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Portsmouth (UK Parliament constituency)

Portsmouth (UK Parliament constituency)

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Portsmouth was a borough constituency based upon the borough of Portsmouth
Portsmouth
Portsmouth is the second largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire on the south coast of England. Portsmouth is notable for being the United Kingdom's only island city; it is located mainly on Portsea Island...

 in Hampshire
Hampshire
Hampshire is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom. The county town of Hampshire is Winchester, a historic cathedral city that was once the capital of England. Hampshire is notable for housing the original birthplaces of the Royal Navy, British Army, and Royal Air Force...

. It returned two Members of Parliament
Member of Parliament
A Member of Parliament is a representative of the voters to a :parliament. In many countries with bicameral parliaments, the term applies specifically to members of the lower house, as upper houses often have a different title, such as senate, and thus also have different titles for its members,...

 (MPs) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom, British Crown dependencies and British overseas territories, located in London...

, elected by the bloc vote
Plurality-at-large voting
Plurality-at-large voting is a non-proportional voting system for electing several representatives from a single multimember electoral district using a series of check boxes and tallying votes similar to a plurality election...

 system.

History


The constituency first elected MPs in 1295. It was abolished at the 1918 general election
United Kingdom general election, 1918
The United Kingdom general election of 1918 was the first to be held after the Representation of the People Act 1918, which meant it was the first United Kingdom general election in which nearly all adult men and some women could vote. Polling was held on 14 December 1918, although the count did...

, when the Representation of the People Act 1918
Representation of the People Act 1918
The Representation of the People Act 1918 was an Act of Parliament passed to reform the electoral system in the United Kingdom. It is sometimes known as the Fourth Reform Act...

 divided it into three new constituencies; Portsmouth North, Portsmouth South and Portsmouth Central
Portsmouth Central (UK Parliament constituency)
Portsmouth Central was a borough constituency in Portsmouth. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.- History :...

.

According to Namier and Brooke in The House of Commons 1754-1790, the right of election was in the freemen of the borough who numbered about 100. The town was known as an Admiralty borough and at least one MP was usually an Admiral.

The Earl of Sandwich
John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich
John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich, PC, FRS was a British statesman who succeeded his grandfather, Edward Montagu, 3rd Earl of Sandwich, as the Earl of Sandwich in 1729, at the age of ten...

 was First Lord of the Admiralty from 1771 to 1782. He imposed tighter Admiralty control over the borough. This change of policy led to an independent element of the local Council supporting challengers to the Admiralty candidates between 1774 and 1780.

When party politics re-emerged in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Portsmouth was a predominantly Whig
British Whig Party
The Whigs were a party in the Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, and Parliament of the United Kingdom, who contested power with the rival Tories from the 1680s to the 1850s. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute rule...

 constituency. It only once elected a Tory Member of Parliament between 1790 and 1832.

The Reform Act 1832
Reform Act 1832
The Representation of the People Act 1832 was an Act of Parliament that introduced wide-ranging changes to the electoral system of England and Wales...

 considerably expanded the electorate of the borough. The freemen retained their ancient right franchise, but were outnumbered by the new occupier voters amongst the 1,295 electors registered in 1832. As a result of the expanded electorate the borough became more competitive. Contested elections became the norm rather than the exception, as they had been before the Reform Act.

Candidates with naval connections continued to be frequent in Portsmouth, after the Reform Act. The borough developed into a marginal constituency, particularly in the last half century of its existence.

Boundaries


The parliamentary borough
Parliamentary borough
Parliamentary boroughs are a type of administrative division, usually covering urban areas, that are entitled to representation in a Parliament...

 of Portsmouth
Portsmouth
Portsmouth is the second largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire on the south coast of England. Portsmouth is notable for being the United Kingdom's only island city; it is located mainly on Portsea Island...

 was (as the area remains in the 21st century) a major seaport and naval base on the south coast of England. It is situated in the county of Hampshire
Hampshire
Hampshire is a county on the southern coast of England in the United Kingdom. The county town of Hampshire is Winchester, a historic cathedral city that was once the capital of England. Hampshire is notable for housing the original birthplaces of the Royal Navy, British Army, and Royal Air Force...

.

From the 1885 general election
United Kingdom general election, 1885
-Seats summary:-See also:*List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1885*Parliamentary Franchise in the United Kingdom 1885–1918*Representation of the People Act 1884*Redistribution of Seats Act 1885-References:...

 until the dissolution before the 1918 election
United Kingdom general election, 1918
The United Kingdom general election of 1918 was the first to be held after the Representation of the People Act 1918, which meant it was the first United Kingdom general election in which nearly all adult men and some women could vote. Polling was held on 14 December 1918, although the count did...

 the constituency was surrounded (on the landward side) by the Fareham seat.

