Sha Tin District

Sha Tin District

Discussion
Ask a question about 'Sha Tin District'
Start a new discussion about 'Sha Tin District'
Answer questions from other users
Full Discussion Forum
 
Encyclopedia
Sha Tin District is one of the 18 districts
Districts of Hong Kong
The Districts of Hong Kong are the 18 political areas by which Hong Kong is geographically divided. Each district has a district council, which was formerly known as a district board. The districts were established in the early 1980s, when Hong Kong was under British rule...

 of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Hong Kong is one of two Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China , the other being Macau. A city-state situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour...

. One of the 9 districts located in the New Territories
New Territories
New Territories is one of the three main regions of Hong Kong, alongside Hong Kong Island and the Kowloon Peninsula. It makes up 86.2% of Hong Kong's territory. Historically, it is the region described in The Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory...

, it covers the areas of Sha Tin
Sha Tin
Sha Tin, also spelled Shatin, is an area around the Shing Mun River in the New Territories of Hong Kong. Administratively, it is part of the Sha Tin District.-Geography:...

, Tai Wai
Tai Wai
Tai Wai is an area in the New Territories of Hong Kong, located between Sha Tin New Town and the Lion Rock. It is the largest part of the Sha Tin District....

, Ma On Shan
Ma On Shan (area)
Ma On Shan is a new town along the eastern coast of Tolo Harbour in the New Territories of Hong Kong. Although it was initially an extension of Sha Tin New Town, it has been designed to have its own town centre and is now classified as a separate new town in government reports...

, Fo Tan
Fo Tan
Fo Tan is a suburb of Sha Tin District, Hong Kong. It was developed as a light industrial area, but this activity has declined markedly in recent years. There are residential areas to the east, alongside the MTR line, and in the foothills to the west....

, Siu Lek Yuen
Siu Lek Yuen
Siu Lek Yuen is an area in Sha Tin, Hong Kong. To the east of Yuen Chau Kok, the area is surrounded on its three sides by the Ma On Shan Country Park.-Estates:*Castello - a private estate in Siu Lek Yuen...

 and Ma Liu Shui
Ma Liu Shui
Ma Liu Shui or originally Ma Niu Shui is an area in Sha Tin District, in the New Territories, Hong Kong.The area faces Tide Cove and Tolo Harbour...

 (Ma Liu Shui is where The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Chinese University of Hong Kong
The Chinese University of Hong Kong is a research-led university in Hong Kong.CUHK is the only tertiary education institution in Hong Kong with Nobel Prize winners on its faculty, including Chen Ning Yang, James Mirrlees, Robert Alexander Mundell and Charles K. Kao...

 is located). The district has the highest population. According to the 2001 census, it had a population of 628,634 in 2001, including about 27,000 people living in 48 indigenous villages.

Overview


The Sha Tin District covers approximately 70 km² (27 sq. mi), including the Sha Tin New Town and several country parks. Built mostly on reclaimed land in Sha Tin Hoi, the well-developed Sha Tin New Town comprises mainly residential areas along the banks of the Shing Mun River Channel
Shing Mun River
Shing Mun River, or Shing Mun River Channel, is a river in Sha Tin, Hong Kong.-History:The original Shing Mun River began at Needle Hill, and flowed into the former Tide Cove , a shallow bay. In the 1970s, Tide Cove was drained and turned to Sha Tin New Town...

. In the early 1970s it was a rural township of about 30,000 people. After Sha Tin's first public housing estate, Lek Yuen Estate, was completed in 1976, the settlement began to expand. Today, about 65% of the district's population live in public rental housing, housing under Hong Kong's Tenants Purchase Scheme
Tenants Purchase Scheme
Tenants Purchase Scheme is a scheme which allows tenants in public housing estates under Hong Kong Housing Authority to purchase their flats...

, or Home Ownership Scheme
Home Ownership Scheme
The Home Ownership Scheme is a subsidized-sale programme of public housing in Hong Kong managed by the Hong Kong Housing Authority...

