Poltava Governorate

Poltava Governorate

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[[File:Gubernia de Kiev - Imperio ruso.png|thumb|300px|Ukrainian administrative division just before the revolution]] [[Image:Poltava Governornate COA.jpg|left|135px|The coat of arms of the Poltava Governorate.]] The '''Poltava Governorate''' ({{lang-ru|Полтавская губернiя}}; [[Romanization of Russian|translit.]]: ''Poltavskaya guberniya'', {{lang-ua|Полтавська Губернія}}) or '''Government of Poltava''' was a [[guberniya]] in the historical [[Left-bank Ukraine]] region of the [[Russian Empire]], which was officially created in 1802 from the disbanded [[Malorossiya Governorate]] which was split between the [[Chernigov Governorate]] and Poltava Governorate with an administrative center of [[Poltava]]. ==Administrative division== It was administered by 15 [[uezd]]s (povits): *[[Gadyach]] - Гадячь ([[Hadiach]]) *[[Zinkiv|Zenkov]] - Зеньковъ ([[Zinkiv]]) *[[Zolotonosha]] - Золотоноша *[[Kobeliaky]] - Кобеляки *Konstantinograd - Константиноградъ (modern [[Krasnohrad]]) *[[Kremenchug]] - Кременчугъ ([[Kremenchuk]]) *[[Lokhvytsia]] - Лохвица ([[Lokhvytsia]]) *[[Lubny]] - Лубны *[[Mirgorod]] - Миргородъ ([[Myrhorod]]) *Pereyaslav - Переяславъ (modern [[Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyi]]) *[[Pyriatyn]] - Пирятинъ ([[Pyriatyn]]) *[[Poltava]] - Полтава *[[Priluki]] - Прилуки ([[Pryluky]]) *[[Romny]] - Ромны *[[Khorol, Ukraine|Khorol]] - Хороль Most of these ended up in the modern [[Poltava Oblast]] of [[Ukraine]], although some: Zolotonosha, Konstantinograd, Pereyaslav and Romny are now part of [[Cherkasy Oblast|Cherkasy]], [[Kharkiv Oblast|Kharkiv]], [[Kiev Oblast|Kiev]] and [[Sumy Oblast]]s respectfully. The Poltava Governorate covered a total area of 49,365 km², and had a population of 2,778,151 according to the [[Russian Empire Census|1897 Russian Empire census]]. It was bordering the following Russian Governorates: [[Chernigov Governorate]] and [[Kursk Governorate]] to the ''north'', [[Kiev Governorate]] to the ''west'', [[Kharkov Governorate]] to the ''east'', [[Kherson Governorate]] and [[Yekaterinoslav Governorate]] to the ''south''. In 1914, the population was 2,794,727. After the formation of the [[Ukrainian SSR]], the territory was wholly included into the new Soviet Republic. Initially the governorate system was retained although variations included the [[Kremenchug Governorate]] which was temporarily formed on its territory (August 1920 - December 1922), and the passing of the Pereyaslav uezd to the [[Kiev Governorate]]. However on Third of June 1925 the guberniya was liquidated and replaced by seven okrugs (which already were the [[uyezd]] subdivision as of seventh of March 1923): Zolotoninsky, Krasnohradsky, Kremenchutsky, Lubensky, Poltavsky, Prylutsky and Romensky. ==Principal cities== Russian Census of 1897, the cities of more than 10,000 people. In '''bold''' are the cities of over 50,000. * '''[[Kremenchug]]''' - 63 007 (Jewish - 29 577, Ukrainian - 18 980, Russian - 12 130) * '''[[Poltava]]''' - 53 703 (Ukrainian - 30 086, Russian - 11 035, Jewish - 10 690) * [[Romny]] - 22 510 (Ukrainian - 13 856, Jewish - 6 341, Russian - 1 933) * [[Priluki]] - 18 532 (Ukrainian - 11 850, Jewish - 5 719, Russian - 821) * [[Pereyaslav]] - 14 614 (Ukrainian - 8 348, Jewish - 5 737, Russian - 468) * [[Kobeliaki]] - 10 487 (Ukrainian - 7 708, Jewish - 2 115, Russian - 564) * [[Zenkov]] - 10 443 (Ukrainian - 8 957, Jewish - 1 261, Russian - 187) * [[Lubny]] - 10 097 (Ukrainian - 5 975, Jewish - 3 001, Russian - 960) * [[Mirgorod]] - 10 037 (Ukrainian - 8 290, Jewish - 1 248, Russian - 427) ==Language== *By the Imperial census of 1897. In '''bold''' are languages spoken by more people than the state language. {| align="center" class="wikitable plainlinks TablePager" |+ ! |Language ! |Number ! |percentage (%) ! |males ! |females |----- |'''[[Ukrainian language|Ukrainian]]''' |2 583 133 |92.98 | | |----- |'''[[Yiddish language|Yiddish]]''' |110 352 |3.97 | | |----- |[[Russian language|Russian]] |72 941 |2.63 | | |----- |[[German language|German]] |4 579 |0.16 | | |----- |[[Polish language|Polish]] |3 891 |0.14 | | |----- |[[Belorussian language|Belorussian]] |1 344 |0.05 | | |----- |Persons,
that did not identified
their native language |92 |>0.01 | | |----- |Other |1 819 |0.07 | | |+ |} ==Religion== *By the Imperial census of 1897. In '''bold''' are religions with more members than the [[Eastern Orthodox]]. The major religion in the region that was virtually the state religion was the [[Eastern Orthodox]] with some population following [[Judaism]]. Other religions in the governorate were much less common. {| align="center" class="wikitable plainlinks TablePager" |+ ! |Religion ! |Number ! |percentage (%) ! |males ! |females |----- |[[Eastern Orthodox]] |2 654 645 |95.55 | | |----- |[[Judaism]] |110 944 |3.99 | | |----- |Other ([[Roman Catholics]], [[Lutherans]], [[Old Believers]]) |12 562 |0.45 | | |+ |} ==External links== {{coord missing|Russia}} {{Governorates of Ukraine 1917-1921}} {{Ukrainian historical regions}}