1295-1640


ParliamentFirst memberSecond member
1386 William Bristowe Richard Mautravers
1388 (Feb) John atte Mede ?
1388 (Sep) Richard Gay William Bristowe
1390 (Jan) Richard Robust William atte Pury
1390 (Nov)
1391 William atte Pury Henry Seys
1393 William atte Pury Richard Whiliare
1394 William Hicche I Henry Seys
1395 Richard Gay Stephen Agulon
1397 (Jan) William Hicche II Henry Seys
1397 (Sep) William Hicche II Henry Seys
1399 William atte Pury William Balchief
1401
1402 Richard Spicer alias Newport William Hicche II
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 William atte Pury Richard Gay
1407
1410 Henry Abraham
1411 William Balchief William atte Pury
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) William atte Pury William Balchief
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) William Balchief William atte Pury
1415 William atte Pury Henry Abraham
1416 (Mar) William atte Pury Thomas Robust
1416 (Oct)
1417 William atte Pury Richard Gay
1419 William Balchief John Serle II
1420 William Balchief John Versy
1421 (May) Simon Stubbere Henry Abraham
1421 (Dec) William Balchief Richard Hert
1510-1523 No names known
1529 Geoffrey Lee Francis Dignely
1536 ?
1539 ?John Chaderton ?
1542 Christopher Staverton ?John Chaderton
1545 John Fryer Michael Gore
1547 Robert Blount Henry Knollys
1553 (Mar) Sir Richard Wingfield John Chaderton
1553 (Oct) John Chaderton Henry Bickley
1554 (Apr) Richard Sackville
Richard Sackville (escheator)
Sir Richard Sackville of Ashburnham and Buckhurst in Sussex and Westenhanger in Kent; was an English administrator and Member of Parliament.-Career:...

William Cooke
1554 (Nov) Edmund Cockerell John de Vic
1555 Ralph Henslowe Edmund Cockerell
1558 Edward Cordell Edmund Cockerell
1559 William Wynter George Brooke alias Cobham
1563 William Wynter Thomas Smythe
1571 Lawrence Blundestone Henry Slater
1572 Sir Henry Radclyffe
Henry Radclyffe, 4th Earl of Sussex
Henry Radclyffe, 4th Earl of Sussex, KG was an English peer.-Life:He was born in England to Henry Radclyffe, 2nd Earl of Sussex and Elizabeth Howard...

Robert Colshill
1584 Thomas Bodley
Thomas Bodley
Sir Thomas Bodley was an English diplomat and scholar, founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford.-Biography:...

Thomas Radcliffe
1586 Thomas Harris Thomas Thorney
1588 Thomas Harris Thomas Thorney
1593 Edward Radclyffe
Edward Radclyffe, 6th Earl of Sussex
Edward Radclyffe, 6th Earl of Sussex was a British peer and Member of Parliament for Bedfordshire 1588-1589, Petersfield and Portsmouth....

Thomas Thorney
1597 William Greene Thomas Thorney
1601 John Moore Edward Jones
Edward Jones (died 1609)
Edward Jones was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1593 and 1609.Jones was admitted to Gray's Inn on 12 January 1588. In 1593, he was elected Member of Parliament for Grampound. He was elected MP for Penryn in 1597. In 1601 he was elected MP for...

 
1604 Sir Oliver St John
Oliver St John, 1st Viscount Grandison
Sir Oliver St John, 1st Viscount Grandison was an English soldier who became Lord Deputy of Ireland.-Early years:He was the second son of Nicholas St John of Lydiard Park in Wiltshire and Purley Park in Berkshire, by his wife Elizabeth , daughter of Sir Richard Blount of Mapledurham House in...

Sir Richard Jenvoy
1614 John Griffith George Thorpe
1621–1622 Sir Daniel Norton Sir Benjamin Rudyerd
Benjamin Rudyerd
Sir Benjamin Rudyerd or Rudyard , of West Woodhay in Berkshire, was an English politician and poet, Member of Parliament for various constituencies between 1620 and 1648, and a colonial investor who was one of the incorporators of the Providence Company in 1630.Benjamin was the son of James Rudyerd...

1624 Sir William Uvedale
William Uvedale
William Uvedale was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1625 and 1645. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War....

Sir Benjamin Rudyerd
Benjamin Rudyerd
Sir Benjamin Rudyerd or Rudyard , of West Woodhay in Berkshire, was an English politician and poet, Member of Parliament for various constituencies between 1620 and 1648, and a colonial investor who was one of the incorporators of the Providence Company in 1630.Benjamin was the son of James Rudyerd...

1625 Sir Benjamin Rudyerd
Benjamin Rudyerd
Sir Benjamin Rudyerd or Rudyard , of West Woodhay in Berkshire, was an English politician and poet, Member of Parliament for various constituencies between 1620 and 1648, and a colonial investor who was one of the incorporators of the Providence Company in 1630.Benjamin was the son of James Rudyerd...

Sir Daniel Norton
1626 Sir James Fullerton Thomas Whiteman
1628 Owen Jennens William Towerson
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

1640-1918

YearFirst memberFirst partySecond memberSecond party
April 1640
Short Parliament
The Short Parliament was a Parliament of England that sat from 13 April to 5 May 1640 during the reign of King Charles I of England, so called because it lasted only three weeks....

The Earl of Lanark
William Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Hamilton
William Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Hamilton KG was a Scottish nobleman who supported both Royalist and Presbyterian causes during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms....

Hon. Henry Percy  Royalist
November 1640
Long Parliament
The Long Parliament was made on 3 November 1640, following the Bishops' Wars. It received its name from the fact that through an Act of Parliament, it could only be dissolved with the agreement of the members, and those members did not agree to its dissolution until after the English Civil War and...

Hon. George Goring
George Goring, Lord Goring
George Goring, Lord Goring was an English Royalist soldier. He was known by the courtesy title Lord Goring as the eldest son of the 1st Earl of Norwich.- The Goring family :...

Royalist
1640 (?) Edward Dowse
Edward Dowse (MP)
Edward Dowse was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1640 to 1648.Dowse matriculated at Hart Hall, Oxford aged 15 on 14 October 1597, and was awarded BA on 8 May 1601 and MA on 8 May 1604. He was incorporated at Cambridge University in 1616.In April 1640, Dowse was...

