Richard Wilhelm

Richard Wilhelm

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Richard Wilhelm was a German sinologist
Sinology in general use is the study of China and things related to China, but, especially in the American academic context, refers more strictly to the study of classical language and literature, and the philological approach...

, as well as theologian and missionary. He is best remembered for his translations of philosophical works from Chinese
Chinese language
The Chinese language is a language or language family consisting of varieties which are mutually intelligible to varying degrees. Originally the indigenous languages spoken by the Han Chinese in China, it forms one of the branches of Sino-Tibetan family of languages...

 into German
German language
German is a West Germanic language, related to and classified alongside English and Dutch. With an estimated 90 – 98 million native speakers, German is one of the world's major languages and is the most widely-spoken first language in the European Union....

 that in turn have been translated into other major languages of the world, including English
English language
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...

. His translation of the I Ching
I Ching
The I Ching or "Yì Jīng" , also known as the Classic of Changes, Book of Changes and Zhouyi, is one of the oldest of the Chinese classic texts...

is still regarded as one of the finest, as is his translation of The Secret of the Golden Flower
The Secret of the Golden Flower
The Secret of the Golden Flower , a Chinese Taoist book about meditation, was translated by Richard Wilhelm . Wilhelm, a friend of Carl Jung, was German, and his translations from Chinese to German were later translated to English by Cary F. Baynes...

; both were provided with introductions by the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung
Carl Jung
Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and the founder of Analytical Psychology. Jung is considered the first modern psychiatrist to view the human psyche as "by nature religious" and make it the focus of exploration. Jung is one of the best known researchers in the field of dream analysis and...

, who was a personal friend.


  • Interkulturalität im frühen 20. Jahrhundert: Richard Wilhelm - Theologe, Missionar und Sinologe. Hrsg. von Klaus Hirsch ... Frankfurt a.M. : IKO, Verlag für Interkulturelle Kommunikation, 2006. ISBN 3-88939-819-7
  • Richard Wilhelm: Botschafter zweier Welten. Sinologe und Missionar zwischen China und Europa. Dokumentation einer Tagung der Evangelischen Akademie Bad Boll in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Institut für Ostasienwissenschaften der Gerhard Mercator-Universität Duisburg 28. bis 30. Juni 2002. Hrsg. von Klaus Hirsch. Frankfurt am Main; London: IKO, Verlag für Interkulturelle Kommunikation, 2003. ISBN 3-424-00502-9
  • Reinhard Breymayer: "Die Bibel der Chinesen". Zum Problem 'verwestlichender Übersetzung' in der württembergisch-schwäbischen Chinakunde bis zu Richard Wilhelm (1873-1930). In: Rainer Reuter, Wolfgang Schenk (Hrsg.): Semiotica Biblica. Eine Freundesgabe für Erhardt Güttgemanns. (Hamburg:) Verlag Dr. Kovač (1999) (Schriftenreihe THEOS. Studienreihe Theologische Forschungsergebnisse, Bd. 31) pp. 181–217 ISBN 3-86064-936-1
  • Richard Noll
    Richard Noll
    Richard Noll is an author and clinical psychologist. Currently he is Associate Professor of Psychology at DeSales University in Center Valley, Pennsylvania. He is best known for his publications in the history of psychiatry, including two critical volumes on the life and work of Carl Gustav Jung...

    , The Jung Cult (Princeton: Princeton University Press
    Princeton University Press
    -Further reading:* "". Artforum International, 2005.-External links:* * * * *...

    , 1994) pp. 333–4

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