Russian Research Module

Russian Research Module

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The Russian Research Module (RM) was to be a Russia
Russia
Russia or , officially known as both Russia and the Russian Federation , is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects...

n component of the International Space Station
International Space Station
The International Space Station is a habitable, artificial satellite in low Earth orbit. The ISS follows the Salyut, Almaz, Cosmos, Skylab, and Mir space stations, as the 11th space station launched, not including the Genesis I and II prototypes...

 (ISS) that provided facilities for Russian science experiments and research. The original designs of ISS featured two research modules shaped like a rounded Zarya, but Russian budget problems caused one of them along with the Universal Docking Module
Universal Docking Module
The Nodal Module is a pressurized module of the Russian Segment of the International Space Station and will be used in the OPSEK space station...

 to be cancelled early in the program, leaving only one Research Module. This Research Module was scheduled to be built and launched in 2010 or later. In 2007 it was decided that, due to the continuing budget problems, the last Research Module was to be cancelled as well.

According to the current schedule the module with scientific designation for the Russian Orbital Segment
Russian Orbital Segment
The Russian Orbital Segment is the name given to the components of the International Space Station constructed in Russia and operated by the Russian Federal Space Agency...

 will be the FGB
Zarya
Zarya , also known as the Functional Cargo Block or FGB , was the first module of the International Space Station to be launched. The FGB provided electrical power, storage, propulsion, and guidance to the ISS during the initial stage of assembly...

-2 based Multipurpose Laboratory Module Nauka approved after the cancellation of the original RM1 and RM2.

Additionally the Russian Orbital Segment
Russian Orbital Segment
The Russian Orbital Segment is the name given to the components of the International Space Station constructed in Russia and operated by the Russian Federal Space Agency...

 contains two smaller modules, initially named Mini-Research Module
Mini-Research Module
International Space Station modules* Mini-Research Module 1 * Mini-Research Module 2 Other research modules of the Russian Orbital Segment:* Multipurpose Laboratory Module * Russian Research Modules...

 (MRM) 1 and 2. The MRM1 Rassvet
Rassvet (ISS module)
Rassvet , also known as the Mini-Research Module 1 and formerly known as the Docking Cargo Module , is a component of the International Space Station . The module's design is similar to the Mir Docking Module launched on STS-74 in 1995. Rassvet is primarily used for cargo storage and as a docking...

 implements the Docking and Stowage Module of the original design and is based on the canceled Science Power Platform
Science Power Platform
The Science Power Platform was a planned Russian element of the International Space Station that was intended to be delivered to the ISS by a Russian Proton rocket or Zenit rocket but was shifted to launch by Space Shuttle as part as a tradeoff agreement on other parts of the ISS...

 pressurised compartment. Rassvet was launched in 2010 by STS-132
STS-132
STS-132 was a NASA Space Shuttle mission, during which Space Shuttle Atlantis docked with the International Space Station on 16 May 2010. STS-132 was launched from the Kennedy Space Center on 14 May 2010. The primary payload was the Russian Rassvet Mini-Research Module, along with an Integrated...

 onboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis by NASA. MRM2 is one of the names for the original Docking Compartment 2 module Poisk, that was canceled, but later scheduled again for 2009 launch by Progress M-MIM2
Progress M-MIM2
Progress M-MIM2 , or Progress M-MRM2, originally designated Progress M-SO2, was a modified Progress-M spacecraft which was used to deliver the Poisk module to the International Space Station. It was based on the Progress-M 11F615A55 spacecraft, with the pressurised cargo module removed to...

.

RKK Energia, the manufacturer of the ROS
Russian Orbital Segment
The Russian Orbital Segment is the name given to the components of the International Space Station constructed in Russia and operated by the Russian Federal Space Agency...

 components, proposes to execute a similar to the original ISS plan with the addition of a Nodal module and two additional science/energy modules to the segment around 2013-2015.