 
Parliamentarian
August 1642 Goring disabled from sitting - seat vacant
1646 Edward Boote
December 1648 Boote not recorded as sitting after Pride's Purge
Pride's Purge
Pride’s Purge is an event in December 1648, during the Second English Civil War, when troops under the command of Colonel Thomas Pride forcibly removed from the Long Parliament all those who were not supporters of the Grandees in the New Model Army and the Independents...

Dowce died late 1648 - seat left vacant
1653 Portsmouth was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
Barebones Parliament
Barebone's Parliament, also known as the Little Parliament, the Nominated Assembly and the Parliament of Saints, came into being on 4 July 1653, and was the last attempt of the English Commonwealth to find a stable political form before the installation of Oliver Cromwell as Lord Protector...

 and the First
First Protectorate Parliament
The First Protectorate Parliament was summoned by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell under the terms of the Instrument of Government. It sat for one term from 3 September 1654 until 22 January 1655 with William Lenthall as the Speaker of the House....

 and Second
Second Protectorate Parliament
The Second Protectorate Parliament in England sat for two sessions from 17 September 1656 until 4 February 1658, with Thomas Widdrington as the Speaker of the House of Commons...

 Parliaments of the Protectorate
1654
First Protectorate Parliament
The First Protectorate Parliament was summoned by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell under the terms of the Instrument of Government. It sat for one term from 3 September 1654 until 22 January 1655 with William Lenthall as the Speaker of the House....

Nathaniel Whetham  Portsmouth had only one seat in the First
First Protectorate Parliament
The First Protectorate Parliament was summoned by the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell under the terms of the Instrument of Government. It sat for one term from 3 September 1654 until 22 January 1655 with William Lenthall as the Speaker of the House....

  and
Second
Second Protectorate Parliament
The Second Protectorate Parliament in England sat for two sessions from 17 September 1656 until 4 February 1658, with Thomas Widdrington as the Speaker of the House of Commons...

 Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656
Second Protectorate Parliament
The Second Protectorate Parliament in England sat for two sessions from 17 September 1656 until 4 February 1658, with Thomas Widdrington as the Speaker of the House of Commons...

Thomas Smith
January 1659
Third Protectorate Parliament
The Third Protectorate Parliament sat for one session, from 27 January 1659 until 22 April 1659, with Chaloner Chute and Thomas Bampfylde as the Speakers of the House of Commons...

Francis Willoughby John Child
May 1659
Rump Parliament
The Rump Parliament is the name of the English Parliament after Colonel Pride purged the Long Parliament on 6 December 1648 of those members hostile to the Grandees' intention to try King Charles I for high treason....

Portsmouth was not represented in the restored Rump
Rump Parliament
The Rump Parliament is the name of the English Parliament after Colonel Pride purged the Long Parliament on 6 December 1648 of those members hostile to the Grandees' intention to try King Charles I for high treason....

April 1660 Richard Norton Henry Whithed
May 1660 Andrew Henley
1661 Richard Norton Sir George Carteret, Bt
February 1679 George Legge
George Legge, 1st Baron Dartmouth
Admiral George Legge, 1st Baron Dartmouth PC was an English naval commander who gave distinguished service to both Charles II and James II.-Biography:...

Sir John Kempthorne
John Kempthorne (Royal Navy officer)
Sir John Kempthorne was an officer in the English Royal Navy during the Second and Third Anglo-Dutch Wars, who eventually rose to the rank of Vice-Admiral.-Childhood and early years:...

August 1679 Richard Norton
1685 William Legge Henry Slingsby
1689 Richard Norton
1690 Edward Russell
Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford
Admiral of the Fleet Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford, PC was the First Lord of the Admiralty under King William III.-Naval career:...

Nicholas Hedger
1695 Matthew Aylmer
Matthew Aylmer, 1st Baron Aylmer
Matthew Aylmer, 1st Baron Aylmer was an Irish Admiral of the Royal Navy.Lord Aylmer, Admiral and Commander-in-Chief, was the second son of Sir Christopher Aylmer of Balrath, County Meath, and entered the Royal Navy under the protection of the Duke of Buckingham, as a Lieutenant, in 1678...

1696 John Gibson
Sir John Gibson
Sir John Gibson , was the founder of the Gloucestershire Regiment. He was also the Member of Parliament for Portsmouth, 1696–1698 and 1702.-Life:He was son of Sir John Gibson, of Alderstone, in Ratho parish, near Edinburgh...

1698 Thomas Erle
Thomas Erle
Lieutenant-General Thomas Erle PC was an English army general and politician who sat in the House of Commons of England and of Great Britain from 1678 to 1718. He was Governor of Portsmouth and a Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance....

Sir George Rooke
George Rooke
Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Rooke was an English naval commander. He is known for his service in the wars against France and particularly remembered today for his victory at Vigo Bay and for capturing Gibraltar for the British in 1704.-Early life:Rooke was born at St Lawrence, near Canterbury...

January 1702 John Gibson
Sir John Gibson
Sir John Gibson , was the founder of the Gloucestershire Regiment. He was also the Member of Parliament for Portsmouth, 1696–1698 and 1702.-Life:He was son of Sir John Gibson, of Alderstone, in Ratho parish, near Edinburgh...

July 1702 Thomas Erle
Thomas Erle
Lieutenant-General Thomas Erle PC was an English army general and politician who sat in the House of Commons of England and of Great Britain from 1678 to 1718. He was Governor of Portsmouth and a Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance....

