Shinhidaka, Hokkaido

Shinhidaka, Hokkaido

Discussion
Ask a question about 'Shinhidaka, Hokkaido'
Start a new discussion about 'Shinhidaka, Hokkaido'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Encyclopedia
is a town
Towns of Japan
A town is a local administrative unit in Japan. It is a local public body along with prefecture , city , and village...

 located in Hidaka District
Hidaka District, Hokkaido
is a district located in Hidaka Subprefecture, Hokkaidō, Japan.As of October 31, 2006, the district has an estimated population of 27,150 and a density of 23.7 persons per km². The total area is 1,147.74 km².- Towns and villages :*Shinhidaka...

, Hidaka Subprefecture
Hidaka Subprefecture
is a subprefecture of Hokkaidō, Japan. The west side of the Hidaka mountains occupies most of the area. Hidaka is sparsely populated and has many of Hokkaidō's natural resources...

, Hokkaidō, Japan
Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

. Shinhidaka is the most populous town and the economic center of Hidaka Subprefecture
Hidaka Subprefecture
is a subprefecture of Hokkaidō, Japan. The west side of the Hidaka mountains occupies most of the area. Hidaka is sparsely populated and has many of Hokkaidō's natural resources...

.

History


The river valleys of what is now Shinhidaka were occupied by the Ainu
Ainu people
The , also called Aynu, Aino , and in historical texts Ezo , are indigenous people or groups in Japan and Russia. Historically they spoke the Ainu language and related varieties and lived in Hokkaidō, the Kuril Islands, and much of Sakhalin...

. From the 19th centutry, Japan began to settle the region in earnest. This led to conflict with the Ainu resulting in a failed revolt of the Ainu in the Shizunai River
Shizunai River
is a river in Shinhidaka, Hokkaidō, Japan. The Shizunai River drains from the Hidaka Mountains into the Pacific Ocean.-Origin of the name:The Shizunai River was known as Shibuchari and Shibechari. This name was derived from Shipe-ichan meaining a salmon spawning place in Ainu...

 valley. This became known as Shakushain's Revolt
Shakushain's Revolt
was an Ainu rebellion against Japanese authority on Hokkaidō between 1669 to 1672. It was led by Ainu chieftain Shakushain against the Matsumae clan, who represented Japanese trading and governmental interests in the area of Hokkaidō then controlled by the Japanese .The war initially began as a...

.

On March 31, 2006 the town of Mitsuishi
Mitsuishi, Hokkaido
was a town that was located in Mitsuishi District, Hidaka, Hokkaidō, Japan.On March 31, 2006 Mitsuishi was merged with the town of Shizunai, from Shizunai District, to form the new town of Shinhidaka, in the newly-created Hidaka District....

, from Mitsuishi District
Mitsuishi District, Hokkaido
was a district located in Hidaka Subprefecture, Hokkaidō, Japan.In 2004, the district had an estimated population of 4,950 and a density of 14.30 persons per km². The total area was 346.23 km²....

, and the town of Shizunai
Shizunai, Hokkaido
was a town that was located in Shizunai District, Hidaka, Hokkaidō, Japan.On March 31, 2006 Shizunai was merged with the town of Mitsuishi, from Mitsuishi District, to form the new town of Shinhidaka, in the newly-created Hidaka District....

, from Shizunai District
Shizunai District, Hokkaido
was a district located in Hidaka Subprefecture, Hokkaidō, Japan.In 2004, the district had an estimated population of 22,581 and a density of 28.17 persons per km². The total area was 801.51 km²....

, were merged to form the new town of Shinhidaka. Mitsuishi District and Shizunai District were both dissolved as a result of this merger.

Geography


Shinhidaka is in southeastern Hokkaidō, between the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
The Pacific Ocean is the largest of the Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south, bounded by Asia and Australia in the west, and the Americas in the east.At 165.2 million square kilometres in area, this largest division of the World...

 to the South and the Hidaka Mountains
Hidaka Mountains
Hidaka Mountains is a mountain range in southeastern Hokkaidō, Japan. It runs 150 km from Mount Sahoro or Karikachi Pass in central Hokkaidō south, running into the sea at Cape Erimo. It consists of folded mountains that range from 1500 to 2000 metres in height. Mount Poroshiri is the highest...

 to the North. Several rivers rise in the mountains and empty into the sea, including the Shizunai River and the Mitsuishi River
Mitsuishi River
is a river in Hokkaidō, Japan.-Course:The Mitsuishi River rises in the Hidaka Mountains and flows roughly south to southwest. The river flows into a resivoir at the Mitsuishi Dam...

.

Shinhidaka has total area of 1,147.74 km². Its highest location is Mount Kamuiekuuchikaushi
Mount Kamuiekuuchikaushi
is located in the Hidaka Mountains, Hokkaidō, Japan....

 (42°37′30"N 142°45′58"E) at 1,979.4 m (6,494 ft).

Demographics


As of December 31, 2007, the town has an estimated population
Population
A population is all the organisms that both belong to the same group or species and live in the same geographical area. The area that is used to define a sexual population is such that inter-breeding is possible between any pair within the area and more probable than cross-breeding with individuals...

 of 26,714 and a density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 of 23.7 persons per km².

Arts and culture


, literally, road 20 ken (36 metres (118.1 ft)) in width, is an avenue lined with trees and a major tourist attraction of the town. The 8 kilometres (5 mi) road was created for a visit of the Imperial Family
Imperial House of Japan
The , also referred to as the Imperial Family or the Yamato Dynasty, comprises those members of the extended family of the reigning Emperor of Japan who undertake official and public duties. Under the present Constitution of Japan, the emperor is the symbol of the state and unity of the people...

 to the nearby Niikappu
Niikappu, Hokkaido
is a town located in Niikappu District, Hidaka, Hokkaidō, Japan.-Geography:Niikappu stretches from the Pacific Ocean of southeast Hokkaido north to the Hidaka Mountains along the Niikappu River. The town covers a total area of 585.88 km². Its highest point is Mount Poroshiri and the lowest is...

 horse ranch in 1903. The ranch is under the juridiction of the Imperial Household Agency
Imperial Household Agency
The is a government agency of Japan in charge of the state matters concerning Japan's imperial family and also keeping the Privy Seal and the State Seal...

. It took five years to transplant trees from the local mountains to create the avenue. It was finished in 1916. Shinhidaka holds a cherry blossom festival yearly in May at the road in Shizunai ward.