 (HOS). Sha Tin has now become a major new community, including an extension at Ma On Shan
Ma On Shan (area)
Ma On Shan is a new town along the eastern coast of Tolo Harbour in the New Territories of Hong Kong. Although it was initially an extension of Sha Tin New Town, it has been designed to have its own town centre and is now classified as a separate new town in government reports...

, of about 640,000 people today. The total development area of the new town in Sha Tin and Ma On Shan is about 20 km² (8 sq. mi).

The Hong Kong Government used to showcase Sha Tin as an achievement in building a modern new town (Shatin Town). Visiting foreign dignitaries were often invited to tour Shatin Town and its housing estates.

History


Tai Wai Village, the oldest and largest walled village
Walled villages of Hong Kong
Once common throughout China, walled villages can still be found in southern China and Hong Kong. Most of the walled villages in Hong Kong are located in the New Territories...

 in the town, was built in 1574. Sha Tin was a former market town at the present location of Sha Tin Centre Street and New Town Plaza
New Town Plaza
New Town Plaza is a shopping mall in the town centre of Sha Tin in Hong Kong. Developed by Sun Hung Kai Properties, it was the biggest shopping mall in the New Territories of Hong Kong when it was completed in the early 1980s...

 shopping centre.

Sha Tin Town was the second batch of satellite towns, or new town
New town
A new town is a specific type of a planned community, or planned city, that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed in a previously undeveloped area. This contrasts with settlements that evolve in a more ad hoc fashion. Land use conflicts are uncommon in new...

, to be built in the New Territories, on land reclaimed from the sea
Land reclamation in Hong Kong
Land is in short supply in Hong Kong, and land reclamation has been conducted there since the mid-19th century.-Projects:One of the earliest and famous project was the Praya Reclamation Scheme, which added 50 to of land in 1890 during the second phase of construction...

.

Sha Tin was formerly named Lek Yuen (literally "Source of Trickling" or "Source of Clear Water").

Land use



In addition to the residential areas, there are four industrial areas for light industries: Tai Wai
Tai Wai
Tai Wai is an area in the New Territories of Hong Kong, located between Sha Tin New Town and the Lion Rock. It is the largest part of the Sha Tin District....

, Fo Tan
Fo Tan
Fo Tan is a suburb of Sha Tin District, Hong Kong. It was developed as a light industrial area, but this activity has declined markedly in recent years. There are residential areas to the east, alongside the MTR line, and in the foothills to the west....

, Siu Lek Yuen
Siu Lek Yuen
Siu Lek Yuen is an area in Sha Tin, Hong Kong. To the east of Yuen Chau Kok, the area is surrounded on its three sides by the Ma On Shan Country Park.-Estates:*Castello - a private estate in Siu Lek Yuen...

 and Shek Mun
Shek Mun
Shek Mun is an area in the Sha Tin District of Hong Kong.Shek Mun lies just east of the Shing Mun River, and northeast of the City One apartment and shopping complex.-Housing:Shek Mun Estate is a public housing estate in Shek Mun, completed in 2009....

.

The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Chinese University of Hong Kong
The Chinese University of Hong Kong is a research-led university in Hong Kong.CUHK is the only tertiary education institution in Hong Kong with Nobel Prize winners on its faculty, including Chen Ning Yang, James Mirrlees, Robert Alexander Mundell and Charles K. Kao...

 is also located in Sha Tin. People typically travel there via the MTR
MTR
Mass Transit Railway is the rapid transit railway system in Hong Kong. Originally opened in 1979, the system now includes 211.6 km of rail with 155 stations, including 86 railway stations and 69 light rail stops...

 East Rail Line and get off at University station. A minibus service operates on campus.

Sha Tin is the location for Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Hong Kong is one of two Special Administrative Regions of the People's Republic of China , the other being Macau. A city-state situated on China's south coast and enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is renowned for its expansive skyline and deep natural harbour...

's second equestrian racecourse (the first and most famous being in Hong Kong Island
Hong Kong Island
Hong Kong Island is an island in the southern part of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. It has a population of 1,289,500 and its population density is 16,390/km², as of 2008...