 
December 1702 William Gifford
May 1708 Thomas Erle
Thomas Erle
Lieutenant-General Thomas Erle PC was an English army general and politician who sat in the House of Commons of England and of Great Britain from 1678 to 1718. He was Governor of Portsmouth and a Lieutenant-General of the Ordnance....

 
George Churchill Tory
December 1708 Sir Thomas Littleton, Bt
Sir Thomas Littleton, 3rd Baronet
Sir Thomas Littleton, 3rd Baronet , often Thomas de Littleton, was a British statesman. He was the son of Sir Thomas Littleton, 2nd Baronet and his wife and cousin Anne Littleton....

January 1710 Sir Charles Wager
Charles Wager
Sir Charles Wager was a British Admiral and First Lord of the Admiralty between 1733 and 1742.Despite heroic active service and steadfast administration and diplomatic service, Wager's reputation has suffered from a profoundly mistaken idea that the navy was then at a low ebb...

October 1710 Sir John Jennings
1711 Admiral Sir James Wishart Sir William Gifford
1713 Sir Thomas Mackworth, Bt
1715 Sir Charles Wager
Charles Wager
Sir Charles Wager was a British Admiral and First Lord of the Admiralty between 1733 and 1742.Despite heroic active service and steadfast administration and diplomatic service, Wager's reputation has suffered from a profoundly mistaken idea that the navy was then at a low ebb...

Sir Edward Ernle, Bt
1722 Sir John Norris
1734 Thomas Lewis
Thomas Lewis (died 1736)
Thomas Lewis was a British politician.He was the Member of Parliament for Salisbury , Winchester , Buckingham , Southampton , Portsmouth , Whitchurch and Hampshire Thomas Lewis (c.1679 – 22 November 1736) was a British politician.He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Salisbury (19 August 1727...

Philip Cavendish
1737 Charles Stewart
February 1741 Edward Vernon
Edward Vernon
Edward Vernon was an English naval officer. Vernon was born in Westminster, England and went to Westminster School. He joined the Navy in 1700 and was promoted to Lieutenant in 1702 and served on several different ships for the next five years...

May 1741 Martin Bladen
1743 Sir Charles Hardy
Charles Hardy
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Hardy was a Royal Navy officer and colonial governor of New York.-Early career:Born at Portsmouth, the son of a vice admiral, Charles Hardy joined the Royal Navy as a volunteer in 1731....

1744 Isaac Townsend
Isaac Townsend
Isaac Townsend was an admiral in the British Royal Navy and a Member of Parliament.A post-Captain from 1720, Townsend commanded various ships. As captain of HMS Shrewsbury he took part in the expedition against Cartagena in 1741. He was promoted to Rear Admiral in 1744, Vice Admiral in 1746 and...

1746 Thomas Gore 
15 December 1747 Hon. Edward Legge
Edward Legge
Edward Legge FRS was a British Royal Navy captain who achieved a distinction when he was returned as Member of Parliament for Portsmouth on December 15, 1747 – an honour which meant little to him as he had died 87 days before.Legge was the fifth son of the Earl of Dartmouth...

 
Whig
British Whig Party
The Whigs were a party in the Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, and Parliament of the United Kingdom, who contested power with the rival Tories from the 1680s to the 1850s. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute rule...

28 December 1747 Sir Edward Hawke
Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke
Admiral of the Fleet Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke KB, PC was an officer of the Royal Navy. He is best remembered for his service during the Seven Years' War, particularly his victory over a French fleet at the Battle of Quiberon Bay in 1759, preventing a French invasion of Britain...

 
1754
British general election, 1754
The British general election, 1754 returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 11th Parliament of Great Britain to be held, after the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707....

Sir William Rowley
1761
British general election, 1761
The British general election, 1761 returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 12th Parliament of Great Britain to be held, after the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707...

Sir Matthew Fetherstonhaugh, Bt
Sir Matthew Fetherstonhaugh, 1st Baronet
Sir Matthew Fetherstonhaugh, 1st Baronet FRS pronounced "fan-shaw" was an English politician and landowner.He was the son of Matthew Fetherstonhaugh of Featherstone Castle, Northumberland. In 1746 he inherited the estates of a kinsman Sir Henry Fetherston but not Sir Henry's baronetcy which became...

1774 Peter Taylor
1776 Maurice Suckling
Maurice Suckling
Captain Maurice Suckling was a Royal Navy officer who was instrumental in the training of his nephew, Horatio Nelson.-Seven Years War:...

1777 Sir William Gordon
1778 Hon. Robert Monckton
Robert Monckton
Robert Monckton was an officer of the British army and a colonial administrator in British North America. He had a distinguished military and political career, being second in command to General Wolfe at the battle of Quebec and subsequently being the Governor of New York State...

1782 Sir Henry Fetherstonhaugh, Bt
1783 Hon. Thomas Erskine
Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine
Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine KT PC KC was a British lawyer and politician. He served as Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom between 1806 and 1807 in the Ministry of All the Talents.-Background and childhood:...

Whig
British Whig Party
The Whigs were a party in the Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, and Parliament of the United Kingdom, who contested power with the rival Tories from the 1680s to the 1850s. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute rule...

1784
British general election, 1784
The British general election of 1784 resulted in William Pitt the Younger securing an overall majority of about 120 in the House of Commons of Great Britain, having previously had to survive in a House which was dominated by his opponents.-Background:...

Hon. William Cornwallis
William Cornwallis
Admiral the Honourable Sir William Cornwallis GCB was a Royal Navy officer who fought in the Napoleonic Wars. He was the brother of Charles Cornwallis, the 1st Marquess Cornwallis, governor-general of India...

