is a municipality
Communes , also known as municipalities, are the smallest government division in Switzerland, numbering 2,596 . While many have a population of a few hundred citizens, the largest cities such as Zürich or Geneva also have the legal status of municipalities...
in the district of Inn in the Swiss
Switzerland name of one of the Swiss cantons. ; ; ; or ), in its full name the Swiss Confederation , is a federal republic consisting of 26 cantons, with Bern as the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in Western Europe,Or Central Europe depending on the definition....
The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the member states of the federal state of Switzerland. Each canton was a fully sovereign state with its own borders, army and currency from the Treaty of Westphalia until the establishment of the Swiss federal state in 1848...
Graubünden or Grisons is the largest and easternmost canton of Switzerland. The canton shares borders with the cantons of Ticino, Uri, Glarus and St. Gallen and international borders with Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein...
Sent is first mentioned in 930 when King Henry the Fowler sent the Ramosch
Ramosch is a municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.-History:In 1956-58, on the hill Mottata , a significant prehistoric site was discovered...
priest Hartpert to the church in vicus Sindes
. It is unclear whether he meant the Church of St. Peter or St. Lorenz. Until the end of the 19th Century it had the highest population of any village in the Engadin
The Engadin or Engadine is a long valley in the Swiss Alps located in the canton of Graubünden in southeast Switzerland. It follows the route of the Inn River from its headwaters at Maloja Pass running northeast until the Inn flows into Austria one hundred kilometers downstream...
Sent has an area, , of 111.7 km² (43.1 sq mi). Of this area, 31.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 24.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.7% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (43.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality is located in the Suot Tasna sub-district of the Inn district on a terrace on the left bank of the Inn river. It consists of the village of Sent and the hamlets
A hamlet is usually a rural settlement which is too small to be considered a village, though sometimes the word is used for a different sort of community. Historically, when a hamlet became large enough to justify building a church, it was then classified as a village...
of Crusch and Sur En. Until the 19th Century it was also known by its German
German is a West Germanic language, related to and classified alongside English and Dutch. With an estimated 90 – 98 million native speakers, German is one of the world's major languages and is the most widely-spoken first language in the European Union....
name of Sins
Sent has a population (as of ) of . , 10.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -3.8%.
, the gender distribution of the population was 48.9% male and 51.1% female. The age distribution, , in Sent is; 99 children or 11.4% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 64 teenagers or 7.4% are 10 to 14, and 57 teenagers or 6.6% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 87 people or 10.1% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 134 people or 15.5% are 30 to 39, 143 people or 16.5% are 40 to 49, and 105 people or 12.1% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 76 people or 8.8% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 64 people or 7.4% are 70 to 79, there are 28 people or 3.2% who are 80 to 89, there are 7 people or 0.8% who are 90 to 99, and 1 person or 0.1% who is 100 or more.
In the 2007 federal election
Elections to the Swiss Federal Assembly, the federal parliament of Switzerland, were held on Sunday, 21 October 2007. In a few cantons, a second round of the elections to the Council of States was held on 11 November, 18 November, and 25 November 2007...
the most popular party was the SVP
The Swiss People's Party , also known as the Democratic Union of the Centre , is a conservative political party in Switzerland. Chaired by Toni Brunner, but spearheaded by Christoph Blocher, the party is the largest party in the Federal Assembly, with 58 members of the National Council and 6 of...
which received 45.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS
The Social Democratic Party of Switzerland is the largest centre-left political party in Switzerland....
(32.8%), the FDP
The Free Democratic Party was a classical liberal political party in Switzerland. It was one of the major parties in Switzerland until its merger with the smaller classical liberal Liberal Party, to form FDP.The Liberals on 1 January 2009....
(11.2%) and the CVP
The Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland is a Christian democratic political party in Switzerland. It is the fourth-largest party in the National Council, with 31 seats, and the largest in the Council of States, with 15 seats. It has one seat, that of Doris Leuthard, on the Swiss...
In Sent about 64.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule
A Fachhochschule or University of Applied Sciences is a German type of tertiary education institution, sometimes specialized in certain topical areas . Fachhochschulen were founded in Germany and later adopted by Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and Greece...
Sent has an unemployment rate of 1.74%. , there were 80 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 38 businesses involved in this sector. 68 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 19 businesses in this sector. 171 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 45 businesses in this sector.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Most of the population speaks Rhaeto-Romance (68.3%), with German being second most common (26.8%) and Italian being third ( 1.7%).
The local dialect of Romansh is known as Vallader and is today, the majority language in Sent. Through most of the 19th Century the majority of the population spoke Vallader. In 1880 88% spoke this Romansh dialect. In 1910 it was 89%, in 1941 about 91% and in 1970 86% spoke Romansh as their first language. There was a small German minority, but following 1970 it began to grow.
| Languages in Sent
|| Census 1980
|| Census 1990
|| Census 2000
|| 12.79 %
|| 20.00 %
|| 26.82 %
|| 80.60 %
|| 73.64 %
|| 68.32 %
Italian is a Romance language spoken mainly in Europe: Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City, by minorities in Malta, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, France, Libya, Eritrea, and Somalia, and by immigrant communities in the Americas and Australia...
|| 4.60 %
|| 2.99 %
|| 1.73 %
|| 100 %
|| 100 %
|| 100 %
( international and famous artist with galleries in NY, Milano, China ) is born in Sent and his home.
Sent is home of the German author Angelika Overath
Angelika Overath is a German author and journalist.Overath studied German literature, History, Italian Studies, and Cultural Studies at the University of Tübingen and wrote a PhD-thesis in 1986 about the colour blue in modern literature.She regularly works as Writer in Residence for the in the ,...