's Happy Valley
Happy Valley, Hong Kong
Happy Valley is a mostly residential suburb of Hong Kong, located in the northern part of Hong Kong Island. Administratively, it is part of Wan Chai District....

 - see Hong Kong Jockey Club
Hong Kong Jockey Club
The Hong Kong Jockey Club is one of the oldest institutions in Hong Kong, founded in 1884 to promote horse racing. It was granted Royal Charter and renamed to "The Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club" in 1959...

), which has a capacity of up to 85,000. This course hosted the equestrian events during the 2008 Summer Olympics
2008 Summer Olympics
The 2008 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad, was a major international multi-sport event that took place in Beijing, China, from August 8 to August 24, 2008. A total of 11,028 athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees competed in 28 sports and 302 events...

. The Olympics were hosted by Beijing
Beijing
Beijing , also known as Peking , is the capital of the People's Republic of China and one of the most populous cities in the world, with a population of 19,612,368 as of 2010. The city is the country's political, cultural, and educational center, and home to the headquarters for most of China's...

; there was concern over proper quarantine and disease monitoring in the Chinese capital.

Penfold Park
Penfold Park
Penfold Park is a famous public park managed by the Hong Kong Jockey Club in Sha Tin, Hong Kong.The park is located in the centre of the Sha Tin Racecourse with a gross area of over 20 acres. It features green areas, as well as pools used by various waterbirds. People around the area often go...

 is located inside the racecourse and closed on race days. It is best accessed via the Fo Tan Station. Sha Tin Park
Sha Tin Park
Sha Tin Park , formerly known as Sha Tin Central Park , is a park in 2 Yuen Wo Road, Sha Tin, Hong Kong. It is situated along the Shing Mun River in the new town of Sha Tin, next to the New Town Plaza and the Sha Tin Town Hall....

 is another major park located in Sha Tin.

Shing Mun River




The Shing Mun River is a 7km long, 200m wide channel originating at the Shing Mun Reservoir (Tai Mo Shan
Tai Mo Shan
Tai Mo Shan has the highest peak in Hong Kong, with an altitude of 957 m. It is located approximately at the geographical centre of the New Territories....

 catchment) that runs as a river from the Tai Wai area, through the Sha Tin town centre to Tolo Harbour
Tolo Harbour
Tolo Harbour , or Tai Po Hoi is a sheltered harbour in northeast New Territories of Hong Kong.-Geography:Tide Cove aka...

. It has three main tributaries, namely Tai Wai Nullah
Tai Wai Nullah
Tai Wai Nullah is one of the nullahs of Shing Mun River in Tai Wai of Hong Kong....

, Fo Tan Nullah
Fo Tan Nullah
Fo Tan Nullah is one of the nullahs of Shing Mun River in Fo Tan, Hong Kong.-External links:*, in Chinese...

 and Siu Lek Yuen Nullah
Siu Lek Yuen Nullah
Siu Lek Yuen Nullah is one of the nullahs of Shing Mun River in Siu Lek Yuen of Hong Kong.-External links:*, in Chinese...

. Along the Shing Mun River are high-rise residential, commercial and industrial buildings with numerous village type developments scattered around.

Transportation


Sha Tin District has the largest number of East Rail Line stations of any district in Hong Kong. It has five stations, namely Tai Wai, Sha Tin, Fo Tan, Racecourse and University. The Ma On Shan Line runs between Tai Wai, Che Kung Temple, Sha Tin Wai, City One, Shek Mun, Tai Shui Hang, Heng On, Ma On Shan, and Wu Kai Sha stations.

A network of cycle tracks throughout Sha Tin measures about 50 km long and is the longest cycle track network in Hong Kong.

Increasing population in the town has exerted pressure on the transportation. Several construction plans have been launched to cope with the demand. The construction of Route T7 linking Ma On Shan Road to Sai Sha Road has been started on January 2001 and completed in 2005. The Route 8
Route 8 (Hong Kong)
Route 8 of Hong Kong is an 3-lane carriageway dual 3-lane highway that links Lantau Island, Tsing Yi Island, Cheung Sha Wan in West Kowloon, and Sha Tin in the Northeast New Territories of Hong Kong. It is a combination of many sections....

 connecting Cheung Sha Wan
Cheung Sha Wan
Cheung Sha Wan is an area between Lai Chi Kok and Sham Shui Po in New Kowloon, Hong Kong. It is mainly residential to the north and south, with an industrial area in between. Administratively it is part of Sham Shui Po District. The Sham Shui Po District includes Mei Foo as well as Lai Chi...