1790
British general election, 1790
The British general election, 1790 returned members to serve in the House of Commons of the 17th Parliament of Great Britain to be held, after the merger of the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland in 1707.-Political Situation:...

Hon. Thomas Erskine
Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine
Thomas Erskine, 1st Baron Erskine KT PC KC was a British lawyer and politician. He served as Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom between 1806 and 1807 in the Ministry of All the Talents.-Background and childhood:...

Whig
British Whig Party
The Whigs were a party in the Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, and Parliament of the United Kingdom, who contested power with the rival Tories from the 1680s to the 1850s. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute rule...

1796
British general election, 1796
The British general election, 1796 returned members to serve in the 18th and last House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain to be held before the formation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on 1 January 1801...

Lord Hugh Seymour
Lord Hugh Seymour
Vice-Admiral Lord Hugh Seymour was a senior British Royal Navy officer of the late 18th century who was the fifth son of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford and became known for being both a prominent society figure and a highly competent naval officer...

1801 John Markham Whig
British Whig Party
The Whigs were a party in the Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, and Parliament of the United Kingdom, who contested power with the rival Tories from the 1680s to the 1850s. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute rule...

February 1806 Hon. David Erskine
David Erskine, 2nd Baron Erskine
David Montagu Erskine, 2nd Baron Erskine was a British diplomat and politician.-Background and education:...

November 1806
United Kingdom general election, 1806
The United Kingdom general election, 1806 was the election of members to the 3rd Parliament of the United Kingdom. This was the second general election to be held after the Union of Great Britain and Ireland....

Sir Thomas Miller, Bt
Sir Thomas Miller, 5th Baronet
Sir Thomas Miller, 5th Baronet , MP for Lewes 1774–1778 and Portsmouth 1806–1816In 1770, Miller, formerly of Lavant, near Chichester, bought a country house in Hampshire called Froyle Place with the manor of Froyle.-References:...

Whig
British Whig Party
The Whigs were a party in the Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, and Parliament of the United Kingdom, who contested power with the rival Tories from the 1680s to the 1850s. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute rule...

1816 John Bonham Carter Whig
British Whig Party
The Whigs were a party in the Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, and Parliament of the United Kingdom, who contested power with the rival Tories from the 1680s to the 1850s. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute rule...

1818
United Kingdom general election, 1818
The 1818 general election of the United Kingdom saw the Whigs gain a few seats, but the Tories under the Earl of Liverpool retained a majority of around 90 seats...

Sir George Cockburn, Bt Tory
1820
United Kingdom general election, 1820
The 1820 UK general election, held shortly after the Radical War in Scotland and the Cato Street Conspiracy. In this atmosphere, the Tories under the Earl of Liverpool were able to win a substantial majority over the Whigs....

John Markham Whig
British Whig Party
The Whigs were a party in the Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, and Parliament of the United Kingdom, who contested power with the rival Tories from the 1680s to the 1850s. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute rule...

1826
United Kingdom general election, 1826
The 1826 United Kingdom general election saw the Tories under the Earl of Liverpool win a substantial and increased majority over the Whigs. In Ireland, Home Rule candidates, working with the Whigs, won large gains from Unionist candidates....

Francis Baring
Francis Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook
Francis Thornhill Baring, 1st Baron Northbrook PC , known as Sir Francis Baring, Bt, from 1848 to 1866, was a British Whig politician who served in the governments of Lord Melbourne and Lord John Russell....

Whig
British Whig Party
The Whigs were a party in the Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, and Parliament of the United Kingdom, who contested power with the rival Tories from the 1680s to the 1850s. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute rule...

1838 Sir George Thomas Staunton
George Thomas Staunton
Sir George Thomas Staunton, 2nd Baronet was an English traveller and Orientalist.-Early life:Born at Milford House near Salisbury, he was the son of Sir George Leonard Staunton , first baronet, diplomatist and Orientalist...

Whig
British Whig Party
The Whigs were a party in the Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, and Parliament of the United Kingdom, who contested power with the rival Tories from the 1680s to the 1850s. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute rule...

1852
United Kingdom general election, 1852
The July 1852 United Kingdom general election was a watershed election in the formation of the modern political parties of Britain. Following 1852, the Tory/Conservative party became, more completely, the party of the rural aristocracy, while the Whig/Liberal party became the party of the rising...

The Viscount Monck Whig
British Whig Party
The Whigs were a party in the Parliament of England, Parliament of Great Britain, and Parliament of the United Kingdom, who contested power with the rival Tories from the 1680s to the 1850s. The Whigs' origin lay in constitutional monarchism and opposition to absolute rule...

1857
United Kingdom general election, 1857
-Seats summary:-References:*F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987* British Electoral Facts 1832-1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher *...

Sir James Dalrymple-Horn-Elphinstone, Bt
Sir James Dalrymple-Horn-Elphinstone, 2nd Baronet
Sir James Dalrymple-Horn-Elphinstone, 2nd baronet was a British Conservative Party politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1857 and 1880....

Conservative
Conservative Party (UK)
The Conservative Party, formally the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism. It is the largest political party in the UK, and is currently the largest single party in the House...

1865
United Kingdom general election, 1865
The 1865 United Kingdom general election saw the Liberals, led by Lord Palmerston, increase their large majority over the Earl of Derby's Conservatives to more than 80. The Whig Party changed its name to the Liberal Party between the previous election and this one.Palmerston died later in the same...

