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Ramah Navajo Indian Reservation

Ramah Navajo Indian Reservation

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The '''Ramah Navajo Indian Reservation''' is a non-contiguous section of the [[Navajo Nation]] lying in parts of west-central [[Cibola County, New Mexico|Cibola]] and southern [[McKinley County, New Mexico|McKinley]] counties in [[New Mexico]], [[USA]], just east and southeast of the [[Zuni Indian Reservation]]. It has a land area of 230.675 sq mi (597.445 kmĀ²), over 95 percent of which is designated as off-reservation trust land. According to the [[United States Census, 2000|2000 census]], the resident population is 2,167 persons. The Ramah Reservation's land area is less than one percent of the Navajo Nation's total area. Although part of the [[Navajo Nation]], the Ramah Navajo Indian Reservation has had an independent history from that of the other Navajo lands. The Ramah Navajo have been recorded in this area of New Mexico since 1540, when they came to the aid of the [[Zuni people|Zuni]] in their defense against the Spanish conquistador [[Coronado]]. In the years from 1868 through the 1960s, the [[Ramah Navajo]] acted independently of the Navajo Nation. Alhough part of the Navajo Nation since the 1960s, they accomplished some "firsts." on They founded the [[Pinehill, New Mexico|Pine Hill community]] with its [[Pine Hill Navajo School]] and health clinic. Community leaders, professionals, and [[Michael Gross]], a lawyer from the East who had begun to work in legal services for Native Americans, obtained funding directly from the [[U.S. Congress]] in the early 1970s for the school and clinic. Although the Ramah Band of Navajo had lived on their lands for several centuries up to the 1970s, their rights to them had not been fully secured under United States law since a transfer by the U.S. government had not occurred. The Navajo on these lands were not eligible for the services and benefits provided by the governmental agencies and departments to federally recognized tribes on trust lands. In 1979, the volunteer, [[Jan Crull, Jr.]] succeeded, securing ''Public Law 96-333 ''. He also taught the Ramah Navajo how how to obtain all mineral rights underlying the lands he had secured for them with ''Public Law 97-434 ''. Crull's work led to his nomination by the [[Navajos]] for the ''Rockefeller Public Service Award '' in 1981, which was endorsed by U.S. senators [[Dennis DeConcini]], [[Pete Domenici]], and [[John Melcher]]; and U.S. congressmen [[Manuel Lujan, Jr.]] and [[Paul Simon]]. ==External links== *[http://ramah.nndes.org Navajo Nation Chapter Website: Ramah] {{coord missing|New Mexico}}