, Kowloon
Kowloon
Kowloon is an urban area in Hong Kong comprising the Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon. It is bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutter's Island in the west, Tate's Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and Victoria Harbour in the south. It had a population of...

 and Sha Tin is scheduled for construction at the end of 2003 and will complete at the end of 2007. The construction of the Ma On Shan Line (11.4 km long) began in December 2000 and was completed at the end of 2004.

Tai Po Road
Tai Po Road
Tai Po Road is the second longest road in Hong Kong . It spans from Sham Shui Po in Kowloon to Tai Po in the New Territories of Hong Kong. Initially, the road was named Frontier Road....

, Sha Lek Highway, Sha Tin Road
Sha Tin Road
Sha Tin Road, opened in November 1984, is a dual-2 lane expressway in Hong Kong. It links Lion Rock Tunnel Road and Tai Po Road - Sha Tin, forming a part of Route 1....

, Lion Rock Tunnel
Lion Rock Tunnel
The Lion Rock Tunnel, being the first tunnel in Hong Kong, is a twin-bored toll tunnel, connecting Sha Tin in the New Territories and New Kowloon near Kowloon Tong. It has two lanes in each direction, with toll booths located at the Sha Tin end. It is a vital component of Route 1.The Lion Rock...

, Sai Sha Road
Sai Sha Road
Sai Sha Road is a road in Hong Kong, which links together from Sai Kung District to Sha Tin District in the New Territories. The road also passes through some area along the coast of the Tolo Harbour in northern Sai Kung Peninsula that is under the administration of the Tai Po District...

, Tate's Cairn Tunnel
Tate's Cairn Tunnel
Tate's Cairn Tunnel is a four-lane tunnel in Hong Kong. Constructed as part of Route 2, it links Diamond Hill, Eastern Kowloon and Siu Lek Yuen, Sha Tin in the New Territories. It was opened on 26th June 1991....

, Tolo Highway
Tolo Highway
Tolo Highway is a major expressway on Route 9 in Hong Kong. It connects the new towns of Sha Tin and Tai Po in the eastern New Territories.The highway diverges from Tai Po Road near Sha Tin Racecourse. The following of the road runs on an embankment on the west coast of Tolo Harbour towards Yuen...

 and Shing Mun Tunnels
Shing Mun Tunnels
The Shing Mun Tunnels are a system of tunnels and viaducts in the New Territories, Hong Kong connecting the new towns of Tsuen Wan to the west and Sha Tin to the east. It is part of Route 9....

 already serve the Sha Tin District.

Schools in Shatin Town

  • Lok Sin Tong Young Ko hsaio Lin Secondary School
  • S.K.H. Tsang Shiu Tim Secondary School
  • Baptist Lui Ming Choi Secondary School
    Baptist Lui Ming Choi Secondary School
    Baptist Lui Ming Choi Secondary School is a secondary school in Sha Tin, Hong Kong, near Lek Yuen Estate. It was established in 1978 by the Hong Kong Baptist Convention. Situated in the new town of Sha Tin, the school is a co-educational grammar school offering education at the first to seventh...

  • Hang Seng School of Commerce
    Hang Seng School of Commerce
    Hang Seng School of Commerce is a business school in Hong Kong located in Siu Lek Yuen, Sha Tin, New Territories.Under the new schoolling structure in Hong Kong, the advanced-level matriculation courses will no longer exist in 2012/13. Therefore, the School has decided to launch its own degree...

  • Sha Tin Government Secondary School
    Sha Tin Government Secondary School
    Sha Tin Government Secondary School is located in Sha Tin, Hong Kong. It was founded in September 1972 and has now become a full-fledged co-educational grammar school. There are 29 classes with an enrollment of approximately 1,200 students in the year 2010-2011. The current principal is Mr. Chow...