William Henry Stone
William Henry Stone (MP)
William Henry Stone was an English Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1865 to 1874.Stone was the son of William Stone of Dulwich Hill and his wife Mary Platt daughter of Thomas Platt of Hampstead...

Liberal
Liberal Party (UK)
The Liberal Party was one of the two major political parties of the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was a third party of negligible importance throughout the latter half of the 20th Century, before merging with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the present day...

Stephen Gaselee
Stephen Gaselee (serjeant-at-law)
Stephen Gaselee MP was a serjeant-at-law.-Life:Gaselee, eldest son of Sir Stephen Gaselee, was born at 77 Upper Guildford Street, Russell Square, London, on 1 September 1807, and educated at Winchester School. He matriculated from Balliol College, Oxford, on 4 June 1824; graduated second class in...

Liberal
Liberal Party (UK)
The Liberal Party was one of the two major political parties of the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was a third party of negligible importance throughout the latter half of the 20th Century, before merging with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the present day...

1868
United Kingdom general election, 1868
The 1868 United Kingdom general election was the first after passage of the Reform Act 1867, which enfranchised many male householders, thus greatly increasing the number of men who could vote in elections in the United Kingdom...

Sir James Dalrymple-Horn-Elphinstone, Bt
Sir James Dalrymple-Horn-Elphinstone, 2nd Baronet
Sir James Dalrymple-Horn-Elphinstone, 2nd baronet was a British Conservative Party politician who sat in the House of Commons in two periods between 1857 and 1880....

Conservative
Conservative Party (UK)
The Conservative Party, formally the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism. It is the largest political party in the UK, and is currently the largest single party in the House...

1874
United Kingdom general election, 1874
-Seats summary:-References:* F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987* British Electoral Facts 1832-1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher *...

Thomas Charles Bruce
Thomas Charles Bruce
Thomas Charles Bruce was a British barrister and a Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1874 to 1885....

Conservative
Conservative Party (UK)
The Conservative Party, formally the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism. It is the largest political party in the UK, and is currently the largest single party in the House...

1880
United Kingdom general election, 1880
-Seats summary:-References:*F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987* British Electoral Facts 1832-1999, compiled and edited by Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher *...

Sir Henry Drummond Wolff
Henry Drummond Wolff
Sir Henry Drummond-Wolff GCB, GCMG, PC was an English diplomat and Conservative Party politician, who started as a clerk in the Foreign Office.-Background:Wolff was the son of Georgiana Mary and Joseph Wolff...

Conservative
Conservative Party (UK)
The Conservative Party, formally the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism. It is the largest political party in the UK, and is currently the largest single party in the House...

1885
United Kingdom general election, 1885
-Seats summary:-See also:*List of MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1885*Parliamentary Franchise in the United Kingdom 1885–1918*Representation of the People Act 1884*Redistribution of Seats Act 1885-References:...

Sir William Crossman
William Crossman
Sir William Crossman K.C.M.G. was an officer in the Royal Engineers and a Liberal and Liberal Unionist politician.Crossman was born at Isleworth, Middlesex, the son of Robert Crossman and his wife Sarah...

Liberal
Liberal Party (UK)
The Liberal Party was one of the two major political parties of the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was a third party of negligible importance throughout the latter half of the 20th Century, before merging with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the present day...

Philip Vanderbyl
Philip Vanderbyl
Philip Vanderbyl was a qualified doctor, merchant and a Liberal politician.Vanderbyl was the son of P. V. Vanderbyl of the Cape of Good Hope. He trained as a doctor at the University of Edinburgh obtaining M.D. in honours and a gold medal. He became M.R.C.S. Eng. in 1849 and M.R.C.P. Lond. in 1855...

Liberal
Liberal Party (UK)
The Liberal Party was one of the two major political parties of the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was a third party of negligible importance throughout the latter half of the 20th Century, before merging with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the present day...

1886
United Kingdom general election, 1886
-Seats summary:-See also:*MPs elected in the UK general election, 1886*The Parliamentary Franchise in the United Kingdom 1885-1918-References:*F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987**...

Liberal Unionist Sir Samuel Wilson
Samuel Wilson (pastoralist)
Sir Samuel Wilson was an Irish-born Australian pastoralist and politician, and later a British Member of Parliament....

Conservative
Conservative Party (UK)
The Conservative Party, formally the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism. It is the largest political party in the UK, and is currently the largest single party in the House...

1892
United Kingdom general election, 1892
The 1892 United Kingdom general election was held from 4 July to 26 July 1892. It saw the Conservatives, led by Lord Salisbury, win the greatest number of seats, but not enough for an overall majority as William Ewart Gladstone's Liberals won many more seats than in the 1886 general election...

Sir John Baker
John Baker (Portsmouth politician)
Sir John Baker was a Liberal Party politician in the United Kingdom.He was elected at the 1892 general election as one of the two Members of Parliament for Portsmouth, and held the seat until his defeat at the 1900 general election, when both Portsmouth seats were won by the Conservative Party.He...

Liberal
Liberal Party (UK)
The Liberal Party was one of the two major political parties of the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was a third party of negligible importance throughout the latter half of the 20th Century, before merging with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the present day...

Walter Owen Clough Liberal
Liberal Party (UK)
The Liberal Party was one of the two major political parties of the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was a third party of negligible importance throughout the latter half of the 20th Century, before merging with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the present day...

May 1900 by-election
Portsmouth by-election, 1900
The Portsmouth by-election, 1900 was a parliamentary by-election held on 3 May 1900 for one of the two seats in the British House of Commons constituency of Portsmouth in Hampshire....

