50|0|10|N|9|55|15|E |type:landmark_region:DE-BY |name=Erlasee Solar Park }} |- |   8.4 MW || || [[Gottelborn Solar Park]] || || || |- |   6.3 MW || [[Mühlhausen]] || 57,600 solar modules
(see [[Bavaria Solarpark]]) | 6,750 MW·h || 0.12 || {{coord|49|09|29|N|11|25|59|E |type:landmark_region:DE-TH |name=Bavaria Solarpark }} |- |   6 MW || || [[Rote Jahne Solar Park]] || || || |- |   5 MW || [[Bürstadt]] || 30,000 [[BP Solar]] modules | 4,200 MW·h || 0.10 || {{coord|49|39|N|8|28|E |type:landmark_region:DE-HE |name= }} |- |   5 MW || [[Espenhain]] || 33,500 Shell Solar modules | 5,000 MW·h || 0.11 || {{coord|51|12|N|12|31|E |type:landmark_region:DE-SN |name= }} |- |   4 MW || [[Merseburg]] || 25,000 BP solar modules
(see [[Geiseltalsee Solarpark]]) | 3,400 MW·h || 0.10 || {{coord|51|22|N|12|0|E |type:landmark_region:DE-ST |name=Geiseltalsee Solarpark }} |- |   4 MW || [[Hemau]] || 32,740 solar modules || 3,900 MW·h || 0.11 || {{coord|49|3|N|11|47|E |type:landmark_region:DE-BY |name= }} |- |   3.3 MW || [[Dingolfing]] || Solara, [[Sharp Corporation|Sharp]] and [[Kyocera]] solar modules | 3,050 MW·h || 0.11 || {{coord|48|38|N|12|30|E |type:landmark_region:DE-BY |name= }} |- |   1.9 MW || Guenching || Sharp solar modules
(see [[Bavaria Solarpark]]) | - || || {{coord|49|16|N|11|34|E |type:landmark_region:DE-BY |name=Bavaria Solarpark }} |- |   1.9 MW || Minihof || Sharp solar modules
(see [[Bavaria Solarpark]]) | - || || n.a. |} ==Statistics== [[File:Germany-PV-SystemPrice.png|thumb|Price of PV systems (rooftop, up to 100kW) in Germany]] The German solar PV industry installed 7,400 MW from nearly one-quarter million individual systems in 2010, and there is now 16,500 MW of solar PV capacity on line in Germany. Solar PV provided 12 TWh (billion kilowatt-hours) of electricity in 2010, about 2% of total electricity. Increases in installed solar PV power capacity and generation in recent years is shown in the table below: Price of PV systems has decreased more than 50% in 5 years since 2006. {| class="wikitable" style="margin:left;text-align:right" |- ! Year ! 1990 !! 1991 !! 1992 !! 1993 !! 1994 ! 1995 !! 1996 !! 1997 !! 1998 !! 1999 !! 2000 |- ! Capacity (MW) | 0.6 || 2.0 || 3.0 || 5.0 || 6.0 | 8.0 || 11 || 18 || 23 || 32 || 76 |- ! Generation (GW·h) | 0.6 || 1.6 || 3.2 || 5.8 || 8.0 | 11 || 16 || 26 || 32 || 42 || 64 |- ! % of total electricity consumption | <0.001 || <0.001 || 0.001 || 0.001 || 0.002 | 0.002 || 0.003 || 0.005 || 0.006 || 0.008 || 0.01 |- |colspan=12| |- ! Year ! 2000 !! 2001 !! 2002 !! 2003 !! 2004 !! 2005 ! 2006 !! 2007 !! 2008 !! 2009 !! 2010 |- ! Capacity (MW) | 76 || 186 || 296 || 435 || 1,105 || 2,056 | 2,899 || 4,170 || 6,120 || 9,914 || 17,320 |- ! Generation (GW·h) | 64 || 76 || 162 || 313 || 556 || 1,282 | 2,220 || 3,075 || 4,420 || 6,578 || 12,000 |- ! % of total electricity consumption | 0.01 || 0.01 || 0.03 || 0.05 || 0.09 || 0.2 | 0.4 || 0.5 || 0.7 || 1.1 || 2.0 |} ==Government involvement== [[Image:EU-Glob opta presentation.png|thumb|right|200px|Average insolation in Europe.]] Solar power in Germany has been growing considerably due to the country's [[Feed-in tariffs in Germany|feed-in tariff]] which was introduced by the [[German Renewable Energy Act]]. The FiT costs 1 billion euros per month to subsidize new solar installations and the cost is spread across all rate-payers. The German government has set a target of 66 GW of installed solar PV capacity by 2030. ==Companies== Major German solar companies include: {{div col |width=25em}} *[[Aleo Solar]] *[[Bosch Solar Energy]] *[[Centrosolar]] *[[Centrotherm Photovoltaics]] *[[Concentrix Solar]] *[[Conergy]] *[[Flabeg AG]] *[[Gehrlicher Solar AG]] *[[IBC SOLAR]] *[[Juwi]] *[[Odersun]] *[[Phoenix Solar]] *[[Q-Cells]] *[[Roth & Rau]] *[[Schott AG]] *[[Singulus Technologies]] *[[SMA Solar Technology]] *[[Solar Millennium]] *[[SolarWorld]] *[[Solon SE]] *[[Sulfurcell]] *[[SunPower]] {{div col end}} ==See also== {{Portal box|Renewable energy|Germany}} *[[Renewable energy in Germany]] *[[Solar power in the European Union]] ==External links== *[http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/04/AR2007050402466.html Cloudy Germany a Powerhouse in Solar Energy, ''Washington Post'', 2007] *[http://www.britischebotschaft.de/en/embassy/s&i/notes/rt-note06.5006(m)_pv.htm Southern Germany develops its PV Capacities] *[http://www.reuters.com/article/inDepthNews/idUSL2389939520070730 Cloudy Germany unlikely hotspot for solar power] *[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/7181866.stm Germany's sunny revolution] *[http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,3430319,00.html World's Biggest Solar Plant Goes Online in Germany] *[http://energieatlas.org/ Official site about solar power and renewable Energy in the Emscher-Lippe-Region] (German) {{Solar power in Europe}} {{Renewable energy by country}}