  • Sha Tin Methodist Collage
  • POH Chan Kai Memorial College
  • Kwok Tak Seng Catholic Secondary School
  • Shatin Tsung Tsin Secondary School
    Shatin Tsung Tsin Secondary School
    Shatin Tsung Tsin Secondary School is a grammar school in Sha Tin, Hong Kong. Founded in 1985 by the Sham Shui Po Tsung Tsin Church, the school's goal is to provide a good study environment to students in Sha Tin and realize Christian education ideals....

  • Shatin Pui Ying College
    Shatin Pui Ying College
    Shatin Pui Ying College , abbreviated as SPYC or PYC, is a Christian school that was established in 1978. Located in Hong Kong, SPYC is an English medium of instruction secondary school fully subsidised by the government with 5 classes each for Forms 1 to 5, and 2 classes each for Forms 6 and 7...

  • Sha Tin College
    Sha Tin College
    Sha Tin College is a private secondary school in Hong Kong and a member of the English Schools Foundation – the largest independent schools organization in Asia....

     - English Schools Foundation
    English Schools Foundation
    The English Schools Foundation is an organisation that runs 20 educational institutions, most of which are international schools, which are all located in Hong Kong...

  • Renaissance College
    Renaissance College
    If you are looking for Renaissance College in Hong Kong, see Renaissance College Hong Kong.Renaissance College, also known as RC, is a faculty of the University of New Brunswick in New Brunswick, Canada. The College's flagship program is the Bachelor of Philosophy in Interdisciplinary Leadership,...

     - English Schools Foundation
    English Schools Foundation
    The English Schools Foundation is an organisation that runs 20 educational institutions, most of which are international schools, which are all located in Hong Kong...

  • Buddhist Wong Wan Tin College
  • International Christian School of Hong Kong
  • Immaculate Heart of Mary College
    Immaculate Heart of Mary College
    Immaculate Heart of Mary College is a Catholic school established in June 1949 and is administered by the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul and St. Louise de Marillac. The school offers Preschool, Primary and Secondary Education open for boys and girls . It is located at 54 Aurora...


Hospitals


There are four hospitals in Sha Tin Town:
  • Prince of Wales Hospital
    Prince of Wales Hospital
    Prince of Wales Hospital is a major public and teaching hospital located in Sha Tin, New Territories in Hong Kong. The hospital is affiliated with the Medical Faculty of the Chinese University of Hong Kong....

    , one of the centers of the 2003 SARS outbreak among health care workers (Ward 8A);
  • Sha Tin Hospital
    Sha Tin Hospital
    Sha Tin Hospital and the Bradbury Hospice.Sha Tin Hospital provides services in Medicine and Geriatrics, Surgery, Adult Psychiatry, Psycho-geriatrics, Oncology and Hospice care...

    ;
  • Cheshire Home
    Cheshire Home
    - History :The term Cheshire Home started with the founding of Leonard Cheshire Disability, LCD, a UK based charity for helping disabled people through volunteer local communities. These services include care homes, supported living, domiciliary support, day services, resource centers,...

    ; and
  • Union Hospital
    Union Hospital (Hong Kong)
    Union Hospital is a hospital in Tai Wai, Sha Tin, Hong Kong. It was established in 1994 and was developed by the Henderson Group, becoming the 12th private hospital in Hong Kong...

    , a private hospital, where James Wong
    Wong Jim
    James Wong Jim was a Cantopop lyricist and writer based primarily in Hong Kong. He was also a well known in Asia as a columnist, actor, film director, screenwriter and talk show hosts. He took part in creative directing positions within the entertainment industry in Hong Kong...

     died.

Tourist attractions


Local and tourist attractions in the Sha Tin area include, most famously, the Hong Kong Heritage Museum
Hong Kong Heritage Museum
Hong Kong Heritage Museum is a museum of history, art and culture in Sha Tin, Hong Kong, by the Shing Mun River. The museum opened on 16 December 2000. It is managed by the Leisure and Cultural Services Department of the Hong Kong Government...

