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is the motivation
Motivation is the driving force by which humans achieve their goals. Motivation is said to be intrinsic or extrinsic. The term is generally used for humans but it can also be used to describe the causes for animal behavior as well. This article refers to human motivation...
al drive to read, an area of interest in the field of education. Studying and implementing the conditions under which students are motivated to read is important in the process of teaching and fostering learning. Reading and writing motivation are the processes to put more effort on reading and writing activities.
Different strategies can be followed to develop a student's motivation to read.
- Integrating sensory organs
Senses are physiological capacities of organisms that provide inputs for perception. The senses and their operation, classification, and theory are overlapping topics studied by a variety of fields, most notably neuroscience, cognitive psychology , and philosophy of perception...
with text materials. For example, when reading the word "apple", read it loudly, visualize, feel the texture, taste, and odor.
Pronunciation refers to the way a word or a language is spoken, or the manner in which someone utters a word. If one is said to have "correct pronunciation", then it refers to both within a particular dialect....
each word properly. Differentiate pronunciation for the purpose of spelling and for the purpose of communicating ideas.
- In pronunciation, give emphasis on phonic discrimination
Phonetics is a branch of linguistics that comprises the study of the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign. It is concerned with the physical properties of speech sounds or signs : their physiological production, acoustic properties, auditory...
, for example, C-A-T, C-A-N, etc.
- Change from extrinsic to intrinsic reading motivation. Although incentives are a good motivator, further interest in reading will come from intrinsic wants and needs. Instead of rewarding reading with a gift, relate reading completion to increased reading competency and accomplishment.
- Organize reading material in an attractive way.
- Follow "SQ4R" strategies in reading the text:
- S: Survey – Survey the outlines.
- Q: Question – Make question out of outlines without going in too deeply.
- R: Read – Read the material in order to answer the question.
- R: Reflect – Relate what is read to real life.
- R: Recite – Read section and take notes. Associate text with spoken words and gestures.
- R: Review – Review the material soon after reading and on a schedule.
For students who know how to read, but need extra encouragement, giving a book talk
A booktalk in the broadest terms is what is spoken with the intent to convince someone to read a book. Booktalks are traditionally conducted in a classroom setting for students. However, booktalks can be performed outside a school setting and with a variety of age groups as well. It is not a book...
is a way to inspire reading. It is an especially effective tool with reluctant readers who need a hook before they will invest the energy into reading a book. Reading motivation for children can be enhanced when it is read with songs or music as later develops some imageries about the text.