is a town in the district of Würzburg
Würzburg is a Kreis in the northwestern part of Bavaria, Germany.Neighboring districts are Main-Spessart, Schweinfurt, Kitzingen, Neustadt -Bad Windsheim, and the district Main-Tauber in Baden-Württemberg...
, in Bavaria
Bavaria, formally the Free State of Bavaria is a state of Germany, located in the southeast of Germany. With an area of , it is the largest state by area, forming almost 20% of the total land area of Germany...
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...
. It is situated 30 km south of Würzburg
Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria, Germany. Located at the Main River, it is the capital of the Regierungsbezirk Lower Franconia. The regional dialect is Franconian....
, and 15 km east of Bad Mergentheim
Bad Mergentheim is a town in the Main-Tauber district in the German state of Baden-Württemberg.-History:Mergentheim is mentioned in chronicles as early as 1058, as the residence of the family of the counts of Hohenlohe, who early in the 13th century assigned the greater part of their estates in...
The valley of Tauber is one of the driest areas in Bavaria and belongs to the continental, dry and warm type of climate with very little of rain. There are more than 30 days every year when the temperature is above 25° Celsius (77°F) and less than 10 days every year where the temperature is below 0° Celsius (32°F).
The Alemanic tribe of the "Ruoter" (Ruotingen = Röttingen) probably settled first on this place in the late 5th century. The oldest documents in the town date back to 1103, and the town privilege was given in 1275.
In 1298 the town was the scene of the Rintfleisch-Pogrom
The Rintfleisch-Pogrom was a pogrom against Jews in the year 1298.It was set during the civil strife between King Adolf of Nassau and his rival Albert of Austria, when imperial authority, traditionally concerned with the protection of the Jews, had temporarily collapsed.The Jews of the Franconian...
, when a certain "Lord Rintfleisch", accusing the town's Jews of having obtained and desecrated a consecrated host, gathered a mob around him and burned
Burned at the Stake is a 1981 film directed by Bert I. Gordon. It stars Susan Swift and Albert Salmi.-Cast:*Susan Swift as Loreen Graham / Ann Putnam*Albert Salmi as Captaiin Billingham*Guy Stockwell as Dr. Grossinger*Tisha Sterling as Karen Graham...
the Jews of Röttingen on April 20, 1298.
Röttingen belonged then to the area of Hohenlohe
Hohenlohe is the name of a German princely family and the name of their principality.At first rulers of a county, its two branches were raised to the rank of principalities of the Holy Roman Empire in 1744 and 1764 respectively; in 1806 they lost their independence and their lands formed part of...
and later changed to the Hochstift
In the Holy Roman Empire the German term Hochstift was often used to denote the form of secular authority held by bishops ruling a prince-bishopric....
of the Bishop of Würzburg. From 14th century on it was the residence of a local authority of the bishop.
The German Peasants' War
The German Peasants' War or Great Peasants' Revolt was a widespread popular revolt in the German-speaking areas of Central Europe, 1524–1526. At its height in the spring and summer of 1525, the conflict involved an estimated 300,000 peasants: contemporary estimates put the dead at 100,000...
in 1525 abruptly stopped economic development. The long reign of Bishop Julius Echter von Mespelbrunn
Julius Echter von Mespelbrunn was a Prince-Bishop of Würzburg, Echter was born in Mespelbrunn Castle, Spessart and died in Würzburg....
over the town brought back the prosperity of the community mainly based on the production and trade of wine.
During the Thirty Year's War (1618–1648), Röttingen had to go through a lot of turmoil since the army of King Gustav Adolf of Sweden was fighting in the Tauber
For the singer, see Richard Tauber.For the mathematician, see Alfred Tauber.The Tauber is a river in Franconia, Germany. It is a left tributary of the Main and is 122 km in length...
The wars of the 16th and 17th century destroyed all economic prosperity of the town and their inhabitants.
When Napoleon came, he brought the Franconian "Kleinstaaterei
is a German word, mainly used for the political situation in Germany and neighbouring regions during the Holy Roman Empire and during the German Confederation...
" to an abrupt end.
In the following years all the clerical property was dissolved
Secularization is the transformation of a society from close identification with religious values and institutions toward non-religious values and secular institutions...
and Röttingen joined the Bavarian region of Untermainkreis.
The royal Bavarian administration in 1837 divided Franconia
Franconia is a region of Germany comprising the northern parts of the modern state of Bavaria, a small part of southern Thuringia, and a region in northeastern Baden-Württemberg called Tauberfranken...
into Upper-, Middle- and Lowerfranconia as it is nowadays.
In 1970, there were 1,988 inhabitants in Röttingen. In 1987, this figure decreased to 1,733, and in 2000 there was a slight increase to 1,789 people. As of December 2006, there are 1,663 people living in the town.
95% of the town is Roman Catholic
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with over a billion members. Led by the Pope, it defines its mission as spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity...
. Another 3% of the town is Evangelical
The Evangelical Church in Germany is a federation of 22 Lutheran, Unified and Reformed Protestant regional church bodies in Germany. The EKD is not a church in a theological understanding because of the denominational differences. However, the member churches share full pulpit and altar...
. Other religions and denominations constitute 2% of the population.
election from 02. March 2008:
- CSU/Freie Bürger: 9 seats
- Unabhängige Bürger Röttingen (UBR): 3 seats
Martin Umscheid (CSU / Freie Bürger) 75,59%.
Er hat seit 2003 das Direktmandat für den unterfränkischen Bezirkstag und ist dort stellvertretender CSU-Fraktionsvorsitzender.
Röttingen ist Sitz einer Verwaltungsgemeinschaft mit folgenden Mitgliedsgemeinden: Bieberehren, Riedenheim, Röttingen, Tauberrettersheim.
Economy and infrastructure
Röttingen is a wine growing community in the Tauber Valley. They grow about 30 ha of Frankonian wine on the "Röttinger Feuerstein": 70% is Müller-Thurgau, 20% Silvaner; 10% is Riesling, Traminer, Kerner, Scheurebe, Bacchus, Schwarzriesling etc. A local speciality is the "Tauberschwarz". This traditional sort of grapes exists only in the area of the Tauber Valley.