, which is Hong Kong's newest and arguably best museum. The Museum was opened on 16 December 2000 and includes 12 galleries, a cafe and museum shop. Other attractions include:
  • Sha Tin Racecourse
    Sha Tin Racecourse
    Sha Tin Racecourse is one of the two racecourses for horse racing in Hong Kong. It is located in Sha Tin in the New Territories. It is managed by Hong Kong Jockey Club.Penfold Park is encircled by the track.-History:...

     - located in Shatin Town, it is one of the two racecourses in Hong Kong.
  • Che Kung Miu. This expansion of the temple was built in Japanese style and has its own Wheel of Fortune.
  • Tao Fung Shan
    Tao Fung Shan
    Tao Fong Shan is a hill less than 500 m tall located in Sha Tin in Hong Kong's New Territories. Alternate romanizations of the name include "To Fung Shan" and "Tao Feng Shan".-Tao Fong Shan Christian Centre/Service Unit:...

  • Amah Rock
    Amah Rock
    Amah Rock is a naturally occurring rock located on a hilltop in southwest Sha Tin, Hong Kong. The rock is approximately 15 meters in height, and its shape looks like a woman carrying a baby on her back...

  • Tsang Tai Uk
    Tsang Tai Uk
    Tsang Tai Uk , also known as Shan Ha Wai , is a Hakka walled village in Hong Kong, and one of the best preserved...

     (曾大屋). An 1848 dwelling of granite, timber and green brick, with defence towers and a still-used ancestral hall.
  • Lion Pavilion (獅子亭)
  • New Town Plaza
    New Town Plaza
    New Town Plaza is a shopping mall in the town centre of Sha Tin in Hong Kong. Developed by Sun Hung Kai Properties, it was the biggest shopping mall in the New Territories of Hong Kong when it was completed in the early 1980s...

     - a large shopping mall in Sha Tin Town
  • Ten Thousand Buddhas Monastery
    Ten Thousand Buddhas Monastery
    Ten Thousand Buddhas Monastery is a Buddhist temple in Sha Tin, Hong Kong. It is located at 220 Pai Tau Village, Sha Tin. It is not an actual monastery as there are no resident monks and is managed by laypersons.-Historic background:...

     (萬佛寺)
  • Shing Mun River
    Shing Mun River
    Shing Mun River, or Shing Mun River Channel, is a river in Sha Tin, Hong Kong.-History:The original Shing Mun River began at Needle Hill, and flowed into the former Tide Cove , a shallow bay. In the 1970s, Tide Cove was drained and turned to Sha Tin New Town...

  • Lion Rock
    Lion Rock
    Lion Rock, or less formally Lion Rock Hill, is a famous hill in Hong Kong. It is located between Kowloon Tong in Kowloon and Tai Wai in the New Territories, and is 495 metres high...

  • Sha Tin Park
    Sha Tin Park
    Sha Tin Park , formerly known as Sha Tin Central Park , is a park in 2 Yuen Wo Road, Sha Tin, Hong Kong. It is situated along the Shing Mun River in the new town of Sha Tin, next to the New Town Plaza and the Sha Tin Town Hall....

     (沙田公園). This popular park runs alongside the Shing Mun river channel (open daily 0700 - 2245) in Sha Tin Town.
  • Penfold Park
    Penfold Park
    Penfold Park is a famous public park managed by the Hong Kong Jockey Club in Sha Tin, Hong Kong.The park is located in the centre of the Sha Tin Racecourse with a gross area of over 20 acres. It features green areas, as well as pools used by various waterbirds. People around the area often go...

  • Sha Tin Town Hall
    Sha Tin Town Hall
    Sha Tin Town Hall is a town hall at the town centre of the Sha Tin District in Hong Kong. It is located near the Sha Tin Park and the New Town Plaza...

    . The number one cultural venue in the eastern New Territories, hosting cultural events and exhibitions.
  • Snoopy's World. Six zones of amusements on the third floor of the New Town Plaza, including Snoopy's House, a canoe ride and a museum of Peanuts characters (open daily, 1000-2200).

External links