Thomas Arthur Bramsdon Liberal
Liberal Party (UK)
The Liberal Party was one of the two major political parties of the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was a third party of negligible importance throughout the latter half of the 20th Century, before merging with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the present day...

October 1900
United Kingdom general election, 1900
-Seats summary:-See also:*MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1900*The Parliamentary Franchise in the United Kingdom 1885-1918-External links:***-References:*F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987**...

James Henry Alexander Majendie Conservative
Conservative Party (UK)
The Conservative Party, formally the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism. It is the largest political party in the UK, and is currently the largest single party in the House...

Reginald Jaffray Lucas Conservative
Conservative Party (UK)
The Conservative Party, formally the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism. It is the largest political party in the UK, and is currently the largest single party in the House...

1906
United Kingdom general election, 1906
-Seats summary:-See also:*MPs elected in the United Kingdom general election, 1906*The Parliamentary Franchise in the United Kingdom 1885-1918-External links:***-References:*F. W. S. Craig, British Electoral Facts: 1832-1987**...

Sir John Baker
John Baker (Portsmouth politician)
Sir John Baker was a Liberal Party politician in the United Kingdom.He was elected at the 1892 general election as one of the two Members of Parliament for Portsmouth, and held the seat until his defeat at the 1900 general election, when both Portsmouth seats were won by the Conservative Party.He...

Liberal
Liberal Party (UK)
The Liberal Party was one of the two major political parties of the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was a third party of negligible importance throughout the latter half of the 20th Century, before merging with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the present day...

Thomas Arthur Bramsdon Liberal
Liberal Party (UK)
The Liberal Party was one of the two major political parties of the United Kingdom during the 19th and early 20th centuries. It was a third party of negligible importance throughout the latter half of the 20th Century, before merging with the Social Democratic Party in 1988 to form the present day...

January 1910 Lord Charles Beresford Conservative
Conservative Party (UK)
The Conservative Party, formally the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism. It is the largest political party in the UK, and is currently the largest single party in the House...

Sir Bertram Falle
Bertram Falle, 1st Baron Portsea
Bertram Godfray Falle, 1st Baron Portsea , known as Sir Bertram Falle, Bt, between 1916 and 1930, was a Jersey-born barrister and politician in the United Kingdom.-Background and education:...

 
Liberal Unionist
1912 Conservative
Conservative Party (UK)
The Conservative Party, formally the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism. It is the largest political party in the UK, and is currently the largest single party in the House...

1916 by-election
Portsmouth by-election, 1916
The Portsmouth by-election, 1916 was a parliamentary by-election held for the British House of Commons constituency of Portsmouth on 14 January 1916. The seat had become vacant when Lord Charles Beresford was elevated to peerage as Baron Beresford.The Conservative candidate, Hon...

Sir Hedworth Meux
Hedworth Meux
Admiral of the Fleet The Hon Sir Hedworth Meux GCB KCVO , formerly The Hon Hedworth Lambton was an English naval officer famous for bringing help to the British forces in the Siege of Ladysmith....

Conservative
Conservative Party (UK)
The Conservative Party, formally the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom that adheres to the philosophies of conservatism and British unionism. It is the largest political party in the UK, and is currently the largest single party in the House...

1918
United Kingdom general election, 1918
The United Kingdom general election of 1918 was the first to be held after the Representation of the People Act 1918, which meant it was the first United Kingdom general election in which nearly all adult men and some women could vote. Polling was held on 14 December 1918, although the count did...

Constituency abolished


Notes

Election notes


The bloc vote
Plurality-at-large voting
Plurality-at-large voting is a non-proportional voting system for electing several representatives from a single multimember electoral district using a series of check boxes and tallying votes similar to a plurality election...

 electoral system was used in two seat elections and first past the post for single member by-elections. Each voter had up to as many votes as there were seats to be filled. Votes had to be cast by a spoken declaration, in public, at the hustings (until the secret ballot was introduced in 1872).

Note on percentage change calculations: Where there was only one candidate of a party in successive elections, for the same number of seats, change is calculated on the party percentage vote. Where there was more than one candidate, in one or both successive elections for the same number of seats, then change is calculated on the individual percentage vote.

Note on sources: The information for the election results given below is taken from Sedgwick 1715-1754, Namier and Brooke 1754-1790, Stooks Smith 1790-1832 and from Craig thereafter. Where Stooks Smith gives additional information or differs from the other sources this is indicated in a note after the result.

Election results 1715-1800


1710s –
1720s –
1730s –
1740s –
1750s –
1760s –
1770s –
1780s –
1790s

Elections in the 1710s


  • Seat vacated when Wager was appointed to an office

  • Seat vacated when Wager was appointed to an office


Elections in the 1720s



Elections in the 1730s


  • Death of Lewis


Elections in the 1740s

  • Death of Stewart

  • Seat vacated when Cavendish was appointed to an office

  • Death of Cavendish

  • Death of Hardy

  • Death of Bladen


  • Gore chose to sit for Bedford
    Bedford (UK Parliament constituency)
    Bedford is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The seat was established in its current form in 1997, restoring a centuries old name. It elects one Member of Parliament by the first-past-the-post system of election...


  • Election declared void on 19 December 1747 as, unknown to anyone in England on 15 December, Legge had died on 19 September 1747.


