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is a concept in organization development
Organization development is a new term which means a conceptual, organization-wide effort to increase an organization's effectiveness and viability...
(OD) developed by Elliott Jaques
Elliott Jaques was a Canadian psychoanalyst and organizational psychologist. He developed the notion of requisite organization from his 'stratified systems theory', running counter to many others in the field of organizational development...
Requisite organization is a unified whole system model for effective managerial leadership. The approach is somewhat controversial since some of Jaques' conclusions about organizations run counter to the predominant views of OD.
Some key elements of Requisite Organization theory of organizations
- Nearly all organizational dysfunction can be traced to poor structure and systems, not deficient employees.
- OD interventions should focus upon fixing the organization rather than fixing employees. Fixing the organization (e.g. structure, role relationships, policies, systems of work, managerial practices) frees employees to work at their full potential creating increased efficiency, effectiveness, and employee satisfaction.
- Examples of fixing the organization include science-based methodologies for:
- matching employee capability to job complexity,
- appropriately spacing employees capability with that of their managers to improve leadership and communication,
- ensuring the right number of organizational layers,
- explicitly defining managerial authority and accountability,
- explicitly defining managerial leadership processes,
- explicitly defining cross functional working relationships,
- matching compensation to job complexity (felt fair compensation).