Elections in the 1750s


  • Seat vacated when Rowley was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty
    Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty
    The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty were the members of the Board of Admiralty, which exercised command over the Royal Navy.Officially known as the Commissioners for Exercising the Office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland &c. The Lords...



Elections in the 1760s


  • Seat vacated when Hawke was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty
    Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty
    The Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty were the members of the Board of Admiralty, which exercised command over the Royal Navy.Officially known as the Commissioners for Exercising the Office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland &c. The Lords...



  • Death of Fetherstonhaugh

Elections in the 1770s


  • Creation of Hawke as a peer

  • Death of Taylor

  • Death of Suckling


Elections in the 1780s


  • Death of Monckton

  • Seat vacated on the grant of a pension, at the pleasure of the Crown, to Gordon

  • Source for party: Stooks Smith


Elections in the 1790s



  • Seymour is referred to as Hugh Seymour-Conway in the above list of Members of Parliament

Election results 1801-1918

1800s – 1810s – 1820s – 1830s – 1840s – 1850s – 1860s – 1870s – 1880s – 1890s – 1900s – 1910s

Elections in the 1800s

  • Death of Seymour

  • Markham is referred to as John Markham in the above list of Members of Parliament

  • The above list of Members of Parliament includes David Montagu Erskine as an MP in 1806, in succession to his father the Hon. Thomas Erskine (who became Lord Chancellor
    Lord Chancellor
    The Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, or Lord Chancellor, is a senior and important functionary in the government of the United Kingdom. He is the second highest ranking of the Great Officers of State, ranking only after the Lord High Steward. The Lord Chancellor is appointed by the Sovereign...

     and was elevated to the peerage as the 1st Baron Erskine
    Baron Erskine
    Baron Erskine, of Restormel Castle in the County of Cornwall, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, since 1960 a subsidiary title of the earldom of Buchan. It was created in 1806 for the Honourable Thomas Erskine on his appointment as Lord High Chancellor, a post he held until the...

     in 1806). Stooks Smith does not record this election

Elections in the 1810s


  • Death of Miller

Elections in the 1820s


Elections in the 1830s


  • Seat vacated on the appointment of Baring as a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury


Note (1832): Stooks Smith was the source for the number of electors voting and classified Carter and Baring as Whigs and Napier as a Radical candidate.

Note (1835): Stooks Smith was the source for the number of electors voting. He classified Carter and Baring as Whigs, Rowley as a Tory and Napier as a Radical candidate.

Note (1837): Stooks Smith gives a registered electorate figure of 1,517; but Craig's figure is used to calculate turnout. Stooks Smith was the source for the number of electors voting. He classified Carter and Baring as Whigs, with Cockburn and Fitzharris as Tories.
  • Death of Carter

  • Note (1838): Stooks Smith classifies Staunton as a Whig. Dr Daniel Quarrier (Tory) was a candidate for this by-election, but retired before the poll.
  • Seat vacated on the appointment of Baring as Chancellor of the Exchequer
    Chancellor of the Exchequer
    The Chancellor of the Exchequer is the title held by the British Cabinet minister who is responsible for all economic and financial matters. Often simply called the Chancellor, the office-holder controls HM Treasury and plays a role akin to the posts of Minister of Finance or Secretary of the...

    .


Elections in the 1840s


  • Seat vacated on the appointment of Baring as First Lord of the Admiralty..


Elections in the 1850s


  • Note (1852): Monck was a peer in the peerage of Ireland.
  • Seat vacated on the appointment of Monck as a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury.


  • Note (1857): Number of voters unknown. The turnout is estimated by dividing the number of votes by two. To the extent that electors did not use both their votes, the figure given will be an underestimate of actual turnout.


  • Note (1859): Estimated turnout, see the 1857 note.

Elections in the 1860s


  • Note (1865): Estimated turnout, see the 1857 note.
  • Expansion of the electorate provided for by the Reform Act 1867
    Reform Act 1867
    The Representation of the People Act 1867, 30 & 31 Vict. c. 102 was a piece of British legislation that enfranchised the urban male working class in England and Wales....


  • Note (1868): Estimated turnout, see the 1857 note.

Elections in the 1870s


  • Note (1874): Estimated turnout, see the 1857 note.
  • Seat vacated on the appointment of Elphinstone as a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury


Elections in the 1880s


  • Note (1880): Estimated turnout, see the 1857 note.
  • Electorate expanded by the Representation of the People Act 1884
    Representation of the People Act 1884
    In the United Kingdom, the Representation of the People Act 1884 and the Redistribution Act of the following year were laws which further extended the suffrage in Britain after the Disraeli Government's Reform Act 1867...



  • Crossman became a Liberal Unionist
    Liberal Unionist Party
    The Liberal Unionist Party was a British political party that was formed in 1886 by a faction that broke away from the Liberal Party. Led by Lord Hartington and Joseph Chamberlain, the party formed a political alliance with the Conservative Party in opposition to Irish Home Rule...

     when the party was formed shortly before the dissolution of Parliament in 1886


Elections in the 1890s


  • Ashley's middle names were Evelyn Melbourne


Elections in the 1900s

  • Resignation of Clough in April 1900

Elections in the 1910s

  • Death of Baker - seat vacant at dissolution


  • Falle became a Conservative, when the Conservative and Liberal Unionist parties formally merged in 1912
  • Elevation to the peerage of Beresford, as the 1st Baron Beresford
    Baron Beresford
    Baron Beresford is a title that was created three times, one in the Peerage of Ireland and later also two in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. In all instances it was created for men who were eminent politicians or soldiers...


  • Constituency divided in (1918)

External links